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CHRIST CRUCIFIED.

ton, respecting the best means of defeating Tindal's

object, and preventing the Scriptures being spread Enough, enough! thy babbling verse

abroad and read. Packington, who is supposed to No more, vain Muse, prolong;

have been friendly to the Reformers, told the prelate, Henceforth with harp and lute rehearse

he thought the most likely method of securing his own A nobler, holier song ;

design, would be to send over a sufficient sum of money To Heav'n let loud Hosannas ring, The triumph of our martyr'd King.

to purchase the whole impression of Tindal. He did

so; but the good man took care, as soon as possible, to Amaz'd before th' abyss I pause

procure another copy, one previously sold, for himself ; Of miracles profound,

and, with the bishop's, money, he was supported, and And, wrapt in Heav'n's mysterious laws,

enabled to proceed with the translation of the Bible, A wonder would expound;

until he had prepared a perfect English copy of the A wonder angels cannot scan,

sacred Scriptures. Hence they came over iu great How God immortal died for man.

abundance. Sir Thomas More was then (A, D, 1532) Mercy of mercies ! Son by Sire

Lord Chancellor, and having several persons before him To'foes a hostage giv’n!

accused of heresy, and ready for execution, he offered Three days a buried corpse, aspire

to compound with one of them for his life, on condi. In glory back to heaven!

tion he would discover the people who maintained TinCaptivity in thraldom led,

dal abroad, and enabled him to send the Bible into this And death by death discomfited!

country. George Constantine was the individual to

whoin the proposal was thus made, and when the poor These would I sing : but groan and shriek

man had got security for his life, he said, it was the Of vengeance and of pain,

Bishop of London: the Chancellor sıniled, and ob-
On Calvary's mount a story speak, -

served, he believed it was so.
The slayer and the slain:
Above the hill, look, high in air,
Hang there not three in torment there?

CHOLERA.
And one the midst (nor anger He
Alone, nor terror shows),

“ An Address to the People of Great Britain, in conseOutstretch'd upon th’ accursed tree,

quence of the Alarming Fatality of Cholera, by B. Z.His forehead meekly bows ;

(price three pence), has been sent to us, and we feel His bleeding hands and ankles view,

grateful to the unknown and pious author for such a With nails of iron broken through.

publication. We trust it will be extensively read, and

be a great blessing, as it is well adapted to produce Vain, wretched man! behold, and wake!

edification in its readers. With shame repentance blend;

Perhaps the most admirable illustration of solicitude Thy cheek and breast, for sorrow's sake,

to improve the awful visitation of our nation, is, that Thy hair and garment rend;

of some worthy Christian philanthropist sending to the Beat thy hard heart, and learn the bliss

Home Missionary Society, 1001. to build a small chapel Of anguish deep and dear as this !

at Easing Lane, Durham, for the accommodation of the Before thee runs the purple floud,

poor neglected people of that neighbourhood. See the No dye of Tyrian wave,

Home Missionary Magazine for April 1832.
But gushing deep from wounds of blood,

The crown of mockery gave;
Or lash'd from every stripe and sore

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
The cruel scourge hath furrow'd o’er.

We have great pleasure in acknowledging with thanks,
Weep, child of man, insensate, weep ;

the kindness of our numerous correspondents. We are The gates of grief set free;

both gratiôed and encouraged by their generous and The ground in tears for Jesus steep,

high coinmendations of our labours. However, we reHe drench'd in blood for thee.

gret that our limits will not allow us to reply to each For boon like His, grudge not in turn

individually, nor yet to use every one of their commuThe sacrifice of hearts that mourn.

nications. They inust leave it to our discretion to insert those which appear best adapted to promote the

instruction, the entertainment, and the Christian edificaBIGOTRY OVERRULED TO CIRCULATE THE

tion of our increasing readers.

To our esteemed friends we beg to reply that it is our BIBLE AT AN ENEMY'S EXPENSE.

intention to have an Index, Table of Contents, and Title In the year 1527, when good Mr. Tindal was an exile to the Christian's Penny Magazine, to bind up in a in Germany for his religion, God put it into his heart volume at the end of the year. to translate the five books of Moses, and the whole of

We have received copies of the following works :the New Testament, into English. But having lost his papers by a shipwreck, in his passage to Hamburgh, he

Christian Philosopher, by William Martin.

The Messiah, by Montgomery. had his work to begin again after he had written a con. The Pillar of Divine Truth, by the Editor of the Comprehensiderable part. However, by patient perseverance in sive Bible. well-doing, he surmounted every difficulty, and accom. Poems, chiefly Devotional, by Jacques. plished his great design. To some of the books trans

Cultivation of the Infant Mind, by J. R. Brown. lated, he added prefaces, and notes to particular chapters and verses. This publication was sent over to

London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,

Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid) England, and the bishops of that day were filled with consternation and alarm, at the appearance of the

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Hawkers and Dealers supplied on Wholesale Terms, in Lomlon, by STILL, word of God in the language of the people, and were Paternoster Row, and BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; in Bristol, by determined if possible to suppress it. The Bishop of

W'ESTLEY and Co. ; in Manchester, by E..LERBY ; in Macclesfield, by

WRIGHT; in Norlingham, by Wright; and by all Booksellers and London was remarkably active in this affair. He con- Newemen in the United Kingdom; of whom may be bad any of the presulted a merchant in the city of the name of Packing

should be addressed.

vions Parts or Numbers.

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THE TABERNACLE, CITY ROAD, LONDON. THE PEV. GEORGE WHITFIELD, M. A.

excessive austerities and habits of devotion, and found

in Mr. Charles Wesley a most kind and sympathizing “Whitfield's Tabernacle," of which we give a friend. Two years after, in 1731, he joined the little hand representation, leads us to give a short biography of its of pious men (Mr. Charles Wesley, Mr. James Hervey, devoted founder. Whitfield was certainly one of the Mr. Morgan, and Mr. Kirkham), who associated with most extraordinary men of the eighteenth century; and Mr. John Wesley for the study of the Greek Testament, his name, with that of his distinguished friend, the and the inutual advancement of their personal religion ; Res. John Wesley, will be handed down to the latest and thus originated the Methodists in England. generations, as one of the worthiest and inost eminent Deeply affected with the prevailing ignorance and benefactors of mankind.

impiety, they began their career in the city of Oxford, Mr. Whitfield's father was a wine merchant, at Bristol, seeking all opportunities for diffusing religious knowand afterwards an innkeeper in the city of Gloucester, ledge among the poor, and the wretched inmates of where George, his youngest of six sons, was born in the prisons. 1714. At two years of age his father died, and his His father dying in 1735, Mr. John Wesley was ineducation was somewhat neglested: but hetween the duced io accoinpany General Oglethorpe to the new age of twelve and fifteen he made considerable proficiency colony of (ieorgia, in North America, as chaplain, and in the Latin classics at the public grammar school. His in the hope of preaching the Gospel to the Indians. mother's circumstances not being affluent, George as- Whitfield returned to his native city, Gloucester, where sisted her in the business, for about two years; but the he was successful in the conversion of several young prevailing bent of his genius beginning to develop itself, inen, who united with him in pious exercises. He in unusual devotional studies and the composition of made frequent visits to the county goal, in which he sermons, one of which he dedicated to his eldest brother read and prayed every day with the prisoners. His at Bristol, measures were taken for his education for fame for piety and zeal reached the ears of Dr. Benson, the church.

Bishop of Gloucester, who sent for the young Metho. At the age of eighteen, Whitfield entered Pembroke dist, declaring, that he should think it his duty to ordain College, Oxford, where he distinguished himself by his hiin, when he chose to make the request, though he VOL. Í.

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was only twenty-one years of age: and after having In January, 1739, he received priest's orders from his exainined the articles of the church of England, and good friend, Bishop Benson. He complied with invi. studied with prayer the Epistles to Timothy, be made tations to preach in London, Oxford, and Bristol ; by application to the bishop, and was ordained deacon, which thousands were awakened to a sense of religion : June 30, 1736. The following Sunday he preached but the churches were not sufficient to contain the his first sermon, “On the Necessity and Benefits of crowds that followed him. Religious Society,” in the church of Gloncester, in On accouut of his preaching the necessity of spiritual which he had been baptized.

regeneration, the pulpits, in many places, were refused “ Curiosity,” says Whitfield, “ drew a large congre- to him by the clergy; and at Bristol he determined, gation together. The sight, at first, a little awed ine. after much reflection and prayer, to commence preachBut I was comforted with a heart-sense of the Divine ing in the open air. This practice he began among the presence, and soon found the advantage of public speak. rude and ignorant colliers at Kingswood, near Bristol, ing when a boy at school, and of exhorting and teach. of whom he writes, “ Having no righteousness of their ing the prisoners, and the poor people at their private own to renounce, they were glad to hear of a Jesus who houses, whilst at the university. By these means I was was a friend of publicans and sinners, and came not to kept from being daunted. As I proceeded, I perceived call the righteous, but sinners to repentance! The the fire kindled, till at last, though so young, and first discovery of their being affected was, to see the amidst a crowd of those who knew me in my childish white gutters made by their tears, which plentifully fell days, I trust I was enabled to speak with some degree down their black cheeks, as they came out of their coal of authority. Some few mocked, but most for the pits. The change was visible to all, though numbers present seemed struck; and I have since heard, that a chose to impute it to any thing rather than the finger complaint was inade to the bishop, that I drove fifteen of God.” mad the first sermon. The worthy prelate wished the Besides the colliers, and thousands from the reigh. madness inight not be forgotten before the next Sun- bouring villages, persons of all ranks flocked daily to day."

hear him, out of Bristol; and he was soon invited to Bishop Benson offered him a curacy: but he preferred preach by some of the more respectable, in a large returning to Oxford that he might prosecute his studies. bowling-green, in the city itself. Such success attend. Soon after he accepted an invitation to officiate at the ing his labours in field-preaching, he wrote to Mr. Wes. chapel in the Tower of London, and preached his first ley, who had never been at Bristol; and as he, as well sermon in the metropolis in August 1736, at Bishopsgate as Mr. Whitfield, had been refused the use of churches, church, to a deeply affected congregation. He con- he followed the practice of his younger friend, having tinued two months at the Tower, where he took great the sauction of our Saviour's example, in calling sinners pains with the soldiers, and several young men who to repentance both in highways and in the fields. attended his sermons.

Whitfield left Mr. Wesley full of labours at Bristol, Letters, at this time, from the Wesleys, made him and visited many of the principal towns in the kingdom, desirous of visiting America, and Mr. C. Wesley.coin-{ collecting for his Orphan House in Georgia. In Wales, ing to England, to procure more labourers, Whitfield he encouraged the zealous Howel Harris, under whose agreed to go; for which he waited on General Ogle- ministry the power of religion was reviving. Being thorpe, who had returned to London. He did not em. unable to obtain the use of churches in London, he bark till December 1737; but in the twelve months in. ventured, on Sunday, to preach in Moorfields. Thongh tervening, he preached in Bristol, Bath, Gloucester, threatened by the mob, a Divine blessing evidently atand London, being invited by the committees of various tended these labours; and the same evening he preached charities, on account of his popularity. The subjects of on Kennington Common, to a multitude. For several his discourses were the essential doctrines of vital inonths, Mourfields, Kennington Common, and BlackChristianity; and such were his natural powers of ora- heath, were the chief scenes of his powerful ministry, tory, sanctified by a pious earnestness of manner, that and his auditors often conuisted of twenty thousand multitudes were drawn to hear him The churches persons. It is said their singing could be heard two were crowded to excess, and thousands were unable to iniles off, and the voice of the preacher at the distance gain adınittance. He generally preached nine times of a mile. every week; and, early on Sunday mornings, the people The building of a school having been commenced were seen to be flocking to the churches, with lanteras at Bristol, Mr. Whitfield visited that city, and put in their hands, and conversing on the blessings of eter. Mr. Wesley in full possession of the property; then nal salvation.

introduced him at Gloucester as a field preacher, and Mr. John Wesley returned to England, where he was embarked a second time for America, in August, 1739. informed that Whitfield had set sail for Georgia : he In that country he was received with a cordial welcome was well received by the magistrates, officers, and by many of the ministers, and by thousands of the people; but he found the new colony in the most mi- people, who expressed their delight to see Puritanism serable condition. Besides religious visiting, he gene- revived by a inivister of the church of England; and rally preached twice a day, and four times on the Lord's Mr. Whitfield found himself at home among these day; and, for the benefit of the Georgians, he projected, descendants of the persecuted English Puritans, to and ultimately completed, an Orphan Asylum, similar whom his ministry was blessed in an extraordinary to that surprising monument of the charity of Professor manner. Two years after he returned to England, for Frank, in Germany. I was really happy," says lse, the

purpose of making further collections for his great “ in my little foreign cure, and could have cheerfully work in Georgia : but,” says he, "what a trying remained among them, had I not been obliged to re- scene appeared here! During my journey through turn to England to receive priest's orders, and to inake America, I had written two well-meant, though injua beginning towards laying a foundation to the Orphan dicious, letters against England's two great favourites, House."

* The Whole Duty of Man,' and Archbishop. Tillotson, Whitfield arrived in London, December 8, 1738, where who, I said, knew no more of religion than Mohammed. he again enjoyed the society of his friend Mr. Wesley, Mr. John Wesley had been prevailed on to preach and and they began to form religious sucieties in different print in favour of perfection and universal redemption, parts of London; the principal place of meeting being and very strongly against election, a doctrine which in a large room which they had hired in Fetter Lane. I thought, and do now believe, was taught me of God, therefore could not possibly recede froin. I had writ- large shed was erected as a temporary shelter froin the ten an answer, which, though revised and inuch ap- weather, and called "The Tabernacle.” Mr. Whitfield, proved by some judicious divines, I think had some too at first, disliked the site of his new temple, on account strong expressions about absolute reprobation, which of its vicinity to the Foundery, the preaching house of the apostle leaves rather to be inferred than ex- Mr. Wesley (where the “ City Road Chapel” now pressed."

stands), which gave it the appearance of opposition. Mr. John Wesley had become opposed to the doc- But upon this occasion he remarks, All was wondertrine of election, as taught in the seventeenth article fully overruled for good, and for the furtherance of of the church; and the use inade of the writings of the Gospel. A fresh awakening immediately began. Mr. Whitfield was to inflame the societies against him, Congregations grew exceedingly large ; and, at the as one who had dreadfully fallen. He says, “ Ten people's desire, 1 sent (necessity reconciling ine more thousand times would I rather have died than part and more to lay-preaching) for Messrs. Cennick, Harwith my old friends. It would have melted any heart ris, Seagrove, Humphries, and several others, to asto have seen Mr. Charles Wesley and me weeping after sist." New scenes of usefulness opened to hiin daily ; prayer, that, if possible, the breach might be pre- and numerous invitations being sent to hiin from difvented. Once I preached in the Foundery (a place ferent places, he was enabled to visit them, leaving his which Mr. John Wesley had procured in my absence) lay assistants to preach among his settled congregaon Gal. iii, but no more." "Preaching in Moorfields, tions. He continued his practice of field preaching, he writes,“ • I had the mortification of seeing numbers not only through all parts of England, but in Wales, of my spiritual children, who, but a twelvemonth ago, Scotland, and Ireland; and his ministry was crowned would have plucked out their eyes for me, running by with extraordinary success. me whilst preaching, disdaining so much as to look at In the year 1748, Mr. Whitfield was introduced to me, and some of thein putting their fingers in their the acquaintance of the Countess of Huntiugdon, in ears, that they might not hear one word 'I said. The whoin he found an intelligent, pious, faithful, and gelike scene opened at Bristol, where I was denied nervus coadjutor, and he became one of her ladyship's preaching in the house I had founded : busy-bodies, on chaplains. In 1753 he opened his new TABERNACLE in both sides, blew up the coals. A breach ensued; but Moorfields, London, represeuted in our engraving, a as both differed in judgment, and not in affection, and building capable of holding about four thousand per. aimed at the glory of our common Lord, though we sons: and in the same year he opened the Tabernacle hearkened too much to tale-bearers ou both sides, we at Bristol ; two years after, another at Norwich; and were kept fron anathematizing each other, and went in 1756, his new chapel in Tottenham Court Road, still on in our several ways, being agreed in one point, en- larger than that in Moorfields. deavouring to convert souls to the blessed Redeemer.

But to follow this apostolic servant of Jesus Christ Thus these two distingnished men separated in through all his extensive travels, and to describe his their operations, and became the leaders of the two wonderful successes, in turning sinners to God, would branches of the methodist body - the Calvinist, and require volumes. In the course of his ministry, which Arminian.

included thirty-four years and a quarter, Mr. Whitfield They both held the grand and essential peculiarities crossed the Atlantic Ocean thirteen times, and preached of the Gospel, by which a sinner is pardoned, sancti- EIGHTEEN THOUSAND SERMONS, which was something fied, and saved; each embracing the all-sufficient more than five hundred a year! His usefulness in the atonement of the incarnate Son of God, and the re- conversion of sinners to God corresponded with his generating, purifying influence of the Holy Spirit ; indefatigablc labours. Mr. Whitfield died in America, but Mr. Wesley rejected the doctrine of Predestination September 30, 1770, at Newbury Port, near Boston. and Election, as stated in Article xvii of the church of The death of Whitfield was lamented as a great pubEngland; while Mr. Whitfield became more fully con. lic calamity, both in England and in America; and firmed in its truth. The question of general and parti- many funeral sermons were preached and published, to cular redemption thus occasioned a difference of senti- improve the sorrowful event, both by the ministers of ment, and for a short time a shyness between them : the established church and of Dissenters : among the but they kept up an epistolary correspondence, and former may be mentioned, Mr. Romaine, Mr. Venn, lived and died united in heart. This will appear partly Mr. Newton, Mr. Madan, and Mr. Toplady; and by a clause in Mr. Whitfield's will, in which he says, among the latter, Dr. Trotter, Dr. Gibbons, Mr. Brewer, "I leave a mourning ring to my honoured and dear and others. We shall give a few extracts in our next, friends, and disinterested fellow-labourers, the Rev. John and Charles Wesley, in token of my indissoluble union with them in heart and affection, notwithstand.

ECCLESIASTICAL BIOGRAPHY. ing our difference in judgment about some particular points of doctrine.

PERHAPS no subject will be thought more suitable for Mr. Whitfield, having been excluded from Mr. Wes

the “ CHRISTIAN's Penny MAGAZINE,” than a series ley's connection, and generally froin the pulpits of the

of Ecclesiastical Biography. In this we shall be established church, was necessitated to seek other called to contemplate the inost inviting illustrations of places, in which to prosecute bis zealous labours.

our most holy faith; and while we behold “so great a Mr. Cennick, with others of the first Methodists, being

cloud of witnesses for the truth as it is in Jesus, we of Mr. Whitfield's sentiments, joined with him at Bris

shall be animated in our progress, following them who tol, and assisted him to build another preaching house

through faith and patience persevered and now inherit at Kingswood, among the numerous colliers. Here,

the promises. Every one will perceive the propriety of and at several other places, they preached to very large

cominencing with some brief notices of the inspired congregations. Being ordered to attend the House of

founders of the Christian church, inany particulars of Commons, to give information concerning the state of

whom are to be found in the Holy Scriptures. Georgia, the Speaker received himn courteously, and assured him that there would be no persecution in the reign of George the Second. Thus encouraged, he pur- 1. Peter is mentioned first. Roman Catholics are sued his plans with ardent zeal; and his friends pro- accustomed to style him Suint Peter ; but this is an curing a piece of ground in Moorfields, London, a address not agreeable to the Scripture, which gives no

APOSTLES OF CHRIST.

such titles to individual men, however holy. Unsane- bandit ; tenderly invited his confidence, and directed tioned by the word of God, it is to be regretted that him to the fountain of mercy in Christ. The young such a style should have been adopted from the popish apostate was reclaimed; and lived and died an hunour communion.

to his Christian profession. He was accustomed, in his Very little is known of Peter the apostle, besides extreme age and feebleness, to be led to the church, what is contained in the New Testament: the Roman giving them only, as an address, this short exhortation Catholics, however, contend that he was Bishop of Rome, -“Love one another: little children, love one another." during twenty-five years : but we have no satisfactory The inspired writings of John are those bearing his evidence that Peter the apostle ever was at Rome, much name, the Gospel, three Epistles, and the Book of the less that he was bishop of that city. Probable tradition Revelation. reports, that he came to Rome during the persecution raised against the Christians by Nero, and ihat he was 5. Philip, the apostle, we are informed, prosecuted apprehended and crucified. It is also said, that, re- his evangelical labours with much success, in Upper membering his shaineful denial of his blessed Lord, he Asia, part of Scythia, and Colchis. In the latter part of suffered, at his own request, with his head downwards, his ministry he came to Hierapolis in Phrygia, a city being unworthy to die in the manner of his Divine particularly addicted to idolatry, and in which they worMaster, A.D. 66. Peter wrote two inspired epistles, shipped a serpent of extraordinary magnitude. Philip, which we possess, bearing his name.

by his prayers, procured the death of this inonster, and

convinced many of its worshippers of the absurdity of 2. ANDREW, the apostle, brother of Peter, is said to paying divine honours to such odious reptiles; but the have prosecuted his evangelical missionary labours magistrates, votaries of Jupiter Ammon, enraged at the among the Scythians, Sogdians, and Ethiopians; that success of Philip, imprisoned him, ordered him to be he made many converts to Christ in Greece and Epirus ; severely scourged, and then put to death; which, some that he organized a Christian church at Constantinople; say was by hanging, others by crucifixion, A. D. 52. ordained Stachys ; and that, at Petræ, a city in Achaia, Ægeas the proconsul, crucified him; being provoked 6. BARTHOLOMEW, the apostle, supposed to be Nathat Stratocles, his brother, and Maximilla, his wife, thanael, who was called by our Lord, “an Israelite had embraced Christianity. It is said, that Maximilla indeed, in whom is no guile,” is said to have been apordered that his body should be embalmed, and that prehended with Philip. But an earthquake happening it was afterwards buried in the church at Constantinople, while Bartholomew was bound to the cross, he was reby Constantine the Great. There is to be seen at this leased. He laboured in Judea, Ethiopia, Arabia, and day, in the church of St. Peter, Marseilles, a cross in India. For the use of his converts, it is said, he wrote the form of the letter X, enclosed in a silver shrine, out the Gospel by Matthew, which he left in India, pretended to be the cross on which Andrew suffered whence he returned to the more northern and western inartyrdom.

parts of Asia. He preached the faith of Christ at last

in Albania, a city upon the Caspian Sea, where his en3. JANEs, the apostle, the son of Zebedee, was be- deavours to reclaim the people from idolatry were headed by Herod Agrippa, the son of Aristobulu.3, and crowned with martyrdom: he being flayed alive, and grandson of Herod the Great. Acts xii. It is said, that afterwards crucified by order of the governor. He enThe officer who brought James to the tribunal, observing dured this dreadful series of sufferings with cheerfulhis pious cheerfulness after his condemnation, asked ness and triumph, comforting his sorrowing friends, forgiveness of the apostle, confessed himself a Christian, and confirming the Gentile couverts to the last moment and was beheaded with him. Herod, the unpriveipled of his life, which terminated A. D. 72. tyrant, was smitten with worms by the hand of God, and he died in the inost grievous torments.

7. Thomas, the apostle, surnamed Didymus, or the

Twin, prosecuted his wission among the Persians, 4. John, the apostle, was brother to James : and Medes, Hyrcanians, and Bactrians. Chrysostom says, both of them, for their powerful eloquence, were “ Thomas, who at first was the most weak and the most named by their blessed Master Bounerges," Sons incredulous of all the apostles, became through the of Thunder. John was pre-eminently beloved by our condescension of Jesus Christ to satisfy his scruples, Lord, and to his care he committed his mother. Leav- the most fervent, powerful, and invincible of them all; ing Judea before the destruction of Jerusalem, he and went through almost all parts of the world, and laboured chiefly in Asia Minor, particularly at Ephesus. lived without fear in the midst of the most barbarous Churches are said to have been gathered by him in nations, performing his duty withont any regard to his Smyrna, Pergamus, Sardis, Thyatira, Philadelphia, and life. And being encouraged by a divine vision, he traLaodicea. It is related, that when at Rome, A. D. 95, velled into the Indies, to Malabar, and the country of he was put by order of Domitian, the emperor, into a the Brahmins, who, fearing the downfal of their rites caldron of boiling oil, in which he stood for several and religion, resolved upon his death; and accordingly, hours unhurt. Being taken out, he was banished to when he was intent at prayer, they stoned him, wounded the isle of Patmos, where he wrote the Book of Revela- him with darts, and at length, one coming near, thrust tion. Rev. i, 9. From this island he returned the next him through with a lance," A.D. 73. year, and resided chiefly at Ephesus, until A. D. 100; A. D. 66. when, beloved by all, and at the advanced age of nearly a hundred years, he died in peace. Several characte- 8. Matthew. Of this apostle we know but little exristic anecdotes are recorded concerning this venerable cept that of his labours as an evangelist in writing the apostle, which we cannot omit to notice. On one of Gospel which bears his name. Yet it is related that his visits to a neighbouring church, he saw a youth, he prosecuted niis on among the Ethiopians, the whom he committed to the miuister for religious Persians, and the Parthians; and at length suffered education : but during the apostle's banishment he ab- martyrdom at Nadabbar, in Asiatic Ethiopia, being sconded. On his return, the minister informed him, slain with a halbert, A. D. 60. He alone, of all the “ He is dead: that is, he is dead to God; for he is a New Testament writers, wrote his Gospel in the Hebrew robber on the mountains.” The aged apostle obtained language: but lived to translate it, or to see it transa horse, engaged a guide, pursued, and found the lated into Greek.

Some say,

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