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will forestall their repair hither, and say, you are Let all the battlements their ordnance fire ; not fit.

The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath; Ham. Not a whit, we defy augury; there is a And in the cup an union shall he throw, special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it Richer than that which four successive kings be now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it In Denmark's crown have worn; Give me the cups; will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come: the And let the kettle to the trumpet speak, readiness is all : Since no man, of aught he leaves, || The trumpet to the cannoneer without, knows, what is't to leave betimes ? Let be. The cannons to the heavens, the heaven to earth, Enter King, Queen, Laertes, Lords, Osric, and At-|And you, the judges, bear a wary eye.

Now the king drinks to Hamlet.-Come, begin; tendants, with foils, &c.

Ham. Come on, sir. King. Come, Hamlet, come, and take this hand) Laer.

Come, my lord. (They play. from me.


One. (The King puts the hand of Laertes into Laer.

No. that of Hamlet.


Judgment Ham. Give me your pardon, sir : I have done you Osr. A hit, a very palpable hit. wrong ;


Well,-again. But pardon it, as you are a gentleman.

King. Stay, give me drink : Hamlet, this pearl This presence knows, and you must needs bave

is thine; heard,

Here's to thy health.-Give him the cup. How I am punish'd with a sore distraction.

[Trumpets sound; and cannon shot off within. What I have done,

Ham. I'll play this bout first, set it by a while. That might your nature, honour, and exception, Come.-Another hit; What say you? [They play. Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness. Laer. A touch, a touch, I do confess. Was't Hamlet wrong'd Laertes ? Never, Hamlet: King. Our son shall win. If Hamlet from himself be ta'en away,

Queen. He's fat, and scant of breath.-And, when he's not himself, does wrong Laertes, Here, Hamlet, take my napkin,6 rub thy brows: Then Hamlet does it not, Hamlet denies it. The queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet. Who does it then? His madness : If't be so, Ham. Good madam,Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong'd;


Gertrude, do not drink. His madness is poor Hamlet's enemy.

Queen. I will, my lord ;-I pray you, pardon me. Sir, in this audience,

King. It is the poison'd cup; it is too late. Let my disclaiming from a purpas'd evil

(Aside. Free me so far in your most generous thoughts, Ham. I dare not drink yet, madam; by and by. That I have shot my arrow o'er the house,

Queen. Come, let me wipe thy face.
And hurt my brother.

Laer. My lord, I'll hit him now.
I am satisfied in nature, King.

I do not think it. Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most Laer. And yet it is almost against my conscience. To my revenge : but in my terms of honour,

(Aside. I stand aloof; and will no reconcilement,

Ham. Come, for the third, Laertes: you do but Till by some elder masters, of known honour,

dally; I have a voice and precedent of peace,

pray you, pass with your best violence; To keep my name ungor'd:3 But till that time, I am afeard, you make a wantons of me. I do receive your offer'd love like love,

Laer. Say you so ? come on. [They play. And will not wrong it.

Osr. Nothing neither way.
I embrace it freely ;

Laer. Have at you now.
And will this brother's wager frankly play.- (Laertes wounds Hamlet; then, in scuffling,
Give us the foils; come on.

they change rapiers, and Hamlet wounds Laer. Come, one for me.

Laertes. Ham. I'll be your foil, Laertes ; in mine igno


Part them, they are incens'd.

Ham. Nay, come again. {The Queen falls. Your skill shall, like a star i'the darkest night, Osr.

Look to the queen there, ho! Stick fiery off indeed.

Hor. They bleed on both sides :

-How is it, my Laer. You mock me, sir.

lord ? Ham. No, by this hand.

Osr. How is't, Laertes ? King. Give them thé foils, young Osric.Cousin Laer. Why, as a woodcock to my own springe: Hamlet,

Osric; You know the wager?

I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery. Ham.

Very well, my lord; Ham. How does the queen? Your grace hath laid the odds o'the weaker side. King.

She swoons to see them bleed. King. I do not fear it: I have seen you both:- Queen. No, no, the drink, the drink,- my dear But since he's better'd, we have therefore odds.

Hamlet! Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another. The drink, the drink ;-I am poison'd! (Dies. Ham. This likes me well : these foils have all a Ham. O villany-Ho! let the door be lock'd :

length? (They prepare to play. Treachery! seek it out. (Laertes falls. Osr. Ay, my good lord.

Laer. It is here, Hamlet: Hamlet, thou art slain ; King. Set me the stoups4 of wine upon that No medicine in the world can do thee good,

In thee there is not half an hour's life; If Hamlet give the first or second hit,

The treacherous instrument is in thy nd, Or quit in answer of the third exchange, Unbated, 9 and envenom'd: the foul practice

(1) Prevent. (2) The king and queen's presence. (7) Drinks good luck to you. (8) Boy. (3) Unwounder. (4) Large jugs.

9) The foil without a button, and poisoned at (5) A precious pearl. (6) Handkerchief.

4 A



table :-

the point.


Hath tum'd itself on me; lo, here I lie,

Where should we have our thanks? Never to rise again : Thy mother's poison'd; Hor.

Not from his mouth, I can no more; the king, the king's to blame. Had it the ability of life to thank you; Ham. The point

He never gave commandment for their death. Eavenom'd too!—Then, venom, to thy work. But since, so jump upon this bloody question,

(Stabs the King. You from the Polack 10 wars, and you from England, Osr. f Lords. Treason ! treason !

Are here arriv'd ; give order, that these bodies King. O, yet defend me, friends, I am but hurt. High on a stage be placed to the view ; Ham. Here, thou incestuous, murd'rous, damned || And let me speak, to the yet unknowing world, Dane,

How these things come about: So shall you hear Drink off this potion :- Is the union here? Of carnal, bloody, and unnatural acts; Follow my mother.

(King dies. Of accidental judgments, casual slaughters ; Laer.

He is justly serv'd; Of deaths put on by cunning, and forc'd cause ; It is a poison temper'di by ħimself.

And, in this upshot, purposes mistook Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet : Fall'n on the inventory' heads : all this can I Mine and my father's death come not upon thee; ||Truly deliver. Nor thine on me!

(Dies. Fort. Let us haste to hear it, Ham. Heaven make thee free of it! I follow thee. And call the noblest to the audience. I am dead, Horatio :-Wretched queen, adieu!- || For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune ; You that look pale and tremble at this chance, I have some rights of memory in this kingdom, That are but mutes or audience to this act, Which now to claim my vantage doth invite me. Had I but time (as this fell sergeant, death, Hor. Of that I shall have also cause to speak, Is strict in his arrest,) O, I could tell you,

And from his mouth whose voice will draw on more : But let it be :-Horatio, I am dead;

But let this same be presently perform'd, Thou liv'st; report me and my cause aright Even while men's minds are wild; lest more misTo the unsatisfied.

chance, Hor. Never believe it;

On plots and errors, bappen. I am more an antique Roman than a Dane,


Let four captains Here's yet some liquor left.

Bear Hamlet, like a soldier, to the stage; Ham.

As thou'rt a man,- For he was likely, had he been put on, Give me the cup; let go; by heaven I'll have it. To have prov'd most royally : and, for his passage, O God --Horatio, what a wounded name, The soldier's music, and the rites of war, Things standing thus unknown, shall live behind me? Speak loudly for him.If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart,

Take up the bodies:-Such a sight as this Absent thee from felicity a while,

Becomes the field, but here shows much amiss. And in this barsh world draw thy breath in pain, Go, bid the soldiers shoot. [A dead march. To tell my story:

(Exeunt, bearing off the bodies ; after which, [ March afar off, and shot within. a peal of ordnance is shot off. What warlike noise is this? Osr. Young Fortinbras, with conquest come

from Poland, To the ambassadors of England gives This warlike volley.

If the dramas of Shakspeare were to be charac. Ham.

O, I die, Horatio ; terised, each by the particular excellence which The potent poison quite o'er-crows8 my spirit; distinguishes it from the rest, we must allow to the I cannot live to hear the news from England: tragedy of Hamlet the praise of variety. The inBut I do prophesy the election lights

cidents are so numerous, that the argument of the On Fortinbras; he has my dying voice ;

play would make a long tale. The scenes are inSo tell him, with the occurrents, 4 more or less, terchangeably diversified with merriment and soWhich have solicited, 5— The rest is silence. (Dies. | lemnity : with merriment that includes judicious Hor. Now cracks a noble heart;-Good night, and instructive observations; and solemnity not sweet prince;

strained by poetical violence above the natural senAnd Alights of angels sing thee to thy rest ! timents of man. New characters appear from time Why does the drum come hither? [March within. | to time in continual succession, exhibiting various Enter Fortinbras, the English Ambassadors, and the pretended madness of Hamlet causes much

forms of life, and particular modes of conversation. others.

mirth, the mournful distraction of Ophelia fills the Fort. Where is this sight?

heart with tenderness, and every personage proHor.

What is it, you would see ? || duces the effect intended, from the apparition that, If aught of wo, or wonder, cease your search. in the first act, chills the blood with horror, to the Fort. This quarry6 cries on havoc !?–O proud || fop in the last, that exposes affectation to just condeath!

tempt. What feast is toward in thine eternal cell,

The conduct is, perhaps, not wholly secure against That thou so many princes, at a shot,

objections. The action is, indeed, for the most part, So bloodily hast struck ?

in continual progression ; but there are some scenes 1 Amb.

The sight is dismal; which neither forward nor retard it. Of the feignAnd our affairs from England come too late : ed madness of Hamlet there appears no adequate The ears are senseless, that should give us hearing, cause, for he does nothing which he might not have To tell him, his commandment is fulfill'd, done with the reputation of sanity. He plays the That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead:

(7) A word of censure when more game was (1) Mixed. (2) A sergeant is a sheriff's officer. destroyed than was reasonable. (3) O'ercomes. (4) Incidents. (5) Incited. (8) i. e. The king's,

(9) By chance (6) Heap of dead game.

(10) Polish.

madman most, when he treats Ophelia with so muchy easily be formed, to kill Hamlet with the dagger, rudeness, which seems to be useless and wanton and Laertes with the bowl. cruelty.

The poet is accused of having shown little reHamlet is, through the whole piece, rather an in-gard to poetical justice, and may be charged with strument than an agent. After he has, by the strat- equal neglect of poetical probability. The appariagem of the play, convicted the king, he makes no tion left the regions of the dead to little purpose: attempt to punish him; and his death is at last ef- the revenge which he demands is not obtained, but fected by an incident which Hamlet had no part in by the death of him that was required to take it; producing

and the gratification, which would arise from the The catastrophe is not very happily produced ; | destruction of a usurper and a murderer, is abated the exchange of weapons is rather an expedient of by the untimely death of Ophelia, the young, the necessity, than a stroke of art. A scheme might|| beautiful, the harmless, and the pious.


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Duke of Venice.

Brabantio, a senator.
Two other Senators.

Desdemona, daughter to Brabantio, and wife to Gratiano, brother to Brabantio.

Othello. Lodovico, kinsman to Brabantio.

Emilia, wife to lago.
Othello, the Moor.

Bianca, a courtezan, mistress to Cassio.
Cassio, his lieutenant.
Iago, his ancient.

Officers, Gentlemen, Messengers, Musicians, Roderigo, a Venetian gentleman.

Sailors, Attendants, &c. Montano, Othello's predecessor in the government of Cyprus.

Scene, for the first Act, in Venice ; during the Clown, servant to Othello.

rest of the play, at a sea-port in Cyprus.


And I, (God bless the mark !) his Moorship's an

cient. SCENE 1.- Venice. A street. Enter Roderigo Rod. By heaven I rather would have been his and lago.


Iago. But there's no remedy, 'tis the curse of Roderigo.


Preferment goes by letter, and affection, TUSH, never tell me, I take it much unkindly, Not by the ad gradation, where each second That thou, lago, who hast had my purse, Stood heir to the first. Now, sir, be judge yourself, As if the strings were thine,-should'st know of this. Whether I in any just term am affin'd8

lago. 'Sblood, but you will not hear me :- To love the Moor. If ever I did dream of such a matter,


I would not follow him then. Abhor me.

lago. O, sir, content you; Rod. Thou told'st me, thou didst hold him in thy I follow him to serve my turn upon him: hate.

We cannot all be masters, nor all masters lago. Despise me, if I do not. Three great ones Cannot be truly follow'd.' You shall mark of the city,

Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave, In personal suit to make me his lieutenant, That, doting on his own obsequious bondage, Oft capp'di to him ;-and, by the faith of man, Wears out his time, much like his master's ass, I know my price, I am worth no worse a place : For nought but provender; and, when he's old, But he, as loving his own pride and purposes,

cashier'd ; Evades them, with a bombast circumstance,? Whip me such honest knaves : Others there are, Horribly stuff'd with epithets of war;

Who, trimm'd in forms and visages of duty, And, in conclusion, nonsuits

Keep yet their hearts attending on themselves ; My mediators; for, certes, says he,

And, throwing but shows of service on their lords, I have already chose my officer.

Do well thrive by them, and, when they have lind And what was he?

their coats, Forsooth, a great arithmetician,

Do themselves homage : these fellows have some One Michael Cassio, a Florentine,

soul; A fellow almost damn'd in a fair wife;

And such a one do I profess myself. That never set a squadron in the field,

For, sir,
Nor the division of a battle knows

It is as sure as you are Roderigo,
More than a spinster; unless the bookish theoric,5|| Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago :
Wherein the toged consuls6 can propose

In following him, I follow but myself;
As masterly as he : mere prattle, without practice, Heaven is my judge, not I for love and duty,
Is all his soldiership. But he, sir, had the election : | But seeming so, for my peculiar end :
And 1,-of whom his eyes had seen the proof, For when my outward action doth demonstrate
At Rhodes, at Cyprus ; and on other grounds The native act and figure of my heart
Christian and heathen,-must be be-lee'd and calm'dIn compliment extern, 9 'tis not long after
By debitor and creditor, this counter-caster :7 But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve
He, in good time, must his lieutenant be, For daws to peck at: I am not what I am
(1) Saluted.

(5) Theory. (6) Rulers of the state. (2) Circumlocution. (3) Certainly.

(7) It was anciently the practice to reckon up (4) For wife some read life, supposing it to al- || sums with counters. lude to the denunciation in the Gospel, wo unto

(8) Related. ou 'when all mon shall speak well of youé.

Outward show of civility.

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