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the Lord God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea,
hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the 3 fruit of the trees of the garden : But of the fruit of the tree,
which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall 4 not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the ser5 pent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God
xxvii. 1. Be ye therefore wise as serpents, like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear. and harmless as doves. Matt. x. 16. But I Ps. lviii. 4. fear, lest by any means as the serpent beguiled 3 But of the fruit, &c.] See chap. ii. 16, 17. Eve, through his subtilty, so your minds Touch it, &c.] Therefore suffered I thee should be corrupted from the simplicity that (said God in a dream to Abimelech) not to is in Christ. 2 Cor. xi. 3. Satan himself is touch her (Sarah). Gen. xx. 6. And "thou" transformed into an angel of light. 2 Cor. xi. (“ Moses”) shalt set bounds unto the people 14. And the great dragon was cast out, that round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, old serpent, called the Devil and Satan, which that ye go not up into the mount (Sinai) or deceiveth the whole world : he was cast out touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the into the earth, and his angels were cast out mountain shall be surely put to death. There with him. Rev. xii. 9. And he (the angel) shall not an hand touch it. E.rod. xix. 12, 13. laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets is the devil, &c. and cast him into the bottom- no harm. 1 Chron. xvi. 22. But put forth less pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon thy hand now, and touch all that "he" (Job") him, that he should deceive the nations no hath, and he will curse " thee" (" the Lord") more, till the thousand years should be ful- to thy face, (saith Satan). Job i. 11. Put filled, and after that he must be loosed a little forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and
Rev. xx. 3. Ye are of your father his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face. the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will Job ii. 5. The hand of God hath touched me. do (said Jesus to the Pharisees, &c.): he was Job xix. 21. It is good for a man not to touch a murderer from the beginning, and abode not
1 Cor. vii. l. Wherefore come in the truth, because there is no truth in him; out from among them, and be ye separate, when he speaketh a lie he speaketh of his saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean own: for he is a liar and the father of it. thing. 2 Cor. vi. 17. Touch not, taste not, John viii. 44.
handle not (the legal ceremonies). Col. ii. 21. He said unto the woman, &c.] And the 4 Said unto, &c.] Ye are of your father Lord opened the mouth of the ass, and she the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will said unto Balaam, What have I done unto do. He was a murderer from the beginning, thee, that thou hast smitten me these three and abode not in the truth, because there is times? And Balaam said unto the ass, be- no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he cause thou hast mocked me; I would there speaketh of his own, for he is a liar and the were a sword in mine hand, for now would I father of it. John viii. 44. kill thee. Numb. xxii. 28, 29. For if they Ye shall not surely die, &c.] The serpent fall (the two that are better than one) the one beguiled me, and I did eat. Gen. iii. 13. will lift up his fellow, but woe to him that is Keep therefore the words of this covenant and alone when he falleth, for he hath not another do them, that ye may prosper in all that ye do. to help him up. Eccles. iv. 10. Likewise ye Deut. xxix. 9. Then Moab rebelled against husbands, dwell with them (your wives) ac- Israel, after the death of Ahab. (And Ahaziah cording to knowledge, giving honour unto the was sick and sent messengers to enquire of Baalwife as unto the weaker vessel. 1 Pet. iii. 7. zebub, whether he should recover.) Now there.
Yea, hath God said, &c.] And when the fore thus saith the Lord. Thou (Ahaziah) tempter came to him (Christ) he said, If thou shalt not come down from that bed on which be the Son of God, command that these stones thou art gone up, but shalt surely die. 2 Kings be made bread. If thou be the Son of God, i, 1. 4. 6. 16. And Elisha said unto him cast thyself down, for it is written, He shall (Hazael), Go, say unto him (Benhadad) thou give his angels charge concerning thee, and in mayest certainly recover: howbeit the Lord their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at hath shewed me, that he shall surely die. any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. 2 Kings viii. 10. He (the wicked man) hath All these things (the kingdoms of the world said in his heart, God hath forgotten. He and the glory of them) (saith Satan) will I give hideth his face, He will never see it. Ps. s. ll. thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. For your sakes (said Paul) forgave I it in the (Matt. iv. 3. 6. 9.
person of Christ, lest Satan should get an ad. 2 Serpent, &c.] Their poison is like the vantage of us, for we are not ignorant of his poison of a serpent. They (the wicked) are devices. 2 Cor. ii. 11. But I fear lest by any
doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. And 6
means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through darkness to light, and from the power of Satan his subtility, so your minds should be cor unto God. Acts xxvi. 16. 18. rupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. As gods, &c.] And Pharaoh said, who is 2 Cor. xi. 3. And Adam was not deceived, the Lord, that I should obey his voice to let but the woman being deceived was in the Israel go? I know not the Lord, neither will transgression. 1 Tim. ii. 14.
I let Israel go.
Exod. v. 2. Now therefore 5 God doth know, &c.] Thou shalt not let not Hezekiah (saith Sennacherib) deceive take the name of thy God in vain, for the you, for no God of any nation or kingdom Lord will not hold him guiltless, that taketh was able to deliver his people out of mine his name in vain. Exod. xx. 7. Then the hand; how much less shall your God deliver king of Israel (Ahab) gathered the prophets you out of mine hand ? 2 Chron. xxxii. 15. together, about four hundred men, and said (The flattering lips) who said with our tongue unto them, shall I go against Ramoth-Gilead will we prevail, our lips are our own: who is to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Lord over us? Ps. xii. 4. Son of man, go up, for the Lord shall deliver it into the
say unto the Prince of Tyrus, Because thine hand of the king. 1 Kings xxii. 6. Then heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a said I (Jeremiah) Ah Lord God, behold the God, I sit in the seat of God, in “the midst" prophets say unto them, ye shall not see the (“the heart") of the seas; yet thou art a man, sword, neither shall ye have famine, but I and not God, though thou set thine heart, will give you
“ assured peace" (" peace of as the heart of God. Ezek. xxviii. 2. Wilt truth"') in this place. Then the Lord said thou yet say before him that slayeth thee unto me, the prophets prophesy lies in my (the Prince of Tyrus) I am God ? But thou name; I sent them not, neither have I com shalt be a man and no god, in the hand of manded them, neither spake unto them; they him that slayeth thee. Ezek. xxviii. 9. Thus prophesy unto you a false vision, and divina- saith the Lord God, behold I am against thee, tion, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of Pharaoh, which hath said, my river is mine their heart. Jer. xiv. 13, 14. (Then said own, and I have made it for myself. Ezek. Hananiah the son of Azur, the lying prophet) xxix. 3. The king (Nebuchadnezzar) said, Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, the God of Is not this great Babylon, that I have built Israel, saying, I have broken the yoke of the for the house of the kingdom, by the might of king of Babylon; within two full years will I my power, and for the honour of my majesty ? bring again into this place all the vessels of the Dan. iv. 30. All the presidents of the kingdom, Lord's house, that Nebuchadnezzar king of &c. consulted together to establish a royal staBabylon took away from this place and carried tute, and to make a firm decree, that whosoever them to Babylon. Jer. xxviii. 2, 3. Son of shall ask a petition of any god or man for thirty man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel days, save of thee “O king,” (“ Darius") he shall that prophesy; they have seen vanity and be cast into the den of lions. Dan. vi. 7. lying divination, saying, the Lord saith, And And the people gave a shout, saying, it is the Lord hath not sent them. Because with the voice of a God, and not of a man, and imlies ye have made the heart of the righteous mediately the angel of the Lord smote him, sad, whom I have not made sad, and strength (Herod) because he gave not God the glory. ened the hands of the wicked, that he should Acts xii 22, 23. If our Gospel be hid, it is not return from his wicked way by promising hid to them that are lost, in whom the God of him life. Ezek. xiii. 2. 6. 22. For such are this world hath blinded the minds of them false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming which believe not. 2 Cor. iv. 4. That day themselves into the apostles of Christ. There- (of Christ) shall not come, except that man of fore it is no great thing, if his (Satan's) minis- sin be revealed, the son of perdition, who ters also be transformed as the ministers of opposeth and exalteth himself above all that righteousness, for Satan himself is trans is called God, or that is worshipped, so that formed into an angel of light. 2 Cor. xi. 13. he, as God, sitteth in the temple of God, 15. 14.
shewing himself that he is God. 2 Thess. Your eyes, &c.] See verse 7. And he ii. 4. And they worshipped the dragon which (Adam) said, I heard thy (God's) voice in the gave power unto the beast, and they worshipgarden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; ped the beast saying, who is like unto the and I hid myself. Gen. iii. 10. But if thine beast? Who is able to make war with him ? eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of And (the beast with two horns like a lamb) darkness. If therefore the light that is in deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by thee be darkness, how great is that darkness ! the means of those miracles which he had Matt. vi. 23. For “I” (“ Jesus”) have ap
Rev. xiii. 4. 14. peared unto thee (“ Saul of Tarsus") to make Knowing good and evil, &c.] And the Lord thee a minister and a witness, (to the Gentiles) said, behold the man is become as one of us, to to open their eyes, and to turn them from know good and evil. Gen. iii. 22. Seechap. ii. 17.
power to do.
when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one
wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto 7 her husband with her; and he did eat. And the eyes of them both
were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed 8 fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. And they heard
the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of
6 Saw that the tree was good, &c.] When ground for thy sake. Gen. iii. 12. 17. But I (Achan) saw among the spoils a goodly they (Israel and Judah) like men have transBabylonish garment, and two hundred she- gressed the covenant; there have they dealt kels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty treacherously with me, (saith God). Hos. shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took vi. 7. By one man sin entered into the them. Josh. vii. 21. Then went Samson to Gaza, world, and death by sin; by one man's disand saw there “an harlot,” ("a woman an obedience many were made sinners. Rom. harlot") and went in unto her, and it was v. 12. 19. told the Gazites saying, Samson is come 7. The eyes, &c.] See verse 5. So that hither; and they compassed him in, and laid thou (if disobedient) shalt be mad for the sight wait for him all night in the gate of the city. of thine eyes, which thou shalt see. Deut. Judg. xvi. 1, 2.
xxvii. 34. And in hell “he” (“the rich Pleasant to the eyes, &c.] Son of man, be- man") lifted up his eyes, being in torments, hold I take away from thee (Ezekiel) the and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in desire of thine eyes (“thy wife") with a his bosom. Luke xvi. 23. stroke. Ezek. xxiv. 16. Speak unto the house Knew, &c.] And he said, I heard thy voice of Israel, thus saith the Lord God; behold I in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of naked. Gen. iii. 10. See chap. ii. 25. your strength, the desire of your eyes. Also And they sewed, &c.] If I be wicked, thou son of man, shall it not be in the day why then labour I in vain? if I wash myself when I take from them (the Jews) their with snow water, and make my hands never so strength, the joy of their glory, the desire of clean, yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, their eyes, that he that escapeth in that day and mine own clothes shall abhor me. Job ix. shall come unto thee? Ezek. xxiv. 21. 25. 29, 30, 31. For the bed is shorter than that The sons of God saw the daughters of men, a man can stretch himself on it, and the coverthat they were fair, and they took them wives ing narrower than that he can wrap himself in of all which they chose. Gen. vi. 2. And it it. Isa. xxviii. 20. Their webs shall not became to pass after these things, that his master's come garments, neither shall they cover them(Potiphar's) wife cast her eyes upon Joseph. selves with their works. Isa. lix, 6. Gen. xxxix. 7. And David arose from off 8 Heard the voice, &c.] And he said, his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's I heard thy voice in the garden. Gen. iii. 10. house, and from the roof he saw a woman Did ever people hear the voice of God, speakwashing herself, and the woman (Uriah's ing out of the midst of the fire as thou hast wife, Bath-sheba) was very beautiful to look heard, and live ? Deut. iv. 33. If we hear the upon. 2 Sam. xi. 2. I made a covenant with voice of the Lord our God any more, then we mine eyes, why then should I (Job) think shall die. Deut. v. 25. upon a maid ? Job xxxi. l. Whosoever Cool of the day.] For his eyes are upon the looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath ways of man, and he seeth all his goings; committed adultery with her already in his there is no darkness por shadow of death where heart. Matt. v. 28. For all that is in the the workers of iniquity may hide themselves. world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of Job xxxiv. 21, 22. Then the Lord answered the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Job out of the whirlwind and said, who is Father, but is of the world. 1 John ii. 16. this that darkeneth counsel by words without See preceding commentary.
knowledge ? Job xxxviii. 1. Eat and gave, &c.] Adam was not de- Hid themselves, &c.] Thou sayest (in thy ceived, but the woman, being deceived, was in ignorance) thick clouds are a covering to him the transgression. 1 Tim. ii. 14.
(“God") that he seeth not. Job xxii. 14. If And he did eat, &c.] And the man said, I covered my transgressions as Adam, by the woman whom thou gavest to be with me, hiding mine iniquity in my bosom, did I fear she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. And a great multitude ? Job xxxi. 33. There is unto Adam he (God) said, because thou hast no darkness nor shadow of death, where the hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast workers of iniquity may hide themselves. Job eaten of the tree of which I commanded thee, xxxiv. 22. O Lord, thou hast searched me, saying, thou shalt not eat of it, cursed is the and known me : yea the darkness hideth not
the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. And the Lord God 9 called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he 10 said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked: and I hid myself. And he said, Who told thee that 11 thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? And the man said, the woman 12
from thee, but the night shineth as the day, judged out of those things which were written the darkness and the light are both alike to in the books, according to their works. And thee. Ps. cxxxix. 1. 12. The eyes of the the sea gave up the dead which were in it, Lord are in every place, beholding the evil and death, and "hell” (or “ the grave") deliand the good. Prov. xv. 3. Can any hide vered up the dead, which were in them. And himself in secret places that I shall not see they were judged every man according to him ? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven their works. Rev. xx. 12, 13. and earth ? saith the Lord. Jer. xxiii. 24. 10 And I was afraid, &c.] See chap. ii. 25. Though “they" (" Israel") dig into hell, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abrathence shall mine hand také them. Though ham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to them down ; and though they hide themselves look upon God. Exod. iii. 6. Therefore am in the top of Carmel, I will search, and take I troubled at his presence ; when I consider, I them out thence; and though they be hid am afraid of him. Job. xxiii. 15. My flesh from my sight in the bottom of the sea. Amos trembleth, for fear of thee, and I am afraid of ix. 2, 3. But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tar- thy judgments. Ps. cxix. 120. The sinners shish from the presence of the Lord, and went in Zion are afraid, fearfulness hath surprised down to Joppa. And he said unto them, I am the hypocrites. Isa. xxxiii. 14. And of whom an Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of hast thou (" the Jewish nation") been afraid heaven, which hath made the sea and the dry or feared, that thou hast lied, and hast not land. Then were the men exceedingly afraid, remembered me, nor laid it to thy heart ? and said unto him, why hast thou done this? Have not I held my peace even of old, and (for the men knew that he fled from the presence thou fearest me not ? Isa. lvii. 11. For if of the Lord.) Jonah i. 3. 9, 10. Which our heart condemn us, God is greater than our (Gentiles) shew the work of the law written heart, and knoweth all things. 1 John iii. 20. in their hearts, “their conscience" (or “ the Because I was naked.] See verse 7. chap. consciousness") also bearing witness, and their ii. 25. And when Moses saw that the thoughts, the mean while, accusing or else ex- “people" were naked (the worshippers of the cusing one another. Rom. ii. 15. Neither is Golden Calf ) for Aaron had made them naked there any creature that is not manifest in his unto their shame : among their enemies (or sight, but all things are naked and open unto those that rose up against them.) Exod. xxxii. the eyes of him with whom we have to do. 25. Thy nakedness (Babylon's) shall be unHeb. iv. 13.
covered, yea thy shame shall be seen. Isa. 9 Where art thou ? ] See chap. ii. 25. And xlvii. 3. Because thou sayest, I am rich, and the Lord came down to see the city and the increased with goods, and have need of nothing; tower, which the children of men builded. and knowest not that thou art wretched, and Gen. xi. 5. And "he" (" the angel of the miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked. I Lord") said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the camest thou? And whither wilt thou go? fire, that thou mayest be rich, and white Gen. xvi. 8. And the Lord said, because the raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and the shame of thy nakedness do not appear. because their sin is very grievous, I will go Rev. iii. 17, 18. Behold I come as a thief, down now, and see whether they have done blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his altogether according to the cry of it which is garments lest he walk naked, and they see his come unto me, and if not, I will know. Gen. shame. Rev. xvi. 15. xviii. 20, 2). And he brought the family of 11 Hast thou eaten, &c.] And he (the Judah; and he took the family of the Žar- Lord) said (unto Cain) what hast thou done ? hites, and he brought the family of the Zarhites The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto man by man, and Zabdi was taken. And me from the ground. Gen. iv. 10. These Joshua-said unto Achan, my son, give, I pray things hast thou done, and I kept silence, thou thee, glory to the Lord God of Israel, and thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as make confession unto him ; and tell me now, thyself; but I will reprove thee, and set them what thou hast done ; hide it not from me. in order before thine eyes. Ps. I. 21. ThereJosh. vii. 17. 19. And I saw the dead, small fore by the deeds of the law there shall no and great, stand before God, and the books flesh be justified in his sight, for by the law is were opened ; and another book was opened, the knowledge of sin. Rom. iii. 20. which is the book of life, and the dead were 12 The woman, &c.] See chap. ii. 18.
whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did 13 eat. And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that
thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, 14 and I did eat. And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because
thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above
every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust 15 shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: And I will put enmity 20. 22. And Saul said to Samuel, yea I away, and he is quite gone? 2 Sam. iii. 24. have obeyed the voice of the Lord, and have Wherefore hast thou despised the commandgone the way which the Lord sent me, and ment of the Lord to do evil in his sight? Thou have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and (David, saith Nathan) hast killed Uriah the have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. But Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his the people took of the spoil to sacrifice unto wife to be thy wife. 2 Sam. xii. 9. Pilate the Lord. And Samuel said, hath the Lord answered (to Jesus), am I a Jew?
Thine own as great delight in burnt offering and sacrifices, nation and the chief priests have delivered as in obeying the voice of the Lord ? And thee unto me: what hast thou done? Jola Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned, for I xviii. 35. have transgressed the commandment of the The serpent beguiled me, &c.] See verse 4.6. Lord, and thy words, because I feared the But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent people. 1 Sam. xv. 20. 22. 24. If I covered beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your my transgressions, as Adam, by hiding mine minds should be corrupted from the simplicity iniquity in my bosom, did I fear a great mul- that is in Christ. 2 Cor. xi. 3. And Adam titude ? Job xxxi, 33. The foolishness of man was not deceived, but the woman being deperverteth his way, and his heart fretteth ceived, was in the transgression. 1 Tim. ii. 14. against the Lord. Prov. xix. 3. He that covereth 14 Thou art cursed, &c.] See verse 1. his sins shall not prosper, but whoso con Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall fesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy. his blood be shed. Gen. ix. 6. If an ox gore Prov. xxviii. 13. But he, (the lawyer who tempt- a man or woman that they die, then the ox ed Jesus) willing to justify himself, said unto shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not Jesus, and who is my neighbour? Luke x. 29. be eaten. Exod. xxi. 28. Ye shall therefore For they (Israel) being ignorant of God's put difference between clean beasts and unrighteousness, and going about to establish clean, between unclean fowls and clean. Leuit. their own righteousness, have not submitted
xx. 23. themselves unto the righteousness of God. Dust shalt thou eat, &c.] They that dwell Rom. x. 3. Let no man say, when he is in the wilderness shall bow before him, and tempted, I am tempted of God : for God can. his enemies shall lick the dust. Ps. Ixxii. not be tempted with “evil” (or "evils"), neither 9. And thou shalt be brought down, and tempteth he any man. Then when lust hath shalt speak out of the ground, and “thy" conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when (“ Jerusalem's”) speech shall be low out of the it is finished, bringeth forth death. James i. dust, and thy voice shall be as one that hath 13. 15.
a familiar spirit out of the ground, and thy 13 What is this thou hast done ? &c.] And speech shall whisper (" peep” or “chirp”) out he (God) said, what hast thou done? The of the dust. Isa. xxix. 4. The wolf and the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me lamb shall feed together (in the New Jerusafrom the ground! And now art thou cursed lem). And the lion shall eat straw like the from the earth, which hath opened her mouth bullock : and dust shall be the serpent's meat. to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand. Isa. Ixv. 25. They (the enemies of the church) When thou tillest the ground, it shall not shall lick the dust like a serpent. Mic. vii. 17. henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a 15 Enmity, &c.] And the Lord sent fiery fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the serpents among the people, and they bit the earth. Gen. iv. 10, 11, 12. And Joseph said people, and much people of Israel died. Thereunto "them” (“his brethren”), what deed is fore the people came to Moses, and said, we this that ye have done? Gen. xliv. 15. And have sinned, for we have spoken against the Samuel said (unto Saul), what hast thou done? Lord (in murmuring in the wilderness). Pray and Saul said, because I saw the people were unto the Lord, that he take away the serpents scattered from me, and that thou camest not from us. Numb. xxi. 6, 7. Though they (the within the days appointed, and that the Phi- people of Israel) hide themselves in the top of listines gathered themselves together at Mich- Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; mash ; I forced myself, therefore, and offered a and though they be hid from my sight in burnt-offering. i Sam. xiii. 11, 12. Then the bottom of the sea, thence will i command Joab came to the “king” (“ David”), and said, the serpent, and he shall bite them. Amos ix. what hast thou done? Behold, Abner came 3. They shall take up serpents, and if they unto thee; why is it that thou hast sent him drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them.