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jamin's neck and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. 15. Moreover, he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them : and after that his brethren talked with him. 16. And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, "Joseph's brethren are come:" and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. 17. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, "Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; "lade your beasts, and go, get you unto "the land of Canaan. 18. And take "your father, and your housholds, and "come unto me: and I will give you "the good of the land of Egypt, and ye "shall eat the fat of the land. 19. Now "thou art commanded, this do ye; take "you waggons out of the land of Egypt "for your little ones, and for your wives, "and bring your father, and come. "20. Also regard not your stuff: for "the good of all the land of Egypt is "yours." 21. And the children of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them waggons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for

the way. 22. To all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment. 23. And to his father he sent after this manner, ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his father by the way. 24. So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and he said unto them, "See that ye fall not "out by the way." 25. And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father,

26. And told him, saying, "Joseph is "yet alive, and he is governor over all "the land of Egypt" And Jacob's heart fainted, for he believed them not.

27. And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said unto them; and when he saw the waggons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived. 28. And Israel said, " It is enough; Joseph my "son is vet alive: I will go and see him "before I die."



i\ ow Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the back-side of the (m) desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to (o) Horeb. 2. And the (j)) angel of the (q) LortD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush

(n) v.l." The desert," i. e. " of Sinai." See Numb, xxxiii. 15, 16. B. C. 1491.

(o) "Horeb," or "mount Sinai." See Exod. xix. 1.

(p) v. 2. " The angel." In verses 4. 6. he is called "God:' and according to Dr.Gray (Gray's Key, 321. n.) it was universally believed in the antient church that all the divine appearances described in the Old Testament, whether actual or in vision, were made by the Logos, the second person in the Trinity. — Justin Martyr says expressly, that the appearance in this instance was by the Son: "It "was the Son of God, who is called both "Angel and Apostle, that spake with

was not consumed. 3. And Moses said, "I will now turn aside, and see this "great sight, why the bush is not burnt." 4. And when the (;•) Loud saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of die bush, and saki, "Moses, Moses." And he said, "Here "am I." 5. And he said, " Draw not "nigh hither: put off thy shoes from "off thy feet, for the place whereon

"Moses. 1st Apology, s. 83.;" and he says of him, that he being the first-born of God, is also God. So Dial, cum Trvphone, 282, 3. and Euseb. Eccl. Hist. B. 1. c. 2. p. 5, 6. and c. 4. p. 11.

(a) "The angel of the Lord," or (according to the note at the end of Bishop Horsley's Hosea) "Jehovah Angel," i. e. that person of the Trinity who was in the habit of visiting mankind, the Great Messenger of the Father: the same who is called in Mai. iii. » The Messenger of the «' Covenant." In verses 4. 7. he is called "Jehovah."

(r) v. 2.4. 7. " The Lord." Hebr.«' Jfr "hovah." Gr. Kv?,t and Kvw,-.

"thou stnndest, « holy ground."

6. Moreover he said, "I am the God "of thy father, the Got! of Abraham, "the God of Isaac, and the God of "Jacob." And Moses hid his face: for he was afraid to look upon God.

7. And the (>•) Loud said, " I have "surely seen the affliction of my (s) "people which are in Egypt, and have "heard their cry, by reason of their task"masters: for I know their sorrows: "8. And 1 am comedown to deliver them "out of the hand of the Egyptians, and "to bringthem up out of that land, unto "a good land and a large, unto a land "flowing with milk and honey; unto "the place of the Canaanites, and the "Hittites, aud the Amorites, and the "Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the "Jebusites. 9. Now therefore behold, "the cry of the children of Israel is "come unto me: and I have also seen "the oppression wherewith the Egypt"ians oppress them. 10. Come now "therefore, and I will send thee unto "Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth "my people the children of Israel out "of Egypt?" 11. And Moses said unto God, "Who am I, that I should "go unto Pharaoh, and that I should "bring forth the children of Israel out "of Egypt?" 12. And he said, "Cer"tainly I will be with thee, and this "shall be a token unto thee, that I have "sent thee: When thou hast brought "forth the people out of Egypt, ye "shall serve God upon this mountain." 13. And Moses said unto God, "Be"hold, when I come unto the children "of Israel, and shall say unto them, "the God of your fathers hath sent me "unto you: and they shall say to me, "What is his name? What shall I say "unto them?" 14. And God said unto Moses, "I (t) AM THAT I AM:"

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and he said, "Thus shalt thou sav unto "the children of Israel, I AM" hath "sent me unto you." 15. And God said moreover unto Moses, "Thus "shalt thou say unto the children of "Israel, the (u) Lord God of your fa"thers, the God of Abraham, the God of "Isaac, and the God of Jacob hath "sent me unto you: this is my name "for ever, and this is my memorial "unto all generations. 16. Go and "gather the elders of Israel together, "say unto them, "The («) Lord God "of your fathers, the God of Abraham, "of Isaac, and of Jacob appeared unto "me, saying, "I have surely visited you, "and seen that which is done to you in "Egypt 17. And I have said, I will "bring you up out of the affliction "of Egypt, unto the land of the Ca"naanites, and the Hittites, and the "Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the "Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a "land flowing with milk and honey." "18. And they shall hearken to thy "voice: and thou shalt come, thou and "the elders of Israel, unto the king of "Egypt, and you shall say unto him, ""The («) Lord God of the Hebrews "hath met with us; and now let us go "(we beseech thee) three days journey "into the wilderness, that we may sacri"ficetothe(w)LouDourGod." 19. And "I am sure that the king of Egypt will "not let you go, no, not by a mighty "hand. 20. And I will stretch out my "hand, and smite Egypt with all my "wonders which I will do in the midst "thereof: and after that he will let you "go. 21. And I will give this people "favour in the sight of the Egyptians: "and it shall come to pass, that when ye "go, ye shall not go empty: 22. But "every woman shall (y) borrow of her "neighbour, and of her that sojourneth

"demand ;" they were notfraudulently to borrow, and then carry away, but to ask as gifts: Kennic. Rem. 40. The Egyptians had so long had the benefit of their labour, that they were entitled to a return: and God had told Abraham, (Gen. xv. 14.) that they should "come out (from Egy| - with great substance." They wou

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"in her house, jewels (z) of silver, and "jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye "shall put them upon your sons, and "upon your daughters, and ye shall "spoil the Egyptians."


And afterward (a) Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, "Thus "saith the (b) Lord God of Israel, Let "my people go, that they may hold a "feast unto me in the wilderness."

2. And Pharaoh said, "Who is the "(b) Lord, that I should obey his voice "to let Israel go? I know not the "(b) Lord, neither will I let Israel go."

3. And they said, "The God of the "Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, "we pray thee, three days journey into "the desert, and sacrifice unto the "(b) Lord our God; lest he fall upon us "with pestilence, or widi the sword."

4. And the king of Egypt said unto them, "Wherefore do ye, Moses and "Aaron, let the people from their "works? get you unto your burdens."

5. And Pharaoh said, "Behold, the "people of the land now are many, "and you make them rest from dieir *' burdens." 6. And Pharaoh commanded the same day the task-masters of the people, and dieir officers, saying, 7. " Ye shall no more give the "people straw to make brick, as here"tofore: let them go and gather straw "for themselves. 8. And the tale of the "bricks which they did make hereto"fore, you shall lay upon them; you "shall not diminish ought thereof: for "they be idle; therefore they cry, say"ing, "Let us go and sacrifice to our u God." 9. Let there more work be "laid upon the men, that they may la** hour therein : and let them not regard "vain words." 10. And the task-masters of the people went out, and dieir officers, and they spake to the people, saying, "Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not "give you straw. 11. Go ye, get you

therefore only obtain that to which in Just tice they had a right, and would be acting under God's sanction and command.

iz) "Jewels," or " vessels." a) v. 1. " Afterward." B. C. 1491.

"straw where you can find it: yet Dot "ought of your work shall be dimi"nished." 12. So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt, to gather stubble instead of straw. 13. And the task-masters hasted them, saying, "Fulfil your works, your "daily tasks, as when there was straw.'' 14. And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's task-masters had set over them, were beaten, taut demanded, "Wherefore have ye not "fulfilled your task in making brick, "both yesterday and to-day, as hereto"fore?" 15. Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, "Wherefore dealest "thou thus with thy servants? 16.There "is no straw given unto thy servants, "and they say to us, "Make brick:" "and behold, diy servants are beaten; "but the fault is in thine own people." 17. But he said, "Ye are idle, ye are "idle: therefore ye say, "Let us go, "and do sacrifice to the (c) Lord." "18. Go therefore now and work: for "there shall no straw be given you, yet "shall ye deliver the tale of bricks." 19. And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, after it was said, "Ye shall not nunLJi "ought from your bricks of your daily "task." 20. And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as tbey came forth from Pharaoh. 21. And they said unto them, "The (c) Lord look "upon you, and judge; because you have "made our (d) savour to be abhorred "in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the "eyes of his servants, to put a sword in "dieir hand to slay us." 22. And Moses returned unto the (c) Lord, and said, "lord, wherefore hast thou »evil "intreated this people? Why is'Atkat "thou hast sent me? 23. For since I "came to Pharaoh to speak in thyname, "he hath done evil to this people; "neither hast thou delivered thy peo"pie at all."

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1 Hen (e) the (g) Lord said unto Moses, "Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, "Thus saith the Lord God of the He"brews, "Let my people go, that they "may serve me. 2. For it thou refuse "to let them go, and wilt hold them still, "3. Behold, the hand of the Lord is "upon thy cattle which is in the field, "upon the horses, upon the asses, upon "the camels, upon the oxen, and upon "the sheep : there shall be a very griev"ous murrain. 4. And the Lord shall "sever between the cattle of Israel, "and the cattle of Egypt: and there "shall nothing die of all that is the "childrens of Israel." 5. And the Lord appointed a set time, saying, "To-mor"row the Lord shall do this thing in "the land." 6. And the Lord did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one. 7. And Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was not one of the catde of the Israelites ilead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go. 8. And the Lord said unto Moses, and unto Aaron, "Take to you hand"fuls of ashes of the furnace, and let "Moses sprinkle it towards the heaven "in the sight of Pharaoh. 9. And it "shall become small dust in all the "land of Egypt, and shall be a boil "breaking forth with Mains, upon man,

(f) v .1. "Then." This was after the plagues of frogs, lice, and flies. B.C. 1491.

(#) t>. 1. 3, 4, 5, 6. 8. 12, 13. 20, 21, 22, 23. 27, 28, 29, 30. 33. 35. "The Lord," Hebr. " Jehovah," Greek (Except in t>. 3. 4.5.) Kifttf.

{h) v. 12. «' The Lord hardened." In this instance the hardening Pharaoh's heart is stated as God's act. In five former instances, upon other plagues, the statement is, either that " his heart was hardened," or "that Pharaoh hardened his heart." See Exod. vii. 22.—Exod. viii. 15.19.32 —and supra, v. 1. And after he had wilfully, and of his own act, so often withstood God's warnings, God might well, as a punishment, lead him on to further resistance, that he might even here still further feel the power he had so often disregarded. See 2. Hales, 184, note 191

"and upon beast, throughout all the "land of Egypt." 10. And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven: and it became a boil breaking forth with blains, upon man, and upon beast. 11. And the magicians could not stand before Moses, because of the boil: for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians. 12. And (h) the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had spoken unto Moses. 13. And the Lord said unto Moses, "Rise up early in the "morning, and stand before Pharaoh, "and say unto him, Thus saith the "Lord God of the Hebrews, " Let my "people go, that they may serve me. "14. For I will at this time send all "my plagues upon thine heart, and "upon thy servants, and upon thy "people; that thou mayest know that "there is none like me in all the earth. "15. For now I (i) will stretch out "my hand, that I may smite thee and "thy people with pestilence; and thou "shalt be cut offfrom the earth. 16. And "in very deed for this cause have I "raised thee up, for to shew in thee my "power; and that my name may be "declared throughout all the earth. "17. As yet exaltest thou thyself against "my people, that thou wilt not let them "go? 18. Behold, to-morrow, about

(i) v. 15. "For now, &c." or " For now "could I stretch out my hand, to smite "thee and thy people with pestilence, and "thou shouldest be cut off from the earth: '• But in very deed for this cause have I "preserved thee, (i. e. forborn to destroy "thee,) to shew in thee my power, and "that my name might be declared, &c." No pestilence was sent, it is not likely therefore that any was threatened: the object of these verses probably was te intimate that God could at once destroy, but that it better suited his purpose, to reserve for further trial, and further punishment. "He knoweth how to reserve the unjust to "the day of judgment, to be punished, "2 Pet. ii. 9." See Pole and Patrick in loco. Hamm. note on Rom. ix. 17, 18. Kennic. Rem. 48. 2. Hales, 192.

"this time, I will cause it to rain a very "grievous hail, such as hath not been "in Egypt, since the foundation thereof, "even until now." 19. Send therefore "now, and gather thy cattle, and all "that thou hast in the field: for upon "every man and beast which shall be "found in the field, and shall not be "brought home, the hail shall come "down upon them, and they shall die." 20. He that feared the word of the Lord amongst the servants of Pharaoh, mude his servants and his cattle flee into the houses. 21. And he that regarded not the word of the Lord, left his servants and his cattle in the field. 22. And the Lord said unto Moses, "Stretch "forth thine hand toward heaven, that "there may be hail in all the land of "Egypt; upon man, and upon beast, "and upon every herb of the field, "throughout the land of Egypt." 23. And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven, and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt. 24. So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt, since it became a nation. 25. And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that teas in the field, both man and beast: and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field. 26. Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel •were, was there no hail. 27. And Pharaoh sent and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, "I have "sinned this time: the Lord is right"eous, and I and my people are wicked. "28. Intreat the Lord (for it is enough) "that there be no more mighty thunder"ings and hail; and I will let you go, "and ye shall stay no longer." 29. And Moses said unto him, "As soon as I "am gone out of the city, I will spread "abroad my hands unto the Lord: and

(k) v. 31. "Boiled," i. e. "coming to "seed;" with the small pod which contains the seed.

(/) v. 35. Upon this chapter see 2. Hales, 190 to 195.

"the thunder shall cease, neither shall "there be any more hail; that thou "mayest know, how that the earth i'j the "Lord's. 30. But as for thee mid thy "servants, I know that ye will not yet "fear the Lord God." 31. And the flax, and the barley was smitten: for the barley teas in the ear, and the flax was (/•) boiled. 32. But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they vxrc not grown up. 33. And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the Lord: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth,

34. And when Pharaoh saw that the rain, and the hail, and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.

35. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the Lord had spoken by Moses. (/)


And (m) the Lord said unto Moses, "Go in unto Pharaoh: for I (n) have "hardened his heart, and the heart of "his servants; that I might shew these "my signs before him: 2. And that "thou mayest tell in the ears of thy son, "and of thy son's son, what things 1 "have wrought in Egypt, and my signs "which I have done amongst them: "that ye may know how that 1 am the "Lord." 3. And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, "Thus saith the Lord Godofthe "Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse "to humble thyself before me? Let my "people go, that they may serve me. "4. Else if thou refuse to let my pe°"pie go, behold, to-morrow will I bring "the locusts into thy coast. 5. And "they shall cover the face of the earth, "that one cannot be able to see the "earth: and they shall eat the residue "of that which is escaped, which re"maineth unto you from the hail, and

(m) v. 1. "The Lord." In this and the other instances in which "the Lord" occurs in this chapter, the Hebr. is "Jehovah.''

(n) "I have hardened." See the preceding page, note on Exod. ix. 12.

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