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where comes the breeder of my sorrow. Oxf: Call him my king, by whose injurious doom

· My elder brother, the lord Aubrey Vere,
Enter Warwick, attended.

Was done to death? and more than so, my father, K. Lew. What's he, approacheth boldly to our Even in the downfall of his mellow'd

years, presence?

• When nature brought him to the door of death? Q. Mar. Our earl of Warwick, Edward's great-|No, Warwick, no; while life upholds this arm, est friend.

This arm upholds the house of Lancaster. K. Lew. Welcome, brave Warwick! What War. And I the house of York. brings thee to France?

K. Lew. Queen Margaret, prince Edward, and (Descending from his state, Queen Mar. rises.

Oxford, * R. Mar. Ay, now begins a second storm to rise; ||. Vouchsafe, at our request, to stand aside, * For this is he, that moves both wind and tide. While I use further conference with Warwick.

War. From worthy Edward, king of Albion, * Q. Mar. Heaven grant, that Warwick's words My lord and sovereign, and thy vowed friend,

bewitch him not ! I come,-in kindness, and unfeigned love,–

[Retiring with the Prince and Oxford. First to do greetings to thy royal person;

K. Lew. Now, Warwick, tell me, even upon And, then, to crave a league of amity;

thy conscience, And, lastly, to confirm that amity

• Is Edward your true king? for I were loath, With nuptial knot, if thou vouchsafe to grant • To link with him that were not lawful chosen. That virtuous lady Bona, thy fair sister,

War. Thereon I pawn my credit and mine To England's king in lawful marriage.

honour. .Q. Mar. If that go forward, Henry's hope is K. Lew. But is he gracious in the people's eye? done.

War. The more, that Henry was unfortunate. War. And, gracious madan, [To Bona.) in our K. Lew. Then further,-all dissembling set aside, king's behalf,

· Tell me for truth the measure of his love
I am commanded, with your leave and favour, * Unto our sister Bona.
Humbly to kiss your hand, and with my tongue

To tell the passion of my sovereign's heart: As may beseem a monarch like himself.
Where fame, late entering at his

heedful ears, Myself have often heard him say, Hath plac'd thy beauty's image, and thy virtue. That this his love was an eternal plant; Q. Mar. King Lewis,-and lady Bona,-hear|| Whereof the root was fix'd in virtue's ground, me speak,

The leaves and fruit maintain'd with beauty's sun ; Before you answer Warwick. His demand Exempt from envy,l but not from disdain, * Springs not from Edward's well-meanthonest love, Unless the lady Bona quit his pain. * But from deceit, bred by necessity;

K. Lew. Now, sister, let us hear your firm resolve. * For how can tyrants safely govern home,

Bona. Your grant, or your denial, shall be mine: * Unless abroad they purchase great alliance? Yet I confess, (To War.) that often ere this day, * To prove him tyrant, this reason may suffice,– When I have heard your king's desert recounted, * That Henry liveth still: but were he dead. Mine ear hath tempted judgment to desire. * Yet here prince Edward stands, king Henry's son. * K. Lew. Then, Warwick, thus,–Our sister * Look therefore, Lewis, that by this league and

shall be Edward's : marriage

* And now forthwith shall articles be drawn * Thcu draw not on thy danger and dishonour: * Touching the jointure that your king must make, * For though usurpers sway the rule a while, * Which with her dowry shall be counterpois’d :* Yet heavens are just, and time suppresseth wrongs. || Draw near, queen Margaret; and be a witness, War. Injurious Margaret!

That Bona shall be wife to the English king.
And why not queen?

Prince. To Edward, but not to the English king.
War. Because thy father Henry did usurp; * Q. Mar. Deceitful Warwick ! it was thy device
And thou no more art prince, than she is queen. * By this alliance to make void my suit;
Oxf. Then Warwick disannuls great John of ||* Before thy coming, Lewis was Henry's friend.

* K. Lew. And still is friend to him and MarWhich did subdue the greatest part of Spain ;

garet : And, after John of Gaunt, Henry the Fourth, * But if your title to the crown be weak,• Whose wisdom was a mirror to the wisest; * As may appear by Edward's good success, And, after that wise prince, Henry the Fifth, * Then 'tis but reason, that I be releas'd Who by his prowess conquered all France: * From giving aid, which late I promised. From these our Henry lineally descends. * Yet shall you have all kindness at my hand, War. Oxford, how haps it, in this smooth dis- | * That your estate requires, and mine can yield. course,

War. Henry now lives in Scotland, at his ease ; You told not, how Henry the Sixth hath lost Where having nothing, nothing he can lose. All that which Henry the Fifth had gotten? And as for you yourself, our quondam queen, Methinks, these peers of France should smile at that. You have a father able to maintain you; But for the rest, --You tell a pedigree

And better 'twere, you troubled him than France. Of threescore and two years; a silly time

* Q. Mar. Peace, impudent and shameless WarTo make prescription for a kingdom's worth.

wick, peace; - Oxf. Why, Warwick, canst thou speak against * Proud setter-up and puller-down of kings ! thy liege,

* I will not hence, till with my talk and tears, • Whom thou obey'dst thirty and six years, * Both full of truth, I make king Lewis behold And not bewray thy treason with a blush ? * Thy sly conveyance, and thy lord's false love;

War. Can Oxford, that did ever fence the right, * For both of you are birds of self-same feather. Now buckler falsehood with a pedigree?

.[.A horn sounded within, For shame, leave Henry, and call Edward king. K. Lew. Warwick, this is some post to us, or thee. (1) Malice, or hatred.

(2) Juggling.


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Enter a Messenger.

* K. Lew. And mine, with hers, and thine, and Mess. My lord ambassador, these letters are for Therefore, at last, I firmly am resolv’d,

Margaret's. you;

You shall have aid. Sent from your brother marquis Montague.

* Q. Mar. Let me give humble thanks for all at These from our king unto your majesty: --And, madam, these for you; from whom, I know not.

K. Lew. Then England's messenger, return in [To Margarot. They all read their letters. Oxf. 'I like it well, that our fair queen and inistress and tell false Edward, thy supposed king,

post; Smiles at her news, while Warwick frowns at his. That Lewis of France is sending over maskers, Prince. Nay, mark, how Lewis stamps as he || To revel it with him and his new bride : were nettled :

* Thou seest what's past, go fear thy king withal. * I hope, all's for the best.

Bona. Tell him, In hope he'll prove a widower · K. Lew. Warwick, what are thy news? and

shortly, yours, fair queen ?

I'll wear the willow garland for his sake. Q. Mar. Mine, such as fill my heart with un

Q. Mar. Tell him, My mourning weeds are laid hop'd joys.

aside, War. Mine, full of sorrow and heart's discon-| And I am ready to put armour on. tent.

War. Tell him from me, That he hath done me K. Lew. What! has your king married the lady

wrong; Grey ?

And therefore I'll uncrown him, ere't be long. And now, to sooth your forgery and his,

There's thy reward: be gone.

(Exit Miess. • Sends me a paper to persuade me patience ? K. Lew.

But, Warwick, thou, • Is this the alliance that he seeks with France ?

And Oxford, with five thousand men, • Dare he presunie to scorn us in this manner? * Q. Mar. I told your majesty as much before : * And, as occasion serves, this noble queen

Shall cross the seas, and bid false Edward battle : This proveth Edward's love, and Warwick’s hon- | * And prince shall follow with a fresh supply. esty.

• Yet, ere thou go, but answer me one doubt;War. King Lewis, I here protest,-in sight of | What pledge have we of thy firm loyalty? heaven,

War. This shall assure my constant loyaltý: And by the hope I have of heavenly bliss,

That if our queen and this young prince agree, That I am clear from this misdeed of Edward's;

I'll join mine eldest daughter, and my joy, No more my king, for he dishonours me;

To him forthwith in holy wedlock bands. But most himself, if he could see his shame.

Q. Mar. Yes, I agree, and thank you for your Did I forget, that by the house of York

motion : My father came untimely to his death?

Son Edward, she is fair and virtuous, Did I let pass the abuse done to


niece? Did I impale him with the regal crown?

1. Therefore delay not, give thy hand to Warwick ;

And, with thy hand, thy faith irrevocable, Did I put Henry from his native right;

• That only Warwick's daughter shall be thine. "And am I guerdon'di at the last with shame?

* Prince. Yes, I accept her, for she well de* Shame on himself! for my desert is honour.

serves it; * And, to repair my honour lost for him,

* And here, to pledge my vow, I give my hand. * I here renounce him, and return to Henry: • My noble queen, let former grudges pass,

(He gives his hand to Warwick. And henceforth I am thy true servitor;

K. Lew. Why stay we now? These soldiers

shall be levied, his

wrong to lady Bona, And replant Henry in his former state.

* And thou, lord Bourbon, our high admiral, •Q. Mar. Warwick, these words have turn'd|| I long, till Edward fall by war's mischance,

Shall waft them over with our royal fleet. my hate to love; And I forgive and quite forget old faults,

| For mocking marriage with a dame of France.

[Exeunt all but Warwick. And joy that thou becom'st king Henry's friend. War. So much his friend, ay, his unfeigned But I return his sworn and mortal foe :

War. I came from Edward as ambassador, friend,

Matter of marriage was the charge he gave me, That, if king Lewis vouchsafe to furnish us

But dreadful war shall answer his demand.
With some few bands of chosen soldiers,
I'll undertake to land them on our coast,

Had he none else to make a stale,3 but me?
And force the tyrant from his seat by war.

Then none but I shall turn his jest to sorrow. 'Tis not his new-made bride shall succour him

I was the chief that rais'd him to the crown, * And as for Clarence,-as my letters tell me,

And I'll be chief to bring him down again : * He's very likely now to fall from him ;

Not that I pity Henry's misery,

(Exit. * For matching more for wanton lust than honour,

But seek revenge on Edward's mockery. * Or than for strength and safety of our country. * Bona. Dear brother, how shall Bona be re

veng'd, * But by thy help to this distressed queen?

ACT IV. * Q. Mar. Renowned prince, how shall poor Henry live,

SCENE 1.--London. A room in the palace. * Unless thou rescue him from foul despair? Enter Gloster, Clarence, Somerset, Montague, * Bona. My quarrel, and this English queen's,

and others. * War. And mine, fair lady Bona, joins with

Glo. Now tell me, brother Clarence, what think

you yours.

"Of this new marriage with the lady Grey ? : (1) Rewarded. (2) Fright

(3) A stalking-horse, a pretence.

I will revenge


are one.

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They are but Lewis and Warwick; I am Edward, 'Your king and Warwick's, and must have my will. 'Glo. And you shall have your will, because our king: Yet hasty marriage seldom proveth well. K. Edw. Yea, brother Richard, are you offended*


• Glo. Not I:

No; God forbid, that I should wish them sever'd 'Whom God hath join'd together: ay, and 'twere pity,

To sunder them that yoke so well together.

K. Edw. Setting your scorns, and your mislike,
Tell me some reason, why the lady Grey
Should not become my wife, and England's

*Hast. 'Tis better using France, than trusting France:

*Let us be back'd with God, and with the seas,
*Which he hath given for fence impregnable,
*And with their helps only defend ourselves;
*In them, and in ourselves, our safety lies.
Clar. For this one speech, lord Hastings well
To have the heir of the lord Hungerford.

K. Edw. Ay, what of that? it was my will, and grant;

'Glo. And yet, methinks, your grace hath not done well,

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Which being shallow, you shall give me leave
To play the broker in mine own behalf;
And, to that end, I shortly mind to leave you.
'K. Edw. Leave me, or tarry, Edward will be

And not be tied unto his brother's will.
'Q. Eliz. My lords, before it pleas'd his majesty
To raise my state to title of a queen,
Do me but right, and you must all confess
That I was not ignoble of descent,
*And meaner than myself have had like fortune.
*But as this title honours me and mine,

So your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing, *Do cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow. 'K. Edw. My love, forbear to fawn upon their frowns:

To give the heir and daughter of lord Scales
Unto the brother of your loving bride;
She better would have fitted me, or Clarence :
But in your bride you bury brotherhood.
'Clar. Or else you would not have bestow'd
the heirl

Of the lord Bonville on your new wife's son,
And leave your brothers to go speed elsewhere.
K. Edw. Alas, poor Clarence! is it for a wife,
That thou art malcontent? I will provide thee.
'Clar. In choosing for yourself, you show'd your

queen :

And you too, Somerset, and Montague,
Speak freely what you think.

Clar. Then this is my opinion,-that king Lewis
⚫ Becomes your enemy, for mocking him
About the marriage of the lady Bona.
'Glo. And Warwick, doing what you gave in From France?


Is now dishonoured by this new marriage.

K. Edw. What, if both Lewis and Warwick be appeas'd, By such invention as I can devise? Mont. Yet to have join'd with France in such alliance, Would more have strengthen'd this our commonwealth, 'Gainst foreign storms, than any home-bred marriage.

Hast. Why, knows not Montague, that of itself 'England is safe, if true within itself? *Mont. Yes; but the safer, when 'tis back'd with France.


What danger, or what sorrow, can befall thee,
So long as Edward is thy constant friend,
And their true sovereign, whom they must obey?
Nay, whom they shall obey, and love thee too,
Unless they seek for hatred at my hands:
Which if they do, yet will I keep thee safe,
And they shall feel the vengeance of my wrath.
hear, yet say not much, but think the



Enter a Messenger.

'K. Edw. Now, messenger, what letters, or what news,

'Mess. My sovereign liege, no letters; and few words,

But such as I, without your special pardon,
Dare not relate.

'K. Edw. Go to, we pardon thee: therefore, in brief,

Tell me their words as near as thou canst guess them.

What answer makes king Lewis unto our letters?
Mess. At my depart, these were his very words:
Go tell false Edward, thy supposed king,—
That Lewis of France is sending over maskers,

To revel it with him and his new bride.

K. Edw. Is Lewis so brave? belike, he thinks me Henry.


But what said lady Bona to my marriage?
Mess. These were her words, utter'd with mild

Tell him, in hope he'll prove a widower shortly,
I'll wear the willow garland for his sake.

K. Edw. I blame not her, she could say little less; She had the wrong. But what said Henry's queen? For I have heard, that she was there in place.2 Mess. Tell him, quoth she, my mourning weeds are done,3

* And, for this once, my will shall stand for law.

(1) The heiress of great estates were in the wardship of the king, who matched them to his favourites.

And I am ready to put armour on.

'K. Edw. Belike, she minds to play the Amazon But what said Warwick to these injuries?

(2) Present.

(3) Thrown off.

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'Well, I will arm me, being thus forewarn'd: They shall have wars, and pay for their presump


But say, is Warwick friends with Margaret? Mess. Ay, gracious sovereign; they are so link'd in friendship,

That young prince Edward marries Warwick's daughter.

Clar. Belike, the elder; Clarence will have the younger.

*Now, brother king, farewell, and sit you fast, *For I will hence to Warwick's other daughter: *That, though I want a kingdom, yet in marriage *I may not prove inferior to yourself.You, that love me and Warwick, follow me.

His soldiers lurking in the towns about,
And but attended by a simple guard,

We may surprise and take him at our pleasure? Our scouts have found the adventure very easy: so* That as Ulysses, and stout Diomede,

*With sleight and manhood stole to Rhesus' tents, *And brought from thence the Thracian fatal steeds;

* Gio. Not I:

My thoughts aim at a further matter; I *Stay not for love of Edward, but the crown. [Aside. K. Edw. Clarence and Somerset both gone to Warwick!

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*Yet am I arm'd against the worst can happen; * And haste is needful in this desperate case.'Pembroke, and Stafford, you in our behalf

tent. [Exit Clarence, and Somerset follows.

Go levy men, and make prepare for war; They are already, or quickly will be landed 'Myself in person will straight follow you. [Exeunt Pembroke and Stafford. 'But, ere I go, Hastings,-and Montague,Resolve my doubt. You twain, of all the rest, 'Are near to Warwick, by blood, and by alliance: Tell me, if you love Warwick more than me? If it be so, then both depart to him; I rather wish you foes, than hollow friends; But if you mind to hold your true obedience, 'Give me assurance with some friendly vow, "That I may never have you in suspect.

Mont. So God help Montague, as he proves true! Hast. And Hastings, as he favours Edward's




K. Edw. Now, brother Richard, will by us? Glo. Ay, in despite of all that shall withstand you. K. Edw. Why so; then am I sure of victory. "Now therefore let us hence; and lose no hour, • Till we meet Warwick with his foreign power. [Exeunt. SCENE II-A plain in Warwickshire. Enter Warwick and Oxford, with French and other forces.

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*So we, well cover'd with the night's black mantle, * At unawares may beat down Edward's guard, * And seize himself; I say not-slaughter him, * For I intend but only to surprise him.-You, that will follow me to this attempt, Applaud the name of Henry, with your leader. (They all cry, Henry! Why, then, let's on our way in silent sort: For Warwick and his friends, God and Saint George! [Exeunt. SCENE III-Edward's camp, near Warwick. Enter certain Watchmen, to guard the King's

*1 Watch. Come on, my masters, each man take his stand;

*The king, by this, is set him down to sleep. *2 Watch. What, will he not to-bed?

* 1 Watch. Why, no: for he hath made a solemn


*Never to lie and take his natural rest, *Till Warwick, or himself, be quite suppress'd. *2 Watch. To-morrow then, belike, shall be the day, *If Warwick be so near as men report.

*3 Watch. But say, I pray, what nobleman is that,

*That with the king here resteth in his tent? * 1 Watch. 'Tis the lord Hastings, the king's chiefest friend.

*3 Watch. O, is it so? But why commands the king,

*That his chief followers lodge in towns about him, *While he himself keepeth in the cold field? *2 Watch. 'Tis the more honour, because more dangerous.

* 3 Watch. Ay; but give me worship and quiet

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The drum beating, and trumpets sounding. Reenter Warwick, and the rest, bringing the King out in a gown, sitting in a chair; Gloster and Hastings fly.

'Som. What are they that fly there? War. Richard, and Hastings: let them go, here's the duke.


K. Edw. The duke! why, Warwick, when we* And stop the rising of blood-sucking sighs,

*Lest with my sighs or tears I blast or drown

King Edward's fruit, true heir to the English crown. * Riv. But, madam, where is Warwick then become?

parted last,
Thou call'dst me king!
Ay, but the case is alter'd:
'When you disgrac'd me in my embassade,
Then I degraded you from being king,
And come now to create you duke of York.
Alas! how should you govern any kingdom,
That know not how to use ambassadors;
Nor how to be contented with one wife;
Nor how to use your brothers brotherly;
*Nor how to study for the people's welfare;
Nor how to shroud yourself from enemies?

*K. Edw. Yea, brother of Clarence, art thou
here too?

[Exit King Edw. led out; Som with him. *Oxf. What now remains, my lords, for us

to do,

*But march to London with our soldiers?

War. Ay, that's the first thing that we have
to do;

To free king Henry from imprisonment,
And see him seated in the regal throne. [Exeunt.
SCENE IV-London. A room in the palace.
Enter Queen Elizabeth and Rivers..
Riv. Madam, what makes you in this sudden


Q. Eliz. Why, brother Rivers, are you yet to learn, 'What late misfortune is befall'n king Edward? Riv. What, loss of some pitch'd battle against Warwick?

'Q. Eliz. No, but the loss of his own royal person. Riv. Then is my sovereign slain?

'Q. Eliz. Ay, almost slain, for he is taken pris

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* Nay, then I see, that Edward needs must down.
"Yet, Warwick, in despite of all mischance,
Of thee thyself, and all thy 'complices,
Edward will always bear himself as king:
*Though fortune's malice overthrow my state,
*My mind exceeds the compass of her wheel.
War. Then, for his mind,1be Edward England's
[Takes off his crown.
But Henry now shall wear the English crown,
* And be true king indeed; thou but the shadow.-'Into

My lord of Somerset, at my request,
See that forthwith duke Edward be convey'd
Unto my brother, archbishop of York.
When I have fought with Pembroke and his fellows,
I'll follow you, and tell what answer

Lewis, and the lady Bona, send to him :

Now, for a while, farewell, good duke of York.
*K. Edw. What fates impose, that men nrust
needs abide;

* It boots not to resist both wind and tide.

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'Q. Eliz. I am informed, that he comes towards London,


To save at least the heir of Edward's right;

There shall I rest secure from force, and fraud.

Come therefore, let us fly, while we may fly;
If Warwick take us, we are sure to die. Exe.
SCENE V-A Park near Middleham Castle,
in Yorkshire. Enter Gloster, Hastings, Sir
William Stanley, and others.

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'Glo. Now, my lord Hastings, and sir William Stanley,

Leave off to wonder why I drew you hither, this chiefest thicket of the park.

Thus stands the case: You know, our king, my


Is prisoner to the bishop here, at whose hands
He hath good usage and great liberty;
And often, but attended with weak guard,
Comes hanting this way to disport himself.
I have advértis'd him by secret means,


That if about this hour, he make this way,
Under the colour of his usual game,
He shall here find his friends, with horse and men,
To set him free from his captivity.

Enter King Edward, and a Huntsman. 'Hunt. This way, my lord; for this way game.

where the

K. Edw. Nay, this way, man; see, huntsmen stand.Now, brother of Gloster, lord Hastings, and the


Stand you thus close, to steal the bishop's deer?
'Glo. Brother, the time and case requireth haste;
Your horse stands ready at the park corner.
K. Edw. But whither shall we then?
'Hast. To Lynn, my lord; and ship from thence
to Flanders.

lies the

'Glo. Well guess'd, believe me; for that was my meaning.

'K. Edw. Stanley, I will requite thy forwardness. * Glo. But wherefore stay we? 'tis no time to talk. • K. Edw. Huntsman, what say'st thou? wilt thou go along?

'Hunt. Better do so, than tarry and be hang'd.
* Glo. Come then, away; let's have no more ado.
'K. Edw. Bishop, farewell: shield thee from
Warwick's frown;

And pray that I may repossess the crown. [Exe.
SCENE VI-A room in the Tower. Enter

King Henry, Clarence, Warwick, Somerset,
Young Richmond, Oxford, Montague, Lieuten-
ant of the Tower, and Attendants.

*K. Hen. Master lieutenant, now that God and

*Have shaken Edward from the regal seat;
*And turn'd my captive state to liberty,
*My fear to hope, my sorrows unto joys;
*At our enlargement what are thy due fees?
* Lieut. Subjects may challenge nothing of theis

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