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4 He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh :

The Lord shall have them in derision. 5 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath,

And vex them in his sore displeasure. 6 Yet have I set my king

Upon my holy hill of Zion. 7 I will declare the decree:

The LORD hath said unto me,
Thou art my Son;

This day have I begotten thee.
8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee

The heathen for thine inheritance,

And the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. 9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron;

Thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. 10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings:

Be instructed, ye judges of the earth. 11 Serve the LORD with fear,

And rejoice with trembling.

Deliverer, to whom it was appropri- | See Psa. lxxxix. 27, 36; cx. 1, 2; ated by this passage.

Isa. ix. 6, 7. Ver. 4. Shall laugh, etc. This Ver. 7. Begotten thee; that is, I highly figurative language must not have announced thee as my onlybe taken to represent the Most High begotten Son. Hence the apostle as exulting over the sins or mise- Paul (Acts xiii. 33; Rom. i. 4) apries of men. It is a vivid expres-plies these words to the resurrection sion of the perfect tranquillity with of Christ; that being the time when which Jehovah regards all the oppo- his humiliation was terminated, and sition of his enemies, however for- he was declared to be the Son of God midable it may appear to us. It with power.' See Heb. i. 5; v.5. suggests, too, the cheerful confidence Ver. 9. As the occasion of this with which the Christian should royal proclamation was a rebellion, await the developments of God's the Messiah here speaks of his power providence respecting his church. to punish rather than of his power

Ver. 6. As the conquest of Zion, to save; in accordance with the and the establishment of David's uniform doctrine of the New Testagovernment there, were the first ment, that those who reject the acts of his sovereignty over Israel, Divine Saviour will incur a sentence they afford a natural representation of aggravated condemnation. See of the establishment of Messiah's Matt. xxv. 32–46; Luke xix. 27; kingdom; which, however, is to ex- John iii. 19; 2 Thess. i. 9; ii. 8; tend over the whole earth (ver. 8). | Heb. ii. 3; Rev. ii. 27; xii. 5.


12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry,

And ye perish from the way,
When his wrath is kindled but a little.
Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son.
[The statement in the superscription of Psalm iii. is confirmed by its

contents. Psalms iii., iv., and v. were probably composed as evening and morning hymns, with reference to the first night of David's flight from Absalom (2 Sam. xvi., xvii.), when his life seemed to hang by a hair : for, had not God heard his prayer and defeated Ahithophel's counsel, he could hardly have escaped. The three psalms show the tranquillizing power of true religion in seasons of overwhelming calamity. David has many foes (vers. 1, 2), but he has a mighty and prompt Protector (3, 4); so that he is safe in the

midst of danger (5, 6), and assured of final deliverance (7, 8).] 1 LORD, how are they increased that trouble me?

Many are they that rise up against me. 2 2 Many there be which say of my soul,

There is no help for him in God. Selah. 3 But thou, O LORD, art a shield for me;

My glory, and the lifter up of mine head. 4 I cried unto the LORD with my voice,

And he heard me out of his holy hill. Selah. 5 I laid me down and slept ;

I awaked; for the LORD sustained me. Ver. 12. Kiss the Son; i. e., ‘Do | ful and confiding subjects happy. him homage as your Sovereign : a Psalm üi., ver. 2. There is no kiss being an ancient mode of ex- help, etc. Absalom's rebellion was pressing veneration. See 1 Sam. x. a punishment for David's sin ; and 1; 1 Kings xix. 18; Hos. xiii. 2. its success seemed to show that God

From the way. Rather, “in the had withdrawn his protection. way; the way of error which ye Selah. “Selah' is probably a muhave chosen.

sical term, meaning pause. But, as When his wrath, etc. Or, 'For the pauses in music generally agreed his wrath will within a little (i.e., with the pauses in sense, it often shortly) be kindled.'

assists in rightly dividing a psalm. Blessed are all they, etc. To pro- Ver. 3. For me. Or, 'around me;' pose any mere earthly sovereign as a protection on every side. the object of trust would be opposed Ver. 4. His holy hill. This, in Dato the whole tenor of Scripture : see vid's days, was Mount Zion, the place Psa.cxlvi. 3; Jer. xvii.5–8. But the of the ark (see 2 Sam. vi. 12), where Divine Messiah makes all his faith- God visibly dwelt among his people.


6 I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people,

That have set themselves against me round about. 7 Arise, O LORD; save me, O my God: For thou hast smitten all mine enemies upon the

cheek-bone; Thou hast broken the teeth of the ungodly. 8 Salvation belongeth unto the LORD: Thy blessing is upon thy people. Selah. .

PSALM IV. To the chief Musician [or, overseer) on Neginoth. A Psalm of David. [See prefatory note on Psalm üii. David pleads God's former mercies

(ver. 1), warns his enemies (2, 3), exhorts his friends to quiet

trust in God (4,5), and expresses his own confidence in Him (6-8).] 1 HEAR me when I call,

O God of my righteousness :
Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress ;

Have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. 2 0 ye sons of men,

How long will ye turn my glory into shame ?
How long will ye love vanity,

And seek after leasing ? Selah. 3 But know that the LORD hath set apart him that is

godly for himself: The LORD will hear when I call unto him. 4 Stand in awe, and sin not:

Ver. 7. Broken the teeth, etc. The Leasing. Or, “falsehood;' referpsalmist's enemies are like wild ring probably to the deceitful policy beasts eager to devour; but God of Absalom and his abettors. See will take away their power to injure 2 Sam. xv. 4, 8. him.

Ver. 3. Him that is godly. One Title to Psalm iv. Neginoth. That who lives under the influence of is, 'stringed instruments:' see Ha- Divine love. The psalmist describes bakkuk iii. 19.

himself; feeling himself to be the Ver. 1. O God of my righteous- | subject, he believes himself to be ness; that is, Vindicator of my also the object of the love of God. righteous cause.'

Ver. 4. Stand in awe and sin not. Ver. 2. My glory. This probably This clause is rendered in the Seprefers to David's royal dignity, tuagint, ‘Be ye angry, and sin not;' which God had given him, and of and is so quoted by the apostle Paul which his foes were seeking to de- in Eph. iv. 26. According as this prive him.

translation or that of the text is


Commune with your own heart upon your bed,

And be still. Selah. 5 Offer the sacrifices of righteousness,

And put your trust in the LORD. 6 There be



say, Who will show us any good ?

LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon 7 Thou hast put gladness in my heart, More than in the time that their corn and their wine

increased. 8 I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: For thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.

PSALM V. To the chief Musician upon Nehiloth. A Psalm of David. [See prefatory note on Psalm iii.; and compare ver. 10 with 2 Sam.

xv. 31). Some think that Psalm v. refers to the persecution by Saul. David solemnly addresses himself to God (vers. 1–3), whom he adores for his righteousness and mercy (4–7), and intreats to manifest his justice by destroying the wicked and delivering his

faithful servants (8—12). 1 GIVE ear to my words, O LORD,

Consider my meditation. adopted, it seems to have been ad- Ver. 7. Corn, etc. Corn, wine, and dressed either to David's comrades, oil, being the principal products of exhorting them to restrain their Canaan, are often used to represent just indignation, or to his enemies, all earthly good. See Deut. xxxiii. altogether condemning their rage. 28; Hos. ii. 8.

Upon your bed ; that is, 'during Ver. 8. For thou, Lord, only, etc. the silence of the night:' a season Some render this, "Thou, Lord, well adapted for calm reflection. makest me to dwell alone in safety;'

Ver. 5. Sacrifices of righteousness. supposing the words to allude to Such sacrifices as proceed from, and Numb. xxii. 9; Deut. xxxiii. 28. are accompanied by, real piety. But the common rendering agrees

Put your trust in the Lord. Not better with the context, and with in any expedients of human policy. the use of the word in Deut. xxxii.

Ver. 6. While the adversaries of 12. David, and some of his supporters,

Title Psalm v. Nehiloth. The were looking to human resources word “Nehiloth' is probably derived for security or enjoyment, he sought from a root signifying to perforate, peace, and found it, in a conscious- depoting some kind of pipes. ness of the Divine favour. This Ver. 1. Meditation. Holy desires, prayer perhaps refers to the form of even when not expressed in words, benediction in Numb. vi. 24–26. are known to God (Rom. viii. 26, 27).



2 Hearken unto the voice of my cry,my King, and my God:

For unto thee will I pray. 3 My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O LORD; In the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will look

up. 4 For thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness:

Neither shall evil dwell with thee. 5 The foolish shall not stand in thy sight:

Thou hatest all workers of iniquity. 6 Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing:

The LORD will abhor the bloody and deceitful man. 7 But as for me, I will come into thy house in the

multitude of thy mercy: And in thy fear will I worship toward thy holy temple. 8 Lead me, O LORD, in thy righteousness,

Because of mine enemies;

Make thy way straight before my face.
9 For there is no faithfulness in their mouth;

Their inward part is very wickedness ;
Their throat is an open sepulchre ;

They flatter with their tongue. 10 Destroy thou them, O God;

Let them fall by their own counsels;
Cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions ;

For they have rebelled against thee. 11 But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice:

Ver. 3. Look up. Rather, 'look Ver. 9. Their throat is an open out;' as a watchman expecting de- sepulchre; i. e., they are waiting to liverance. True faith is not con- devour me, like a sepulchre opened tent with the mere act of supplica- to receive its victim. tion, but waits, with earnest expec- Ver. 10. Destroy. Or punish.' tation, for an answer. See Micah | These maledictions were expressions vii. 7; and Hab. ii. 1; where the not of a malignant spirit, but of a same word occurs.

righteous indignation against flaVer. 7. Temple. The tabernacle grant sin, and a deep sympathy with was probably so called because it was the cause of justice. Proofs will be now fixed, and some buildings for found in almost all the passages in the priests had been erected around which such imprecations occur, that it: see 1 Sam. i. 9. The psalmist the psalmist regarded these evilconfidently anticipates the blessing doers as enemies to God and his peowhich he asks, and engages grate- | ple rather than personally to himself. fully to acknowledge it.

This is particularly obvious here.

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