« AnteriorContinuar »
Can there be any thing more mortifying to the grower of the game than to have his gates left open, or his hedges broken, by his landlord, accompanied by a party of gentlemen, not one, perhaps, of whom he has ever seen or heard of, while the gazing tenant has it not in his power to kill a brace of the birds that daily live upon the grain of his labour. Will not such a display of monopoly gall a man, brought up with ideas of British freedom? What are those gentlemen to him? he owes them nothing, but they, in some instances, commit more serious injury than can be well comprehended by any than those who understand the cultivation of the soil.
Suppose we also view the case of hunting; it may be exceedingly amusing to some people to gallop headlong over a man's enclosures, without even the trouble of a passing glance at the injury they per. petrate. We well remember instances of crops of young corn being literally kicked into the air, by a set of reckless red coats,—but we commiserated the injured farmer. We allow that men in their senses, fair sportsmen, and such are our sportsmen in Wales, will not dash over a crop of young October wheat, making it fly like the sand on the sea shore; but this is no palliative, for to deny that it is often done by another sort of riders, would be to assert what is a direct falsehood. “Well, but the farmer may come out, too!” we admit he can do so, if the fairs and the thousand and one things which require almost incessant attention at home or abroad, allow him a participation in the day's sport, and if he can afford a horse capable of carrying him. Again, it is said, “perhaps the field do not commit a farthing's worth of damage.” This is no advantage to him; and the only question worth his notice is, does he obtain a hare if he wants one? if he does, it is but an act of common justice; and if he does not, we affirm it to be not only a very unfair deprivation, but a direct act of oppression. As to the assertion that the farmers do not care for game; it is untrue, why should they not; do they not care for good strong ale? or do they not care for many of those luxuries which their landlords know so well how to appreciate? but, the man who rejoins that they really are indifferent on the subject, we advise to offer his tenant a hare, to present to some dealer in the produce of his dairy, at Bridgenorth or Bristol fairs, where it is most valuable, and let him, the giver, observe how grateful his tenant will be even for that which it is, at all times, an injustice to withhold.
If there be a class of men more than commonly interested in keeping up that old-fashioned feeling of mutual dependence between the proprietor and the cultivator, to that class do we of the Cambrian Quarterly belong. Let no man, therefore, assert that our remarks are calculated to produce discontent; our wish is to see common justice done to the agriculturist, to have his best feelings exerted, to make him satisfied and happy under his land
lord, that he may look upon him as his friend and protector: for let it be borne in mind, that moment which carries with it a feeling of distrust, also cuts short an association become venerable from the time it has existed between two classes of society, who for ages have been the envy of the world, namely, those of the country gentlemen of Great Britain, and (without which they are valueless,) their tenantry.
Where are there men more loyal, men on whom government, in times of public solicitude, have looked for support, and not looked in vain? by whom were Cressy and Poictiers won? and in later times, when Napoleon scorched the earth with his fierce sun of ambition, and internal commotion stalked almost in open day, who came forward to support real liberty? it was the British yeomanry. Of what importance is it, then, that we should carefully abstain from any legislative measure which may lessen their comforts ? We are convinced the Game laws have more to do with the promotion of a happy concentration of feeling between all classes of society, than at first may be supposed: we have proved this as regards landlord and tenant; and to treat of what has been repeated by others over and over again, namely the damning effects produced among all classes of the lower orders by poaching, would justly subject us to ridicule: but of one immensely important fact we are certain, which is, that poaching can be prevented by the tenant better than by the gamekeeper; for where the keeper has no corn to grow and no fences to repair, he will, (after making due allowance for his private consumption of game, with the extent of which, we opine, their employers are not exactly acquainted,) not trouble himself so vigilantly about the depredations committed by trespassers, as the man who has an interest in the productions of the soil; but who, as long as by law he is prevented to share in a commodity of which he alone is at the expense of keeping, will never trouble himself with preserving, but sometimes, on the contrary, will, when the game has become a nuisance to him, avail himself of the best private means of lessening their number, and his obvious means are, winking at the poachers. Give him then a property in the game, and the keeper and the poacher will be heard of but as characters passed away, stat nominis umbra. With these reflections, we are of opinion that a clause to remedy this crying evil should be introduced, and some of the existing ones altered; or, what is better, the repeal of the last, and the substitute of a fresh Game bill, empowering every farmer to kiil game on his own ground.
POETRY BY THE LATE MR. JUSTICE HARDINGE.
To the Editors. GENTLEMEN, As the name of the late Mr. Justice Hardinge was so frequently and honourably mentioned in the interesting memoir of the Rev. Edward Davies, which appeared in the Cambrian Quarterly Magazine, vol. iii., p. 408, I flatter myself that the following stanzas written by him, but never published, may prove acceptable to your readers. The song was enclosed in a letter to me, of which the following is a copy :
No. 1, Cumberland place; July 6, 1804. SIR,
Mrs. Parry (as I understood) of Gressford Lodge, near Wrexham, wrote to Sir Foster Cunliffe, and recommended a ballad of mine to your notice through him; but I have had no advices from him, and, therefore, I take the liberty of soliciting you myself. I am such an admirer of your music, that I wish, of all things, to have these fugitive thoughts of mine honoured with your adaptation.
GEORGE HARDINGE. To Mr. John Parry.
Would make thee cold, and wise,
That open'd Fanny's eyes!
By innocence carest.
And crowns the bed of rest!
Abjures the touch of art;
And planted in the heart.
I have only to add that the manner in which I set the above elegant lines to music, met with the approbation of the learned author.
THE VALUE OF CHURCH LIVINGS IN ANGLESEA,
TAKEN IN THE TIME OF HENRY VIII. AND ELIZABETH.
ABERFRAW.1-A rectory, St. Beuno.2
The presentation thereof in the Prince of Wales.
20 7 6
7 8 1 Elizabeth,
7 9 2 Incumbent, 1785, Morgan Ellis. Llanbeulan.--A reetory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath five chapels under it, viz. Llanvaelog,5 Llech
ylched, Ceirchiog, Llanerchmedd, and Talyllyn. Valued tempore Henry VIII.
23 6 8 Elizabeth,
22 4 6 Incumbent, 1785, Thomas Lloyd, D.D. dean of
Hath one chapel under it, viz. Beaumaris.?
20 0 0 Elizabeth,
19 11 8 Incumbent, 1785, Hugh Davies, lord bishop's
chaplain; Richard Griffith, Garreglwyd. Llanddeusant.-A rectory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath two chapels under it, viz. Llanbabo, 8 and Llan
20 16 2 Elizabeth,
20 17 6 Incumbent, 1785, John Williams, Trevoys. Llanddyvrydog. 9-A rectory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath one chapel under it, viz. Llanvihangel Trev y
14 9 7 Elizabeth,
14 10 0 Incumbent, 1785, Nicholas Owen, M.A.; John Edwards, of Bangor; Henry Lloyd, of Tre
gayan. Llanddyvnan.10-A rectory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath three chapels under it, viz. Llanvair Matha
varn Eithav, Llanbedr, and Pentraeth.
Valued tempore Henry. VIII. £40 0 0
38 6 8 1785, Bishop Warren. Llanelian.11—A rectory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath three chapels under it, viz.Coedane, Rhosbei
rio, 12 and Bodewryd. Valued tempore Henry VIII.
14 1 8 Elizabeth,
13 1 8 Incumbent, 1785, Owen Jones. Llaneigrad.13—A rectory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath under it one chapel, viz. Llanallgo. 14
911 9 Elizabeth,
9 10 0 Incumbent, 1785, - Williams. Llangadwaladr.15-A rectory, in the lord chancellor's gift.
Hath one chapel under it, viz. Llanvairion. 16
16 7 11 Elizabeth,
16 9 6 Incumbent, 1785, Owen Parry, LL.B. Llangevni.-A rectory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath under it one chapel, viz. Tregayan.
9 13 4 Elizabeth,
9 10 71 Incumbent, 1785, Henry Hughes. Llangeinwen.17-A rectory; Earl of Pembroke's gift.
Hath one chapel under it, viz. Llangafo.18
19 1 2 Elizabeth,
19 1 2 Incumbent, 1785, Henry Jones, Caernarvon. Hen Eglwys.-A rectory, in the bishop's gift.
Hath under it one chapel, viz. Trewalchmai.
9 3 4 Elizabeth,
9 3 4 Llanidan.19—A vicarage, in Lord Boston's gift.
Hath three chapels under it, viz. Llanedwen,20 Llan-
10 0 0 Elizabeth,
10 0 0 Incumbent, 1785, Lewis Hughes. Penmynydd.2 %-A prebend of the cathedral church of Bangor, in
the bishop's gift.
8 13 4 Elizabeth,
8 5 7 Incumbent, 1785, Egerton Leigh, M.A.