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sheep did not hear them. I am the door: by me if any enter in, he shall be safe, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. The thief cometh not, but to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that the sheep may have life, and that they may have it abundantly. I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd layeth down his life for the sheep. But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth; and the wolf seizeth them, and scattereth the sheep: and the hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep. I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known by mine; even as the Father knoweth me, and as I know the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep. And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they will hear my voice; and there shall be one flock, and one shepherd. For this my Father loveth me; because I lay down my life, that I may take it again. None taketh it from me; but I lay it down of myself. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to receive it again”. This commission I have received from my Father.” There was a division therefore again among the Jews because of these words. And many of them said, “He hath a demon, and is madf; why hear ye him P’’ Others said, “These are not the words ; of him that hath a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind **
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# See Wakefield. To lay down life was a voluntary act to which Jesus submitted in full confidence that it would be speedily restored to him. The common version, which the primate here adopts, is, “I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again:” which seems to imply that our Lord's resurrection was the effect of his own power, a sense which the words in the original do not convey, and which is directly contrary to the most explicit declarations of the scriptures. Acts i. 24; iii. 15; xvii. 31; Rom. vi. 4; 1 Cor. xv. 15.
+ He hath a demon, and is mad.] Observe, these words express cause and effect. The effect, the disease, is insanity: the supposed cause is possession by a demon, or a human ghost, than which no supposition can be more absurd. But it was the philosophy ef the age. * : # Or, actions,
Now the feast of Dedication was kept at Jerusalem; and it was winter. And Jesus walked in the temple, in Solomon's porch. Then the Jews surrounded him, and said unto him, “How long dost thou keep us in suspense? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.” Jesus answered them, “I have told you, and ye believe not: the works which I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me. But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep. As I said unto you, my sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: and I give unto them everlasting life; and they shall never perish, nor shall any one force" them out of mine hand. My Father, that hath given them to me, is greater than all ; and none is able to force them out of my Father's hand. I and the Father are one +.” Then the Jews took up stones again, to stone him. Jesus' said to them, “ Many good works I have shown you from my Father: for which of those works do ye stone me?” The Jews answered him, [saying, “ For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy, and because thou, being a man, makest thyself God.” Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your law, ‘ I said, ye are gods?" If those be called gods, to whom the word of God came, (and the scripture cannot be made void;) say ye of him, whom the Father hath set apartí, and sent into the world, ‘Thou blasphemest :’ because I said, ‘ I am the son of God $2" If
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25 26 27 28 29 30
# snatch, or tear, N.
+ Gr. one thing. “To snatch my true disciples out of my hand, would be to snatch them out of my Almighty Father's hand; because I and my Father are one; one in design, action, agreement, affection. . See ch. xvii. 11, 21, 22; 1 Cor. iii. 8. and, in some copies, in : Gal. iii. 28. The phrase is equivalent to that which occurs at the close of ver. 38.” Newcome.
† Gr. sanctified. ~
$ “If the psalmist, or the law, or the scripture, called those gods who were prophets, or magistrates, or both; (and every assertion of the scripture is true, and therefore such are justly styled gods;) do I blaspheme in calling God my Father, and therefore myself the Son of God, when the Father hath consecrated me to the office of prophet and Christ, and delegated me to assume this character among mankind * Newcome. 10 11
I do not the works of my Father, believe me not: but if I do them, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know and believe that the Father is in me, and I in him".” Upon this they sought again to apprehend him : but he escaped out of their hand; and departed again beyond Jordan, to the place where John at first baptized: and there he abode. And many resorted to him, and said, “John did no miracle: but all things which John spake of this man were true.” And many believed in him there.
Ch. xi. Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Be
thany, the town of Mary and of her sister Martha. (Now it was that Mary who anointed the Lord with balsam +, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.) His sisters therefore sent to Jesus, saying, “ Master, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.” And when Jesus heard it, he said, “This sickness is not unto death; but for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified by it.” (Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.) When he heard therefore that Lazarus was sick, he still abode two days in the place where he was. Then afterward he saith to his disciples, “Let us go again into Judea.” His disciples say unto him, “Master, but now the Jews sought to stone thee: and goest thou thither again * Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours of the day 2 If a man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world: but if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth ; because the light is not in him ...” He spake these things; and afterward he saith unto them, “Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him.” Then his disciples said, “Master, if he sleep, he will recover.” But
* That the Father is in me, and 1 in him.] “Compare ch. xiv. 10, 11 : where this union is said to consist in speaking the words, and doing the works, of the Father.” Newcome,
+ the same Mary that anointed the Lord with ointment. N. See Campbell.
; Or, in it, i.e. in the world. See Wakefic!d, -
Jesus spake of his death : yet they thought that he was 14 speaking of rest in sleep. Then Jesus said to them plainly, 15 “Lazarus is dead. And I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, that ye may believe: but let us go to him.” 16 Then Thomas, who is called Didymus, said to his fellowdisciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.” 17 When Jesus therefore came, he found that Lazarus had 18 already lain four days in the sepulchre. (Now Bethany 19 was near Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off: and many of the Jews had come * to Martha and Mary, that they 20 might comfort them concerning their brother.) Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went 21 and met him: but Mary sat in the house. Then said Martha to Jesus, “ Master, if thou hadst been here, my 22 brother had not died. But I know that, even now, what23 soever thou shalt ask of God, God will give thee.” Jesus 24 saith unto her, “Thy brother shall rise again.” Martha saith unto him, “I know that he will rise again in the re25 surrection at the last day.” Jesus said unto her, “I am the resurrection, and the life: he who believeth in me, 26 though he die, yet he shall live: and whosoever liveth, and believeth in me, shall never die. Believest thou 27 this?” She saith unto him, “Yes, Master, I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, who was to 28 come into the world.” And when she had said this, she went and called her sister Mary secretly, saying, “The 29 Teachert is come, and calleth for thee.” As soon as Mary 30 heard this, she riseth quickly, and cometh to him. (Now. Jesus was not yet come into the town; but was in the place where Martha met him.) The Jews then, who were with Mary in the house, and were comforting her, when they saw that she rose up hastily, and went out, followed her, saying, “She goeth to the sepulchre, that she may 32 weep there.” As soon then as Mary came where Jesus was,
* came. N. See W. † N. m. Master, N. t.
and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, “Master, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.” When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping who came with her, he groaned in spirit, and was troubled, and said, “Where have ye laid him P” They say unto him, “Master, come and see.” Jesus wept. The Jews therefore said, “See, how he loved him.” But some of them said, “ Could not He, that opened the eyes of the blind man, have caused even that this Lazarus should not have died?” Jesus therefore, again groaning in himself, cometh to the sepulchre. Now. it was a cave, and a stone lay against it. Jesus saith, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, “Master, by this time the smell is offensive”: for he hath been buried four days.” Jesus saith unto her, “Said I not unto thee that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God?” Then they took away the stonet. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, “Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. I know indeed that thou hearest me always: but because of the multitude who stand by I have said this, that they may believe that thou hast sent me.” And when he had said these words, he cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth.” [And] he that had been dead came out, having his hands and feet bound with grave-clothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, “Loose him, and let him go.” Then many of the Jews who had come to Mary, and had seen the things which [Jesus] did, believed in him. But some of them went away to the Pharisees, and told them what things Jesus had done.
The chief-priests therefore and the Pharisees assembled a council, and said, “What shall we do P for this man doeth many miracles. If we suffer him to go on thus, alt
* See Campbell. he stinketh, N. + from the place where the dead was laid. R. T. - k .