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for he is gracious: and his mercy endureth for ever.

2. Let them give thanks, whom the Lord hath redeemed : and delivered from the hand of the enemy;

3. And gathered them out of the lands, from the east, and from the west : from the north, and from the south.

4. They went astray in the wilderness out of the way : and found no city (y) to dwell in;

5. Hungry and thirsty: their soul fainted in them.

6. So (r) they cried unto the Lord in their trouble : and he delivered them from their distress.

7. He led them forth by the right way : that they might go to the city where they dwelt («)

8. O that men would therefore praise the Lord for his goodness: and declare the wonders that he doeth for the children of men!

9. For he satisfieth the empty soul : and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.

10. Such as sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death: being fast bound in misery and iron.

11. Because they rebelled against the words of the Lord : and lightly regarded the counsel of the Most Highest;

12. He also brought down their heart through heaviness : they fell

down, and there was none to help them.

13. So (r) when they cried unto the Lord in their trouble : he delivered them out of their distress.

14. For he brought them out of darkness, and out of the shadow of death: and brake their bonds in sunder.

16. O that men would therefore praise the Lord for his goodness : and declare the wonders that he doeth for the children of men!

16. For he hath broken the gates of brass: and smitten the bars of iron in sunder.

17. Foolish men are plagued (/) for their offence : and because of their wickedness.

18. Their soul abhorred (m) all manner of meat: and they were(») even hard at death's door.

19. So (r) when they cried unto the Lord in their trouble: he delivered them out of their distress.

20. He sent his word, and healed them . and they were saved from their destruction.

21. O that men would therefore praise the Lord for his goodness : and declare the wonders that he doeth for the children of men!

22. That they would offer unto

to praise and depend upon God, by pointing out instances of his mercy, and showing his readiness to hear in times of trouble. Bp. Lowth reckons it amongst the most elegant monuments of antiquity. It is used at sea as a thanksgiving after a storm. The first Psalm of the fifth or last Book.

(g) v. 4. "No city, &c." See Job xii. 24. post, note on verses 7. 27. (r) v. 6. IS. 19. " So," or " but." Is) v. 7. " The city where they dwelt,"

or, " a city to dwell in." The Bible translation is, "a city of habitation," which is the same thing. The complaint in the 4th verse is, " they found no city to dwell in," and this answers that complaint. There is no article in the original.

(<) v. 17. " For," i. e. "because of. "Peters, 35."

(u) v. 18. " Abhorred" and " were," or "abhorreth" and " are:" — " abhorreth," i. e." loatheth" from illness.

him the sacrifice of thanksgiving: and tell out his works with glad


23. They that go down to the sea in ships : and occupy their business in great waters;

24. These men see the works of the Lord: and his wonders in the deep.

25. For at his word the stormy wind ariseth : which lifteth up the waves thereof.

26. They are carried (v) up to the heaven, and down again to the deep : their soul melteth away because of the trouble.

27. They reel to and fro, and stagger (a?) like a drunken man: and are at their wits' end.

28. So (x) when they cry unto the Lord in their trouble : he delivereth them out of their distress.

89. For he maketh the storm to cease: so that the waves thereof are still.

30. Then are they glad, because they are at rest: and so he bringeth them unto the haven where they would be.

31. O that men would therefore praise the Lord for his goodness: and declare the wonders that he doeth for the children of men!

(«) v. 26. "Carried, &c." So Virgil, 1 En. 106., and 3 Mn. 565.

(w) v. 27. " Stagger, &c." In describing God's controul, Job uses the same expression, "He taketh away the heart of the "chief of the people of the earth, and "causeth them to wander in a wilderness "where there is no way : they grope in the "dark without light, and he maketh them to "dtggerlike a drunken man, Job xii.24,25."

(*) v. 28. « So," or " but."

(H) o. 3S. " The floods," i. e. " the land "near water:" making that dry, barren, and desolate, which before was well watered, fruitful, and cultivated.

32. That they would exalt him also in the congregation of the people : and praise him in the seat of the elders!

33. Who turneth the floods (y) into a wilderness: and drieth up the water-springs.

34. A fruitful land maketh he barren : for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.

35. Again, he maketh (z) the wilderness a standing water : and water-springs of a dry ground.

36. And there he setteth the hungry: that they may build them a city to dwell in;

37. That they may sow their land, and plant vineyards : to yield them fruits of increase.

38. He blesseth them so, that they multiply exceedingly : and suflereth not their cattle to decrease.

39. And again, when they are minished and brought low: through oppression, through any plague or trouble j

40. Though he suffer them to be evil-intreated through tyrants: and let them wander out of the way in the wilderness;

41. Yet helpeth he the poor out of misery: and maketh him households like a flock of sheep.

(*) v. 35. "Maketh, &c." In the encouragement God is giving the people, Isaiah xli. 17,18. he uses expressions exactly conformable to this passage, " When "the poor and needy seek water, and "there is none, and their tongue faileth "for thirst, I the Lord will hear them, I "the God of Jacob will not forsake them: "I will open rivers in high places, and "fountains in the midst of the valleys: J "will make the wilderness a pool qf water, "and the dry land See also Isaiah xxxv. xliv. 3.

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42. The righteous will consider this, and rejoice : and the mouth of all wickedness shall be stopped.

43. Whoso is wise, will ponder these things: and they shall understand the loving-kindness of the Lord.

Lessons for the Twenty-second Day of the Month throughout the Year.


(I) ante, 77. 199. (2) ante, 34. (3) ante, 187. (4) ante, 209. (5) ante, 77.1» (6) ante, 183. (7) ante, 210. (8j ante, 171. 149. (9J ante, 45. (10) ante, 80.

(II) ante, 39. (12) ante, 155. 167.

Psalm cviii. (a)

0 God, my heart is ready, my heart is ready : I will sing and give praise with the best member (A) that I have.

2. Awake, thou lute and harp:

1 myself will awake right early.

3. I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, among the people: I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.

(a) The first five verses are nearly the same as the last five in the 57th Psalm; and the last eight, as the last eight in the 60th Psalm. It might be united as a triumphal hymn after David had succeeded against the Philistines the Moabites and the Edomites, calling to mind and repeating in the eight last verses, the song of hope he had made before he went

4. For thy mercy is greater than the heavens: and thy truth reacheth unto the clouds.

5. Set up thyself; O God, above the heavens : and thy glory above all the earth.

6. That thy beloved may be delivered : let thy right hand save them, and hear thou me.

7. God hath spoken (c) in his holiness (d): "I will rejoice there"fore, and divide Sichem, and

out against them. It is one of the proper Psalms for Ascension Day, the day our Saviour triumphed over all his enemies.

(b) v. 1. " Best member," i. e. " his "tongue."

(c) v. 7. "Spoken," i. e. (perhaps) "given me assurance." See note on ft. Ix. 6.

(rf) " Holiness," or "Sanctuary."

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6. "When "upon him,

sentence is given let him be con

"demned : and let his prayer be

"turned into sin.

7. "Let his days be few: and "let another take his office.

8. "Let his children be father"less : and his wife a widow.

9. "Let his children be vaga"bonds, and beg their bread : let "them seek it also out of desolate "places.

10. "Let the extortioner con"sume all that he hath : and let "the stranger spoil his labour.

11. "Let there be no man to "pity him : nor to have compas"sion upon his fatherless chil"dren.

12. "Let his posterity be de"stroyed : and in the next ge"neration let his name be clean "put out.

13. " Let the wickedness of "his fathers be had in remem"brance in the sight of the Lord: «* and let not the sin of his mother "be done away.

14. "Let them (/) alway be "before the Lord : that he may "root out the memorial of them "from off the earth;

15. "And that, because his "mind was not to do good : but "persecuted the poor helpless "man, that he might slay him "that was vexed at the heart.

16. "His delight was in curs"ing, and it shall happen unto "him : he loved not blessing, "therefore shall it be far from "him.

17. "He clothed himself with "cursing, like as with a raiment:

1 and it shall come into his bowels

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"like water, and like oil into his "bones.

18. " Let it be unto him as the "cloke that he hath upon him: "and as the girdle that he is "alway girded withal."

19. Let it thus happen from the Lord unto mine enemies: and to those that speak evil against my soul.

20. But deal thou with me, 0 Lord God, according unto thy Name : for sweet is thy mercy.

21. O deliver me; for I am helpless and poor: and my heart is wounded within me.

22. I go hence like the shadow that departeth : and am driven away as the grasshopper.

23. My knees are weak through fasting : my flesh is dried up lor want of fatness.

24. I became also a reproach unto them : they, that looked upon me, shaked their heads.

25. Help me, O Lord my God: O save me according to thy mercy.

26. And they shall know, how that this "is thy hand : and that thou, Lord, hast done it

27. Though they curse, yet bless thou : and let them be confounded that rise up against me; but let thy servant rejoice.

28. Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame : and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a cloke.

29. As for me, I will give great thanks unto the Lord with my mouth : and praise him among the multitude.

30. For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor : to save his soul from unrighteous judges.

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