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The first said unto him, ‘ I have bought a field, and I must needs go and see it: I beseech thee have me ex
cused.’ And another said, ‘I have bought five yoke of
oxen, and I go to try them : I beseech thee have me excused.’ And another said, ‘ I have married a wife; and therefore I cannot come.’ So [that] servant came, and told his master these things. Then the master of the house was angry, and said to his servant, “Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the lame, and the blind.’ And the servant said, ‘Sir, it is done as thou hast commanded, and still there is room.’ And the master said to the servant, “Go out to the highways and hedges, and compel" men to come in ; that my house may be filled. For I say unto you, that none of those men who were invited shall taste of my supper.’” And great multitudes went with him; and he turned and said unto them, “If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, and even his own life also, he cannot be my disciple. And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple. For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and computeth the expense, whether he have sufficient to complete it * Lest perhaps, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to deride him, saying, ‘This man began to build, and was not able to finish.” Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him who cometh against him with twenty thousand 2 Else, while he is yet far off, he sendeth an embassy, and asketh conditions of peace. In like manner,
* persuade, entreat, importune. The verse refers to sending the apostles, &c. to preach every where. N.
then, whosoever among you biddeth not farewel to all that he hath”, he cannot be my disciple.
“Salt is good: but if the salt have lost its savour, with what shall it be seasoned 2 It is not fit for the land, or for the dunghill; but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.”
Ch. xv. TheN all the publicans and sinners drew near unto
Jesus to hear him. And the Pharisees and the scribes murmured, saying, “ This man receiveth sinners, and eateth with them.” And he spake this parable unto them, saying, “ What man among you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the desert, and go after that which is lost, until he find it? And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, saying unto them, ‘Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost.’ I say unto you that, in like manner, joy will be in heaven over one sinner who repenteth, more than over ninety and nine righteous persons, who need no repentance. “Or what woman, having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a lamp, and sweep the house, and seek carefully until she find it P And when she hath found it, she calleth together her friends and her neighbours, saying, ‘Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece which I had lost.” In like manner, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner who repenteth.” . He said also,+ “A certain man had two sons: and the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the portion of goods which falleth to my share.’ And he di
* all his substance, N.
t This parable shows how graciously God receives sinners: ver. 2: and how great the displeasure of the Jews was at the reception of the sinful gentiles into the evangelical covenant. N.
vided unto them his substance. And, not many days
after, the younger son gathered all together, and went into another country, and there wasted his substance by living dissolutely. And when he had spent all, a great famine arose in that land; and he began to be in want. And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; who sent him into his fields to feed swine. And he desired to fill his belly with the husks which the swine ate : and yet no man gave him food. Then he came to himself, and said, “How many of my father's hired servants have abundance of food, and I perish here with hunger I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight: I am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thine hired servants.” Then he arose, and went to his father. But when he was yet far off, his father saw him, and had compassion on him, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. And the son said unto him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight; and am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thine hired servants.” But the father said to his servants, ‘Bring forth quickly” the best robe, and clothe him with it: and put a ring on his hand, and sandals on his feet. And bring the fatted calf, and kill it: and let us eat and be joyful: for this my son was dead, and is alive again; [and] was lost, and is found.’ And they began to be joyful. Now his elder son was in the field; and, as he came and drew near to the house, he heard music and dancing. Then he called to him one of the servants, and inquired what these things meant. And the servant said unto him, ‘Thy brother is come; and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him in health.’ And he was angry, and would not go in : his father therefore came
* suickly..] See Griesbach, and Newcome's note: he omits it in the text.
out, and entreated him. And he answered and said to his father, Lo, these many years I have served thee, nor have I at any time transgressed thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might be joyful with my friends: but when this thy son came, who hath devoured thy substance with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.’ And his father said unto him, ‘Son, thou art always with me, and all that I have is thine. But it was right that we should be joyful and glad : for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and [was] lost, and is found.’”
xvi. ANd Jesus said also to his disciples, “There was a certain rich man that had a steward; who was accused to him that he wasted his substance. And he called the steward, and said to him, ‘How is it that I hear this of thee P give an account of thy stewardship: for thou canst be no longer steward.’ Then the steward said within himself, ‘What shall I do 2 for my master taketh away from me my stewardship : I cannot dig, to beg I am ashamed. I am resolved what to do ; that, when I am put out of the stewardship, I may be received into their houses.’ So he called to him every one of his master's debtors, and said to the first, ‘How much owest thou to my master P’ And he said, ‘An hundred vessels of oil.’ And the steward said to him, ‘Receive back thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty.’ Then he said to another, “And how much owest thou ?’ And he said, ‘An hundred measures of wheat.” And the steward saith to him, ‘Receive back thy bill, and write eighty.’ And his master commended” the unjust steward, because he had done prudently: for the sons of this world are more prudent in their generation than the sons of light. And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of de
* He commended the prudence of the expedient; though he could not but condemn its dishonesty. N.
ceitful* wealth; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations. “He that is faithful in a very little, is faithful in much also ; and he that is unjust in a very little, is unjust in much also. If therefore ye have not been faithful in un
12 just wealth, who will intrust you with true wealth 2 And
if ye have not been faithful in that which will be another's, who will give you that which is your own 2 “No servantt can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and wealth.” And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things; and they scoffed at him. And he said unto them, “Ye are they who justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is high in esteem among men, is abomination in the sight of God. “The law and the prophets were until John : from that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every one presseth into it. But it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away, than that one tittle of the law should fail. “Whosoever putteth away his wife, and marrieth another, committeth adultery : and whosoever marrieth her that is put away from her husband committeth adultery. “Now there was a certain rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen, and feasted sumptuously every day: and there was a certain beggar, named Lazarus, that was laid at his porch, full of sores; and desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table : moreover, the dogs also came and licked his sores. And it came to pass that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosomí. The rich man al
* unjust, N. + domestic, N. 1. To recline there at a heavenly banquet. See John xiii.25. The circumstances mentioned in ver. 23, 24, are ornaments of the parable, which are not to be understood literally. N.