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Attwood, Mr. John Mends, Perpbroke Dock
Jones, Rev. John, Merthyr Tydvil Beete, Capt. J. Picton, 21st Fusiliers
Lewis, Thomas, esq. Llandeilofawr Beynon, Archdeacon, Llandeilofawr
Llewelin, Mr. James, Ambleston, Pembrokeshire Bowen, J, esq. Glantbaines, Bear Taliaris
Lloyd, Mr. Henry, Swansea Bowen, Mr. Pryce, North street, Brighton
Lloyd, Mr. Jaines, Havertordwest Bowen, Mr. Thos., Aqueduct Cottage, Penbre
Lloyd, Thomas, esq. Bronwydd, Cardiganshire Bowser, Mr. Samuel, Cenross, Penbre, Caermar Lloyd, Mr. James, Prendergast, Pembrokeshire thenshire
Lloyd, Rev. Mr, Pwllcrochon, Peinbrokeshire Byers, Rev. James, Llanphey, near Pembroke
Michael, Mr. Michael, Swansea Cadwalader, Mr. George, Swansea
Morgan, Mr. D., druggist, High-street, Merthyr Cawdor, earl, Stacpole court, Pembrokeshire
Morris, Lewis, esq. Caermarthen
Neath Book Society, the Dalton, Rev. Thomas, Rhoscrowther, near Pembroke Neath Commercial Room, the Davies, John, esq. Llanelly
Owen, Hugh Owen, esq. M. P., Llapstynan, PemDavies, Miss M. R. St. Martin's, Haverfordwest
brokeshire Davies, Rich. P. esq Dowlais, near Merthyr Tydril Owen, Sir Johu, bart. M.P. Orielton, Pembrokesh. Deronald, Rev. George, Manorbeer, Pembrokeshire Paget, Dr. Tenby, Pembrokeshire Evaus, Mr. John, Cross, Caerinarthen
Paliner, Rev. John, Caermarthen Evans, Mr. Saml., Priory street, Caermarthen
l'enrice, Thomas,esq. Cilfrwch, near Oystermouth, Evans, Mr. Thos., Dowlais, near Merthyr Tydvil
Glamorganshire Evans, Mr. Isaac, Merthyr Tydvil
Philipps, Sir R. B. bart. M P. Pioton castle Eustace, Mr. Thos., Neath.
Phillips, Mr. Richard, Bridgend, Haverfordwest Foster, R. Carr, esq. 28, John street, Bedford row Phillips, Rev. W. D., Llawrenny, Pembrokeshire Foster, William Carr, esq. Ditto
Phillips, Rev. Geo. New Moat, Pembrokeshire Francis, Mr. Jenkin, Neath, Glamorganshire.
Philipps, John Arthur Pbilip Lloyd, esq. Dale George, Mr. William, Prendergast, Pembrokeshire
Castle, Pembrokeshire Glencross, Mr, John, Pater, Pembrokeshire
Phillips, Mr. W. D., Caermarthen Griffiths, Mr. 13, Copingham row, St. John's Protheroe, Rev. D. Llandeilofawr wood, Marylebone
Reynish, Mr. Thos.. Wolfsdale, neat HaverfordHall, Mr. Ricbd. Davies, 18, Store street, Bedford
Richardson, Rev. Wm., St. David's Ilarries, Major, Trevaccon, near St. David's
Roberts, Mr. Johu, Pembroke Flarries, Geo., esq. M. D. Ilaverfordwest
Saunders, Rev. T. W., Dale, Pembrokeshire Harries, Rev. Wm., Fishguard
St. David's, the Lord Bishop of, Abergwili Harris, Gilbert, esq. Llaneuwas, near Solva
Thomas, Rev. J., Llandeilo-tal-y-bont, GlamorHarris, Charles, esq. Haverfordwest
ganshire Harris, Mr. Richard, Cardigan
Thomas, Rev. Watkin Wm., Dinas, Pembroke. Henry, Mr. James, Dowlais iun, Dowlais, near
shire Merthyr Tydvil
Thomas, Rev. James, jun. Haverfordwest Hewson, Rev. Dr. Swansea
Thomas, Rev. David, Bryndyssil, near Narbeth Howels, John M. esq. Gallt y gog, Caermarthensh. Thomas, Mr. Wm., Fishguard Arms, Haverford. Howell, T. L. esq. Wellfield, near Llanelly
west. Hughes, Alfred M., esq., Dowlais, near Merthyr Williams, Rev. James, M.A Haverfordwest Tydvil
Williams, Mr. James, Drawbridge lane, Ditto Hutchinson, Mr. Charles, Swansea
Williams, O. G. esq. Swansea Hyslop, Mr. John, Haverford west
Williams, Hugh, esq. Caermarthen James, Rev. J. Penmaen, Gower, Glamorganshire Williams, Rev. D. A. Caermarthen James, Rev. J. W. Robertston, Wathen
Williams, Rev. John, M.A. Robert's Rest, St. Jenkins, Mr. J. Castle inn, Llandovery
Williams, Mr. Taliesin, Merthyr Tydvil.
Williams, Mr. Wm., Pond, Merthyr Tydvil Jones, Mr. Thomas, Quay street, Caermarthen
Williams, Mr. Elias, Twyn-yr-odyn, Merthyr Jones, Mr. L. Llanelly
Tydvil Jones, Mr. William, (builder,) Swansea
Williams, Mr. Edwd., Gelligaer, Glamorganshire Jones, Mr. John, Swansea
Williams, Mr. Richard, Pater, Pembrokeshire Jones, Heury, esq. Merthyr Tydvil.
Williams, Mr. Wm., Pont-y-rbun, Merthyr Tydvil Jones, Mr. Lewis, Quaker's yard, Llanfabon, Gla Yeamans, Mr. (surgeon, Llang adoc, Caermarmorganshire
thenshire. Jones, Jonathan, esq. 9, Berners street, Oxford st.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. The Editors beg to announce thut Volume V., commencing January, 1833, of the CAMBRIAN QUARTERLY, will be materially increased in size, and no addition made to the present price, viz. TWELVE SHILLINGS PER ANNUM.
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. Several articles are unavoidably omitted this quarter. We offer our best thanks to all friends whose papers are under our consideration.
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ADLARD, PRINTERS, BARTHOLOMEW CLOSE.
No. 13. JANUARY 1, 1832.-Vol. IV.
HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CELTS,
ESPECIALLY OF THOSE WHO INHABITED NORICUM.
Translated from the German of Prof. Muchar, of Gratz. "Nec me quis in favorem gentis, quasi ex ipsâ trahentem originem, aliqua
addidisse credat, quam quæ legi aut comperi.” JORNAUD, de Réb. Get. The country lying between the Danube and the Inn, and between the Mount Kahlenberg and the southern chain of the Alps, was called, by the Romans, Noricum; such are the boundaries, as given by Ptolemy. The chain of mountains commencing three miles above Vienna, at the Kahlenberg, (Mons Calvus,) called by the ancients Mons Cetius, takes its course through Stiria, and comes in contact with the southern Alps; at this point of union Ptolemy places the mountain Karvankas, and the Hierosolimitan Itinerary fixes the Roman station Hadrante, the limit of Italy and Noricum. The Kahlenberg, in the other direction, descends in easy declivities towards Pannonia, (Hungary,) and, from its woody summits, was called Cetius, from the Celtic word Coed (wood); it is conjectured by the learned Magnus Klein that Kötsch, near Marburg, and Katschwald* in Stiria, are derived from the same word; according to Strabo and Isidorus Hispalensis, Orig. lib. 14, c. 8, the Alps, (Alpia, Alpiona,) were so originally named by the Celts. Noricum
* Katschwald corresponds with our Cotswold; in this and other instances, the Germans retained the original Celtic name of the place, and added a translation; thus Coed, wood; wald, wood; Cotswold: Monybere in Hertfordshire; Mynidd, hill; berg, hill: Carbury; Caer, fortress; burg, fortress : Penhow, &c. &c.
comprised, according to the Romans, Upper and Lower Austria, a considerable portion of Stiria and Carinthia, a part of Western Tyrol and of Bavaria.
Nothing is known of the history of Noricum previous to its occupation by the Celts. The geologist observes, from the formation of the country, from the petrifactions, and the impressions of fish on the rocks, infinite in number and variety, that Upper and Lower Austria must once have been covered by a vast lake, formed by its rivers, the Inn, Drave, Save, Mur, Traun, &c. &c. The declivity of the Stirian mountains, the masses of rock and stones rolled from those hills towards the plain, shew them to have been, at a remote age, one of its banks; the shattered fragments of huge rocks lying in awful confusion at Karst, in Carinthia, are a testimony of some convulsion by which, apparently, the lake found a sudden outlet. The first occupiers of this land had to contend with many difficulties; the extensive swamps that filled the air with paludinous exhalations fraught with death; savage animals whose remains announce to have been of a species now extinct; dark forests, and impenetrable thickets: even now, in the storm, when subterraneous rivers (of which there are several in Carniola) thunder through their gloomy caverns, the peasant crosses himself, and relates traditions of dark lakes of the ancient time, of devouring dragons, and devastating wild boars. Of the latter, Suidas speaks in allusion to the derivation of the name of an old city of that country: “Apud Noricos, aper, divinitus immissus, agros vastabat; quem cum multi invaderent, nihil proficiebant, donec quidam eum prostratum in humeros sustulit cujusmodi fa bula et de Calydone refertur; cum autem Norici suâ voce exclamassent “Vir unus!' urbs Virunum est appellata.” Of the first occupants of the country, there is neither history nor tradition extant; indeed, little is known of the early Celtic settlers, they committed no records to writing, historical events were only commemorated by oral tradition, and verses which they recited; the wide extent of country from the Tanais to Gaul was long a terra incognita to the cultivated people of the South; it is to the conquest of the Romans, who planted their eagles on the Rhine and the Danube, that we are chiefly indebted for any accurate information with respect to Noricum. The fabulous narratives of the Grecians mention the excursions of Hercules and Ulysses to the land of the Hyperboreans, and Diodorus says, « Monumenta et tumulos quosdam Græcis litteris inscriptos in confinio Germaniæ Rhetiaque adhuc exstare." An Egyptian legend notices the voyage of a nameless mariner, who sailed from the Euxine up the Ister to where it separates into two arms, (an error of the ancients,) on the confines of Scythia and Thrace; by following one channel, he is said to have reached the Adriatic. At very early period the wanderings of other travellers were laid down on charts pre