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ADLARD, PRINTERS, BARTHOLOMEW CLUSE.

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Attwood, Mr. John Mends, Perpbroke Dock

Jones, Rev. John, Merthyr Tydvil Beete, Capt. J. Picton, 21st Fusiliers

Lewis, Thomas, esq. Llandeilofawr Beynon, Archdeacon, Llandeilofawr

Llewelin, Mr. James, Ambleston, Pembrokeshire Bowen, J, esq. Glantbaines, Bear Taliaris

Lloyd, Mr. Henry, Swansea Bowen, Mr. Pryce, North street, Brighton

Lloyd, Mr. Jaines, Havertordwest Bowen, Mr. Thos., Aqueduct Cottage, Penbre

Lloyd, Thomas, esq. Bronwydd, Cardiganshire Bowser, Mr. Samuel, Cenross, Penbre, Caermar Lloyd, Mr. James, Prendergast, Pembrokeshire thenshire

Lloyd, Rev. Mr, Pwllcrochon, Peinbrokeshire Byers, Rev. James, Llanphey, near Pembroke

Michael, Mr. Michael, Swansea Cadwalader, Mr. George, Swansea

Morgan, Mr. D., druggist, High-street, Merthyr Cawdor, earl, Stacpole court, Pembrokeshire

Tydvil
Chambers, W. jun. esq. Llanelly House, Llanelly Morris, Rev. E. Vicar of Llanelly
Clark, Robert, esq. Devizes

Morris, Lewis, esq. Caermarthen
Cuthbertson, Alexander, esq. Neath

Neath Book Society, the Dalton, Rev. Thomas, Rhoscrowther, near Pembroke Neath Commercial Room, the Davies, John, esq. Llanelly

Owen, Hugh Owen, esq. M. P., Llapstynan, PemDavies, Miss M. R. St. Martin's, Haverfordwest

brokeshire Davies, Rich. P. esq Dowlais, near Merthyr Tydril Owen, Sir Johu, bart. M.P. Orielton, Pembrokesh. Deronald, Rev. George, Manorbeer, Pembrokeshire Paget, Dr. Tenby, Pembrokeshire Evaus, Mr. John, Cross, Caerinarthen

Paliner, Rev. John, Caermarthen Evans, Mr. Saml., Priory street, Caermarthen

l'enrice, Thomas,esq. Cilfrwch, near Oystermouth, Evans, Mr. Thos., Dowlais, near Merthyr Tydvil

Glamorganshire Evans, Mr. Isaac, Merthyr Tydvil

Philipps, Sir R. B. bart. M P. Pioton castle Eustace, Mr. Thos., Neath.

Phillips, Mr. Richard, Bridgend, Haverfordwest Foster, R. Carr, esq. 28, John street, Bedford row Phillips, Rev. W. D., Llawrenny, Pembrokeshire Foster, William Carr, esq. Ditto

Phillips, Rev. Geo. New Moat, Pembrokeshire Francis, Mr. Jenkin, Neath, Glamorganshire.

Philipps, John Arthur Pbilip Lloyd, esq. Dale George, Mr. William, Prendergast, Pembrokeshire

Castle, Pembrokeshire Glencross, Mr, John, Pater, Pembrokeshire

Phillips, Mr. W. D., Caermarthen Griffiths, Mr. 13, Copingham row, St. John's Protheroe, Rev. D. Llandeilofawr wood, Marylebone

Reynish, Mr. Thos.. Wolfsdale, neat HaverfordHall, Mr. Ricbd. Davies, 18, Store street, Bedford

west square

Richardson, Rev. Wm., St. David's Ilarries, Major, Trevaccon, near St. David's

Roberts, Mr. Johu, Pembroke Flarries, Geo., esq. M. D. Ilaverfordwest

Saunders, Rev. T. W., Dale, Pembrokeshire Harries, Rev. Wm., Fishguard

St. David's, the Lord Bishop of, Abergwili Harris, Gilbert, esq. Llaneuwas, near Solva

Thomas, Rev. J., Llandeilo-tal-y-bont, GlamorHarris, Charles, esq. Haverfordwest

ganshire Harris, Mr. Richard, Cardigan

Thomas, Rev. Watkin Wm., Dinas, Pembroke. Henry, Mr. James, Dowlais iun, Dowlais, near

shire Merthyr Tydvil

Thomas, Rev. James, jun. Haverfordwest Hewson, Rev. Dr. Swansea

Thomas, Rev. David, Bryndyssil, near Narbeth Howels, John M. esq. Gallt y gog, Caermarthensh. Thomas, Mr. Wm., Fishguard Arms, Haverford. Howell, T. L. esq. Wellfield, near Llanelly

west. Hughes, Alfred M., esq., Dowlais, near Merthyr Williams, Rev. James, M.A Haverfordwest Tydvil

Williams, Mr. James, Drawbridge lane, Ditto Hutchinson, Mr. Charles, Swansea

Williams, O. G. esq. Swansea Hyslop, Mr. John, Haverford west

Williams, Hugh, esq. Caermarthen James, Rev. J. Penmaen, Gower, Glamorganshire Williams, Rev. D. A. Caermarthen James, Rev. J. W. Robertston, Wathen

Williams, Rev. John, M.A. Robert's Rest, St. Jenkins, Mr. J. Castle inn, Llandovery

Isb mael's
Jenkins, John B. esq. Maes-têg, Llansamlet, near Williams, Rev. Mr. Kidwely
Swansea

Williams, Mr. Taliesin, Merthyr Tydvil.
Johns, Mr. William, Swansea

Williams, Mr. Wm., Pond, Merthyr Tydvil Jones, Mr. Thomas, Quay street, Caermarthen

Williams, Mr. Elias, Twyn-yr-odyn, Merthyr Jones, Mr. L. Llanelly

Tydvil Jones, Mr. William, (builder,) Swansea

Williams, Mr. Edwd., Gelligaer, Glamorganshire Jones, Mr. John, Swansea

Williams, Mr. Richard, Pater, Pembrokeshire Jones, Heury, esq. Merthyr Tydvil.

Williams, Mr. Wm., Pont-y-rbun, Merthyr Tydvil Jones, Mr. Lewis, Quaker's yard, Llanfabon, Gla Yeamans, Mr. (surgeon, Llang adoc, Caermarmorganshire

thenshire. Jones, Jonathan, esq. 9, Berners street, Oxford st.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. The Editors beg to announce thut Volume V., commencing January, 1833, of the CAMBRIAN QUARTERLY, will be materially increased in size, and no addition made to the present price, viz. TWELVE SHILLINGS PER ANNUM.

We respectfully give notice, that we cannot answer for the insertion of approved Articles in our number for January, unless we receive them (post paid) on or before the 20th of November next; nor can we undertake to return MS. communications to their authors.

The surmise of a Correspondent regarding any Chargeis erroneous ; we charge for no species of communication, excepting advertisements

. Several articles are unavoidably omitted this quarter. We offer our best thanks to all friends whose papers are under our consideration.

We shall gladly receive the Articles alluded to in the letter from Edinburgh.

We offer our acknowledgments for the present of the Gaelic work. We have, at this period, really no time to send a written reply.

ADLARD, PRINTERS, BARTHOLOMEW CLOSE.

THE

CAMBRIAN
QUARTERLY MAGAZINE

AND

Celtic Repertory.

No. 13. JANUARY 1, 1832.-Vol. IV.

HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CELTS,

ESPECIALLY OF THOSE WHO INHABITED NORICUM.

Translated from the German of Prof. Muchar, of Gratz. "Nec me quis in favorem gentis, quasi ex ipsâ trahentem originem, aliqua

addidisse credat, quam quæ legi aut comperi.” JORNAUD, de Réb. Get. The country lying between the Danube and the Inn, and between the Mount Kahlenberg and the southern chain of the Alps, was called, by the Romans, Noricum; such are the boundaries, as given by Ptolemy. The chain of mountains commencing three miles above Vienna, at the Kahlenberg, (Mons Calvus,) called by the ancients Mons Cetius, takes its course through Stiria, and comes in contact with the southern Alps; at this point of union Ptolemy places the mountain Karvankas, and the Hierosolimitan Itinerary fixes the Roman station Hadrante, the limit of Italy and Noricum. The Kahlenberg, in the other direction, descends in easy declivities towards Pannonia, (Hungary,) and, from its woody summits, was called Cetius, from the Celtic word Coed (wood); it is conjectured by the learned Magnus Klein that Kötsch, near Marburg, and Katschwald* in Stiria, are derived from the same word; according to Strabo and Isidorus Hispalensis, Orig. lib. 14, c. 8, the Alps, (Alpia, Alpiona,) were so originally named by the Celts. Noricum

* Katschwald corresponds with our Cotswold; in this and other instances, the Germans retained the original Celtic name of the place, and added a translation; thus Coed, wood; wald, wood; Cotswold: Monybere in Hertfordshire; Mynidd, hill; berg, hill: Carbury; Caer, fortress; burg, fortress : Penhow, &c. &c.

NO. XIII.

B

comprised, according to the Romans, Upper and Lower Austria, a considerable portion of Stiria and Carinthia, a part of Western Tyrol and of Bavaria.

Nothing is known of the history of Noricum previous to its occupation by the Celts. The geologist observes, from the formation of the country, from the petrifactions, and the impressions of fish on the rocks, infinite in number and variety, that Upper and Lower Austria must once have been covered by a vast lake, formed by its rivers, the Inn, Drave, Save, Mur, Traun, &c. &c. The declivity of the Stirian mountains, the masses of rock and stones rolled from those hills towards the plain, shew them to have been, at a remote age, one of its banks; the shattered fragments of huge rocks lying in awful confusion at Karst, in Carinthia, are a testimony of some convulsion by which, apparently, the lake found a sudden outlet. The first occupiers of this land had to contend with many difficulties; the extensive swamps that filled the air with paludinous exhalations fraught with death; savage animals whose remains announce to have been of a species now extinct; dark forests, and impenetrable thickets: even now, in the storm, when subterraneous rivers (of which there are several in Carniola) thunder through their gloomy caverns, the peasant crosses himself, and relates traditions of dark lakes of the ancient time, of devouring dragons, and devastating wild boars. Of the latter, Suidas speaks in allusion to the derivation of the name of an old city of that country: “Apud Noricos, aper, divinitus immissus, agros vastabat; quem cum multi invaderent, nihil proficiebant, donec quidam eum prostratum in humeros sustulit cujusmodi fa bula et de Calydone refertur; cum autem Norici suâ voce exclamassent “Vir unus!' urbs Virunum est appellata.” Of the first occupants of the country, there is neither history nor tradition extant; indeed, little is known of the early Celtic settlers, they committed no records to writing, historical events were only commemorated by oral tradition, and verses which they recited; the wide extent of country from the Tanais to Gaul was long a terra incognita to the cultivated people of the South; it is to the conquest of the Romans, who planted their eagles on the Rhine and the Danube, that we are chiefly indebted for any accurate information with respect to Noricum. The fabulous narratives of the Grecians mention the excursions of Hercules and Ulysses to the land of the Hyperboreans, and Diodorus says, « Monumenta et tumulos quosdam Græcis litteris inscriptos in confinio Germaniæ Rhetiaque adhuc exstare." An Egyptian legend notices the voyage of a nameless mariner, who sailed from the Euxine up the Ister to where it separates into two arms, (an error of the ancients,) on the confines of Scythia and Thrace; by following one channel, he is said to have reached the Adriatic. At very early period the wanderings of other travellers were laid down on charts pre

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