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parents of the same species. But Mr. Needham makes it highly probable, that they constitute a peculiar class of animals, differing from all others in this : that they neither are generated, nor generate, nor subsist by food in the ordinary way. Tuesday 25, in the evening I assisted the Society in renewing their Covenant with God. It was to many a season of great refreshment, and the fear of God was upon
all. Sunday 30, I began meeting the children in the afternoon, though with little hope of doing them good; but I had not spoken long on our natural state, before many of them were in tears, and five or six so affected, that they could not refrain from crying aloud' to God. When I began praying, their cries increased, so that my voice was soon lost. I have seen no such work among children for eighteen or nineteen years.
Monday 31, I finished the Glasgow Abridgment of Mr. Hutchinson's Works. He was doubtless a man of un
. common understanding, and indefatigable application. Yet the more I consider it, the less can I subscribe to his system either of Divinity or Philosophy: as I am more and more convinced, that they have no foundation in Scripture or sound reason.
Tuesday, August 1, The Captain with whom we were to sail, was in great haste to have our things on board : but I would not send them while the wind was against us. On Wednesday he sent message after message: so in the evening we went down to the ship, near Passage: but there was nothing ready or near ready for sailing. Hence I learned two or three rules, very needful for those who sail between England and Ireland. 1, Never pay till you set sail. 2, Go not on board, till the Captain goes on board. 3, Send not your baggage on board, till you go yourself.
Thursday 3, I returned to Cork. On Saturday 5, we were called on board in all haste : but the Captain being in no haste to sail, I preached at Cork again on Sunday at five, and then returned to Passage. He now said, He would fall down to Cove directly : so we took boat and went down
thither: but no Captain appeared either this day or the next. So, that I might not lie idle, I went down to the Beach, and began preaching to as wild, unpromising a congregation, as ever I saw in this kingdom. However they performed more than they promised : for they grew more and more quiet and attentive; and some of them appeared to be deeply affected. Monday 7, hearing nothing of our Captain yet, in the afternoon I went to the middle of the town. Abundance of people ran together ; but they were far too wild and noisy, to admit of my giving out a psalm, or naming a text, in the usual way : so I fell abruptly upon as many as could hear, in a free and familiar manner. In a few minutes the whole body were quiet, and tolerably attentive. They were more and more serious, till I concluded with a hymn and a short prayer. Immediately after preaching, I was sent for to a gentleman, who was struck with the palsy. I found the house full of his friends and relations, to whom I spoke freely and largely. They seemed to be more than ordinarily affected. Perhaps for this also
. we were detained at Cove. Tuesday 8, I preached not far from the Beach, to a very decent and serious congregation. Presently after, a vessel sailed by, bound for Wales. We went on board without delay, got out of the harbour by eleyen, and, by Wednesday noon, were a-breast of the Isle of Lundy: but we had not yet done our work; for the wind fell, and we did not get into the river till nearly sun-set. Observing three or four sailors standing together, I began explaining to them the nature of religion. In a few minutes all within the ship came together; and without the cere
: ; mony of naming a text, I enlarged on The Kingdom of God is not meat and drink, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. About eleven we landed at Penklawr, and in the morning rode to Swansey.
Thursday 10, We rode through a pleasant country to Pile. We were setting out from thence, when a violent shower drove us into the house again, and constrained us to talk with two or three travellers. I believe our labour was not lost; for they appeared to be greatly affected. I
preached at Cardiff in the evening and the next morning. We reached the New Passage about noon : but they did not tell us till half an hour after five, that the boat would not pass that night. With much difficulty I procured a small boat to carry us over, leaving our horses behind. Landing soon after six, we walked on, and between nine and ten came to Bristol. On the following days was our yearly Conference, begun and ended in perfect harmony. Thursday 17, I went to the Cathedral, to hear Mr. Handel's Messiah. I doubt, if that congregation was ever so serious at a sermon, as they were during this performance. In many parts, especially several of the chorus's, it exceeded my expectation.
Having promised to take a little journey into Wales, on Monday 21, I set out with Joseph Jones. We were in the
, boat before nine, but did not land our horses, till a quarter before three : however I reached Cardiff, time enough to preach in the Room, though not in the Castle. Tuesday 22, I gathered up, as well as I could, the fragments of the So, ciety. At six in the evening I preached in the Castle, Wednesday 23, we rode to Fonmon. The behaviour of Mr. Jones surprised me : It seemed as if he inherited the spirit of his father. I preached at seven to a deeply serious congregation, and to a good part of them at five in the morning. Thursday 22, I wrote a second letter to Dr. Free, the warmest opponent I have had for many years. I leave him now to laugh, and scold, and witticise, and call names, just as he pleases; for I have done. Friday 25, I rode to Cowbridge, and preached at three in the afternoon, in the New Assembly-Room. I observed no trifler there, though there were several of the better rank. About six I preached in a Green Court at Lanmais, to a company of right old, simple Christians. I could not get from them so soon as I designed, so that we did not reach Fonmon till nearly nine.
Saturday 26, One undertook to guide me the nearest way into the main road : but in five or six miles be lost his
way, so that for some time we wandered upon the mountains. About noon, howeyer, we got into the road, and in an hour
and a half after, to Pile. Before we left it, I spoke a few words
I to the woman of the house. She seemed quite struck. How few words suffice, when God applies them to the heart! I knew not where to go at Neath : but as we entered the town, a man fixed his eyes upon me, (though he had never seen me bfore) and said, “Sir, that is the house where the Preachers put up their horses.” I had been there only a few minutes, when another came in and said, “Sir, Mrs. Morgan expects you. I will shew you the way." To Mrs. Morgan's we went, and were as cordially received as if she had known us for twenty years. It was market-day, so I preached about five in the Room, a țarge, commodious place. I believe most that were present, (several of whom were backsliders) felt that God was there,
Sunday 27, We reached Swansey at seven, and were met by one who conducted us to his house, and thence to a kind of Castle, in which was a great court, surrounded by high, old walls. A large congregation assembled soon, and behaved with the utmost decency. A very uncommon blessing was among them, as uses to be among them that are simple of heart. The congregation was considerably more than doubled, at five in the afternoon. Many gay and well-dressed persons were among them; but they were as serious as the poorest. Peter Jaco, who was driven to us by contrary winds, was agreeably surprised at them,
Monday 28, I scarcely ever saw such a rain in Europe, as we had for a considerable part of this morning. In one of the main streets, the water ran with a stream capable of turning a mill. However, having appointed to preach at noon, in Newton, about six miles from Swansey, I was determined, not to break my word, though I supposed but few would attend : but I was mistaken. Such a number of people came together, as no house in the town could contain. A barn was soon prepared : and it pleased God to send a gracious rain upon their hearts. After preaching at Swansey in the evening, I met those who desired to join in a Society, and explained to them the nature and design of it, with which they were quite unacquainted. Tuesday 29,
I rode back to Neath, in order to put the Society there (an unlicked mass ) into some form. This on Saturday they had begged me to do: but they seemed now to have quite forgotten Mr. Evans, the Presbyterian Minister, had turned them upside down. They looked as if they had never seen me before, all but five or six, who were much ashamed of their brethren.
Wednesday 20, I rode on to Margum. There used to be preaching here, till Lord Mansel, dying without children, left the estate to Mr. Talbot. He forbad all his tenants to receive the Preachers, and so, effectually put a stop to it: but he did not glory in it long. A few months after, God
lled him home. At noon I preached again in the Assembly-room at Cowbridge : in the Castle at Cardiff, in the evening. Thursday 31, I talked with several of the people, and found the old spirit swiftly reviving. In the evening I preached in the Town-hall. Several eminent sinners were present. And God was present in an uncommon manner; as also at the meeting of the Society.
Friday, September 1, After a busy and comfortable day, I preached once more in the Castle. The word seemed to sink deep into the hearers, though many of them were of the genteeler sort. In the Society we were much refreshed. Many followed me to Thomas G-'s house : where two or three were cut to the heart, particularly both his daughters, and cried to God with strong cries and tears. Saturday 2, we rode to the New Passage, crossed over in half an hour, and about five came to Bristol.
Saturday 9, I wrote the account of an extraordinary monument of divine mercy, Nathanael Othen, who was shot for desertion at Dover-Castle, in October 1757. In the following week I met Mr. Fletcher, and the other Preachers that were in the house, and spent a considerable time in close conversation, on the head of Christian Perfection. I afterwards wrote down the general propositions wherein we all agreed. Thursday 14, I rode to Coleford, and was much refreshed among the simple, zealous colliers. Saturday 16, in the evening I preached at Bradford, as also at five and