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Lord out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the 25 plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. But his wife looked back from behind him, and 26 she became a pillar of salt. And Abraham gat up early in the 27 morning to the place where he stood before the Lord : And he 28 looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as " the smoke of a furnace. And it came to pass, when God destroyed 29 the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent

you, that it shall be more tolerable for the land and abundance of idleness was in her and in of Sodom in the day of judgement than for her daughters, &c. And they were haughty, thee. Matt. xi. 23, 24. As it was in the days and committed abomination before me, thereof Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, fore I took them away as I saw good. Ezek. they sold, they planted, they builded; but the xvi. 49, 50. I will stand upon my watch, and same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained set me upon the tower, and will watch to see fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed what he will say unto me, and what I shall them all. Luke xvii. 28, 29. And (God) answer when I am reproved. Hab. ii. 1. turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah Therefore we ought to give the more earnest into ashes, condemned them with an over- heed to the things which we have heard, lest throw, making them an ensample unto those at any time we should let them slip. Hab. ii. l. that after should live ungodly. 2 Pet. ii. 6. 28 And, lo, the smoke of the country.] A Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities fruitful land (maketh he) into barrenness, for about them, in like manner giving themselves the wickedness of them that dwell therein. over to fornication, and going after strange Ps. cvii. 34. And (God) delivered just Lot, flesh, are set forth an example, suffering the vexed with the filthy conversation of the vengeance of eternal fire. Jude 7.

wicked. 2 Pet. ii. 7. Even as Sodom and 33 All the plain.] And Lot lifted up his Gomorrah, and the cities about them, in like eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan. Gen. manner, giving themselves over to fornication, aji. 10. All these (the four kings) were joined and going after strange flesh, are set forth for together in the vale of Siddim, which is the an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal salt sea. Gen. xiv. 3. A fruitful land (he fire. Jude 7. The same (that worship the turneth) into barrenness, for the wickedness of beast) shall drink of the wine of the wrath of them that dwell therein. Ps. cvii. 34. God, which is poured out without mixture

26 Looked back.] Look not behind thee. into the cup of his indignation; and he shall Gen. xix. 17. The backslider in heart shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the be filled with his own ways. Prov. xiv. 14. presence of the holy angels, and in the preIn that day, he which shall be upon the house sence of the Lamb; and the smoke of their top, and his stuff in the house, let him not torment ascendeth up for ever and ever, and come down to take it away; and he that is in they have no rest day nor night who worship the field, let him likewise not return back; the beast and his image, and whosoever reremember Lot's wife. Luke xvii. 31, 32. Now ceiveth the mark of his name. Rev. xiv. 10, 11. the just shall live by faith ; but if any man The kings of the earth who have committed draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in fornication and lived deliciously with “her" him. , Heb. x. 38.

(Babylon") shall bewail her and lament for She became a pillar of salt.] The censers of her, when they shall see the smoke of her these sinners against their own souls, let them burning. And (the merchants and mariners) make them broad plates for a covering of the cried when they saw the smoke of their burnaltar; for they offered them before the Lord, ing, saying, What city is like unto this great therefore they are hallowed; and they shall be city! Rev. xviii. 9. 18. And again they (the a sign unto the children of Israel. Num. great voice of much people in heaven) said xvi. 38.

Alleluia, and her smoke rose up for ever and 27 Early in the morning.] My voice shalt ever. And he (the angel) said unto me, Write, thou hear in the morning, O Lord; in the Blessed are they which are called to the marmorning will I direct my prayer unto thee, riage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto and will look up. Ps. v. 3.

me, These are the true sayings of God. Rev. To the place where he stood, &c.] And the xix. 3. 9. But the fearful and the unbelievmen turned their faces from thence, and went ing, and the abominable, and murderers, and toward Sodom; but Abraham stood yet before whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, the Lord; and the Lord went his way as soon and all liars, shall have their part in the lake as he had left communing with Abraham. which burneth with fire and brimstone ; which Gen. xviii. 22. 33, Behold this was the iniquity is the second death. Rev. xxi. 8. of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, 29 God remembered Abraham.] And God

Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities 30 in the which Lot dwelt. And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt

in the mountain, and his two daughters with him ; for he feared to

dwell in Zoar : and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters. 31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and

there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner 32 of all the earth. Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we

remembered Noah and every living thing and minded man is unstable in all his ways. all the cattle that was with him in the ark. James i. 8. Gen. viii. l. See com, on Gen. viii. 1. and xii. Zoar.) See Gen. xiii. 10. and com. and 2. with com. And the men turned their faces Gen. xiv. 22. from thence, and went toward Sodom: but 31 Not a man in the earth.] And he looked Abraham stood yet before the Lord. And the toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all Lord went his way as soon as he left commun- the land of the plain, and beheld, and lo, the ing with Abraham. Gen. xviii. 22. 33. Not smoke of the country went up as the smoke for thy righteousness or for the uprightness of of a furnace. Gen. xix. 28. For he wist not thine heart dost "thou” (Israel") go to pos- what to say; for they were sore afraid. Mark sess their land; but for the wickedness of ix. 6. those " nations" (" of Canaan") the Lord thy To come in unto us.] And Adam knew his God doth drive them out from before thee, and wife Eve, and she conceived. Gen. iv. l. When that he may perform the word which the Lord the sons of God came in unto the daughters of swore unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and men, and they bare children unto them, the Jacob. Deut. ix. 5. Remember me, O my same became mighty men, &c. Gen. vi. 4 1 God, concerning this, and wipe not out my pray thee (said Sarai to Abram) go in anto good deeds that I have done for the house of my maid ; it may be that I may obtain chilmy God, and for the offices thereof. And re- dren by her. And he went in unto Hagar, member me, O my God, concerning this also, and she conceived. Gen. xvi. 2. 4. And and spare me according to the greatness of Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brothy mercy. Neh. xiii. 14. 22. Remember ther's wife, and marry, and raise up seed to not the sins of my youth, nor my transgres- thy brother. Gen. xxxvïï. 8. And she (Tasions : according to thy mercy, remember thou mar) put her widow's garments off from her, me, for thy goodness' sake, O Lord. Ps. xxv. and covered her with a veil, and wrapped 7. He (the Lord) hath remembered his cove- herself, and sat in an open place, which is by nant for ever, the word which he commanded the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah to a thousand generations. For he remem. was grown, and she was not given unto him bered his holy promise, and Abraham his ser- to wife, &c. Gen. xxxviii. 9. 14. and through vant. Ps. cv. 8. 42. The Lord preserveth out to verse 30. If brethren dwell together, all them that love him. Ps. cxly. 20. Then and one of them die and have no child, the shall ye remember your own evil ways and wife of the dead shall not marry without unto your doings that were not good, and shall a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in loathe yourselves in your own sight for your unto her, and take her to him to wife, and iniquities and for your abominations. Not perform the duty of a husband's brother unto for your sakes do I this, saith the Lord God, her. Deut. xxv. 5. And in that day seven be it known unto you. Be ashamed and con- women shall take hold of one man, saying, We founded for your own ways, 0 house of Israel. will eat our own bread, and wear our own spEzek. xxxvi. 31, 32. How shall I give thee parel; only let us be called by thy name, to up, Ephraim? How shall I deliver thee, Israel? take away our reproach. Isa. iv. i. &c. Hosea xi. 8.

32 Come, &c.] See Gen. xi. 3. 30 Lat went up out of Zoar.] See verse 17. Drink wine, &c.) And “he" (" Noah") The sun was risen upon the earth, when Lot drank wine, and was drunken; and he was entered into Zoar. Gen. xix. 23.

uncovered in his tent. Gen. ix. 21. Look He feared to dwell in Zoar.] Unstable as not thou upon the wine when it is red, when water, thou (Reuben) shalt not excel, because it giveth his colour in the cup. Thine eyes thou wentest up to thy father's bed. Gen. shall behold strange women, and thine heart xlix. 4. Why gaddest thou about so much to shall utter perverse things. Pr. xxiii. 31.5 change thy way (Judah)? Thou also shalt be Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour ashamed, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria ; drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and yea, thou shalt go forth from him, and thine makest him drunken also, that thou mayest hands upon thine head; for the Lord hath look on their nakedness. Thou art filled with rejected thy confidences, and thou shalt not shame for glory; drink thou also, &c. The prosper in them. Jer. ii. 36, 37. A double-cup of the Lord's right hand shall be turned

will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. And 33 they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. And it came to pass on the mor- 34 row, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father : let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. And they made their father drink wine that night also: 35 and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. Thus were both the 36 daughters of Lot with child by their father. And the firstborn 37 bare a son, and called his name Moab; the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day. And the younger, she also bare a 38

into thee, and shameful spewing shall be on death the woman whose heart is snares and the glory. Hab. i. 15, 16.

nets, and her hands as bands. Whoso pleaseth Seed of our father.] None of you shall ap- God shall escape from her; but the sinner proach to any that is near of kin to him. shall be taken by her. Ec. vii. 26. And Lex. xviii. 6. Master, Moses wrote unto us, take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your If a man's brother die, and leave his wife hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and behind him, and leave no children, that his drunkenness. Lu. xxi. 34. Now all these brother should take his wife, and raise up seed things happened unto them for ensamples, and unto his brother. Mark xii. 19.

they are written for our admonition, upon 33 Drink wine.] See com. verse 32. Wine whom the ends of the world are come. Whereis a mocker, strong drink is raging, and who fore let him that thinketh he standeth, take soever is deceived thereby is not wise. Pr. heed lest he fall. I Co. x. 11, 12 I. l. Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? 36 Were both the daughters, &c.] See ver. who hath contentions? who hath babbling? 8. and Le. xviii. 6, 7. at ver. 33. And Adoniwho hath wounds without cause? who hath bezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having rednes of eyes? They that tarry long at the their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gawine; they that go to seek mixed wine. They thered their meat under my table: as I have have stricken me, shalt thou say, and I was done, so God hath requited me. And they not sick; they have beaten me, and I felt it brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. not: when shall I awake? Pr. xxiii. 29. 30. 35. Ju. i. 7. And Samuel said, as thy sword hath

34 I lay yesternight, &c.] The show of made women childless, so shall thy mother be their countenance (of Jerusalem and Judah) childless among women. And Samuel hewed doth witness against them, and they declare Agag in pieces before the Lord in Gilgal. their sin as Sodom, they hide it not: woe unto 1 Sa. xv. 33. See He. ii. 15. at ver. 32. For their soul, for they have rewarded evil unto with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be themselves. Is. iii. 9. Therefore the showers judged ; and with what measure ye mete, it have been withholden, and there hath been no shall be measured to you again. Matt. vii. 2. latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's fore- 37 Moabites.] Woe to thee, Moab; thou head, thou refusedst to be ashamed. Je. iii. 3. art undone, Opeople of Chemosh: he hath O Lord, are not thine eyes upon the truth? given his sons that escaped and his daughters Thou hast stricken them, but they have not into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites. grieved ; thou hast consumed them, but they Nu. xxi. 29. And the children of Israel set have refused to receive correction; they have forward and pitched in the plains of Moab, made their faces harder than a rock; they and Moab was sore afraid of the people. Nu. have refused to return. Je. v. 3. Were they xxii. 1. &c. There shall come a star out of astamed when they had committed abomina- Jacob, and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel, tion! Nay, they were not at all ashamed, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and deneither could they blush. Therefore they stroy all the children of Sheth. Nu. xxiv. 17. shall fall among them that fall; at the time &c. And the Lord said unto me, Distress not that I visit them, they shall be cast down, saith the Moabites, neither contend with them in the Lord. Je. vi. 15. and viji. 12.

battle, for I will not give thee of their land 36 That night also. What is man that for a possession, because I have given Ar unto thou (God) art mindful of him, and the son of the children of Lot for a possession. And man that thou visitest him? Ps. viii. 4. For when thou comest nigh over against the chila just man falleth seven times, and riseth up dren of Ammon, distress them not, nor meddle again: but the wicked shall fall into mischief. with them, for I will not give thee of the land 17. xxiv. 16. And I find more bitter than of the children of Ammon any possession, be,

son, and called his name Ben-ammi : the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.

CHAPTER XX. 1 AND Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country,

and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar. 2 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister : and Abi

cause I have given it unto the children of Lot salt-pits, and a perpetual desolation. The for a possession. Deut. ii. 9. 19. An Am- residue of my people shall spoil them, and the monite or Moabite shall not enter into the remnant of my people shall possess them. congregation of the Lord. Even to their tenth Zeph. ii. 9. generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the Lord for ever. De. xxiii. 3. Chap. XX.-- From thence, &c.] And Now these are the nations which the Lord left Abram went up out of Egypt, he and his to prove Israel by them, namely, five lords wife and all that he had, and Lot with him of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and into the south. Ge. xiii. 1. And the Lord the Sidonians, and the Hivites, &c. Ju. iii. appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre. 1, &c. Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the Ge. xviii. 1. And Isaac came from the way wife of Mahlon, have I purchased (said Boaz) of the well Lahai-roi: for he dwelt in the to be my wife, to raise up the name of the south country. Ge. xxiv. 62. dead upon his inheritance. Ru. iv. 10. And Kadesh, &c.] See chap. xiv. 7. and com. he (David) smote Moab, and measured them And the angel of the Lord found her (Hagar) with a line, casting them down to the ground. by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by And so the Moabites became David's servants, the fountain in the way of Shur. Ge. xvi. 7. and brought gifts. 2 Sa. viii. 2, &c. And And they (who went to search the land) went Mesha, king of Moab, was a sheep-master, and and came to Moses and to Aaron, and to all rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred the congregation of the children of Israel, thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh. Nu. rams with wool. 2 Ki. 3, 4, &c.

xiii. 26. And behold "we" ("the children of Children of Ammon.] See com. verse 37. Israel") are in Kadesh, a city in the utterinost * Moab." And the children of Israel did evil of thy border. Nu. xx. 16. Because ye tresagain in the sight of the Lord, and served the passed against me, among the children of gods of Moab and the gods of the children of Israel, at the waters of Meribar-Kadesh, in Ammon; and forsook the Lord, and served not the wilderness of Zin, die in the mount him. Ju. x. 6. What man is he said the whither thou goest up, and be gathered uuto people and princes of Gilead) that will begin thy people, as Aaron thy brother died in to fight against the children of Ammon? He mount Hor, and was gathered unto his people. shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead. De, xxxii. 51. 50. And Saul smote the AmsJu. x. 18. and chap. xi. 1 Sa. xi. and 2 Sa. x. lekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, On that day they read in the book of Moses that is over against Egypt. 1 Sa. xv. 7. in the audience of the people, and therein 2 Said of Sarah, &c.] See com. on chap. was found written that the Ammonite and the xii. 11. 13. And Jehu went out to meet him, Moabite should not come into the congrega- and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou tion of God for ever. Ne. xiii. 1. 3. 23. 28. help the ungodly, and love them that hate the Come, and let us cut them off from being a Lord? Therefore is wrath upon thee from nation (said the enemies of Israel), that the before the Lord. 2 Chr. xix. 2. Because name of Israel may be no more in remem- thou hast joined thyself (Jehoshaphat) with brance; for they (the confederacy of her ene. Ahaziah, the Lord hath broken thy works. mies) have consulted together with one con- 2 Chr. xx. 37. Howbeit in the business of the sent. The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ish- ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who maelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; Gebal, sent unto him to inquire of the wonder that and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines, was done in the land, God left him (Hezekiak) with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assur also is to try him, that he might know all that was joined with them : they have holpen the chil- in his heart. 2 Chr. xxxii. 31. For a just dren of Lot. Ps. Ixxxiii. 4-8. They (the man falleth seven times, and riseth up again; dispersed of Judah) shall lay their hand upon but the wicked shall fall into mischief. Pr. Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon xxiv. 16. For there is not a just man upon shall obey them. Is. xi. 14. Surely Moab earth, that doeth good and sinneth nol. E. shall be as Sodom, and the children of Ammon vii. 20. But when Peter was come to Antioch, as Gomorrah, even the breeding of nettles, and I withstood him to the face, because he was

melech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah. But God came to 3 Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a man's wife. But Abimelech had not come near her: and he 4 said, Lord, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation? Said he not 5 unto me, She is my sister and she, even she herself said, He is my brother: in the integrity of my heart and innocency of my

to be blamed : for before that certain came to Abimelech in a dream), and he shall pray for from James, he did eat with the Gentiles; but thee, and thou shalt live : and if thou restore when they were come, he withdrew and sepa- her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, rated himself, fearing them which were of the thou and all that are thine. Ge. xx. 7. He circumcision. Gal. ii. 11, 12. Lie not one (the Lord) suffered no man to do them (Israel) to another. Col. iii. 9.

wrong ; yea, he reproved kings for their sakes. Abimelech, &c.] See com. on chap. xii. 15. Ps. cv. 14. When I say unto the wicked, Thou And Isaac went unto Abimelech, king of the shalt surely die ; if he turn from his sin, and Philistines, unto Gerar. And Abimelech said do that which is lawful and right; if the unto Isaae, Go from us, for thou art much wicked restore the pledge, give again that he mightier than we. Ge. xxvi. 1. 16.

had robbed, walk in the statutes of life, with3 A dream by night, &c.] And he (Jacob) out committing iniquity, he shall surely live, dreamed, and behold a ladder set upon thé he shall not die. Ex. xxxiii. 14, 15. And earth, and the top of it reached to heaven, and Jonah began to enter into the city a day's behold the angels of God ascending and de- journey, and he cried and said, Yet forty days scending on it. Ge. xxviii. 12. And God came and Nineveh shall be overthrown. Jon. iii. 4. to Laban, the Syrian, in a dream by night, 4 Had not come near, &c.] And God said and said unto him, Take heed that thou speak unto him (Abimelech) in a dream, Yea, I know not to Jacob either good or bad. Ge. xxxi. 24. that thou didst this in the integrity of thy And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning his brethren: and they hated him yet the against me, therefore suffered I thee not to more. And he dreamed yet another dream, touch her. For the Lord had fast closed up and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, have dreamed a drearn more. And behold, the because of Sarah, Abraham's wife. Ge. xx. bun, and the moon, and the eleven stars made 6. 18. obeisance to me. Ge. xxxvii. 5. 9. And they Wilt thou slay, &c.] So Abraham prayed (the butter and baker of Pharaoh) said unto unto God, and God healed Abimelech, and his *him" (" Joseph") We have dreamed a dream, wife, and his maid-servants, and they bare and there is no interpreter of it. Ge. xl. 8. children. Ge. xx. 17. See chap. xviii. 23. 25. And it came to pass at the end of two full and com. Then the Lord rained upon Sodom years, that Pharaoh dreamed, and behold he and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from stood by the river, &c. Ge. xli. 1, &c. Now the Lord out of heaven. Ge. xix. 24. When a thing was secretly brought to me, and mine one told me (said David), Behold, Saul is dead, ear received a little thereof. In thoughts I took hold of him and slew him, &c. How from the visions of the night, when deep sleep much more, when wicked men have slain “ a falleth on men. Job iv. 12, 13. (For God righteous person” (Ish-bosheth'') in his own speaketh) In a dream, in a vision of the house, upon his bed. Shall I not, therefore, night, when deep sleep falleth upon men in now require his blood of “ your" hand shamberings upon the bed. Job xxxiii, 15. (Rechab and Baanah"), and take you away But while he (Joseph, the husband of Mary,) from the earth ? 2 Sa. iv. 10, 11. And David thought on these things, behold, the angel of said unto God, is it not I that commanded the "the Lord appeared unto him in a dream. people to be numbered ? Even I it is that Mat. i. 20. And (the wise men) being warned have sinned, and done evil indeed; but as for of God in a dream that they should not return these sheep, what have they done? Let thine to Herod, they departed into their own coun- hand, I pray thee, O Lord my God, be on me, try another way. And when they were de- and on my father's house, but not on thy parted, behold the angel of the Lord appeareth people, that they should be plagued. 1 Chr. to Joseph in a dream, &c. Mat. ii. 12, 13. xxi. 17. When he (Pilate) was set down on the judg- 5 In the integrity, &c.] The Lord God of ment-seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, gods, the Lord God of gods, he knoweth, and Have thou nothing to do with that just man; Israel he shall know (said the children of for I have suffered many things this day in a Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh) if it be in rebeldream because of him. Mat. xxvii. 19. lion, or if in transgression against the Lord

A dead man, &c.] Now, therefore, restore (save us not this day), that we have built us the man his wife, for he is a prophet (said God an altar, &c. Jos. xxii. 22. And if thou

VOL. I.

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