History of the Concept of Mind: Volume 1: Speculations About Soul, Mind and Spirit from Homer to Hume

Routledge, 2017 M09 29 - 478 páginas
In the 20th century theorists of mind were almost exclusively concerned with various versions of the materialist thesis, but prior to current debates accounts of soul and mind reveal an extraordinary richness and complexity which bear careful and impartial investigation. This book is the first single-authored, comprehensive work to examine the historical, linguistic and conceptual issues involved in exploring the basic features of the human mind - from its most remote origins to the beginning of the modern period. MacDonald traces the development of an armature of psychical concepts from the Old Testament and Homer's works to the 18th century advocacy of an empirical science of the mind. Along the way, detailed attention is paid to the Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics and Epicurus, before turning to look at the New Testament, Neoplatonism, Augustine, Medieval Islam, Aquinas and Dante. Treatment of Renaissance theories is followed by an unusual (perhaps unique) chapter on the words "soul" and "mind" in English literature from Chaucer to Shakespeare; the story then rejoins the mainstream with analyses of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. Chapter-focused bibliographies.

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Chapter 1 Ancient Hebrew and Homeric Greek LifeForce
Chapter 2 Plato Aristotle and Hellenistic Thought
Chapter 3 From the New Testament to St Augustine
Chapter 4 Medieval Islamic and Christian Ideas
Chapter 5 Renaissance Platonism Hermeticism and Other Heterodoxies
Chapter 6 Mind and Soul in English from Chaucer to Shakespeare
Chapter 7 The Triumph of Rationalist Concepts of Mind and Intellect
Chapter 8 The Empiricists Advocacy of Matter Designed for Thought
Index of Names
Index of Subjects
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