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And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying, 3 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be 4 a father of many nations. Neither shall thy name any more be 5 called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of

land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance. came near where I stood; and when he came, Ps. cv. 8. ll. The covenant that was con I was afraid, and fell upon my face; but he firmed before of God in Christ, the law which said unto me, understand, O son of man, for was four hundred and thirty years after can at the time of the end shall be the vision. not disannul, that it should make the promise Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a of none effect; for if the inheritance be of the deep sleep, on my face toward the ground; law, it is no more of promise, but God gave it but he touched me, and set me upright. Dan. to Abraham by promise. Gal. iii. 17, 18. viii. 17, 18. Yet I heard the voice of his

Multiply thee exceedingly.] See com. on (the angels) words; and when I heard the chap. xii. 2.

voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep 3. Fell on his face.] See chap. xvii. 17. on my face, and my face toward the ground. and com. And Moses hid his face, for he was Dan. x. 9. And when the disciples heard it afraid to look upon God. Erod. iii. 6. And (the voice from the cloud at the transfiguration) Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of they fell on their face, and were sore afraid. the congregation, and came out and blessed Matt. xvii. 6. And when I saw him (one like the people; and the glory of the Lord ap- unto the Son of man), I fell at his feet as dead ; peared to all the people. And there came a and he laid his right hand upon me, saying fire out from before the Lord, and consumed unto me, Fear not, I am the first and the last. upon the altar the burnt-offering and the fat, Rev. i. 17. which when all the people saw, they shouted 4 Father of many nations, &c.] See com. on and fell on their faces. Lev. ix, 23, 24. Then chap. xii. 2. And the angel of the Lord said Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all unto “her” (Hagar) I will multiply thy the assembly of the congregation of the chil- seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numdren of Israel. Numb. xiv. 5. And when bered for multitude. Gen. xvi. 10. Then Moses heard it he fell upon his face. And again Abraham took a wife, and her name they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, wus Keturah : and she bare him Zimran, and the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishman sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the bak, and Shuah, &c. &c. Gen. xxv. 1, 2. congregation? Get you up from among this I will surely do thee good, and make thy congregation (of Korah and his company), that seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be I may consume them, as in a moment: and numbered for multitude. Gen. xxxii. 12. they fell upon their faces. Numb. xvi. 22. 45. See Gen. chap. xxxvi. throughout ; and Numb. As captain of the host of the Lord am I now chaps. i. and xxvi. throughout. " Who” (meancome (said the man armed with a sword to ing Abraham") against hope believed in Joshua, at Jericho). And Joshua fell on his hope, that he might become the father of face to the earth, and did worship, and said many nations; according to that which was unto him, What saith my Lord to his servant? spoken, so shall thy seed be.

Rom. iv. 18. Josh. v. 14. It came to pass, when the flame There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is went up toward heaven from off the altar, neither bond nor free, there is neither male that the angel of the Lord ascended in the nor female, for ye are all one in Christ Jesus; flame of the altar; and Manoah and his wife and if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's looked on it, and fell on their faces to the seed, and heirs according to the promise. ground. Judges xiii. 20. And when all the Gal. iii. 28, 29. people saw it (the fire of the Lord consuming 5 Thy name shall be, &c.] And God said the burnt sacrifice), they fell on their faces, unto Abraham, as for Sarai thy wife, thou and they said, The Lord he is the God: the shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall Lord he is the God. 1 Kings xviii. 39. Then her name be. Gen. xvii. 15. And he (the I (Ezekiel) went forth into the plain; and angel) said, Thy name shall be called no more behold the glory of the Lord stood there as Jacob, but Israel. Gen. xxxii. 28. And Moses the glory which I saw by the river of Chebar, called Oshea, the son of Nun, Jehoshua. and I fell on my face. Ezek. iii. 23. And Numb. xiii. 16. And he (David) sent by the it came to pass, while “they" (the six men hand of Nathan the prophet, and he called with slaughter weapons in their hands) were “his” (“ Solomon's") name Jedidiah, because slaying " them” (the people of Jerusalem," of the Lord. 2 Sam. xii. 25. Thou art the as seen in the vision), and I was left, that I Lord the God who didst choose Abram, and fell upon my face, and cried, and said, Ah, broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, Lord God! wilt thou destroy all the residue and gavest him the name of Abraham. Nehem. of Israel in the pouring out of thy fury upon ix. 7. And the Gentiles shall see thy righteJerusalem? Ezek. ix. 8. So he (Gabriel) ousness, and all kings thy glory, and thou VOL. I.


6 many nations have I made thee. And I will make thee exceed

ing fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come 7 out of thee. And I will establish my corenant between me and

thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting 8 covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. And


shalt be called by a new name, which the that had been the wife of Urias, &c. &c. Matt. mouth of the Lord shall name ; thou shalt no i. 6. &c. more be termed "forsaken,” neither shall thy 7 I will establish my covenant, &c.] See land any more be termed" desolate," but thou com. xv. 8. I am the God of Abraham thy shalt be called " Hephzibah” (“my delight is father (said the Lord to Isaac); fear not, for I in her"), and thy land Beulah: for the Lord am with thee, and will bless chee, and multiply delighteth in thee, and thy land shall be mar- thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake. ried. Isa. Ixii. 2. 4. And ye (the wicked Gen. xxvi. 24. I have also established my Jews) shall leave your name for a curse unto covenant with them, to give them the land of my chosen ; for the Lord God shall slay thee, Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein and call his servants by another name. Isa. they were strangers. Exod. vi. 4. He hath Ixv. 15. And it came to pass on the morrow, remembered his covenant for ever, the word that Pashur brought forth Jeremiah out of the which he commanded to a thousand generastocks. Then said Jeremiah unto him, The tions, saying, unto thee will I give the land Lord hath not called thy name Pashur, but of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance. Ps. Magor-missabib. Jer. ix. 3. In his (the cv. 8. 11. Thou wilt perform the truth to Messiah's) days, Judah shall be saved, and Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of whereby he shall be called, the Lord our old. Micah. vii. 20. He hath holpen his Righteousness. Jer. xxiii. 6. And she (Mary) servant Israel in remembrance of his mercy. shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his As he spake to our fathers, to Abraham, and name Jesus, for he shall save his people from to his seed, for ever. To perform the mercy their sins. Behold a virgin shall be with promised to our fathers, and to remember his child, and shall bring forth a son, and they holy covenant, that we might serve him in shall call his name Emmanuel, which being in- holiness and righteousness, before him all the terpreted is “ God with us." Matt. i. 21. 23. days of our life. Luke i. 54, 55. 72. 75. Who And he (Andrew), brought him to Jesus, and are Israelites ? To whom pertaineth the adopwhen Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art tion, and the glory, and the covenants, and Simon, the son of Jonas; thou shalt be called the giving of the law, and the service of God, Cephas, which is by interpretation a “stone," and the promises ? They which are the chil(or Peter"). John i. 42. He that hath an dren of the flesh, these are not the children of ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto God; but the children of promise are counted the churches. To him that overcometh will for the seed: for this is the word of promise ; at I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will this time will I come, and Sara shall have a give him a white stone, and in the stone a son. Rom. ix. 4. 8, 9. And this I say, that new name written, which no man knoweth, the covenant, that was confirmed before of saving he that receiveth it. Rev. ii. 17. God in Christ, the law, which was four hun.

Por a father of many nations.] As it is dred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, written, I have made thee a father of many that it should make the promise of none effect. nations. Rom. iv. 17.

Gal. iii. 17. You hath he quickened, who were 6 Nations of thee, &c.] See com. verse 4. dead in trespasses and sins, wherein, in time And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: be past, ye walked according to the course of this hold I have blessed him, and will make him world, according to the prince of the power of fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly. the air, the spirit that now worketh in the Gen. xvii. 20.

children of disobedience. Eph. ii. 2. Kings shall come out of thee.) She (Sarai) shall A God unto thee.] I am the God of Abrabe a mother of nations; kings of people shall ham thy father. Gen. xxvi. 24. And behold be of her: twelve princes shall "he” (Ish the Lord stood above "it" (“ Jacob's ladder"), mael) beget. Gen. xvii. 16. (20. And these and said, I am the Lord God of Abraham thy are the kings that reigned in the land of father, and the God of Isaac. Gen. xxviii. 13. Edom, before there reigned any king over I am the God of thy father, the God of Abrathe children of Israel; Bela, Jobab, Husham, ham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Hadad, Samlah, Saul, Baal-hanan, and Hadar. Exod. iii. 6. And God said moreover unto Gen. xxxvi. 31-39. There have been mighty Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children kings also over Jerusalem, which have ruled of Israel ; the Lord God of your fathers, the over all countries beyond the river. Ezek. God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the iv. 20. And Jesse begat David the king, God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you. Bunda and David the king begat Solomon of her iji. 15. And I will walk among you, and will

I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and I will be their God. And God said unto Abraham, 9 Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations. This is my covenant, which ye shall 10


be your God, and ye shall be my people. be an everlasting statute unto you, to make Levit. xxvi. 12. I am the Lord thy God an atonement for the children of Israel for all which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, their sins once a year. Levit. xvi. 34. And he Ps. Ixxxi. 10. And they shall know, that I (Phinehas), the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron an the Lord their God. Ezek. xxviii. 26. the priest, shall have it, and his seed after I am the God of Abraham, and the God of him, even the covenant of an everlasting priestIsaac, and the God of Jacob : God is not the hood. Numb. xxv. 13. When the Most High God of the dead, but of the living. Matt. divided to the nations their inheritance, when xxii. 32. I will be to them a God, and they he separated the sons of Adam, he set the shall be to me a people. Heb. viii. 10. Where- bounds of the people according to the number fore God is not ashamed to be called their of the children of Israel. Deut. xxxii. 8. God. Heb. xi. 16.

Although my house (said David) be not so To thy seed, &c.] Now therefore, if ye with God, yet he hath made with me an everwill obey my voice indeed, and keep my lasting covenant, ordered in all things and covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure 2 Sam, xxiii. 5. But the mercy of the unto me, above all people, for all the earth is Lord is from everlasting to everlasting, upon mine, and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of them that fear him, and his righteousness to priests and an holy nation. Exod. xix. 5, 6, children's children. Ps. ciii. 17. And for Suffer the little children to come unto me, this cause, he is the Mediator of the new and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom testament; that by the means of death, for of God. Mark x. 14. For the promise is the redemption of the transgressions, that unto you (said Peter to the Jews), and to were under the first testament, they which your children. Acts ii. 39. Neither because are called might receive the promise of eternal they are the seed of Abraham, are they all inheritance. Heb. ix. 15. children: they which are the children of the Their God.] And I will take you to me flesh, these are not the children of God; but for a people, and I will be to you a God, and the children of the promise are counted for ye shall know that I am the Lord your God. the seed: for this is the word of promise, at Exod. vi. 7. And I will walk among you this time will I come, and Sara shall have a and be your God, and ye shall be my people. son. Rom. ix. 7, 8, 9.

Levit. xxvi. 12. And because he loved thy 8 I will give unto thee, &c.] See com. chap. fathers, therefore he chose their seed after xii. 7. See com. xiii. 15. 17. See com. xv. them, and brought thee out in his sight with 7. 21.

his mighty power, out of Egypt. Deut. iv. 37. Wherein thou art a stranger.] I am a stranger For thou art an holy people unto the Lord, and a sojourner with you (said Abraham to thy God; and the Lord hath chosen thee to the sons of Heth). Gen. xxiii. 4. God Almighty be a peculiar people unto himself, above all bless thee (said Isaac to Jacob), that thou the nations that are upon the earth. Deut. mayest inherit the land, wherein thou art a xiv, 2. And the Lord hath avouched thee stranger. Gen. xxviii. 4.

this day to be his peculiar people. Deut. Everlasting possession, &c.] I will give this xxvi. 18. Ye stand this day, all of you, before land to thy seed after thee, for an everlasting the Lord your God, that he may establish possession. Gen. xlviii. 4. If the servant thee to-day, for a people unto himself, and that shall plainly say I love my master, my wife he may be unto thee a God. Deut. xxix. 13. and my children, I will not go out free; then 9 Keep my covenant, &c.] All the paths his master shall bring him (the servant) unto of the Lord are mercy and truth, unto such as the judges; he shall also bring him unto the keep his covenant, and his testimonies. Ps. door, or unto the door-post, and his master xxv. 10. But the mercy of the Lord is from shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he everlasting to everlasting, to such as keep his shall serve him for ever. Exod. xxi. 6. Where


Ps. ciii. 18. For thus saith the føre the children of Israel shall keep the sab- Lord unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, bath, to observe the sabbath throughout their that choose the things that please me, and generations, for a perpetual covenant: it is a take hold of my covenant; even unto them will sign between me and the children of Israel I give in mine house, and within my walls, a for ever. Erod. xxxi. 16, 17. For their place and a name better than of sons and of (Aaron's and his sons') anointing shall surely daughters ; I will give them an everlasting be an everlasting priesthood throughout their name, that shall not be cut off. Isa. lvi. generations. Exod. xl. 15. And this shall 4, 5.


keep, between me and you, and thy seed after thee; Every man11 child among you shall be circumcised. And ye shall circumcise

the flesh of your foreskin ; and it shall be a token of the covenant 12 betwixt me and you. And he that is eight days old shall be cir

cumcised among you, every man-child in your generations, he that

10 Every man child.] See verse 11. In Rom. iv. 9. 11. Is any man called being cirthis will we (the sons of Jacob) consent unto cumcised? Let him not become uncircumyou (the Shechemites) if ye will be as we be, cised. Is any called in uncircumcision? Let that every male of you be circumcised. Gen. him not be circumcised. Circumcision is xxxiv. 15. And when a stranger shall sojourn nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but with thee, and will keep the passover to the the keeping of the commandments of God. Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and I Cor. vii. 18, 19. There is neither Jew nor then let him come near and keep it. Exod. Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there xii. 48. Circumcise therefore the foreskin of is neither male nor female; for ye are all one your heart, and be no more stiff-necked. in Christ Jesus. Gal. iji. 28. For I testify Deut. x. 16. And the Lord thy God will again to every man that is circumcised, that circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy he is a debtor to do the whole law; for in seed, to love the Lord thy God with all thine Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which live. Deut. xxx. 6. At that time, the Lord worketh by love. Gal. v. 3. 6. As many as said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives, desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they and circumcise again the children of Israel a constrain you to be circumcised, only lest they second time. And Joshua made him sharp should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. knives, and circumcised the children at the Gal. vi. 12. Wherefore remember that ye, hill of the foreskins. And this is the cause being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who why Joshua did circumcise : all the people that are called uncircumcision, by that which is came out of Egypt, that were males, even all called the circumcision in the flesh made by the men of war, died in the wilderness by the hands; that at that time ye were without way after they came out of Egypt. Josh. v. Christ : but now in Christ Jesus, ye who 2, 3, 4. Circumcise yourselves to the Lord, sometimes were far off are made nigh by the and take away the foreskin of your heart, ye blood of Christ. Ephes. ii. 11, 12, 13. For men of Judah, and inhabitants of Jerusalem. we are the circumcision, which worship God Jer. iv. 4. Behold the days come, saith the in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and Lord, that I will punish all them which are have no confidence in the flesh. Phil. iii. 3. circumcised with the uncircumcised ; Egypt, In “whom” (“ Christ") also ye are circumcised and Judah, and Edom, and the children of with the circumcision made without hands, Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, utmost corners that dwell in the wilderness; by the circumcision of Christ : buried with for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the with him through the faith of the operation of heart. Jer. ix. 25, 26. And he gave “him” God, who hath raised him from the dead. (Abraham”), the covenant of circumcision. Col. ii. 11, 12. Acts vii. 8. For he is not a Jew which is one 11 See verse 10, and com. outwardly, neither is that circumcision which The flesh.] And Saul said, thus shall ye is outward in the flesh; but he is a Jew which say to David, the king desireth not any dowry, is one inwardly, and circumcision is that of but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But whose praise is not of men, but of God. Rom. Saul thought to make David fall by the hand ii. 28, 29. What advantage then hath the of the Philistines. Wherefore David arose, Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision ? and went, he and his men, and slew of the Much every way: chiefly becausc that unto Philistines two hundred men; and David them were conmitted the oracles of God. brought their foreskins, and they gave them Rom. iii. 1. 2. It is one God which shall in full tale to the king, that he might be the justify the circumcision by faith, and uncir- king's son-in-law. 1 Sam. xviii. 25. 27. And cumcision through faith. Rom. iii. 30. Cometh David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth Saul's this blessedness then upon the circumcision son, saying, deliver me my wife Michal, which only, or upon the uncircumcision also ? For I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of we say, that faith was reckoned to Abraham the Philistines. 2 Sam. iii. 14. for righteousness. He (Abraham) received the A token, &c.) And he gave him (Abrahan) sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness the covenant of circumcision. Acts vii, 8. of the faith which he had yet being uncircum- And he received the sign of circumcision, a cised, that he might be the father of all them seal of the righteousness of the faith which he that believe, though they be not circumcised. had yet being uncircumcisied. Rom. iv. II.

is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. He that is born in thy house, and he that is 13 bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. And 14 the uncircumcised man-child, whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people ; he hath

12 He that is born in the house.] And off from Israel; whosoever eateth that which is Abraham took Ishmael and all that were born leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from in his house, and all that were bought with the congregation of Israel, whether he be a his money, every male among the men of stranger or born in the land. Exod. xii. 15. 19. Abraham's house, and circumcised the flesh of Whosoever compoundeth any (anointing oil) their foreskin. Gen. xvii. 23. And when a like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will stranger, shall even be cut off from his people ; keep the passover to the Lord, let all his whosoever shall make like unto that (perfume) males be circumcised, and then let him come to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his near and keep it; and he shall be as one born people. Exod. xxx. 33. 38. But the soul that in the land : one law shall be to him that is eateth of the flesh of the sacrifice of peacehome-born, and unto the stranger that so offerings that pertain unto the Lord, even that journeth among you. Exod. xii. 48, 49. soul shall be cut off from his people; more

13 Born in thy house.] See com. Gen. xiv. over the soul that shall touch any unclean 14. Every man's servant that is bought for thing, as the uncleanness of man, or any unmoney, when thou hast circumcised him, then clean beast, or any abominable unclean thing, shall be eat thereof (of the paschal lamb). and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peaceExod. xii. 44. If his master have given “him" offerings which pertain unto the Lord, even (the servant") a wife, and she have borne that soul shall be cut off from his people : him sons, or daughters, the wife and her children whosoever eateth the fat of the beast of which shall be her master's, and he shall go out by men offer an offering made by fire unto the himself. Exod. xxi. 4.

Lord, even the soul that eateth it shall be cut Bought with money.] Come (said Judah to off from his people : whatsoever soul it be that the sons of Israel) and let us sell him to the eateth any manner of blood, even that soul Ishmaelites, and let not our hand be upon shall be cut off from his people. Lev. vii. 20, “him” (our brother Joseph"); and the Mi- 21. 25. 27. Whosoever shall commit any of dianites sold him (Joseph) into Egypt unto these abominations (unlawful marriages and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain unlawful lusts), even the souls that commit of the guard. Gen. xxxvii. 27. 36. And them shall be cut off from among their people. Joseph was brought down to Egypt, and Po- Lev. xviii. 29. Every one that eateth it (the tiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, bought him of the peace-offering), shall bear his iniquity, because hands of the Ishmaelites, which had brought he hath profaned the hallowed thing of the him down thither. Gen. xxxix. 1. And if Lord, and that soul shall be cut off from thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he among his people. Lev. xix. 8. The soul shall serve, and in the seventh he shall go out that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be free for nothing. Exod. xxi. 2. And he that born in the land or a stranger, the same restealeth a man and selleth him, or if he be proacheth the Lord, and that soul shall be cut found in his hand, he shall surely be put to off from among his people: because he hath death. Erod. xxi. 16. And I (Nehemiah) despised the word of the Lord, and hath said unto them (the nobles and rulers, exacting broken his commandment, that soul shall usury), we, after our ability, have redeemed utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon our brethren, the Jews, which were sold unto him. Numb. xv. 30, 31. Now all the people the heathen; and will ye even sell your bre that came out were circumcised. Josh. v. 5. thren? or shall they be sold unto us? Nehem. Broken my covenant.] He hath put forth v. 8. But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his his hands against such as be at peace with lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, him; he hath broken his covenant. Ps. Iv. 20. and children, and all that he had, and pay- The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants ment to be made. Matt. xviii. 25.

thereof, because they have transgressed the 14 Cut off from his people.] And it came laws, changed the ordinances, broken the everto pass, by the way, in the inn, that the Lord lasting covenant. Isa. xxiv. 5. He hath met him and sought to kill him ; then she broken the covenant, he hath despised the (Zipporah) said (after circumcising her son), a cities, he regardeth no man. Isa. xxxiii. 8. bloody husband thou art, because of the cir- The house of Israel and the house of Judah cumcision. Exod. iv. 24. 26. Whosoever have broken my covenant which I made with eateth unleavened bread, from the first day their fathers. Jer. xi. 10. Which (my countil the seventh day, that soul shall be cut venant) they brake, although I was an hus

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