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Sunday 9, I called on poor Mrs. H., whose husband had just engaged in a new branch of business, when God took him away from the evil to come. I am persuaded, had he continued in his simplicity he would have been alive to this day. How different from this was the case of John Hague ! One who never left his first love, never was weary or faint, but daily grew in grace, and was still on the full stretch for God. When such an instrument is snatched away in the strength of his years, what can all the wisdom of man say, but, How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
Saturday 15, I read over a short narrative of Count Z-'s life, written by himself. Was there ever such a Proteus under the sun, as this Lord Freydeck, Domine de Thurstain, &c. &c. ? For he has almost as many names as he has faces or shapes. O when will he learn (with all his learning ) simplicity and godly sincerity? When will he be an upright follower of the Lamb, so that no guile may be found in his mouth?
Monday 17, My brother set out for the North, but returned the next day, much out of order. How little do we know the counsels of God! But we know they are all-wise and gracious. Wednesday 19, when I came home in the evening, I found my brother abundantly worse. He had had no sleep for several nights, and expected none unless from opiates. I went down to our brethren below, and we made our request known to God. When I went up again, he was in a sound sleep, which continued till the morning.
Friday 21, We had a Watch-night at Spital-fields. I often wonder at the peculiar providence of God on these occasions. I do not know that in so many years one person has ever been hurt, either in London, Bristol, or Dublin, in going so late in the night to and from all parts of the town.
Sunday 23, My brother being not yet able to assist, I had more employment to-day than I expected. In the morning I read prayers, preached, and administered the Sacrament to a large congregation in Spital-fields. The service at Weststreet continued from nine till one. At five I called the sin
ners in Moorfields to repentance. And, when I had finished my work, found more liveliness and strength than I did at six in the morning. Monday 24, I left London; and the next morning called
} at what is stiled the Half-way-house. Quickly after, as a young man was riding by the door, both horse and man tumbled over each other. As soon as he got up, he began cursing his horse. I spoke a few words, and he was calm. He told me, “He did fear God once; but for some time past he had cared for nothing.” He went away full of good resolutions. God bring them to good effect !:
I reached Kingswood in the evening ; and the next day selected passages of Milton for the eldest cbildren to transcribe and repeat weekly. Thursday 27, I went into the School, and heard half the children their lessons, and then selected passages of the Moral and Sacred Poems. Friday 28, I heard the other half of the children. Saturday 29, I
. was with them from four to five in the morning. I spent most of the day in revising Kennet's Antiquities, and marking what was worth reading in the School. Wednesday, Oct. 3, I revişed, for the use of the children, Archbishop Potter's Grecian Antiquities, a dry, dull, heavy book. Thursday 4, I revised Mr. Lewis's Hebrew Antiquities, something more entertaining than the other, and abundantly more instructive. Saturday 6, I nearly finished the Abridgment of Dr. Cave's Primitive Christianity, a book written with as much learning, and as little judgment, as any I remember to have read in my whole life; serving the ancient Christians just as Xenophon did Socrates ; relating every weak thing they ever said or did.
Wednesday 10, I dined at P. S.'s, who, with his wife and daughter, are wonderful monuments of God's mercy. They were convinced of the truth when I first preached at Bristol, and Mrs. Sk. was a living witness of it. Yet Satan was afterwards suffered to sift her as wheat; it seems, to take possession of her body. He tormented her many years in an unheard of manner. But God has now set her at full liberty.
Thursday 11, I prepared a short History of England for
the use of the children: and on Friday and Saturday a short Roman History, as an introduction to the Latin Historians.
Monday 15, I read over Mr. Holmes's Latin Grammar, and extracted from it what was needful to perfect our own.
Tuesday 23, Riding through Holt, I called on the Minister, Mr. L., one of the most zealous adversaries we have in England. I found a calm, sensible, venerable old man, and spent above an hour in friendly altercation. Thence I rode to Milkstram, where the number of people obliged me to preach abroad, notwithstanding the keen north wind. And the steady attention of the hearers made amends for the rigour of the season.
Wednesday 24, I set out for London. Friday, November 2, I began taking an account of all in the Society that were in want : but I was soon discouraged; their number so increasing upon me, particularly about Moorfields, that I saw no possibility of relieving them all, unless the Lord should, as it were, make windows in heaven.
Saturday 17, I made an end of that very odd tract, “A Creed founded on common Sense." The main of it I admire as very ingenious : but still I cannot believe, either, 1, « That the ten Commandments were not designed for a complete rule of life and manners ;” or, 2, “That the Old Testament was never understood till 1700 years after Christ."
Monday 19, I met with an uncommon instance of distress. a poor woman, whose husband was at sea, as she was stepping out of her own door, saw a man whipped along the street. Being seven months gone with child, she went up stairs, and fell in labour immediately. Having none to help her, there she remained, till she was constrained to rise, and go down for some food. This immediately threw her into a high fever. A young woman calling there, by mere accident, as it is termed, found her and the child just alive, gave her all the money she had, ( which was between eight and nine shillings ) and from that time duly attended her every day., Thursday 22, I read the curious Journal of Mr. S
President of the Council in Georgia : full as trifling and dull, and about as true, as that of Mr. Adams, President of the Prophets.
Tuesday 27, I finished the following letter to an old friend, whose spirit and life once adorned the Gospel :DEAR SIR,
Cookham, Nov. 27, 1750. “ Several times I have designed to speak to you at large, concerning some things which have given me uneasiness. And more than once I have begun to speak, but your good humour quite disarmed me: so that I could not prevail upon myself to give you pain, even to remove a greater evil. But I cannot delay any longer : and therefore take this way, (as less liable to disappointment) of laying before you, with all freedom and unreserve, the naked sentiments of my heart.
“You seem to admire the Moravians much : I love them, but cannot admire them ; (although I did once, perhaps more than you do now) and that for the following
“ First, I do not admire the names they assume to themselves. They commonly stile themselves The Brethren, or The Moravian Church. Now the former of these, The Brethren, either implies, that they are the only Christians in the world, (as they were who were so stiled in the days of the Apostles) or at least that they are the best Christians in the world, and therefore deserve to be emphatically so called. But is not even this a very high encomium upon themselves ? I should therefore more admire a more modest appellation.
“But why should they not call themselves The Moravian Church a' Because they are not The Moravian Church ; no more ( at the utmost) than a part is the whole ; than the Romish Church is the Church of Christ.
A congregation assembled in St. Paul's might, with greater propriety, stile themselves The Church of England. Yea, with far greater ; 1, Because these are all Englishmen born ; 2, Because they have been baptized as members of the Church of England; and, 3, Because, as far as they know, they adhere both to her doctrine and discipline. Whereas, 1, Not a tenth part of Count Zinzendorf's brethren are so much as Moravian born; not two thousand out of twenty thousand : Quære, If two hundred adults? If fifty men ? 2, Not one-tenth of them were baptized as members of the Moravian Church, ( perhaps not one, till they left Moravia) but as members of the Romish Church ; 3, They do not adhere either to the doctrines or discipline of the Moravian Church. They have many doctrines which that Church never held, and an entirely new scheme of discipline. 4, The true Moravian Church, of which this is a very small part, if it be any part at all, is still subsisting ; not in England or Germany, but in Polish Prussia. Therefore I cannot admire their assuming this name to themselves : I cannot reconcile it, either with modesty or sincerity.
“ If you say, 'But the Parliament has allowed it :' I answer, I am sorry for it. The putting so palpable a cheat upon so august an Assembly, with regard to a notorious matter of fact, I conceive does not redound to their own, any more than to the honour of our nation.
“ If you add, ‘But you yourself once stiled them thus :' I grant I did ; but I did it in ignorance. I took it on their
I word ; and I now freely and openly testify my mistake.
“ Secondly, I do not admire their Doctrine in the particulars that follow :
1, That we are to do nothing, in order to salvation, but barely to believe. 2, That there is but one duty now, but one command, to believe in Christ. 3, That Christ has taken away all other commands and duties, having wholly abolished the Law. (The Sermon Count Zinzendorf preached at Fetter-lane, on John viii. 11, places this in a strony light. He roundly began,
He roundly began, “ Christ says, I came not to destroy the Law: but he did destroy the Law. The ' Law condemned this woman to death : but he did not condemn her. And God himself does not keep the Law. The Law forbids lying : but God said, Forty days and Nineveh shall be destroyed. Yet Nineveh was not de