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gical learning which the laws of the Scottish church require of those who become candidates for her licence, he was employed by Mr Sinclair of Ulbster, in assisting the studies of his son, now Sir John Sinclair, Baronet ; a situation in which he was treated with peculiar kindness, but in which he did not long remain. After undergoing the usual examination, and performing the exercises prescribed by the laws of the church, he obtained licence from the presbytery of Edinburgh to preach the gospel. The fame of his eloquence soon spread, and he received an unanimous call from the kirk-session and incorporations of South Leith, to become one of the ministers of that church and parish ; and he was accordingly ordained in the year 1773. The duties of his ministerial office he discharged with steadiness and fidelity. But while he attended his sacred and important duties as a clergyman, he did not abandon the muses ; he spent his leisure in the cultivation of polite literature, particularly poetry.

During the session of College 1779-80, he read a course of lectures on the Philosophy of History, in St Mary's Chapel, Edinburgh ; an undertaking in which he was patronized by Principal Robertson, Dr Blair, and others eminent for their taste in literature, and their encouragement of genius. He read the same course of lectures during the session 1780-81, with such universal approbation as to be encouraged to offer himself as a candidate for the professorship of civil history in the university of Edinburgh. In this, however, it is much to be regretted, he was disappointed ; as that chair, by a peculiarity for which it is difficult to account, lad been always filled by one of the faculty of advocates. In 1781, he

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published the substance of that part of his prelections which related to ancient history, in one octavo yolume, entitled, Elements of the Philosophy of His. " tory.It would appear this performance received some encouragement; for, in the following year, he published one of his lectures on the manners and government of Asia. In the same



gave public a volume of poems, which were so favourably received, that a second edition was soon called for. Not only did he distinguish himself in the beaten tract of lyric and elegiac poetry, he also cultivated the favour of the tragic muse; and in 1783, produced the tragedy of Runnamede; which, however, was never acted (except once in Edinburgh) on account of certain references, which it was supposed to have to the politics of those times. But although it was never applauded in the theatre, yet it pleases in the closet, though unaccompanied with the magic charm of voice and gesture.' Such disappointments could not fail to make a deep impression on his mind; and they accordingly increased that melancholy to which he was naturally subject: An effect which every friend to genius must lament, as it produced certain irregularities in conduct, rather incongruous with the sacredness of the ministerial character. His parishioners became irritated, and who, it seems, could not distinguish between transient deviations from the path of rectitude, and determined wickedness, were highly enraged; and persecuted, with relentless fury, the man who had laboured with assiduity for their good, and whose learning and talents had been devoted for their improvement. Logan, who foresaw the storm that was gathering around him, perceived that it would be inexpedient for him to remain any longer among a people who so ill requited his labour ; with a moderation which does him honour, he agreed to withdraw from his office; and Mr Dickson was appointed his assistant and successor.

After this he went to London, and was engaged in writing for the “ English Review." He also wrote a pamphlet which attracted considerable notice, intitled " A Review of the Principal Charges against Mr Hastings.” His health now began to decline ; and his literary career, and multiplied sorrows, were terminated by his death, on the 25th of December 1788.

The death of Mr Logan was much lamented by his friends, to whom he was always warmly attached, and by whom he was sincerely beloved ; the fury of his enemies seemed to have subsided, and they were willing to pay to his memory that respect which he looked for in vain while he lived. He was now, however, secure from the attacks of malice, and the shafts of envy; and to him the praise or blame of mortals had become of small moment.

By his will, he bequeathed the sum of six hundred pounds Sterling in small legacies to his friends ; and appointed Dr Robertson and Dr Grant his executors, to whom he entrusted his manuscripts. In 1790, a volume of his Sermons was published, under the inspection of his friends, Dr Robertson, Dr Blair, and Dr Hardy. In the following year, a second volume was published, in which several of the discourses are not finished, either from the manuscript being incomplete, or not legible. The fourth edition of both volumes was published in 1800. Besides the works of Mr Logan, which we have mentioned in the course of our narrative, he left a variety of other papers

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of which his executor, Dr Robertson, gives the following account in a letter to Dr Anderson, dated Dalmeny, September 19. 1795.

Those in verse consist of Electra, a tragedy ; the Wedding-day, a tragedy, being a translation into blank verse of the Deserteur of Mercier; the Carthaginian Heroine, a tragedy, but of which there is only the first act finished ; and about half-a-dozen of short lyric poems. Those in prose consist of about eight numbers of an intended periodical paper, called the Guar. dian : the subject of one of the numbers is a capital essay on the genius and writings of Addison. Besides these, I have also in my possessian Mr Logan's MS. Lectures on the Roman History. His Lectures on Roman History begin with Romulus, and come down to the fall of the empire, and the establishment of the feudal system. In the small volume of

poems, published under the title of “ Poems by Michael Bruce," the following were composed by Logan : Damon, Menalcas, and Melibæus ; Pastoral Song, to the tune of the “ Yellow-hair'd Laddie;" Eclogue in the manner of Ossian ; Ode to a Fountain ; two Danish Odes ; Chorus of “ Anacreontic to a wasp;" the Tale of Levina, (278 lines) in the poem of Lochleven ; Ode to Paoli ; Ode to the Cuckoo *.” It is to be regretted that Dr Robertson did not publish a complete edition of the works of Logan, including his MS. which, we are told by Dr Anderson, he had meditated some time before his death. It now remains only to speak of Logan's character as a Poet, a Historian, and Divine, and to appreciate the claims which he has to the notice and respect of posterity. As a Poet, simplicity, elegance, and taste, seem to be the

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characteristic features of his composition : chaste, tender, pathetic, he is often beautiful, seldom subline, and possesses more of fancy than of fire. His hymns are distinguished by a peculiar sweetness of versification and tenderness of expression. In tragic poetry he evidently struggles with a subject much beyond the grasp

of his powers ; in bis attempting to be great, we perceive the overstrained efforts of a secondary mind, and are pained by observing the fruitless exertion. He excelled in the descriptive or the pathetic; but when he endeavoured to embody, to give a local habitation and a name to the terrific grandeur of ideal scenes, however the chastity and elegance of his versification please the ear, he seldom seizes the passions, or interests the feelings so forcibly, as to make us insensible to the blemishes of his plot, and the partial faults of its execution. In history, if we may judge from the acknowledged specimens which he has left, he was more fitted to excel. The Elements of the Philosophy of History, though merely an outline of his Lectures, impresses us with an high idea of his powers ; and if, as is generally supposed, the “ View of Ancient History," published in the name of Dr William Rutherford, was the composition of Loganthe substance of the Lectures he delivered : the happy application of moral and political science to the history of mankind--the philosophical accuracy of his investigation--the luminous arrangement, the elegant diction by which they are distinguished-must lead us to regret that a greater proportion of his attention was not directed to similar subjects, and confirm the opinion we have expressed of his ability. But as a Di. vine, he shone with pre-eminent lustre; warm and animated, he carries his readers along with him ; he kindles the zeal, and awakens the devotion of the

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