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was sacrificed, and the other sent away into the wilderness, were types of the manner in which sin was to be expiated and put away by the Saviour. The water springing from the rock, the manna in the wilderness, the cities of refuge, the jubilee, and many other events of the life and ordinances of the law of Moses, were so many types of Christ, which all received their accomplishment in him, and were fulfilled and abolished in his death. Their end was answered and their fulfilment completed, when Jesus exclaimed on the cross, " It is finished."
3. The ceremonial law is abolished.
Without the offices and death of Christ, the worship and ceremonies of the Mosaic economy would have remained a pompous service, and an unintelligible mystery. But in his sacrifice and death, every rite assumed its signification, and every symbol displayed its import; and thus the whole system becomes intelligible and instructive. But the Mosaic economy was now dissolved to make way for a better hope. "The law was a shadow of good things to come;" and "Christ is the end of the law for righteousness." The Jewish religion, as instituted by God, was not abolished till Christ offered himself up, and died on the cross; but then it reached its termination. How widely different was the commission which the Saviour gave to the seventy disciples, before his sufferings and death, from that with which he charged the apostles after his resurrection. The former were commissioned to go only into the cities of Judah, to heal the sick, to cast out devils, and to preach that the kingdom of God was come nigh to them. The latter were authorised to preach repentance and forgiveness of sins, among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. At the death of Christ a new dispensation commenced. The old was abolished, as the morning dawn is terminated by the perfect day. "It is finished,"—and the last ceremonial law is ended :—not the moral law, let it be observed. Christ came not to destroy this. The moral law is eternal in its obligations, and as unchangeable as its holy and glorious Author. In fact, it receives a new sanction from the death of Christ; and it will continue obligatory upon the whole human race so long as the world remains.
4. The character of Christ is completed.
There was never any defect in the life of the Saviour. He was altogether pure and spotless;— "holy, harmless, and undefiled, and separate from sinners." But we see the completion of his character in his last sufferings and death. Look at his resignation: "Now is my soul troubled, and what shall I say 1 Father, save me from this hour; but for this cause came I unto this hour. Father, glorify thy name." So again, " Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt." Observe his meekness and patience, and "consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself." "He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter; and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth. When he was reviled, he reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously." Look at his concern for others. While carrying his cross, and sinking under it, he addressed the women who followed, lamenting and bewailing him, "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves and your children. For, behold the days are coming in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck." Observe also his kindness to his friends :" If ye seek me, let these go their way;" his forgiveness of enemies, in his earnest prayer for them when suffering their cruelties on the cross; and his filial piety, in committing his mother to the care of his beloved disciple John. And once more, do we not see the completeness of the Saviour's love manifested by his sufferings and death ?— "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friend. But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us." He made peace for us by the blood of his cross. Truly the character of Christ was completed by his last sufferings and death.
5. Victory over his enemies is obtained.
They supposed that by putting him to death, they should for ever put an end to him and his cause. "But now is the judgment of this world; now is the prince of this world cast out." By his death, "Christ destroyed him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;"—not his being, but his usurped kingdom. Satan is called the Prince of this world, because he exercises dominion over men. Sin has given him that power. But Christ, by his death, "has made an end of sin, and brought in everlasting righteousness;" and by this means he has delivered from his dominion all believers, who, by the virtue of his death, will be the everlasting monuments of his redeeming love and power. At the crucifixion, the contest between Christ and Satan was brought to its crisis. The period was now arrived when "the seed of the woman was to bruise the serpent's head. Through death, the Saviour accomplished the defeat of this adversary of God and man. By death Jesus became the Prince of Life. All power and authority are committed into his hands; and he is constituted the Lord of universal empire. Satan's temples must now totter and fall, and his usurped dominion be destroyed. "For this purpose was the Son of God manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil." And though this enemy still retains a sway over the children of disobedience, yet he is continually obliged to resign his vassals and slaves into the hands of the Lord Jesus; and the period is at hand when he will be bound for a thousand years, and afterwards cast into the lake of fire. Death likewise, the last enemy of man, when Christ said, "It is finished," was conquered. With reference to the people of God, his spectre only remains, his dart is taken away. In regard to believers, who are members of Christ, he left his sting in the body of their Redeemer on the accursed tree. Hence to the
Christian, death is changed from the king of terrors into the messenger of peace. Every believer, therefore, may anticipate the period, when he will sing the song of triumph, "Death is swallowed up in victory. O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? Thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ."
6. The sufferings of Christ are ended.
He was " a man of sorrows" all his days. From the manger to the cross, the life of our blessed Lord was one continued scene of suffering. He was persecuted from his birth. No sooner was he born than an attempt was made on his life by the cruelty and jealousy of Herod. To avoid this, he was taken by Joseph and Mary as an exile into Egypt. From the earliest period of his life to its termination, he was, in the emphatic language of the prophet, '' acquainted with grief." When exercising his public ministry as the Messiah, he was afflicted with poverty. "The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man had not where to lay his head." View him in his reputation: he was charged with being a wine-bibber, a blasphemer, and a demoniac. Look at him in his final sufferings: follow him to Gethsemane; and see him in his agony in the garden, afflicted by the powers of darkness, and by the hand of God, causing him to sweat great drops of blood falling down to the ground, before he was touched by man. Accompany him to Calvary: and see him with his head crowned with thorns, nailed to the accursed tree; and hear him, in the distress of