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tion : on such the second death hath no power *; but
they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign 7 with Christ a thousand
And when the thousand years are finished, Satan will be loosed out of his prison ; 8 and will go forth to deceive the nations, which are in the
four parts of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them
together for battle : whose number will be as the sand of 9 the sea. "And they went
And they went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved
city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and 10 devoured them. And the devil who deceived them was
cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where both the beast and the false prophet were: and they will be tor
mented day and night, for ever and ever f. 11 And I saw a great white throne, and Him who sat on
it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away, , 12 and no place was found for them. And I saw the dead,
small and great, standing before the throne #: and the books were opened ; and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of the
things written in the books, according to their works. 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and
death and Hades § gave up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every one according to his works.
This seems to imply that there will also be a resurrection for those over whom the second death hath power : that is, that the wicked themselves may be ultimately restored to virtue and happiness.
+ Gr. ages of ages. This text has also been alleged, but with little reason, in favour of what has justly been called the heart-withering doctrine of elernal torments. See chap. xiv. 11. and the note there. The persons who are here said to be tormented for ever and ever, are not real, but figurative, and symbolical persons, the devil, the beast, and the false prophet. The place therefore, the kind, and the duration of their torinent, must also be figurative. The meaning seems to be, that all the corruptions of the Christian religion, as well as all heathen idolatry and the spirit of persecution, shall be totally and for ever exterminated. And pure and undefiled Christianity, in its spirit and in its power, shall every where prevail, and produce universal peace and harmony and happiness. This is the true advent of Christ. And to the promise of his speedy appearance for these glorious purposes, what benevolent heart can refuse to adopt the response of the prophet, 'Amen. Come, Lord Jesus !' chap. xxii. 20. before God: R. T.
Si. e. the unseen state.
14 And death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. 15 This is the second death, even the lake of fire *. And
whosoever was not found written in the book of life, was
cast into the lake of fire. CH. XXI. And I saw a new heaven, and a new earth : for the
first heaven and the first earth were passed away: and
there was no more sea. 2 And I saw f the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming
down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorn3 ed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice out of
heaven, saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they will be his
people, and God himself will be with them, and be their 4 God : and he will wipe away + all tears from their eyes ;
and death will be no more; and sorrow, and lamentation,
and pain will be no more: for the former things are pass5 ed away.” And He who sat upon the throne, said,
Behold, I make all things new.” And he saith (unto me,]
“Write: for these words are true and worthy of G belief.” And he said unto me, “ It is accomplished. I am
Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. To him
that is thirsty I will give drink without cost from the foun7 tain of the water of life. He that overcometh shall in
herit these things $: and I will be his God, and he shall 8 be my son. But the fearful, and unbelieving, and sin
ners ||, and abominable, and murtherers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone:
which is the second death." 9 And one of the seven angels, that had the seven phials?
full of the seven last scourges, came and talked to me,
saying, “ Come hither; I will shew thee the bride, the 10 wife of the lamb.” And he carried me away in spirit to
* These words are omitted in R. T. and N. See Griesbach.
and God will wipe away, R. T.
Il R. T. omits “ and sinners."
a great and high mountain, and shewed me the holy city
Jerusalem *, coming down out of heaven from God; 11 having the glory of God : [and] its light was like a most 12 precious stone, as a jasper-stone when clear as crystal: and
having a great and high wall; and having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written on the
gates, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons 13 of Israel : on the east, three gates; and on the north,
three gates; and on the south, three gates; and on the 14 west, three gates. And the wall of the city had twelve
foundations, and on them twelve names t of the twelve 15 apostles of the lamb. And he who talked to me had for
a measure | a golden reed, to measure the city, and its 16 gates, and its wall. Now the city lay square, and its
length was as much as the breadth. And he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The
length, and the breadth, and the height of it, were equal. 17 And he measured its wall, a hundred and forty-four
cubits, according to the measure of a man, which is the 18 angel's measure. And the building of its wall was of
jasper : and the city was pure gold, and like clear glass. 19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned
with every precious stone. The first foundation was jas
per ; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the 20 fourth, emerald; the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius;
the seventh, chrysolithe; the eighth, beryl; the ninth,
topaz; the tenth, chrysoprasus ; the eleventh, jacinth; 21 the twelfth, amethyst. And the twelve gates were twelve
pearls: every gate was of one pearl: and the street of the 22 city was pure gold, like transparent glass. And I saw in
it no temple: for the Lord God Almighty, and the lamb, 23 are its temple. And the city had no need of the sun, or
of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God enlight24 ened it, and the lamb was its lamp. And the nations &
* that great city, the holy Jerusalem, R. T. + and on them the names, R. T. * " for a measure," omitted in R. T. the nations of those who are saved, R. T.
shall walk in its light: and the kings of the earth shall 25 bring into it their glory [and honour]. And its gates
shall not be shut by day: for there shall be no night there. 26 And men shall bring into it * the glory and the honour of 27 the nations. And nothing shall enter into it which de
fileth t, or which worketh abomination, or uttereth a lie:
but those only that are written in the lamb's book of life. CH, xxi. Then he shewed I me a river of water of life, clear
as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God, and of 2 the lamb. In the midst, between the breadth of the city
and the river which ran on each side, was the tree of life, which bare twelve kinds of fruits, and yielded its fruit
every month : and the leaves of the tree were for the heal3 ing of the nations. And there shall be no more curse of
any kind 5: but the throne of God and of the lamb shall 4 be in it; and his servants shall worship him, and shall
see his face; and his name shall be on their foreheads. 5 And night shall not be (there | ] ; or peed of lamp, or of
light of the sun ; for the Lord God will enlighten them I;
and they shall reign for ever and ever **. 6 Then he 'said it unto me, “ These words are worthy
of belief and true: and, the Lord God of the spirits of
the prophets II hath sent bis angel to shew his servants 7 the things which must shortly cometo pass." * For, be
hold SS, I will come quickly: happy is he who keepeth the words of the prophecy of this book.?
And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship
before the feet of the angel who shewed me these 9. things. Then he saith unto me, “ See thou do it not: I
* Or, And the glory and the honour of the nations shall be brought into it. N. m. + Gr. any thing that is common.
the angel shewed, N. See ver. 6. no curse any more,
ll Or, night shall be no more. See Griesbach. Or, will shine upon them. See Griesbach.
** Gr, ages of ages. ++ the angel said, N.
* 1 of the boly prophets, R. T. Afbehold,' saith Jesus. These words, and the angel, ver. 6, are added hy the Prix mate, but without any authority from the text,
am a fellow-servant* with thee, and with thy brethren
the prophets, and with those who keep the words of this 10 book : worship God." Then he saith unto me, “Seal
not the words of the prophecy of this book : the time is 11 near f. He that is unrighteous, let him be unrighteous
still; and he that is polluted, let him be polluted still: and he that is righteous, let him do righteousness still I :
and he that is holy, let him be holy still.” 12 « « Behold §, I will come quickly : and my reward will
be with me, to give unto every man according as his work 13 shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and 14 the end, the first and the last ||. Happy are they that do
his commandments I, that they may have right to the
tree of life, and may enter by the gates into the city. 15 Without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and
murtherers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and 16 maketh a lie. I Jesus have sent mine angel
to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root
and the offspring of David ft, and the bright morning17 star. And the spirit and the bride say, Come. And let
him that is athirst, come: whosoever will, let him take
the water of life without cost. 18 «« I testify to every man that heareth the words of the
prophecy of this book : If any one shall add to the things,
God will add to him the scourges which are written in 19 this book : and if any one shall take away from the words
* for I am a fellow-servant, R. T. Observe, that if Jesus is the speaker in ver. 7, he
# Let him be righteous still, R. T.
|| The dispensation of the gospel, which was introduced and confirmed by Christ, is complete in all its parts, and will be conducted throughout by Christ, i. e. by his instrumentality, or according to his declarations: fur prophets are said to do those things which they are authorised to foretell. See Rev. xi. 6.
God's commandments, N.
++ The root in this place must mcan a branch from the root or stock of David,