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and deep apprehengons of the greatness of that good that thou shalt miss of, and of that evil which thou shalt procure unto thyself; and then thou shalt not be able to chuse, but te apply all thy loss, all thy misery to thyself, which will force thee to roar out, O my loss ! O my misery! O my inconceiv

, able, irrecoverable loss and misery! yea, for the increasing of thy torments, thy affections and memory thall be enlarged. Othat, to prevent that loss and misery, thefe things may now be known, and laid to heart! O that a blind understanding, a stupid judgment, a bribed conscience, a hard heart, a bad memory, may no longer make heaven and hell to seem but trifles to thee I thou wilt then easily be perfuaded to make it thy main business here, to become an artist in fpiritual navigation. But to shut up this preface, I shall briefly acquaint Jeamen, why thy should, of all others, be men of fingular piety and heaventinefs, and therefore more than ordinarily study the heavenly art of spiritual navigation that seamer would then consider,

1. How nigh they border upon the confines of death and eternity every moment; there is bat a step, but an inch or two between them and their graves, continually: the next gust may over-set them, the next wave may

fwallow them

up. place lie lurking dangerous rocks, in another perilous sands, and every where Itormy winds, ready to destroy them. + Well may the seamen cry out, Ego craftinum non habui; I have not had a morrow in my hands these many years. Should not they then be extraordinary serious and heavenly, continually! Certainly (as the reverend author of this new compass well obTerves) nothing more composeth the heart to such a frame, than the lively apprehensions of eternity do ; and none kave greater external advantages for that, than feamen have.

2. Consider (feamen) what extraordinary help you have by the book of the creatures; « The whole creation is God's “ voice ; it is God's excellent | hand-writing, or the sacred * scriptures of the most High," to teach us much of God, and what reasons we have to bewail our rebellion against God, and to make conscience of obeying God only, naturally, and con. tinually. The heavens, the earth, the waters, are the three great

leaves of this book of God, and all the creatures are so many

lines in those leaves. All that learn not to fear and serve

In one

+ Terror ubique tremor, timor undeque, do undique terror. Ovid.

I Mundi creatie cft Scriptura Dei. Clemens. Univerfur mune dus eft Deus explicutusa

God by the help of this book, will be left inexcufable, Rom. i 20. How inexcusable then will ignorant and ungodly feamen be! Seamen should, in this respect, be the beft scholars in the Lord's school, seeing they do, more than others, see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the great deep, Pfal.

cvii. 24

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3. Consider how often you are nearer heaven than any people in the world. “They mount up to heaven," Psal. cvii, 26. It has been said of an ungodly minister, that contradicted his preaching in his life and conversation, that it was pity he should ever come out of the pulpit, because he was there as near hea. ven as ever he would be. Shall it be faid of you, upon the fame account, that it is a pity you should come down from the high towering waves of the fea? Should not feamen that in formy weather have their feet (as it were) upon the battle, ments of heaven, look down upon all earthly happiness in this world but as base, waterish, and worthless? The great cities of Campania seem but small cottages to them that stand on the Alps. Should not feamen, that so oft mount up to heaven, make it their main business here, once at last to get into heaven? What (seamen) Thall you only go to heaven against your wills? When seamen mount up to heaven in a storm, the psalmist tells us, That “ their fouls are melted because of trouble.” O that you were contitrally as unwilling to go to hell, as you are in a ftorm to go to heaven!

4. And lastly, Consider what engagements lie upon you to be singularly holy, from your fingular deliverances and falvations. They that go down to the sea in fhips, are sometimes in the valley of the shadow of death, by reason of the springing of perilous leaks ; and yet miraculcusly delivered, either by fonie wonderful stopping of the leak, or by God's sending some ship within their light, when they have been far out of fight of any land; or by his bringing their near-perishing ship fafe to fhore. Sometimes they have been in very great danger of being taken by pyrates, yet wonderfully preserved, either by God's calming of the winds in that part of the sea where the pyrates have failed, or by giving the poor pursued ship a strong gale of wind to run away from their purfuers, or by finking. the pyrates, &c. Sometimes their ships have been cast away, and yet they themselves wonderfully got fafe to fhore upon planks, yards, mafts, &c. I might be endless in enummesating their deliverances from drowning, from burning, from lavery, &c. Sure (feamen) your extraordinary falvations lay more than ordinary engagements

, upon you, to praise, love,

fear, obey, and trust in your Saviour and Deliverer. I have read that the enthralled Greeks were so affected with their liberty; procured by Haminius the Roman general, that their shtill accla mations of salmp, Ewtimp, a Saviour, a Saviour, 'made the very birds fall down from the heavers aftonilhed. how should feamen be affected with their sea-deliverances! many that have

been delivered from Turkish slavery, have vowed to be servants to their redeemers all the days of their lives. Ah! Sirs, will not you be more than ordinarily God's servants all the days of your lives, seeing you have been so oft, fo wonderfully redeemed from death itfelf by him? Verily, do what you can, you will die in God's debt. « As for me, God forbid that I should fin " against the Lord in eeasing to pray for you," 1 Sam. xii. 23, 24. That by the perusal of this short and Iweet treatife, wherein the judicious and ingenious author hath well mixed utile dulci, profit and pleasure, you may learn the good and right way, even to fear the Lord, and serve him in truth, with all your hearts, considering how great things he hath done for you. This is the hearty prayer of rorir cordial friend, earnestly desirous of a prosperous voyage for your precious and immortal souls,

T. M.

The AUTHOR to the READER

W

HE N dewy-cheek'd Aurora doth display

Her curtains, to let in the new-born day,
Her heav'nly face looks red, as if it were
Dy'd with a modeft blush, 'twixt shame and fear.
Sol makes her blush, suspecting that he will
Scorch some too much, and others leave too chill.
With such a blush, my little new-born book
Goes out of hand, suspecting fome may look
Upon it with contempt, while others raife
So mean a piece too high, by flatt'ring praise,
Its beauty cannot make its father dote ;
?Tis a poor babe, clad in a sea-green coat.
It's
gone

from me too young, and now is run
To sea, among the tribe of Zebulun.
Go, little book, chou many friends wilt find
Among that tribe, who will be very kind;
And many of them care of thee will take,
Both for thy own, and for thy father's fake.

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Heav'n fave it from the dang’rous storms and gusts
That will be rais'd against it by men's lust s.
Guilt makes men angry, anger is a storm;
But sacred truth's thy shelter, fear no harm.
On times, or persons, no reflection's found !
Though with reflections few books more abound:
Go, little book; I have much more to say
But seamen call for thee, thou must away:
Yet e're you have it, grant me one request, ;
Pray do not keep it pris’ner in your chelt.
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NEW COMPASS

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NAVIGATION SPIRITUALIZED.

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The launching of a ship plainly fets forth
Our double ftate, by first and second birth

OBSERVATION
ro sooner is a fhip built, launched, rigged, victualled; and

manned, but she is presently fent out into the boisterous ocean, where she is never at rest, but continually fluctuating, tossing, and labouring, until she be either overwhelmed, and wrecked in the sea, or through agę; knocks, and brụises, grows leaky, and unserviceable; and so is haled up; and ript abroadı

APPLICATION. No sooner come we into the world as men, of as Christians, by a natural or supernatural birth, but thus we are toffed upon a fea of troubles. "Job v. 7. " Yet man is born to trouble, as VOL. VI.

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“ the sparks fly upwards.” The spark no sooner comes out of the fire, but it flies up naturally; it needs not any external force, help, or guidance, but afcends from a principle in itself; so naturally, so easily doth trouble rise out of sin. There is raa dically all the misery, anguish, and trouble in the world in our corrupt natures. As the spark lies close hid in the coals, so doth misery in fin; every lin draws a rod after it. And these forrows and troubles fall notonly on the body, in those breaches, flaws, deformities, pains, aches, diseases, to which it is subject, which are but the groans of dying nature, and its crumbling, by degrees, into duft again; buton all our employufents and callings allo, Gen. iii. 17, 18, 19. These are full of pain, trouble, and disappointment, Hag. i. 6. We earn wages, and put it into a bag with holes, and disquiet ourselves in vain ; ali our relationis full of trouble. The apostle speaking to those that marry, faith, 1 Cor. vii. 28.“ Such shall have « trouble in the fleih.” Upon which words one glofseth thus:

Flesh and trouble are married together, wheSee Mr. Whate. ther we marry or no; but they that are marley's Care-cloth. ried, marry with, and match into new trou

hles : All relations have their burdens, aswell as their comforts : It were endless to enumerate the forrows of this kind, and yet the troubles of the body are but the body of our troubles; the spirit of the curse falls upon the spiritual and noblest part of map. The soul and body, like to Ezekiel's roll, are written full with sorrows, both within and without. So that we make the fame report of our lives, when we come to die, that old Jacob made before Pharaoh, Gen. xlvii. 9. “Few « and evil have the days of the years of our lives been.” Ecc!. ii. 22, 23. “ For what hath man of all his labour, and of the vexe “ ation of his heart, wherein he hath laboured under the fun ? “ For all his days are forrows, and his travel grief, yea, his “ heart taketh no rest in the night: This is also vanity.”

Neither doth our new birth free us from troubles, though then they be fanctified, sweetired, and turned into blessings to

We put not off the human, when we put on the divine nature ; nor are we then freed from the sense, though we are delivered from the sting and curse of them. Grace doth not prefently pluek out all those arrows that sin hath shot into the fides of nature. 2 Cor. vii.

5. 6. When we were come into Mace"donia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every se. fide: Without were fightings, and within were fears." Rev. vii. 14..6. These are they that come out of great tribulations." The first

cry of the new-born Christian (fays one) gives hell an

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