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"shall cat every tree which groweth for "you out of the field. 6. And they shall "fill thy houses, and the houses of all "thy servants, and the houses of all the "Egyptians; which neither thy fathers, "nor thy fathers fathers have seen, "since the day that they were upon the "earth, unto this day." And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh. 7. And Pharaoh's servants said unto him, "How long shall this man be a "snare unto us? Let the men go, that "they may serve the Lord their God: "Knowest thou not yet that Egypt is "destroyed?" 8. And Moses and Aaron were brought again unto Pharaoh: and he said unto them, " Go, serve the Lord "your God : but who are they that shall "go?" 9. And Moses said, "We will "go with our young and with our old, "with our sons and with our daugh"ters; with our flocks and with our "herds will we go: for we must hold a "feast unto the Lord." 10. And he >aid unto them, "Let the Lord be so 'with you, as I will let you go, and '* your little ones: Look to it, for evil '« before you. 11. Not so: go now ye 'that are men, and serve the Lord, for 'that you did desire." And they were Iriven out from Pharaoh's presence. 2. And the Lord said unto Moses, 'Stretch out thine hand over the land 'of Egypt for the locusts, that they 1 may come up upon the land of Egypt, 'and eat every herb of the land, even 'all that the hail hath left." IS. And (loses stretched forth his rod over the ind of Egypt, and the Lord brought n (o) east wind upon the land all that »y and all that night: and when it was lorning, the east wind brought the lo^ts. 14. And the locusts went up over U the land of Egypt, and rested in all >e coasts of Egypt: very grievous "were iey; before them there were no such •custs as they, neither after them shall e such. 15. For they covered the face f the whole earth, so that the land was

darkened, and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt. 16. Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste; and he said, "I have sinned against the "Lord your God, and against you. "17. Now therefore forgive, I pray "thee, my sin only this once, and in"treat the Lord your God, that he "may take away from me this death "only." 18. And he went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the Lord. 19. And the Lord turned a mighty strong west (o) wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea: there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt. 20. But (p) the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go. 21. And the Lord said unto Moses, "Stretch "out thine hand toward heaven, that "there may be darkness over the land "of Egypt, even darkness "which may "be felt." 22. And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven: and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. 23. They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings. 24. And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, "Go ye, serve the "Lord; only let your flocks and your "herds be stayed: let your little ones "also go with you." 25. And Moses said, "Thou must give us also sacrifices, "and burnt-offerings, that we may "sacrifice unto the Lord our God. "26. Our cattle also shall go with us; "there shall not an hoof be left behind: "for thereof must we take to serve the "Lord our God; and we know not "with what we must serve the Lord, un"til we come thither." 27. But the (p) Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go. 28. And

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Pharaoh said unto him, "Get thee from "me, take heed to thyself, see my face "no more: for in that day thou seest "my face, thou shalt die." 29. And Moses said, "Thou hast spoken well, I "will see thy face again no more." (q)

CHAP. XII.

And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2. "This month shall be unto you the "beginning of months: it shall be the "first month of the year to you. "3. Speak ye unto all the congregation "of Israel, saying, In (»■) the tenth day "of this month they shall take to them "every man a lamb, according to the "house of their fathers, a lamb for an "house. 4. And if the houshold be too "little for the lamb, let him and his "neighbour next unto his house, take "it according to the number of the "souls; every man according to his eat"ing, shall make your count for the "lamb. 5. Your lamb shall be without "blemish, a male of the first year: ye "shall take it out from the sheep or "from the goats. 6. And ye shall keep "it up until the fourteenth day of the "same month: and the whole assembly "of the congregation of Israel shall kill "it (s) in the evening. 7. And they "shall take of the blood, and strike it "on the two side-posts, and on the "upper door-post of the houses, where"in they shall eat it. 8. And they shall "eat the flesh in that night; roast with "fire, and unleavened bread, and with "bitter herbs they shall eat it 9. Eat "not of it raw, nor sodden at all with "water, but roast with fire: his head "with his legs, and with the purtenance "thereof. 10. And ye shall let nothing

(y) Upon this chapter see 2 Hales, 195 to 197.

(r) v. 3. The institution of the passover. 2 Hales, 197-8. B.C. 1491.

(*) v. 6. " In the evening," or "Between "the evenings, Heb." The Jews reckoned two evenings; one beginning at noon, the other at sun-set; and the time with them for sacrificing the paschal lamb was between two and four in the afternoon. Parkh. Heb. Diet. 553. In Deut. xvi. 6. the com

"of it remain until the morning: and "that which remaineth of it until the "morning, ye shall burn with fire. "11. And thus shall ye eat it; with "your loins girded, your shoes on your "feet, and your staff in your hand: "and ye shall eat it in haste: it u the "Lord's passover. 12. For I will "pass through the land of Egypt this "night, and will smite all the first"born in the land of Egypt, both "man and beast: and against all the "(/) gods of Egypt, I will execute "judgment; I am the Lord. 13. And "the blood shall be to you for a token "upon the houses where you are: and "when I see the blood, I will pass over "you, and the plague shall notbeupon "you to destroy you, when I smite the "land of Egypt 14. And this day "shall be unto you for a memorial; and "you shall keep it a feast to the Lokd "throughout your generations: yon "shall keep it a feast by an ordinance(s) "for ever. 15. Seven days shall ye eat "unleavened bread, even the first day "ye shall put away leaven out of your "houses: for whosoever eateth leav"ened bread, from the first day until "the seventh day, that soul shall be "cut off from Israel. 16. And in the "first day there shall be an holy con"vocation, and in the seventh day there "shall be an holy convocation to yoo: "no manner of work shall be done in "them, save that which every man most "eat, that only may be done of «">■ "17. And ye shall observe the fast? "unleavened bread; for in this self-saw "day (.r) have I brought your aroues "out of the land of Egypt: therefore "shall ye observe this day in yourp" "iterations, by an ordinance tor ever.

mand is to sacrifice it "at even, at the go"ing down of the sun," i. e when the** was declining, not setting. Parkh. 553. 0) v. 12. "Gods'' or " princes." (a) v. 14. "For ever." The Jew he*!"'' to this day, at the time of our Easter, *»» our passover, our Lamb, whose blood induces God to pass over us without destwjing us, Jesus Christ, was slain.

(x) p. 17. "Have I brought," « "•* "I bring." Sept.

"18. In the first month, on the four

"teenth day of the month at even, ye

"shall eat unleavened bread, until the

"one and twentieth day of the month

"at even. 19. Seven days shall there

"be no leaven found in your houses:

"for whosoever eateth that which is

"leavened, even that soul shall be cut

"off from the congregation of Israel,

"whether he be a stranger, or born in

"the land. 20. Ye shall eat nothing

"leavened: in all your habitations shall

"ye eat unleavened bread." 21. Then

Moses called for all the elders of Israel,

and said unto them, "Draw out and

* take you a lamb, according to your

"families, and kill the passover. 22. And

"ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and

"dip it in the blood that is in the

"bason, and strike the lintel and the

"two side-posts with the blood that is

"in the bason: and none of you shall

"go out at the door of his house until

"the morning. 23. For the Lord will

"pass through to smite the Egyptians,

"and when he seeth the blood upon the

"lintel, and on the two side-posts, the

"Lord will pass over the door, and

"will not suffer the destroyer to come

"in unto your houses to smite you.

"24. And ye shall observe this thing for

"an ordinance to thee and to thy sons

"for ever. 25. And it shall come to

"pass when ye be come to (y) the land

"which the Lord will give you, ac

"cording as he hath promised, that ye

"shall keep this service. 26. And it

"shall come to pass, when your chil

"dren shall say unto you, "What mean

"you by this service? 27. That ye shall

"say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord's

"passover, who passed over the houses

"of the children of Israel in Egypt,

"when he smote the Egyptians, and "delivered our houses." And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

28. And the children of Israel went away, and did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

29. And it came to pass that at midnight the Lord smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sat on his throne, unto the first-born of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of cattle. 30. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt: for there was not a house where there was not one dead. 31. And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise up, and get you forth "from amongst my people, both you "and the children of Israel: and go, "serve the Lord, as ye have said. "32. Also take your flocks, and your "herds, as ye have said, and be gone: "and bless me also." 33. And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people that they might send them out of the land in haste: for they said, "We bea\\ "dead men." 34. And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.

35. And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses: and they (z) borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment.

36. And the Lord gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they (a) lent unto them such things as they required: and they (6) spoiled the Egyptians. 37. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six (c) hundred thousand

(y) c.25. "The land, &c." i. e. "ofCa"naan.*' God promised Abraham, when he got into the land of Canaan, " unto thy "»eed will I give this land." Gen. xii. 7. ante.510.525. And see ante, Exod. iii. 8.17.

(*) t>. 35. " Borrowed," rather "asked." 2 Hales, 182.199. It is so in the Sept. the Vulgate, and the Chaldee. See ante, 526. note on Exod. iii. 22.

(a) v. 36. "Lent," rather " gave."

(6) «' Spoiled." God had told Abraham, (Gen. xv. 14.) that they should " come out

"(from Egypt) with great substance." See ante, 526. note on Exod. iii. 22. A remuneration wasinjusticedue for their past labours, (c) v. 37. "Six hundred thousand that "were men." God had said to Abraham, Gen. xv. 5. "Look now. toward heaven, "and tell the stars, if thou be able to num"bcr them; and he said unto him, "So "shall thy seed be." And again, Gen. xxii. 17. "I will multiply thy seed as the "stars of the heaven, and as the sand << which is upon the sea-shore"

on foot that were men, besides children. 38. And a mixed -multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. 39. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened: because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry; neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. 40. Now the sojourning (d) of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 41. Anil it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the self same day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42. It is a night to be much observed unto the Lord, for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the Lord to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. 43. And the Lord said unto Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordin"ance of the passover: there shall no "stranger eat thereof. 44. But every "man's servant that is bought for mc"ney, when thou hast circumcised him, "then shall he eat thereof. 45. A fo"reigner,and an hired servant, shall not "eat thereof. 46. In one house shall "it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth "ought of the flesh abroad out of the "house: neither shall ye break a bone "thereof. 47. All the congregation of "Israel shall keep it. 48. Ana when a "stranger shall sojourn with thee, and

"will keep the passover to the Lohd, "let all his males be circumcised, and "then let him come near and keep it; "and he shall be as one that is born in "the land: for no uncircumcised per"son shall eat thereof. 49. One law "shall be to him that is home-born, "and unto the stranger that sojoumeth "among you." 50. Thus did all the children of Israel; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. 51. And it came to pass the self-same day, that the Lord did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, by (e) their armies.

CHAP. XIV. And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, 2. " Speak unto the children of "Israel, that they turn and encamp be"fore Pi-hahiroth, between Migdoland "the sea, over against Baal-zephon: "before it shall ye encamp by the sea. "3. For Pharaoh will say of the chil"dren of Israel, "They are intangled in "the land, the wilderness hath shirt "them in." 4. And I will harden Pha"raoh's heart, that he shall follow after "them, and I will be honoured upon "Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that "the Egyptians may know that I <* "the Lord." And they did so. 5. And it was told the king of Egypt, that lie people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants, was turned against the people, and they said, "Why ba« "we done this, that we have let Israel

(d) v. 40. "Of the children of Israel," add, " and of their fathers,, whicli they so"journed in the land of Canaan, and in the ** land of Egypt, was 430 years." Kennic. Rem. 396. — 1 Prid. 419. — 2 Hales, 199. The Sept. and Samaritan are so, except that they omit, "and of their fathers ;M and the Sept. mentions Egypt before Canaan. They were not in Egypt above 215 years; and the sojourning in Canaan must be included, to make up the 430 years. In Gal. iii. 17. St. Paul speaks of «• the law" (which was given just after they left Egypt) as 430 years after the covenant, or promises to Abraham. The first promise to Abraham, (" in thee shall all families of the "earth be blessed. Gen. xii. 3.") was when Abraham departed out of Haran, when he was 75 years old. Gen. xii. 4. Abraham

was 100 years old when Isaac was bora. Gen. xxi. 5. Isaac was 60 at the birth of Jacob. Gen. xxv. 26. And Jacob was ISO when he went to Egypt. Gen. Xitu- 9So that from the first promise to Abraham to the going down to Egypt was 215yeare25+ 60 + 130= 215. And during all this time Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, were strangers and sojourners in the lands o which they dwelt. See Gen. xii. 10. — Gen. xiii. 1. 3. 18.— Gen. xvii.8.— Geo

xx. 1. — Gen. xxi. 23 Gen. xxiii. V><~

Gen.xxviii. 2. —Gen. xxxi. 38. 41.—Genxxxvii. 1.

(e) v. .51. '■ By their Armies," i. e. "» "regular order, under their appoint "leaders; each in his proper place.'' 5* Exod. vi. 13.

"go from serving us?" 6. And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him. 7. And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and (g) all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them. 8. And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand. 9. But the Egyptians pursued after them (all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen and his army), and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth before Baal-zephon. 10. And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lift up their eyes, »nd behold, the Egyptians marched ifter them, and they were sore afraid: ind the children of Israel cried out unto the Lord. 11. And they said into Moses, "Because t/iere were no 'graves in Egypt, hast thou taken 'us away to die in the wilderness? 'Wherefore hast thou dealt thus with 'us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? '12. Is not this the word that we did 'tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us 1 alone, that we may serve the Egypt! ians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness." 13. And loses said to the people, "Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will shew to you today: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to-day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. 14. The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace." 15. And the Lord said unto Moses, "Wherefore criest thou unto me? Speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward. 16. But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. 17. And I, behold, I will harden the

"hearts of the Egyptians, and they "shall follow them: and I will get me "honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all "his host, upon his chariots, and upon "his horsemen. 18. And the Egypt"ians shall know that I am the Lord, "when I have gotten me honour upon "Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon "his horsemen." 19. And the (//) angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them. 20. And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel, and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these .• so that the one came not near the other all the night. 21. And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22. And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground, and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. 23. And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them, to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots and his horsemen.

24. And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the Lord looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians.

25. And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so Uiat the Egyptians said, "Let us flee from "the face of Israel; for the Lord "fighteth for them against the Egypt"ians." 26. And the Lord said unto Moses, "Stretch out diine hand over "the sea, that the waters may come again "upon the Egyptians, upon their cha"riots and upon their horsemen." 27. And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his

(g) v. 7. "And, or " even." (X) v. 19. » The angel of God." Ir tod. xiii. 21. it is said, "the Lord wen: before them by day in a pillar of a cloud," '.; and in verse 24. below, it is said, 'he Lord looked through the pillar of ire," &c. So that the person here called

"the angel of God," is there called " the "Lord." And see note on Exod. iii. 2. ante, 524. that it was the belief of the ancient church, that these appearances were all made by the Son, the second person in the Trinity. (Gray's Key, 321, note.) M M 3

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