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and was informed, I could not pass the arm of the sea, which parts the two kingdoms, unless I was at Bonas, about thirty miles from Cockermouth, soon after five in the morning. At first I thought of taking an hour or two's sleep, and setting out at eleven or twelve. But upon farther consideration, we chose to take our journey first, and rest afterward. So we took horse about seven, and having a calm moonshiny night, reached Bonas before one. After two or three hours sleep, we set out again, without any faintness or drowsiness.

Our landlord, as he was guiding us over the Sands, very innocently asked, "How much a year we got by preaching thus?" This gave me an opportunity of explaining to him that kind of gain, which he seemed utterly a stranger to. He appeared to be quite amazed, and spake not one word, good or bad, till he took his leave.

Presently after he went, my mare stuck fast in a quagmire, which was in the midst of the high road. But we could well excuse this. For the road all along, for near fifty miles after, was such as I never saw any natural road, either in England or Ireland; nay, far better, notwithstanding the continued rain, than the turnpike road between London and Bath.

We dined at Dumfries, a clean, well built town, having two of the most elegant churches (one at each end of the town) that I have seen. We reached Thorny-hill in the evening. What miserable accounts pass current in England, of the Inns in Scotland! Yet here, as well as wherever we called in our whole journey, we had not only every thing we wanted, but every thing readily and in good order, and as clean as I ever desire.

Tuesday 17, We set out about four, and rode over several high, but extremely pleasant mountains, to Lead-hill, a village of miners, resembling Placey, near Newcastle. We dined at a village called Lesmahaggy, and about eight in the evening reached Glasgow. A gentleman who had overtaken us on the road, sent one with us to Mr. Gillies's house.

Wednesday 18, I walked over the City, which I take to be as large as Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The University (like that of Dublin) is only one College, consisting of two small squares: I think not larger, nor at all handsomer, than those of Lincoln College in Oxford. The habit of the students gave me surprise. They wear scarlet gowns, reaching only to their knees. Most I saw were very dirty; some very ragged, and all of very coarse cloth. The High Church is a fine building. The outside is equal to that of most Cathedrals in England. But it is miserably defaced within, having no form, beauty, or symmetry left.

At seven in the evening, Mr. G. began the service at his own (the College) Church. It was so full before I came, that I could not get in, without a good deal of difficulty. After singing and prayer, he explained a part of the Catechism, which he strongly and affectionately applied. After sermon he prayed and sung again, and concluded with the blessing.

He then gave out, one after another, four hymns, which about a dozen young men sung. He had before desired those who were so minded, to go away: but scarcely any stirred till all was ended.

Thursday 19, At seven I preached about a quarter of a mile from the town. But it was an extremely rough and blustering morning. And few people came either at the time or place of my preaching: the natural consequence of which was, that I had but a small congregation. About four in the afternoon, a tent, as they term it, was prepared, a kind of moving pulpit, covered with canvas at the top, behind, and on the sides. In this I preached near the place where I was in the morning, to near six times as many people as before. And I am persuaded, what was spoken came to some of their hearts, not in word only, but in power.

Friday 20, I had designed to preach at the same place. But the rain made it impracticable. So Mr. G. desired me to preach in his Church, where I began between seven and eight. Surely with God nothing is impossible! Who would have believed five and twenty years ago, either that the

Minister would have desired it, or that I should have consented to preach in a Scotch Kirk.

We had a far larger congregation at four in the afternoon, than the Church could have contained. At seven Mr. G. preached another plain, home, affectionate sermon. Has not God still a favour for this City? It was long eminent for serious religion. And he is able to repair what is now decayed, and to build up the waste places.

Saturday 21, I had designed to ride to Edinburgh, but at the desire of many, I deferred my journey till Monday. Here was now an open and effectual door. And not many adversaries: I could hear of none but a poor Seceder, who went up and down, and took much pains. But he did not see much fruit of his labour: the people would come and hear for themselves; both in the morning, when I explained, (without touching the controversy) Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? and in the afternoon, when I enforced, Seek ye the Lord while he may be found.

Sunday 22, It rained much. Nevertheless, upwards (I suppose) of a thousand people stayed with all willingness, while I explained and applied, This is life eternal, to know Thee, the only true God and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent. I was desired to preach afterwards at the prison, which I did about nine o'clock. All the felons as well as debtors behaved with such reverence as I never saw at any prison in England. It may be some, even of these sinners, will occasion joy in heaven.

The behaviour of the people at Church both morning and afternoon, was beyond any thing I ever saw, but in our congregations. None bowed or curtsied to each other, either before or after the service: from the beginning to the end of which, none talked, or looked at any but the Minister. Surely much of the power of godliness was here, when there is so much of the form still.

The meadow where I stood in the afternoon, was filled from side to side. I spoke as closely as ever in my life. Many of the students, and many of the soldiers were there. And I bear them witness, they could bear sound doctrine.

Monday 22, I had a great desire to go round by Kilsythe, in order to see that venerable man, Mr. Robe, who was every day expecting (what his soul longed for) to depart and to be with Christ. But the continual rains had made it impracticable for us, to add so many miles to our day's journey. So we rode on straight, by the Kirk of Shots; reached Edinburgh by five in the afternoon; lodged at Tranant, and on Tuesday 24, came to Berwick in good time. I preached on the Bowling-Green at six. The wind was extremely sharp, and we had several showers, while I was speaking. But I believe scarcely five persons went


Wednesday 25, We came to Alnwick, on the day whereon those who have gone through their apprenticeship are made free of the Corporation. Sixteen or seventeen, we were informed, were to receive their freedom this day. And in order thereto (such is the unparalleled wisdom of the present Corporation, as well as of their forefathers!) to walk through a great bog, (purposely preserved for the occasion; otherwise it might have been drained long ago) which takes up some of them to the neck, and many of them to the breast.

Thursday 26, I spoke severally to those of the Society, and found they had been harrased above measure, by a few violent Predestinarians, who had, at length, separated themselves from us. It was well they saved me the trouble; for I can have no connexion with those who will be contentious. These I reject, not for their opinion, but for their sin; for their unchristian temper and unchristian practice; for being haters of reproof, haters of peace, haters of their brethren, and consequently, of God.

Saturday 28, I returned to Newcastle. Sunday 29, I preached in Sunderland, at eight and at twelve. As we were riding back, the wind was exceedingly high. But as we entered Newcastle, a shower began, which laid the wind, and then gave place to clear sunshine. I was extremely weary when we came in, having preached four times on Saturday. But my strength soon returned, so that

the whole congregation near the Keelman's Hospital, could distinctly hear the sermon. And great was the Lord in the midst of us.

Thursday, May 3, I preached at Gateshead Fell, to many more than the house would contain. The Society here was increased when I met them last, from nine or ten to sixty members. They are now double the number, and, I trust, will, ere long, overtake their brethren in Kingswood.

Friday 4, We had the first general quarterly meeting of all the Stewards round Newcastle, in order thoroughly to understand both the spiritual and temporal state of every Society.

Monday 7, After preaching in Durham at noon, I rode on to Stockton, and took my usual stand in the High Street, about six in the evening.

Tuesday 8, I rode to Robinhood's Bay, near Whitby. The town is very remarkably situated: it stands close to the sea, and is, in great part, built on craggy and steep rocks, some of which rise perpendicular from the water. And yet the land both on the North, South, and West, is fruitful, and well cultivated. I stood on a little rising near the Quay, in a warm, still evening, and exhorted a multitude of people from all parts, to Seek the Lord, while he may be found. They were all attention, and most of them met me again at half an hour after four in the morning. I could gladly have spent some days here. But my stages were fixed. So on Wednesday 9, I rode on to York.

We had a rough salute, as I went to preach, from a company of poor creatures in the way. But they were tolerably quiet during the preaching. The greatest inconvenience arose from the number of people by reason of which the room (though unusually high) felt as hot as an


Friday 11, I rode over to Rufforth, and preached at one to an earnest congregation. A young man, remarkably serious and well behaved, and rejoicing in his first love, who set out but a few minutes before me, was thrown by his horse,

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