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men will believe in him : and the Romans will come and
take away both our place and nation.” Then one of
them, named Caiaphas, being high-priest that year, said
unto them, “Ye know nothing; nor consider that it is
expedient for us that one man should die for the people,
and that the whole nation should not perish.” Now he
spake not this of himself: but, being high-priest that
year, he prophesied that Jesus was to die for that nation:
and indeed not for that nation only; but that he should
gather together also in one the children of God, who
were scattered abroad. From that day therefore they
took counsel together to kill him. Jesus therefore no
longer walked openly among the Jews; but went thence
to a country near the desert, to a city called Ephraim;
and continued there with his disciples.
And the passover of the Jews was near: and many
went up to Jerusalem out of the country before the pass-
over, to purify themselves. Then they sought for Je-
sus, and said among themselves, as they stood in the
temple, “What think ye? that he will not come to the
feast?” Now both the chief-priests and the Pharisees had
given a commandment, that, if any man knew where he
was, he should discover it; that they might apprehend
xii. Six days then before the passover, Jesus came to
Bethany, where Lazarus was, that had been dead, whom
he had raised from the dead. Upon which a supper was
made for him there; and Martha served: and Lazarus
was one of those that were at the table with him. Then
Mary took a pound of very precious balsam of spike-
nard”, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet
with her hair; and the house was filled with the odour of
the balsam f. Then saith one of his disciples, Judas

Iscariot, [the son of Simon,] who was about to deliver

* Campbell. ointment of liquid mard, N. * * * + ointment, N.

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him up, “Why was not this balsam * sold for threehundred denarii, and given to the poor P” Now he said this, not that he cared for the poor: but because he was a thief, and had the purse, and carried what was put in it. Then: said Jesus, “Suffer her : against the day of my embalming she hath kept this. For ye have the poor with you always: but me ye have not always.” Now a great multitude of the Jews knew that he was there: and they came, not because of Jesus only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead. So the chief-priests consulted that they might kill Lazarus also ; because by reason of him many. of the Jews withdrew from them, and believed in Jesus. On the next day, a great multitude who were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm-trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried out, “ Hosanna +; blessed be the King of Israel who cometh in the name of the Lord.”. Now when Jesus had procured a young ass, he sat on it; as it is written, “Fear not, daughter of Sion : behold, thy king cometh, sitting on the foal of an ass.” Now these things his disciples understood not at first: but when Jesus had been glorified, then they remembered that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him. The multitude then who were with him, bare witness that he had called Lazarus out of his sepulchre, and raised him from the dead. For this reason also the multitude met him; because they heard that he had done this miracle. The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, “ Perceive ye that ye prevail nothing 2 behold, the world is gone after him.” Now certain Greeks were among those who came up to worship at the feast. So these came to Philip, that was of Bethsaida in Galilee, and besought him, saying,


18 19

20 21

* ointment, N. + Save now, N.

22 “Sir, we desire to see Jesus.” Philip cometh and telleth 23 Andrew: and again, Andrew and Philip tell Jesus. And Jesus answered them, saying, “The hour is come that 24 the Son of man should be glorified. Verily verily I say unto you, Unless a grain of wheat fall into the ground, and die, it remaineth a single grain *: but if it die, it 25 bringeth forth much fruitt. He that loveth his life, shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world, 26 shall keep it to everlasting life. If any man serve me, let him follow me; and, where I am, there shall my servant also be: if any man serve me, him my Father will 27 honour. Now is my soul troubled: and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour? But for this cause I came to this hour. Father, glorify thy name.” 28 Then a voice came from heaven, saying, “I have both 29 glorified it, and will glorify it again.” The multitude therefore who stood by, and heard it, said that it thun30 dered. Others said, “An angel spake to him.” Jesus answered and said, “This voice came not for my sake, 31 but for your sakes. Now is the judgement of this world: now the prince of this world will be cast outs. 32 And although || I shall be lifted up from the earth, I will 33 draw all men unto me.” (This he said, signifying what 34 death he was about to die.) The multitude answered him, “We have heard out of the law that Christ continueth for ever: and how sayest thou, ‘The Son of

* by itself, N. See Symonds, p. 106. + produce, N.

† Now the time approaches when the unbelieving Jews will incur punishment: so xtraos is used, ch. xvii. 9. In addition to this text, which Dr. Newcome produces to prove that x≥ sometimes signifies the unbelieving Jews, or perhaps the Jewish polity, and dispensation, what we call the Jewish world, see Gal. iv. 3; vi. 14; Eph. ii. 2; Col. ii. 8.20.

§ The prince of this world, i.e. the Jewish hierarchy and magistracy will be abolished: the political existence of the Jews as a nation will be destroyed. See the preceding note. Compare ch. xiv. 30; xvi. 11. See likewise 1 Cor. ii. 6.8. If the first clause of this sentence is to be understood of the Jewish nation, the last is in all reason to be interpreted of the rulers of that nation.

| Although..] See 1 Cor. iv. 15. Some render when: for which sense of $3, see ch. xiv. 3; 2 Cor. v. l. N.


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man must be lifted up o' Who is this Son of man?” Then Jesus said unto them, “But a little time longer, the light will be among you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you : for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. While ye have the light, believe in the light, that ye may be sons of light.” These things Jesus spake, and departed, and concealed himself from them. But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not in him: so that the words of the prophet Isaiah were fulfilled, which he spake, saying, “Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been made manifest ?” Therefore they could not believe *, because Isaiah hath said again, “He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; so that they see not with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and turn, that I should heal them +.” These things Isaiah said, when he saw his glory, and spake of him . Nevertheless many even among the rulers believed in him ; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God. But Jesus cried out $, and said, “He who believeth in

me, believeth not in me, but in him who sent me. And

* They could not believe..] It was very difficult for them to believe: they were very unwilling to believe. “Not that they had a will to believe, and could not; but they set themselves against having that will.” See Dr. Wall. N.

+ Or, “This people have blinded their eyes, and darkened their hearts, so that they saw not with their eyes, nor understood with their heart, nor were converted that I might heal them.” See Dodson's note upon Isaiah, vi. 9, 10; Randolph's N. Test. Citations, No. 42, and Wakefield in loc.

# These things Isaiah said, &c.] “The true meaning is; when Isaiah, c. vi.1, saw the glory of God the Father, revealing to him the coming of Christ, he then saw the glory of him who was to come in the glory of his Father, Matt. xvi. 27. Isaiah, in beholding the glory of God, and in receiving from him a revelation of the coming of Christ, saw, that is, foresaw the glory of Christ, just as Abraham, John viii. 56, saw, that is, foresaw his day and was glad.” Dr. Clarke on the Trinity, p. 93.

§ had cried out, N.

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he who seeth me, seeth him who sent me *. I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth in me may not remain in darkness. And if any man hear my words, and believe not t, I condemn him not : (for I came not to condemn the world, but to save the world :) he who rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath that which condemneth him : the doctrine which I have spoken, that will condemn him in the last day. For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father who sent me, he hath given me commandment, what I should enjoin, and what I should speak. And I know that his commandment is everlasting life: what therefore I speak, I so speak as the Father hath given me in charget.”

xiii. Now Jesus having known before the feast of the passover $, that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world to the Father; and, having loved his own that were in the world, he loved them to the end : and supper being come, (the devil || having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to deliver him up ;) though he knew, I say, that the Father gave all things into his hands, and that he came from God, and was going to God H; yet he riseth from supper, and layeth aside his upper garments; and took a napkin, and girt himself. Then he poureth water into a vessel, and began to wash the feet of the disciples, and to wipe them with the napkin with which he was girded. So he cometh to Simon Peter: [and] Peter saith unto him, “Master, dost thou wash my feet?” Jesus answered and said unto him, “What I do, thou knowest not now ; but thou wilt know presently **.” Peter saith unto him,

* Seeth him who sent me..] Seeth a display of his goodness, wisdom, and power. N. + Or, keep them not, MSS. : enjoined me. N. § Now before the feast of the passover, though Jesus knew . . . . yet, &c. N. See

Bishop Pearce. | The devil, that is, his own bad passions: q. d. being instigated by his avarice, &c. “I He came from God as his messenger to the world. See ch. i. 6; he was going to

God, to give an account of his charge: his public mission and ministry being closed. ** Or, as soon as I have done. See W.

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