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which was given to Moses our instructor, peace be to him.
IX. I believe with a perfect faith, that this law will never be exchanged, nor will there be any other law given from the Creator, blessed be his name.
X. I believe with a perfect faith, that the Creator, blessed be his name, knoweth all the thoughts and actions of men.
XI. I believe with a perfect faith, that the Creator, blessed be his name, will benevolently reward him who keepeth his commandments, and will punish him who transgresseth his commandments.
XII. I believe with a perfect faith in the coming of the Messiah, and though notwithstanding he tarrieth, I will await in expectation of his daily coming.
XIII. I believe with a perfect faith, that the resurrection of the dead will be whenever such a desire shall come from the Creator, blessed be his name, and exalted be his memory for ever and eternity. AMEN."
MRS. HANNAH MORE'S LEGACIES.
THE divinely benevolent genius of Christianity receives the most ample confirmation from the exemplary lives of many of its professors. And their death also affords the most delightful testimony to its godlike character. The late lamented Mrs. Hannah More adorned the gospel by her holy life-advocated its glorious principles by her powerful pen-and, at length, gave her dying testimony to its adaptation to bless mankind, by bequeathing a great part of her property to Christian Institutions. We copy the following from the Bristol Mirror.
"We feel great gratification, as well as, we trust, a justifiable pride, in having to record a statement extracted from the will of the late Mrs. Hannah Moore, of her munificent public bequests. The sums bequeathed in legacies of this description amount to upwards of 10,000l. and it will be seen that most of the charitable institutions of Bristol are included in the list. The name of this excellent and pious lady will henceforth be classed with those of the eminently distinguished characters, whose benevolent and public-spirited conduct has conferred so many benefits upon this city. To the Bristol Infirmary, 1,000.
To the Anti-Slavery Society, 5007.
To the London Poor Pious Clergy, 5007.
To the London Clerical Education Society, 1007.
To the Moravian Missionary Society, 2007. to be partly applied towards the schools or stations at Greenckloof, Guadenthal, and other Moravian settlements at the Cape of Good Hope.
To the Welsh College, 400.
To the Bristol Clerical Education Society, 1007.
To the Reformation Society, 2007.
To the Irish Religious Tract and Book Society, and the Irish Scripture Readers' Society, 1507. each.
To the Burman Mission, and to the Society for the Conversion of the Jews, 2007. each.
To the following societies or institutions, viz. :- For Printing the Scriptures at Serampore, the Baptist Missionary Society, the London Seamen's Bible Society, the Bristol Seamen's Bible Society, the Liverpool Seamen's Bible Society, the London Missionary Society, and the Society for Printing the Hebrew Scriptures,
To the British and Foreign Bible Society, 1,000.
To the Church Missionary Society, 1,000l., 3001. of which is to be applied towards the Mission among the
Syrian Christians at Travancore, near Madras in Southern India.
To the Society for Educating Clergymen's Daughters, by the Rev. Carus Wilson, 2007.
For the Diocese of Ohio, 2007.
To the Trustees of the New Church at Mangotsfield, 1501.
To and for the purposes, societies, and institutions, aftermentioned, viz. .—For the Bristol Strangers' Friend Society, the Bristol Society for the Relief of Small Debtors, the Bristol Penitentiary, the Bristol Orphan Asylum, the Bristol Philosophical Institution, the London Strangers' Friend Society, the Commissioners of Foreign Missions in America, towards the School at Ceylon called Barley Wood, the Newfoundland Schools, the Distressed Vaudoise, the Clifton Dispensary, the Bristol District for Visiting the Poor, the Irish Society, and the Sailors' Home Society, 1001. each.
To the purposes, societies, and institutions following, viz.:-The Christian Knowledge Society, the Bristol Misericordia Society, the Bristol Samaritan Society, the Bristol Temple Infant School, the Prayer Book and Homily Society, the London Lock Hospital, the London Refuge for the Destitute, the Gaelic School, the Society for Female Schools in India, the Keyn. sham School, the Cheddar School, for Books for Ohio, the Bristol and Clifton Female Anti-Slavery Society, the Clifton Lying-in Charity, the Clifton Infant School, the Clifton National School, the Clifton Female Hibernian Society, the Temple Poor, and for Pews in Temple Church, 50. each.
To the Bristol Harmonia and Edinburgh Sabbath Schools, 19 guineas each.
To the Shipham Female Club, 501.
To the Cheddar Female Club, 19 guineas.
To the Ministers of Wrington and Cheddar, for their respective Poor, 19 guineas each.
To the Minister of Nailsea, for the Poor, 51. To my Old Pensioners at Wrington, 17. each. To the Kildare-place School Society, Dublin, 1007. sterling, and 2007. three per cents.
In addition to the foregoing munificent legacies, this pious lady has bequeathed the whole of her residuary estate, which it is expected will amount to a considerable sum, to the New Church in the out-parish of St. Philip, in Bristol."
We have understood, that Mrs. H. More realized at least 30,0007. by her excellent writings. EDITor.
ON OUR FUTURE ACCOUNTABLENESS. It should ever be impressed on our minds, that there is a day of awful inquisition, in which we must stand unconnected, single, and uncovered. It is not the best attachments we may have formed, or the most valua ble societies to which we may have belonged, that will then stand us in any stead. We should therefore join them now with a pure and simple intention. We must not seek them as something on which to lean, and wherewith to share our responsibility; that is our own single and undivided concern. It is in vain to hope, that by belonging to any society however good, to any party however honourable, we can shrink from our own personal individual accountableness. The union of the labourers gives no claim to a division of the responsibility. In this world we may be useful among bodies of men; in the great judgment we must stand alone. Though we assist them here, they cannot answer for us hereafter.
FANCY not that these pursuits will check his vivacity or obstruct his amiable cheerfulness. The ingenuous mind is never so happy as when in a state of virtuous exertion. Much less fear that they will depress his genius; his mind will find wider room in which to expand, his intellectual eye will take in a more extensive range: to know that he is formed for immortality is not likely to contract his ideas. And if to know that he is an immortal being will exalt his thoughts, to know that he is an accountable being will correct his habits: to know that "God is the rewarder of all them that seek him," will stimulate him in the race of Christian duty; to know that there is a day, in which God will judge the world, will quicken his preparation for that day. From his Bible only let him draw his sense of those principles by which he will be hereafter judged; and be careful ever to distinguish in his mind between the worldly morality of the multitude, and that Christian holiness which is the dictate of the Scriptures. Pleasing manners will attract popular regard, and worldly motives will produce popular actions, but genuine virtue proceeds only froin Christian principles.
And after all, though you cannot by your best exertions, seconded by the most fervent prayer, command success, yet what a support will it be under the possible defeat of your fairest hopes, that you strove to avert it? Even if, through the prevalence of temptation, the perverseness of his nature, and the malignity of his corruptions, the best-founded hopes should be disappointed, what a heartfelt consolation will it be under this heaviest of all trials, that the misconduct of the child is not imputable to the neglect of the father: though it will not pluck the sting from his guilt, it will render the poignancy of your own anguish more tolerable. But let us indulge higher hopes and brighter prospects, from the rich provision which God has put into our hands for accomplishing his great designs in our favour.
Religious education, with God's blessing, which every truly Christian father will not fail to invoke, is all in all towards the restoration and elevation of our national character. Why then need we doubt, that the Christian religion, grafted on the substantial stock of the genuine British character, and watered by the dews of Heaven, may bring forth the noblest productions of which this lower world is capable? Though neither the security nor the triumph will be complete, till these
trees of righteousness" are transplanted into the paradise of God.
Reader, if you are indeed a Christian father, anticipate in idea that triumphant moment, when, having cast your crown at the foot of the eternal throne, you shall be called upon to give an account of your own conduct, and, as far as has depended on you, of that of your offspring. Think of the multiplied felicities of meeting in the presence of God, those whom your example and instruction have, through His grace, contributed to bring thither!
THE results of intellectual labour, or of scientific genius, are permanent, and incapable of being lost. Monarchs change their plans, governments their objects. Fleets and armies effect their purpose, and then pass away; but a piece of steel touched by the magnet, preserves its character for ever, and secures to man the pilotage of the trackless ocean."
FORMATION OF THE CHRISTIAN CHARACTER. CAREFULLY encourage the first dawning dispositions of piety in your heart; cherish every indication of a change in your views, and an improvement in your sentiments. Let not the world nor the things of the world stifle the new-born principle, nor make you ashamed modestly to avow it. Do not however conclude that a complete change has been effected in your heart, because there is a revolution in your opinions, and a favourable alteration in your feelings. The formation of a Christian character is not the work of a day not only are the views to be changed, not only is the heart to be convinced of sin; but its propensities are to be bent into a contrary direction. Religion is an interior concern. Try yourselves-prove yourselves -examine yourselves-distrust yourselves: seek counsel of wise established Christians: pray earnestly for more light and knowledge, and especially for perseverance. Pray that you may be able to go on with the same zeal with which you set out. Of how many may it be said, "Ye did run well, what hindered you?" Carefully distinguish between the feverish heat of animal fervour, and the vital warmth of Christian feeling: mere youthful energy, operating upon a newlyawakened remorse for a thoughtless life, will carry the mind certain lengths; but if unaccompanied with a continued application for a better strength than your own, this will soon fail. The Christian race is not to be run at a heat; religion is a steady, progressive course; it gains strength by going the nearer the approach to the goal, the more ardent the desire to reach it. If you advance, you glorify God, and promote your own salvation; if you recede, you injure the cause you now intend to serve, and bring upon yourselves a fearful condemnation. Self-abasement, self-examination and prayer, are the best preservatives for all who have entered on a religious life, and especially becoming young Christians. Though in your journey you may imagine yourself not so near as when you first set out, this is not really the case: you will have a lower opinion of your state, on account of your having obtained higher views of the spirituality of the law of God, and a more humbling sense of your own unworthiness. Even the almost Christian prophet seems not to have been so deeply convinced of sin, as when, overwhelmed by the glory of the Divine vision, he exclaimed, "Mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of Hosts!"
See a fond mother and her offspring round,
Another smiling sits upon her knee:
"Sin is worse than death or hell; for they are good for something, viz. to satisfy God's justice; but sin only abuses his mercy.”—Pearce.
PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE.
I mused, while I turned on a feverish bed,
Then I counted the joys, and the beautiful dreams
In the glory-gilt twilight of youth-time, which seems
And I said, “Life's a blessing, and man should be blest;
It seem'd that I stood on the verge of the tomb,
I felt the sweet calin between gladness and gloom,
The word which should bid me descend: but my breast
Too much I've enjoyed on life's journey, to close
And I've suffered too much from its wants and its woes,
So come when it will, the decree from on high,
"LO, I AM WITH YOU ALWAYS." MATT. XXVIII.
And is my Lord so near?
The mighty promise that I hear,
Will Christ vouchsafe to come,
O mercy, deep and high!
He deigns to dwell with dust! The dear decree is past, and I In that decree will trust.
His presence I invoke,
He will not this deny! “Lo, I am with you always," spoke By Him who cannot lie. My trembling fears allay :
Assurance sweet is mine; And I will confidently pray, And trust his word divine.
Enough, my faithful Lord,
In thee I must be strong;
Thou, my exceeding great reward, Shall be my ceaseless song!
"Tis not to cry God mercy, or to sit And droop, or to confess that thou hast fail'd. 'Tis to bewail the sins thou didst commit,
And not commit those sins thou hast bewail'd. He that bewails and not forsakes them too, Confesses rather what he means to do.
ACCOUNT OF THE RIVER NILE. THE Nile may be considered as the greatest natural curiosity in Egypt. Nature, to supply her parsimonious distribution of water from the heavens, has ordained an annual overflow of that river, to water and enrich the land, so that perpetual plenty and verdure here flourish without the assistance of the clouds. The Nile is said to rise at the foot of a great mountain in Abyssinia: this, however, is rather matter of conjecture; but supposing it to be in that direction, its course being north and south, the whole extent thereof must be about 1,200 miles.
The annual rise which it experiences, is owing to the The river periodical rains that fall in Abyssinia. begins to swell at Cairo and in Lower Egypt towards the latter end of June, and rising gradually till the iniddle of September, decreases during the months of October and November. The height which it attains often varies, and occasions thereby a plenty or a scarcity, since one extreme is as fatal to the country as the other: if there is a deficiency of water, many lands are deprived of the benefit thereof; if there is a superabundance, it does not retire soon enough for the corn to be sown, the river at this time spreading itself over the country, on each side for several leagues ap pears like a sea. Whatever parts lay so remote as to be out of the reach of the inundation, are watered by canals; and the appearance which Egypt presents at this time is very singular, a vast expanse of water all round, with towns and villages as it were rising out of the flood, and numberless groves and fruit trees, whose tops are the only parts of them visible. At the island of Rhoida, near Cairo, is a pillar placed in the centre of a pool of water, on the same level with the river, having different gradations marked on it, to determine the daily rise and fall of the Nile. As soon as the tide begins to rise, the superintending officer reports it to the Pacha, and receives handsome presents from him on that event, which is also celebrated by public rejoicings throughout the city: its daily height is likewise constantly proclaimed by public criers, till it arrives at the wished-for point, when the bank of the canal designed to distribute the waters through the city, is broken down with great solemnity and merriment, a clay model of a woman being at the same time thrown into the river, as a present for its annual visit. The city then becomes a scene of joy and feasting, the inhabitants receive the river into their streets and squares with the utmost gladness, and boats and barges are seen rowing, gaily adorned, on lakes and canals which before were dry land.
When the waters retire, they leave a vast quantity of fish on the land, and at the same time, what is much more valuable, a slime which acts as manure to ferti lize the fields. By this annual addition of soil, Egypt has been very much raised and enlarged in the course of years; and as the bed of the Nile extends for some miles into the sea, the country increases by little and little every year, and many places are now inland towns, which before were washed by the ocean. Rooke's Travels.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
OCTOBER 12, 1833.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY C. WOOD AND SON, POPPINS COURT, FLLET STREIT, LONDON.
THE BANK OF ENGLAND. MONEY, and bullion of gold and silver, as mentioned in the Holy Scriptures, will receive its most important illustration from the immense treasures of the Bank of England. That wonderful establishment, requiring, we understand, about eight hundred clerks and agents to carry on its vast concerns, is considered as the centre of the financial operations of Europe, and indeed of the whole civilized world.
The BANK OF ENGLAND was established in 1694, when an act was passed empowering their Majesties William and Mary, to incorporate the subscribers under the title of "The Governor and Company of the Bank of England," in consideration of the loan of 1,200,0001. granted to the government, for which almost 8 per cent. was paid. Since the period of the establishment of the Bank of England, the commercial interests of this country have grown up to a magnitude which it is probable no one at that period contemplated. The capital of the Bank has, during that time, been augmented from 1,200,000l. to the sum of 14,553,000/., and its influence upon the money concerns of the kingdom has increased in a proportionate degree. A succession of dreadful wars increased the VOL. II.
expenses of the government until the peace of Paris in 1815, so that the public or national debt amounts now to the astonishing sum of EIGHT HUNDRED MIL
LIONS OF POUNDS STERLING!
The Bank of England is a bank of deposits as well as of issue. It has always acted as banker to the government. The balances of public money which remained in its hands were much larger formerly than they have been of late, as appears from the following statement of the average aggregate amounts so held during each year, from 1807 to 1831:
£. 3,713,442 3,920,157 4,107,853
The immense pile of building in which these prodigious money concerns are carried on, is more extensive in its range of offices, and more eminent for its architectural ornament and interior arrangement, than any single public office in the metropolis. The whole buildings are included in an area of an irregular form, the exterior wall of which measures 365 feet in front, or the south side, 410 feet on the north side, 245 on the east side, and 440 feet on the west side. The building, with all its fittings and furniture, is estimated by the architect of the Bank to be worth the sum of ONE MILLION sterling so that this sum, added to the balance in the foregoing statement, makes the capital of that establishment 18,190,7607.!!
GOLD AND SILVER BULLION
Voluntary contributed to the service of God, by King David and his Princes, preparatory to the erection of the Temple by King Solomon.
Prodigious as is the quantity of gold and silver that is found in the British empire in coin and bullion, probably amounting to 40,000,000l. sterling; that will seem but little compared with the treasures of King David, which he had collected to adorn and enrich the Temple of God. Purposing in his heart that good work, and directed to an architectural plan by Divine inspiration, he called together his princes, and said, "Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be builded for the LORD must be exceeding magnifical, of
By the permanent debt due from Government
Surplus brought down
Bank capital due to proprietors.
fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will therefore now make preparation for it. So David prepared abundantly before his death." 1 Chron. xxii,” 5.* “I have prepared for the house of the LORD an hundred thousand talents of gold, and a thousand thousand talents of silver; and of brass and iron without weight, for it is in abundance: timber also and stone have I prepared; and thou mayest add thereto." Ver. 14.
This "hundred thousand talents of gold," at 5,0751. 158. 7 d. the talent, would amount to the sum of 507,578,1257. as is remarked in a Note in Bagster's
Comprehensive Bible," on the text. And in another Note, the editor states, that, "a thousand thousand talents of silver," at 353/. 11s. 10d. the talent, would amount to 353,591,666/. 13s. 4d.; and both sums would amount to the immense sum of 861,169,7917. 13s. 4d.," which is an amount larger than the whole national debt of Great Britain.
Besides this amazing amount of gold and silver, David gave another large quantity for the service of God. Hence we read, "Furthermore David the King said unto all the congregation: Moreover, because I have set my affection to the house of my God, I have of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, which I have given to the house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the holy house, even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses withal. The gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers.