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“Such was America; a number of feeble, scattered coTHE PROGRESS OF AMERICA

lonies, surrounded by enemies, disunited, dependent. DURING THE LAST CENTURY.

Possessing, indeed, in its habits of industry and enter

prize, in its domestic, civil, literary, and religious in. No country upon earth ever made advances in popula- stitutions, the germs of its subsequent greatness, but tion, wealth, and religion, in a degree equal to Ame- faintly developed; crushed beneath the oppressions of rica. Its people are our brethren ; of the same kin- the colonial system, and in this part of the country dred, language, and Protestant Christianity : we can. still languishing under the influence of that connection not but rejoice therefore in their prosperity.

of civil with ecclesiastical power, which is everywhere We have received a copy of the most eloquent “Ora- degrading to religion, and dangerous to liberty. Such tion delivered before the Legislature of Massachusetts was America! Look on it now. What do you behold? at their request, on the hundreth anniversary of the One great, united, powerful, prosperous, free people, birth of George Washington,” by the Hon. Francis without a master, without an enemy, without a rival. C. Gray, Feb. 22, 1832.

The Alleghanies, which were then your utmost limits, From this instructive oration we transcribe the fol- are now in the midst of your population; the vast region lowing paragraphs, exhibiting the anazing progress of beyond them, at that time a wilderness, is crowded with that wonderful country during the last century.

villages, and towns, and cities, swarming with inhabit. “From the elevated position we now occupy, let us ants, burthened with plenty; the Mississippi, whose turn our eyes back on the history of the past century, origin and course were not then known, is now a comto observe the progress of America since the birth of mon highway; and the still inore remote territory, then Washington, and the influence of his life and character unexplored, may I not say undiscovered, is now entirely on the destinies of his country and of mankind. What subjected to your laws. Your manufactures, relieved toas his country? Eleven small British colonies (for

from the monopoly of the colonial system, have exGeorgia had then no existence, and Delaware no sepa- tended with inconceivable rapidity; your commerce rate naine), were scattered along the shores of the At. peoples the ocean; enterprize and industry in every lantic, within the present limits of the United States. pursuit are all unshackled ; and under the protection of They extended inland only to a short distance, their a free government and equal laws, the institutions then remotest outposts hardly reaching the foot of the Alleg- so feebly developed, have shot up, and spread abroad, hany Mountains. Behind then was an unexplored wil- and covered the whole land, and blossomed and brought derness, from the recesses of which, savage tribes, trained forth fruit abundantly, the fruit of knowledge and to war and plunder, were ever ready, at the instigation virtue. of an ambitious chief, or the temptation of a favourable “But general expressions can give no idea of our proopportunity, to spring forth on their inhabitants, without gress. Fancy itself flags, and lingers, and halts behind warning and without inercy. On the north and on the the truth. Look only at our population. A hundred south were the colonies of France and Spain, both an- years ago, it did not exceed 700,000. At this day, it is cient rivals of Great Britain, and, according to the uni. more than 13,000,000. Consider, too, the difference versal opinion of that age, its natural as well as here. between our progress in this respect, during the first ditary enemies ; so that every contest between those na- half and the last half of the century just ended. The first tions brought war home to the doors of the colonists, fifty years added to the existing population 2,000,000, who thus suffered from all the intrigue of European making in all nearly 3,000,000 of inhabitants in 1782. policy”. From a “Report of the Lords of Trade,” to The last fifty years have added to that number more than which the eloquent orator refers, he says, “it is dated 10,000,000. The whole shipping of America a century exactly one week before the event we commemorate. ago, was not 100,000 tons. At present, though the reFrom this it appears that wool, flax, and hemp were volutionary war almost swept it from the ocean, and it raised in small quantities by the farmers, and wrought suffered greatly in the last, it approaches 2,000,000 into coarse cloth and ropes, in their own dwellings, for tons. In the whale fishery alone, 1,300 tons only of their own use. Besides these household manufactures, shipping were then employed, and it now gives occuand a number of establishments for refining sugar, for pation to 90,000 tons. Our whole exports and imports, distilling, and for tanning, there were several forges and which did not exceed one million sterling, have increased furnaces for making iron, and in all America, one slit- twenty-fold. There are no sufficient data for estimating ting mill, one nail mill, and one paper mill, the last of our progress in other respects; but who can look around which produced paper enough to sell for nearly a thou- him without perceiving, that in domestic comfort, in insand dollars a year. The inhabitants of the northern ternal improvements, in wealth, in knowledge, and in colonies also had recently began to make hats, and had all the arts of life, it has been far more rapid even than even exported some, of which great complaints were in population or in trade; and that we have advanced made by the hatters of London, as interfering with their with constantly accelerated speed during the whole business. Parliament diverting the thoughts of the period. It began with achieving the work of a century colonists' from manufacturing and exporting the pro- in a generation, and it seems to end with crowding the duce of their soil, enacted under severe penalties, that work of generations into single years." neither hats nor wool, nor any inanufactures of wool produced in America, should be water-borne, or laden in any vehicle or on any animal for transportation, even within the colonies themselves; and that every slitting

REMARKABLE STREAM. mill and nail mill should be abated as a common nui. sance.

At the bottom of a wood belonging to W. Turton, Esq. “Only two of the colonies had the right of choosing of Knowlton in Flintshire, is a rill of water which emptheir own chief magistrates. The others had governors ties itself into the river Dee; and when a person strides appointed in England, either by the crown or by the across it, he is in the kingdom of England, the princi. proprietors of the colony, who possessed also respectively pality of Wales, in the provinces of Canterbury, and the right to annul, within a limited time, any laws passed York, and the dioceses of Chester, Litchfield and Co. by the Colonial Assemblies. The colonies were not ventry, in the counties of Flint and Salop, in two towo. bound together by any other tie than their common al. ships, and in the ground of Mr. Turton and his neigh. legiance to the British' crown.

hour.

tion, broke windows, &c. &c. Many of the stones were OF STUDIES, BY LORD BACON.

five inches in circumference. Dr. Halley mentions a si. STUDIES serve for delight, for ornament, and for abi. milar storm of hail in Lancashire, Cheshire, &c. in 1697, lity. The chief use for delight, is in privateness and April 29, that for sixty miles in lengih and two miles retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, in breadth did immense damage by splitting trees, is in the judgınent and disposition of business, for ex- killing fowls and all small animals, knocking down men pert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars and horses, &c. &c. Mezeray, in his history of France, one by one ; but the general counsels, and the plots says, that in Italy, in 1510, there was for some time a and marshalling of affairs come best from those that horrible darkness, thicker than that of night; after are learned. To spend too much time in studies, is which the clouds broke into thunder and lightning, and sloth; to use them too much for ornainent, is affecta- there fell a shower of hail-stones, which destroyed all tion; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the the beasts, birds, and even fish of the country. It was humour of a scholar: they perfect nature, and are attended with a strong smell of sulphur, and the stones perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like were of a bluish colour, some of them weighing one natural plants, ihat need pruning by study; and stu- hundred pounds weight. - Dr. Adam Clarke's Conmendies themselves do give forth directions too much at tary. large, except they be bounded in by experience. Crafty men contemn studies, simple men aclmire thein, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own A SAILOR'S ESCAPE FROM AN ALLIGATOR. use ; but that is a wisdom without them, and above

A SAILOR, named Campbell, on board a Guinea-man them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and

on the Congo, bathed in that river while in a state of confute, nor to believe and take for granted, nor to

intoxication. When hc had swimmed some distance find talk and discourse, but to weigh and consider.

from the ship, some of the sailors on board discorered Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed,

an alligator inaking towards him. His escape appeared and some few to be chewed and digested; that is,

impossible: but two shots were fired at the frightful some books are to be read only in parts; others to be

monster, which however did not take effect. The reread, but not curiously; and some few to be read

port of the piece, aud the noise on board the vessel, inwholly and with diligence and attention. Some books

timated to Campbell his perilous condition ; and turnalso may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them

ing, he saw his enemy advancing with open jays, which by others; but that would only be in the less impor

iin pelled him with his utmost strength and skill towards tant arguments, and the meaner sort of books; else

the shore. On approaching some canes and shrubs distilled books are, like common distilled waters,

which covered the bank, closely pursued by the alliflashy things. Reading maketh a full man, conference

gator, a ferocious tiger sprang towards him, at the ina ready man, and writing an exact man; and, therefore,

staut the jaws of his first enemy were extended to seize if a man write little, he had need have a great me,

him. At this awful moment Campbell was preserved : inory: if he confer little, he had needl have a present

for the too eager tiger, by overleaping him, encoun. wit: and if he read little, he had need have much cunning

tered the gripe of the amphibious monster. A conflict to seem to know that he doth not. Histories make

ensued between the:n, and the water was coloured with men wise : poets, witty: the mathematics, subtle : pa

the blood of the tiger, whose efforts to tear the scaly tural philosophy, deep : moral, grave: logic and rhe.

covering of the alligator were unavailing; while the toric, able to contend: ‘Abeunt studia in mores,'

latter had also the advantage of keeping his adversary Studies pass into laws :' nay there is no stand or im

under water, by which the victory was soon obtained, pediment in the wit, but may be wronght out by fit and the tiger fell the victim. They both sank to the studies : like as diseases of the body may have appro- bottoin, and the alligator was no more seen. Campbell priate exercises : bowling is good for the stone; shoot

was recovered, and instantly conveyed on board. . His ing for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the

danger had made him sober, and the moment he leaped stomach ; riding for the head, and the like: so if a

on deck, he fell on his knees, and returned thanks to man's wits be wandering, let him study the mathe

Providence for his most remarkable preservation ; matics ; for in demonstration, if his wit be called away

and what is most worthy of observation, “from that never so little, he must begin again : if his wit be not

moment to the time I am writing,” says the narrator, apt to distinguish or find differences, let himn study the

"he has never been seen the least intoxicated, nor has schoolmen : if he be not apt to beat over matters, and

he been heard to utter a single oath. If there ever was to call upon one thing to prove and illustrate another,

a reformed being in the universe, Campbell is the let him study the lawyers' cases : so every defect of the

man." mind may have a special receipt.

HAIL. To “rain hail,” may appear to some superficial observers as an unphilosophical mode of expression ; but nothing can be more correct. Drops of rain falling through a cold region of the atmosphere, are frozen and converted into hail ; and thus the hail is produced by rain. The farther a hailstone talls, the larger it generally is ; because, in its descent, meeting with innumerable particles of water, they become attached to it, are also frozen, and thus its bulk is continually increasing till it reaches the earth. When it begins to fall, it is rain ; when it is falling it is converted into hail; thus it is literally true, that it rains hail.

A stórm of hail fell near Liverpool, in Lancashire, in the year 1795, which greatly damaged the vegeta

The CHRISTIAN'S PENNY MAGAZINE may be delivered weekly in the towns of the United Kiogdom, by ihose Booksellers and Newsmen to whom Subscribers address their orders. Being unstamped, it cannot be transmitted by post as a newspaper. But for the convenience of our country friends and others, who cannot obtain the publication weekly, it will be published every four weeks in parts, each including four numbers; excepting in June and December, in each of which a part will be published containing six numbers. No extra charge will be made for the wrapper: so that the whole annual expense of the twelve parts will be 45. 4d. London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON,

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STATION OF THE CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY AT KERIKERÍ (FORMERLY CALLED KIDDEEKIDDEE) NEW ZEALAND. THE CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

Society now confines itself to the liberated Africans in UNDER the title of a “Society for Missions to Africa the colony of Sierra Leone. The Directors of the Su. and the East,” the present Church Missionary So- ciety find in Freetown and the surrounding districts a CIETY was first formed in the year 1800, by members of larger field than they have labourers to cultivate. The the Church of England, for the purpose of sending the debilitating influence of the cliinate, as well as the state Gospel to heathen lands. Since that time it has pleased of the people, present great discouragements, and call God so to enlarge the means and bless the labours of for great self-denial, in carrying on the West Africa the Society, that, under a more general name, it is now mission. About ten years ago, a powerful effect seemed spreading eastward and westward, to bring Heathens, to have been produced on the minds of many of the Mahomedans, and fallen, corrupted, misnamed Chris- natives by the preaching of the Gospel, and though the tians to a saving knowledge of the Redeemer. It is hopes which were then excited, have in the event proved not so much the glory of this evangelical body, that to have been too sanguine, there is still encouragement mitres and coronets glitter on the brows of some of its to be derived from it. distinguished supporters, as that it numbers on its list The islands of the Mediterranean and the countries of friends, ministers of Christ the inost distinguished surrounding it, present a very different but no less imfor truly spiritual and practical piety; but its greatest portant missionary sphere. Malta, Greece, Asia Minor, commendation is its object--not to gain proselytes to Egypt, and Abyssinia, are occupied by the Society as a party—but, under God, the conversion of a ruined their leading Mediterranean stations. In the head sta.

tion at Malta, the work of translation is principally car. The Society has now nine different missions :-in ried on, and from the Malta Church-mission Press Westeru Africa - in the Mediterranean - in Bengal numerous religious and useful works are issued in the Madras -- Bombay- and Ceylon- in Australasia – in Maltese, Italian, Modern Greek, and Arabic languages. the West Indies -and in North-West America.

At Syra the missionary has been enabled to continue It was in the year 1804 the first inissionaries of the the schools in the midst of the changes and desolations Church Missionary Society set foot in Western Africa. of distracted Greece. Smyrna has only recently been They began their labours in the Susoo country. This entered on as a missionary station. The accounts of place they were compelled afterwards to abandou in the schools are encouraging. The only surviving misconsequence of the revival of the Slave Trade; and the sionary in Abyssinia-his fellow labourer having sud

world!

Vol. I.

denly been cut off — has been surrounded by trials and prevented— native converts have lived to maintain a dangers of no ordinary kind, while yet only entering on

Christian walk — some have begun to go among the his arduous undertaking. Even here, however, there tribes as n issionaries to their own countrymen -and has been one token for good in Sebagadis the Prince of some have died, whose erd has been peace. An inteTigrè, who, in the war which terminated his life, gave resting account of Betty, a New Zealand convert, has the enerny an advantage, by decidedly refusing to fight been lately published by the Tract Society; and in the on a Sunday.

Monthly Record published by the Society, there are The Calcutta mission, in the Bengal presidency, was some curious and striking leiters from native candi. commenced in 1807. It must ever be considered a great dates for baptism. There are now four stations of the blessing to India that missionaries have been sent there. Church Missionary Society in New Zealand, riz. RanThe deeply-rooted superstitions of the people, the cruel gihoua, Kerikeri, Paihía, and Waimate. The Kerikeri and obscene character of their idolatries, and their settlement, of which an engraving is given, was formed generally licentious habits, while they are formidable in 1819, on a river of that name which falls into the obstacles to the spread of the simple truths of the Bay of Islands on the west side of the northern island Gospel among them, form a strong claim on the pity, of New Zealand. the prayers, and the exertions of British Christians. It The West Indies Mission, in the dark regions of appears from the accounts received that the strong- slavery, is carried on chiefly by schools for the Negroes. holds of idolatry have been much shaken, and a general Schoolmasters are stationed on several of the Jamaica preparatory work has begun ainong the people; while plantations, and in British Guiana. instances are not wanting of a real change produced on North-West America is the last of the Society's the heart and life of the benighted Hindoo.

missions. Two clergymen with their wives are set:led In the Madras Presidency, or the South India Mis- on the Red River, in the Hudson's Bay Company's sion, particularly in the district of Tinnevelly, a con- territories : three churches have been erected and siderable work has been carried on among the natives. filled with attentive hearers; and a youth from the It is not indeed safe to affirm that whole villages have Rocky Mountains has filled the hearts of the missionbecome true converts to Christianity, but multitudes aries with gladness by his dying testimony. are brought to attend regularly the preaching of the In the Nine Missions of the Society are 48 stations, Gospel. Two native clergymen are now actively en- besides a considerable number of out-stations. These gaged under the Society in this part of India :- some are supplied hy 55 European, 2 country-born, and of the natives have died in the faith of Christ, and 2 native clergymen; 43 European lay-agents, employed some are living as consistent Christians: lights, indeed, as catechists, schoolmasters, and artisans, besides the amidst a dark and degraded people.

wives of missionaries, and 477 native or country-born In the West of India there are two clergymen, sta- assistants. Many congregations are regularly brought tioned at Bombay and Basseen, and a third is on his together for public worship: in connection with these return thither. Schools, preaching, and translating, there are more than 1,270 communicants. The Society occupy

the attention of the missionaries here. It does has 375 schools, containing 16,881 scholars. The mis. not appear that in this quarter the Society has hitherto sionaries who were first sent out, received their educabeen enabled to enlarge its operations. It is however tion in the Mission seminary at Berlin, which instituin contemplation to put this mission on a more effec- tion has since furnished several others : afterwards, tive footing, and Ahmednuggur, containing a consi- when our own countrymen came forward to offer themderable Mahomedan as well as heathen population, selves as missionaries, they were placed for preparation has been fixed on as the head-quarters.

under the care of pious clergymen in various parts of The island of Ceylon has afforded considerable en- the country. At the present time, missionary students couragement to the Society. Here they have four are received into the Islington Institution, which has principal stations, at Cotta, Kandy, Baddagame, and been erected at the expense of the Society for that purNellore; and two presses employed in printing the pose: here they pass through a course of study, Scriptures and religious and elementary works in Cin- adapted to the country for which they are destined. The galese. Sir R. W. Horton has lately paid a visit to the missionary institution at Basłe in Switzerland has been, Christian institution at Cotta, when the seminarists un- and still is, a valuable means of adding to the number derwent an examination in his presence. His Excel. of the Society's labourers. While, however, many have lency expressed himself highly gratified with the pro- from time to time been raised up, who have devoted gress which the youths had inade, as equally creditable themselves to the work of the Lord ; the number of to the teachers and the taught.

labourers is still very disproportionate to the past The mission to the aborigines of New Holland, of harvest. The Directors of the Society consider it a which his Majesty's government bears the main ex- point of great importance to train up in the different pense, has hardly yet been entered on. Two clergy- countries a body of native teachers, to tell to their own men have gone out to seek the spiritual welfare of people, under their own climate, and in their own these people, who are described as some of the most tongue, “ the unsearchable riches of Christ;" for this degraded and brutalized on the face of the whole earth. purpose seminaries have been established in Africa, We wish them God-speed, and think, when we turn to İndia, and Ceylon, in which many hopeful youths are what is doing among the cannibal New Zealanders, training : some are already in the field. that there is no reason to despair. New Zealand, which The income of the Church Missionary Society during forms the chief scene of the Society's Australasian mis- the first year (1800-I) was 9111. 198. 8d. : last year sion, appears indeed amply to repay the servants of (1831.2) it was 40,7511. 188. Large as this last sum God for all their toils and trials. The first settlers sent appears, it fell short of that received during the preced. out by the Society, arrived in the Bay of Islands in ing year by 58001.; and the expenditure of 1831-2 1814, and for some considerable time were without being 47,1731. 38. 5d., the Society's income is not any great hopes of success : but now the published adequate efficiently to support its unavoidably increasaccounts (contrary to what is falsely stated in a work ing expenses. We doubt not that British Christians on New Zealand, lately reviewed in the Literary Ga- whose hearts are in this great undertaking will use zette) give the most satisfactory statements of the every effort to prevent what will only be resorted to effects of the Gospel on the wild New Zealander. The from absolute necessity - the abandonment or curtail. missionaries have gained a very general influence over ment of any of the Society's inissions. the natives war in more instances than one has been The Scriptural doctrine of the need of Divine influ.

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ence to render any means, or any efforts, effectual to it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serthe conversion of sinners, has always been held by the pent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die, for Committee. Hence, they not only inake a point of im- God doth know, that in the day ye eat thereof ye shall ploring the Divine blessing whenever they meet to be as gods, knowing good and evil. And when the transact the business of the Society, but a prayer-inect- woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that ing, open to any friends, is held every Satnrday evening, it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to at half-past six o'clock, at the Society's House, 14, Sa- make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof and did lisbury Square, on which occasion a portion of Scripture eat." Gen. iii, 1-6. is expounded by one of the secretaries, or by some cle- In accomplishing his accursed object, the tempter rical friend.

first addressed himself to the principle of curiosity in It is gratifying to add, that the secretaries of this and the mind of Eve. This useful principle, curiosity, has other kindred institutions, of different denominations, been called, the investigator of truth, the mother of bold a monthly meeting for the purpose of prayer and invention, the prompter to rashness, the parent of danconversation in furtherance of their common object. ger, and the guide to ruin.” Thus laying aside the little differences which now un- Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck'd, she ate : happily divide the Christian church, serving the same

Earth felt the wound ; and nature from her seat, Master, and seeking the same end, they seem to breathe

Sighing through all her works, gave signs of woe, something of the atmosphere of that heavenly world,

That all was lost.” “Where names and sects and parties fall,

The immediate effects of this criminal act, in the And Jesus Christ is all in all." conduct of Eve, we cannot ascertain : but she

gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat" SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY.

(Ver. 6.)

Against his better knowledge; not deceiv’d,
ADAM.

But fondly overcome with female charm.
Sect. IV.- The Covenant of God with Adam, and his

Earth trembled from her entrails, as again
Fall by Transgression.

In pang;; and nature gave a second groan;,

Sky lowr'd, and muttering thunder, come sad drops From the inspired record by Moses, we learn, that in

Wept, at completing of the mortal sin the Paradise of Eden, there were two remarkable trees

Original." -“the Tree of Life, in the midst of the garden,” and “And the eyes of them both were opened, and they “the Tree of Knowledge of good and evil,” Gen. ii, 9. knew that they were naked; and they sewed tig leaves The tree of life yielded the most delightful fruit of together, and made themselves aprons.” Gen. iii, 7. which Adam was permitted freely to eat; and it ap:

That the serpent was only the instrument of some pears to have been as a kind of sacrament-a special vile and malignant spirit is manifest; and by various symbol of the friendship of God, and an ordained intimations in the Holy Scriptures, we learn his hateful pledge of present aud future happiness, a promissory character, and part of his wicked history. It is supmemorial of a glorious imninortality. This favour le posed, that Eve was powerfully attracted by the re. possessed as long as he continued innocent. The tree splendent beauty of the serpent, and that she imagined of knowledge of good and evil, was appointed as a test it was a ministering angel, when the creature addressed of Adam's obedience, to prove the reality of his dutiful her in human language. An angel was indeed present, affection to his Maker. It was accompanied with a but it was an angel of darkness. It is evident ihat the positive prohibition : “thou shalt not eat of it: for in evil spirit in the serpent was originally one of those the day thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.” glorious beings, who surround the throne of God their Gen. ii, 17.

Creator: probably the chief of those “ angels who kept This trial of Adam was wisely adapted to serve as a

not their first estate, but left their own habitation,” means of proving, whether he would continue in a

and are now

reserved under chains of darkness unto spirit of virtuous loyalty to the will of his Creator and the judginent of the great day.” Jude 6. Sovereign. And such obedient resignation is the true There had been war in heaven,” and “ the devil spirit of real and acceptable religion. The safety, the and his angels” were overcome, and driven from their hunour, and the happiness of our first parents, depended lofty abode. Rev. xii, 7. The chief of these apostate on their affectionate observance of th: law of God, in spirits seems to have possessed the largest ineasure of which also were involved the interests of their pos- malignity and subtlety, which led him to seek the ruin terity through all generations. But reasonable as was of the new, the beloved creature man.

He was perthis command of God, and easy as was the service which mitted, by Infinite Wisdom, to become his tempter, and he required, yet Adam wickedly transgressed. Eve partly to prevail with his deceitful wiles. Our Saviour was beguiled by the subtlety of the envious tempter, refers to the temptation of Eve, in reproving the hypo" that old serpent, which is the devil and Satan.'' critical Pharisces, and characterises their wickedness, Rev. xx, 2. “The woman being deceived, was in the as being acted under the influence of this evil spirit. transgression." 1 Tim.ii, 14. Adam was nut deceived; Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your he sinned with his eyes open to the guilt and danger,

father

ye will do. He was a murderer from the begindaringly violating the righteous commands of his boun- ning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no tiful Maker. Adam transgressed, as it is thought most

truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of probable, out of natural affection to his wife. Re. his own; for he is a liar, and the father of it.” solving that he would be a sharer of her fate, he plunged John viii, 44. headlong into her dreadful ruin.

As “ a liar,” and “ the father of lies,” he succeeiled The account of this melancholy revolt is given by with Eve at first only by insinuating a doubt. Yea, Moses, in a manner deeply affecting and instructive. hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the “Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of garden?” Nothing can be conceived more artful than the field which the LORD God had made. And he said this wily suggestion; it being effectual to excite her unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, ye shall not eat curiosity, and to lead her admiring eyes towards the of erery tree of the garden? And the woman said unto forbidden fruit. With diabolical audacity the evil one the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the asserts, “Ye shall not surely die.” To gain more garden; but of the fruit of the tree which is in the credit, he added an awful oath, and swears even by the midst of the garden, God hath said, ye shall not eat of Almighty! “ For God doth know, that in the day ye

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