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"thither, {is it not a.little one?) and (w) "my soul shall live." 21. And he said unto him, "See, I have accepted thee "concerning this thing also, that I will "not overthrow this city, for the which "thou hast spoken. 22. Haste thee, "escape thither, for I cannot do any "tiling till thou be come thither:" therefore the name of the city was called (x) Zoar. 23. The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.

24. Then the (y) Lord rained upon Sodom, and upon Gomorrah, brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven.

25. And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. 26. But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt. 27. And Abraham gat up early in the morning, to the place where he stood before the Lord. 28. And he looked towards Sodom and Gomorrah, and towards all the land of the plain, and beheld, and lo the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace. 29. And it came to pass when

(u) v. 20. "My soul shall live," i. e. "I shall save my life."

(x) v. 22, 23. "Zoar," i. e. "little." the Hebrew word twice used in verse 20. for " a little one."

[y) v. 24. "The Lord." So that that person of the Trinity who had descended from heaven caused rain, &c. to come from " the Lord who remained in heaven," i. e. from " God the Father." Justin M. Dial, cum Tryphone, 279.

(z) t>. 29. " Remembered Abraham," " in "saving Lot." Lot was Abraham's nephew: the son of Haran, Abraham's brother. See Gen. xi. 27.

(a) v. I. " Tempt," i. e. " try;" "put "his faith and obedience to the test." A singular trial: intended (probably) not merely to ascertain his submission and beief, but to intimate also, that it was by the sacrifice of the promised seed that all the nations of the earth were to be blessed, and to exhibit a type of the great Redeemer. God had promised Abraham, (Gen. xii. 3.) " In thee shall all families be "blessed:" and when Abraham, before Isaac's birth, expressed the wish to God, "Oh, that Ishmacl" (his first born) "might

God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered (s) Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt. 30. And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he, and his two daughters.

CHAP. XXII.

And it came to pass after these things, that God did (a) tempt Abraham, and said unto him, "Abraham." And he said, "Behold, here I am." 2. And he said, "Take now thy son, thine only "son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get "thee into the land of {b) Moriah; and "offer him there for a burnt-offering "upon one of the mountains which 1 « will tell thee of." S. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son; and clave the wood for the burnt-offering,

"live before thee, Gen. xvii. 18." God promised him a son by Sarah ; ordered hira to call his name Isaac; and added, "and "I will establish my covenant with hit* f« "an everlasting covenant, and with h* "seed after him, Gen xvii. 19." Abrahm might not be able to comprehend how ths promise could be fulfilled, if he offered up Isaac as he was commanded, and yet w hesitated not to comply with the commas: and after Isaac's deliverance he might c«lect, or it might be revealed to him, that the promised seed would be offered op to procure redemption for mankind. It «* probably in allusion hereto, that our Saviour said to the Jews, (John viii. 56.) "Your father Abraham rejoiced to seen? «' day, and he saw it, and was glad. » 2 Hales, 138 to 144. Bp. Warburton wesiders this as an information to AbraM° by action of the great sacrifice of Cm* for man's redemption, and Dean Grave agrees with him. See Warburton's Leg*1B. 6. §."). and 2. Graves, 210. .

(b) "Of Moriah." The mount Mon^ on which the Temple was afterward* buri!. was part of a hill, which included Mouw Sion and Mount Calvary.

and rose up, and went (c) unto the (d)

place of which Got! had told him.

4. Then on the (e) third day Abraham

lifted up his eyes, and saw the (d) place

afar off. 5. And Abraham said unto

his young men, "Abide you here with

"the ass; and I and the lad will go

"yonder and worship, and come again

"to you." 6. And Abraham took the

wood of the burnt-offering, and laid it

upon Isaac his son, and he took the fire

in his hand, and a knife: and they went

both of them together. 7. And Isaac

spake unto Abraham his father, and

said, « My father t" and he said, "Here

"am I, my son." And he said, "Be

"hold the fire and the wood: but where

"is the lamb for a burnt-offering?"

And Abraham said, "My son, (g) God

"will provide himself (h) a lamb for a

"burnt-offering:" so they went both of

them together. 9. And they came to

the place which God had told him of;

and Abraham built an altar there, and

laid the wood in order; and bound

Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar

upon the wood. 10. And Abraham

stretched forth his hand, and took the

knife to slay his son. 11. And the (»')

angel of the (k) Lord called unto him

out of heaven, and said, "Abraham,

"Abraham." And he said, "Here am "I." 12. And he said, " Lay not thine "hand upon the lad, neither do thou "any thing unto him: for now I know "that thou fearest God, seeing thou "hast not withheld thy son, thine only "son from me." 13. And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold, behind Aim a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went, and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt-offering, in the stead of his son. 14. And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovah-jireh (/): as (in) it is said to this day, In the mount of the (k) Loud it shall be seen. 15. And the (i) angel of the (k) Loud called unto Abraham out of heaven die second time, 16. And said, "Byniy"self have I sworn, saith the (k) Lord, "for because thou hast done this- thing, "and hast not withheld thy son, "thine (») only son: 17. That in "blessing, I will bless thee, and in "multiplying, I will (o) multiply thy "seed as the stars of the heaven, and, "as the sand which is upon the sea"shore; and thy seed shall possess the "gate of his enemies; 18. And (j>) in "thy seed shall all the nations of "the eardi be blessed: because thou

(c) v. 3. "Unto," rather " towards."

(A) v. 3, 4. "The place:" supposed to he Mount Calvary, where our Saviour was crucified. 2. Hales, 139.

(e) v. 4. "The third day." So that Abraham was under a trial of more than two days' continuance.

(g) v. 8. "God will provide, &c." Dr. Wall considers this as a prophecy, refering to " the Lamb of God," the Messiah, that full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, "Illation, and satisfaction for the sins of 'he whole world. The ram, in verse 13. though it supplied the purpose of immediate offering, was not the sacrifice here foretold. See note on verse 14.

(A) « A lamb," Hebr. <• the lamb."

(i) v. 11.« The angel of the Lord," or "Jehovah Angel." See post, 524. note on Exod. iii. 2.

(*) v. 11. 14, 15, 16. "The Lord," Hebr. " Jehovah."

(t) v. 14. "Jehovah-jireh." The Engoi sllif which is, "God will provide i" it

was with reference to verse 8. and to what is there stated, that the place received this name.

(m) "As it is said, &c." or "accord««ing as he said that day on the mount, "the Lord will provide;" assigning the reason why the name was given. The expression in verse 8. was, " God" (Elohim) << will provide;" so that this is an instance in which the terms "Jehovah," and "Elohim," are applied to the same person.

(b) V. 16. " Only son." He had another son, " Ishmael," who was dwelling in the wilderness of Paran, Gen. xxi. 21. But Isaac was that son with whom God had promised to establish his covenant, Gen. xvii. 21. See note on verse 1.

(o) v. 17. "Multiply, &c." Seeante.note on Gen. xii.2. and Exod. xii. 37. post, 531.

(p) v. 18. "In thy seed, &c." A renewal of the promises to Abraham, (Gen. xii. 3. — xviii. 18.) and an explanation that it would not be personally in him, but in one of his descendants.

"hast (y) obeyed my voice." 19. So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up, and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt atBeersheba. 20. And it came to pass after these things, that it was told Abraham, saying, "Behold Milcah, she hath also "born children unto thy brother Na"hor;" 21. Huz his first-born, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram, 22. and Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel. 23. And Bethuel begat Rebecca; these eight Milcah did bear to Nahor Abraham's brother. 24. And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, she bare also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and Maachah.

CHAP. XXVII. And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, "My "son:" and he said unto him, "Be"hold, here am I." 2. And he said, "Behold now, I am old, I know not "the day of my death. 3. Now there"fore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, "thy quiver and thy bow, and go out "to the field, and take me some veni"son; 4. And make me savoury meat, "such as I love, and bring it to me, "that I may eat; that my soul may (r) "bless thee before I die." 5. And Rebecca heard when Isaac spake to

(g) v. 18. " Obeyed." This instance of obedience is referred to and approved, Heb. ix. 17. to 19. " By faith Abraham, when he «• was tried, offered up Isaac; and he that "had received the promises, offered up" (i.e. was ready to ofFer up) "his only "begotten son, of whom it was said, that "in Isaac shall thy seed be called: ac"counting that God was able to raise him "up, even from the dead."

(r) v. 4. "Bless thee." Isaac was wrong in attempting to confer this blessing upon Esau, because God had declared before their birth, (Gen. xxv. 23.) "the elder "(Esau) shall serve the younger," and because Esau had given up his birth-right to Jacob, (Gen. xxv. 31. 33.) Esau also was wrong in being willing to accept it.

Esau his son: and Esau went to the field to huntyor venison, and to bring it. 6. And Rebecca spake unto Jacob her son, saying, " Behold, I heard thy father "speak unto Esau thy brother, saying, "7. Bring me venison, and make me sa"voury meat, that I may eat, and bless "thee before the Lord, before my death. "8. Now therefore, my son, obey my "voice, according to tliat which I com"mand thee. 9. Go now to the flock, "and fetch me from thence two good "kids of the goats; and I will make "them savoury meat for thy father, "such as he loveth. 10. And thou "shalt bring it to thy father, that he "may eat, and that he may bless thee "before his death." 11. And Jacob said to Rebecca his mother, "Behold, "Esau my brother w a hairy man, and « I am a smooth man. 12. My father "peradventure will feel me, and I shall "seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall "bring a curse upon me, and not J "blessing." IS. And his mother said unto him, "Upon me be thy curse, ray "son: only obey my voice, and go fetch "me them." 14. And he went and fetched, and brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury meat, such as his father loved. IS. And Rebecca took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son. 16. And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his

The means, however, Rebecca and Jacob adopted, cannot be justified; and both accordingly suffered for their conduct; Jacob in being forced to flee, and W elsewhere to avoid Esau's indignation, awl Rebecca, in that she saw her favourite son no more. 2. Hales, 149, 150. Jm* also suffered in having Leah, for whom * had no affection, put upon him instead'11 Rachel, who was the object of his lo«j in having Rachel a long time barren, ami in having Judah, cr.e of the children « Leah, selected for the person in whose w the great Redeemer was to come. A deviation from right, even though it rMJ accomplish God's purpose, is not likely to go unpunished!

hands, and upon the smooth of his neck. 17. And she gave the savoury meat, and bread which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob. 18. And he came unto his father, and said, "My father:" And he said, « Here "ami; who art thou, my son?" 19. And Jacob said unto his father, " I am Esau, "thy first-bora; I have done according "as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, "sit and eat of my venison, that thy "soul may bless me." 20. And Isaac said unto his son, " How is it that thou "hast found it so quickly, my son?" And he said, (s) "Because the Lord "thy God brought it to me?" 21. And Isaac said unto Jacob, "Come near, I "pray thee, that I may feel thee, my "son, whether thou be my very son "Esau, or not." 22. And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father, and he felt him, and said, "The voice is Jacob's "voice, but the hands are the hands of "Esau." 23. And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands: So he blessed him. 24. And he said, "Art thou my "very son Esau?" And he said " I am." 25. And he said, "Bring it near to me, "and I will eat of my son's venison, "that my soul may bless thee." And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank. 26. And his father Isaac said unto him, "Come near now, and kiss "me, my son." 27. And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said, "See, the smell of my son is "as the smell of a field, which the Lord 'hath blessed. 28. Therefore God 'give thee of the dew of heaven, and 'the fatness of the earth, and plenty of 'corn and wine. 29. Let people serve

(*) v. 20. 24. These are instances how me untruth brings on others. He who ells one falsehood, must expect to be rawn into many others to try to escape election. {t) v. 36. "Jacob," i.e. "a deceiver," one who takes unfair advantage,'' " who conies behind another, and takes him by surprise;" properly, "one who takes another by the heel;" and he hud the

"thee, and nations bow down to thee; "be lord over thy brethren, and let thy "mother's sons bow down to thee: "cursed be every one that curseth thee, "and blessed be he that blesseth thee." SO. And it came to pass as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. 31. And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father; and said unto his father, "Let "my father arise, and eat of his son's "venison, that thy soul may bless me."

32. And Isaac his father said unto him, " Who art diou?" And he said, "I am thy son, thy first-born Esau."

33. And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, "Who, where is he "that hath taken venison and brought "it me, and I have eaten of all before "thou earnest, and have blessed him? "yea, and he shall be blessed." 34. And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, "Bless me, even me also, O my father." 35. And he said, "Thy brother came "with subtilty, and hath taken away "thy blessing." 36. And he said, " Is "not he rightly named (t) Jacob? for "he hath supplanted me these two "times: he took away my («) birth"right; and behold, now he hath taken "away my blessing." And he said, "Hast thou not reserved a blessing for "me?" 37. And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, "Behold, I have made him "thy lord, and all his brethren have I "given to him for servants; and with "corn and wine have I sustained him: "and what shall I do now unto thee, "my son?" 38. And Esau said unto

name " Jacob,'' because at his birth his hand took hold of Esau's heel. Gen. xxv. 26. — 1 Mede, 226.

(«) "Birthright." The manner in which this was obtained by Isaac is stated, Gen. xxv. 30. 34. Esau was faint, and applied to Jacob to feed him with some pottage Jacob had: Jacob made it a condition that Esau should surrender him his birthright, and Esau complied.

his father, "Hast thou but one blessing, "my father? bless me, even me also, "O my father." And Esau lifted up his voice and wept. 39. And Isaac his father answered, and said unto him, "Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fat"ness of the earth, and of the dew "of heaven from above. 40. And by "thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt "serve thy brother: and it shall come "to pass, when thou shalt have the do"minion, that thou shalt break his yoke "from off thy neck." 41. And Esau hated Jacob; because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, "The days of "mourning for my father are at hand, "then will I slay my brother Jacob." 42. And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, "Behold, thy brother "Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort "himself, pttrposing to kill thee. 43.Now, "therefore, my son, obey my voice: "and arise, flee thou to Laban my "brother, to Haran. 44. And tarry "with him a few days, until thy bro"ther's fury turn away; 45. Until thy ** brother's anger turn away from thee, "and he forget that which thou hast "done to him: then I will send, and "fetch thee from thence. Why should "I be deprived also of you both in one "day?" 46. And Rebekah said to Isaac, "I am weary of my life, because "of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob "take a wife of the daughters of Heth, "such as these which are of the daugh"ters of the land, what good shall my "life do me?"

CHAP. XXXIV.

And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. 2. And when Shechem the son of Hamor, the Hivite, the prince of die country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her. 3. And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel. 4. And Shechem .spake unto his father Hamor, saying,

"Get me this damsel to wife." 5. And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter, (now his sons were with his cattle in the field:) and Jacob held his peace, until they were come. 6. Ami Hamor the father of Shechem went out unto Jacob, to commune with him. 7- And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it, and the men were grieved: and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel, in lying with Jacob's daughter: which thing ought not to be done. 8. And Hamor communed with diem, saying, "The soul of my son Shecbem "longeth for your daughter: I prav "you give her him to wife: 9. And "make ye marriages with us, and gire "your daughters unto us ; and take our "daughters unto you. 10. And ye "shall dwell with us, and the land "shall be before you: dwell, and trade "you therein, and get you possessions "therein." 11. And Shechem said unto her father, and unto her brethren, "Let me find grace in your eyes, and "what ye shall say unto me, I will give. 12. Ask me never so much dowry and "gift, and I will give according as ye "shall say unto me: but give me the "damsel to wife." 13. And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, (because he had defiled Dinah their sister:) 14. And they said unto them, "We "cannot do this thing, to give our sister <* to one that is uncircumcised: for that "were a reproach unto us. 15. Butu "this will we consent unto you: if T* "will be as we be, that every mak d "you be circumcised: 16. Then will we "give our daughters unto yon, and « "will take your daughters to us, and "we will dwell with you, and we will "become one people. 17. But if ye will "not hearken unto us, to be circum"cised, then will we take our daughter. "and we will be gone." 18. And their words pleased Hamor, and Shecm"1 Hamor's son. 19. And the young man deferred not to do the thing; because he had delight in Jacob's daugbterj and he was more honourable than all 'the house of his father. 20. And Ha

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