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heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father. And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and hath 35 taken away thy blessing. And he said, Is not he rightly named 36 Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? And 37 Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with com and wine have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son ? And Esau said unto his father, Hast 38 thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept. And Isaac his 39
of God are without repentance. Ro. xi. 29. the truth of God hath more abounded through Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord my lie, unto his glory, why yet am I also Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all judged as a sinner? and not rather (as we be spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ. slanderously reported, and as some affirm that Ep. i. 3. By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and we say), Let us do evil, that good may come ? Esau concerning things to come. He. xi. whose damnation is just. Ro. iii. 7, 8. But
we have “ this treasure" (" the light of the 34 He cried, &c.] Then (when the Ama- knowledge of the glory of God") in earthen kkites spoiled Ziklag) David, and the people vessels, that the excellency of the power may that were with him, lifted up their voice and be of God, and not of us. 2 Co. iv. 7. This wept, until they had no more power to weep. is the will of God, that no man go beyond 1 Sa. XXX. 4. Because I have called, and ye and defraud his brother in any matter, berefused; I have stretched out my hand, and cause that the Lord is the avenger of all such. no man regarded. Then shall they call upon 1 Th. iv. 6. me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me 36 He took away my birthright.] And early, but they shall not find me. Therefore after that came his " brother" " Jacob" out shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, (in Sarah's travail), and his hand took hold and be filled with their own devices. Pr. i. on Esau's heel, and his name was called 24. 28. 31. The foolishness of man perverteth Jacob. And Jacob said (to Esau), Sell me his way, and his heart fretteth against the this day thy birthright; and he sold his Lord. Pr. xix. 3. Strive to enter in at the birthright unto Jacob. Then Jacob gave strait gate; for many I say unto you will Esau bread, and pottage of lentiles. Thus seek to enter in, and shall not be able. Esau despised his birthright. Ge. xxv. 26. "There" ("* there the wicked are rejected") 31. 33. 34. shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth; when 37 See verse 29. and Ge. xxv. 23. ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, 38 Hast thou but one blessing.] See verse and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, 34. 36. All these are the twelve tribes of and you yourselves thrust out. Lu. xiii. 24. 28. Israel; and this is it that their father spake For ye know how that afterward, when he unto them, and blessed them, every one acwould have inherited the blessing, “he" cording to his blessing he blessed them. ("Esau") was rejected; for he found no place Ge. xlix. 28. Because I have called, and ye of repentance, though he sought it carefully refused; I have stretched out my hand, and with tears. He. xi. 17.
no man regarded; I also will laugh at your 35 Thy brother came, &c.] See verse xix. calamity, I will mock when your fear cometh. 23. Now therefore call unto me all the pro- Pr. i. 24. 26. Many days and years shall ye phets of Baal, all his servants, and all his be troubled, ye careless women; for the vintage priests, let none be wanting, for I have a great shall fail, the gathering shall not come. They sacrifice to do to Baal; whosoever shall be shall lament for the teats, for the pleasant Wanting, he shall not live. But Jehu did it fields, for the fruitful vine. Is. xxxii. 10. 12. in subtilty, to the intent that he might destroy Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of the worshippers of Baal. 2 Ki. x. 19. Will heart; but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, Ve speak wickedly for God, and talk de- and shall howl for vexation of spirit. Is. Ixv. ceitfully for him ? 'Job xiii. 7. Have we not 14. When he (Esau) would have inherited all one Father? Hath not one God created the blessing he was rejected, for he found no us! Why do we deal treacherously every place of repentance, though he sought it man against his brother, by profaning the carefully with tears. He. xii. 17. covenant of our fathers? Mal. ii. 10. For if
father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be
the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above; 40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and
it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that 41 thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck. And Esau hated
Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father
39 Behold, thy dwelling.) And Esau took and Cain talked with Abel his brother. And his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, it came to pass, when they were in the field, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which and slew him. Ge. iv. 2. 8. And when his he had got in the land of Canaan, and went (Joseph's) brethren saw that their father loved into the country from the face of his brother him more than all his brethren, they hated Jacob. Ge. xxxvi. 6. And I gave unto him, and could not speak peaceably unto him. Isaac Jacob and Esau ; and I gave unto And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou inEsau Mount Seir, to possess it. Josh. xxiv. 4. deed have dominion over us? And they By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau con- hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for cerning things to come. He. xi. 20.
his words. Ge. xxxvii. 4. 8. Thus saith the 40 By thy sword, &c.] And the messen- Lord God, Because that Edom hath dealt gers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to against the house of Judah, by taking venge thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet ance, and hath greatly offended, and it thee, and four hundred men with him. Ge. venged himself upon them : thus saith the xxxii. 6. Think not that I am come to send Lord God, Because the Philistines have dealt peace on earth : I came not to send peace, but by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a a sword. Mat. x. 34.
despiteful heart, to destroy it for the old Serve thy brother.] See chap. xxv. 23. hatred, I will execute great vengeance upon When David was in Edom, and Joab the cap- them with furious rebuke. Bz. xxv. 12. lá. tain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, 17. Because “ thou” (“ Seir”) hast had a after he had smitten every male in Edom; perpetual hatred, and hast shed the blood of Hadad fed, he and certain Edomites of his fa- the children of Israel, by the force of the ther's servants with him, to go into Egypt; sword, in the time of their calamity, in the Hadad being yet a little child. 1 Ki. xi. time that their iniquity had an end ; therefore, 15. 17. He (king Amaziah) slew of Edom, saith the Lord God, I will prepare thee unto in the valley of salt, ten thousand, and took blood, and blood shall pursue thee. Sith thou Selah by war. Thou hast indeed smitten hast not hated blood, even blood shall pursue Edom (said Jehoash, king of Israel, to Ama- thee. Ez. xxxv. 5, 6. Thus saith the Lord, ziah, king of Judah), and thine heart hath For three transgressions of Edom, and for four lifted thee up. 2 Ki. xiv. 7. 10. Them also I will not turn away the punishment thereof; (the vessels of gold and silver) king David de- because he did pursue his brother with the dicated unto the Lord, with the silver and the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger gold that he brought from all these nations, did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath from Edom, and from Moab, and from the for ever. But I will send a fire upon Temas, children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, which shall devour the palaces of Bozral. and from Amalek. Ch. xviji. ll. But Am. i. 11, 12. For thy violence against thy upon Mount Zion shall be deliverance, and brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and there shall be holiness, and the house of Jacob thou shalt be cut off for ever; neither shouldshall possess their possessions. And saviours est thou have stood in the cross way, to cut shall come up on Mount Zion to judge the off those of his that did escape ; neither Mount of Esau ; and the kingdom shall be the shouldest thou have delivered up those of his Lord's. Obad. 17. 21.
that did remain in the day of distress. Obad. Thou shalt break his yoke, &c.] In “his" 10. 14. We should love one another; not as (" Jehoram's") days, Edom revolted from Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew under the hand of Judah unto this day. 2 his brother. And wherefore slew he him! Ki. viii. 20. 22. In “ his" (" Jehoram's") Because his own works were evil, and h days the Edomites revolted from under the brother's righteous. Whosoever hateth his dominion of Judah, and made themselves a brother is a murderer, and ye know thal no king. 2 Ch. xxi. 8. 10. Again the Edom- murderer hath eternal life abiding in him. ites had come and smitten Judah, and carried John iii. 12. 15. away captives. 2 Ch. xxviii. 17.
The days of mourning,] And Isaac gave 41 Hated Jacob.) Abel was a keeper of up the ghost and died, and was gathered sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground; his people, being old and full of days. An
are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob. And these words 42 of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah : and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing
his sons Jacob and Esau buried him. Ge. cxlii. 3. Let us swallow them up alive as the XXXV. 29. And forty days were fulfilled for grave; and whole, as those who go down into "him” (“ Jacob"), (for so are fulfilled the the pit: we shall find all precious substance; days of those which are embalmed), and the we shall fill our houses with spoil : for their Egyptians mourned for him threescore and feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood. ten days; and when the days of his mourning Pr. i. 12, 13. 16. Frowardness is in his were past, Joseph spake unto the house of heart; he deviseth mischief continually; he Pharaoh, &c. And " they" (" who accom- soweth discord. Pr. vi. 14. Be not hasty in panied Joseph and his brethren"), came to the thy spirit to be angry, for anger resteth in the threshing-floor of Atad, which is beyond Jor- bosom of fools. Ec. vii. 9. For thy violence dan ; and there they mourned, with a great against thy brother Jacob, shame shall cover and very sore lamentation, and he made a "thee" ("Esau”), and thou shalt be cut off mourning for his father seven days. And for ever. Obad. 10. Be ye angry, and sin not. when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaan- Let not the sun go down upon your wrath : nites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, neither give place to the devil. Ep. iv. 26, they said, This is a grievous mourning to the 27. Unto the pure all things are pure; but Egyptians. Ge. I. 3, 4. 10. 11. And the unto them that are defiled and unbelieving children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains is nothing pure; but even their mind and of Moab thirty days. So the days of weeping conscience is defiled : they profess that they and mourning for Moses were ended. De. know God, but in works they deny him, being Ixxiv. 8. His servants, therefore, took "him" abominable, and disobedient, and unto every (" king Josiah") out of that chariot, and put good work reprobate. Tit. i. 15, 16. For him in the second chariot that he had (being we ourselves, also, were sometimes foolish, tounded by the archers in the valley of Me- disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and giddo, fighting against Necho, king of Egypt); pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and they brought him to Jerusalem, and he and hating one another. Tit. iii. 3. We died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres should love one another; not as Cain, who was of his fathers : and all Judah and Jerusalem of that wicked one, and slew his brother. mourned for Josiah. 2 Ch. xxxv. 24. I be- And wherefore slew he him? Because his haved myself as though he (my enemy) had own works were evil, and his brother's rightbeen my friend or brother. I bowed down eous. Whosoever hateth his brother is a heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother. murderer, and ye know that no murderer Ps. xxxv. 14.
hath eternal life abiding in him. 1 John iii. Then will I slay my brother.] He (Esau) 12, 15. cometh to meet thee (Jacob), and four hun 4 2 Comfort himself.] And when “they" dred men with him. Ge. xxxii. 6. Now Ab- (" the sons of Jacob") saw " him” (“ Joseph") salom had commanded his servants, saying, afar off, even before he came near unto them, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry they conspired against him, to slay him. with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Come now, therefore, let us slay him (said Amnon ; then kill him ; fear not. And the they one to another), and cast him into some servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Ab- pit; and we will say, Some evil beast hath salom had commanded (for the injury of devoured him, and we shall see what will Tamar the sister of Absalom). 2 Sa. xiii. become of his dreams. Ge. xxxvii. 18. 20. 28, 29. The wicked plotteth against the just, And “they" (" Joseph's brethren") said one and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. The to another, We are verily guilty concerning Lord shall laugh at him, for he seeth that his our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his day is coming; a little that a righteous man soul, when he besought us, and we would not hath is better than the riches of many wicked. hear; therefore is this distress come upon us. Ps. xxxvii. 12. 13. 16. Keep me, O Lord, And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake from the hands of the wicked; preserve me I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the from the violent man; who have purposed to child, and ye would not hear? Therefore, overthrow my goings. The proud have hid behold, also his blood is required. Ge. xlii. a snare for me, and cords ; they have spread a 21, 22. And David said to the Egyptian net by the way-side ; they have set gins for servant of an Amalekite), Canst thou bring me me. Ps. cxl. 4, 5. When my spirit was down to this company? And he said, Swear overwhelmed within me, then thou knewest unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill my path. In the way wherein they walked me, nor deliver me into the hands of my bave they privily laid a snare for me. Ps. master, and I will bring thee down to this
43 to kill thee. Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, 44 flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran; And tarry with him a 45 few days, until thy brother's fury turn away; Until thy brother's
anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast
done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why 46 should I be deprived also of you both in one day? And Rebekah
said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of
company. 1 Sa. xxx. 15. Though wickedness surely your blood of your lives will I require; be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it at the hand of every beast will I require it, under his tongue ; yet his meat in his bowels and at the hand of man. At the hand of every is turned. It is the gall of asps within him. man's brother will I require the life of Job xx. 12. 14. They encourage themselves man : whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man in an evil matter : " they” (“David's ene- shall his blood be shed. Ge. ix. 5, 6. And mies") commune of laying snares privily: thy handmaid (said the widow of Tekoah) had they say, Who shall see them ? Ps. Ixiv. 5. two sons, and they two strove together in the Discretion shall deliver thee from the way of field, and there was none to part them, but the wicked, who rejoice to do evil, and delight the one smote the other, and slew him. And in the frowardness of the wicked. Pr. ii. 14. behold, the whole family is risen against thine For "they" ("the wicked”) sleep not, except handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that they have done mischief; and their sleep is smote his brother, that we may kill him, taken away, unless they cause some to fall. for the life of his brother whom he slew; Pr. iv. 16. 17.
and we will destroy the heir also: and 80 43 Obey my voice.] See verse 8. 13. (Esau they shall quench my coal which is left, and saw) that Jacob obeyed his father and his shall not leave to my husband neither name mother, and was gone to Padan-aram. Ge. nor remainder upon the earth. 2 Sa. xiv. xxviii. 7. The eye that mocketh at his father, 6, 7. And when the barbarians (of Melita) and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens saw the venomous beast (the viper) hang on of the valley shall pick it out, and the young “his" (" Paul's") hand, they said among eagles shall eat it. Pr. xxx. 17. The words themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, that he com- whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet manded his sons not to drink wine, are per vengeance suffereth not to live. Ac. XXVIII. 4. formed: for umto this day they drink none, 46 I am weary of my life, &c.] And if thou but obey their father's commandment. Je. deal thus with "me" (" said Moses to God), xxxv. 14. We (said Peter and the other kill me, I pray thee, out of band, if I have apostles) ought to obey God rather than man. found favour in thy sight; and let me not Ac. v. xxix.
see my wretchedness (laying the burden Haran.] See chap. xi. 31. and com. And all this people upon me). Nu. xi. 15. But he Abram took Sarai, his wife, and Lot, his bro- (Elijak) himself went a day's journey into the ther's son, and all their substance that they wilderness, and came and sat down under a had gathered, and the souls that they had juniper tree; and he requested for himself gotten in Haran ; and they went forth to go that he might die, and said, It is enough: into the land of Canaan. Ge. xii. 5. And now, O Lord, take away my life; for I as Jacob went out from Beer-sheba, and went not better than my fathers. Ki. xix. 4 toward Haran. Ge. xxviii. 10.
Wherefore is light given to him that is in 44 A few days.] This twenty years have misery, and life unto the bitter in soul, which I been with “thee" (" said Jacob to Laban"). long for death, but it cometh not, and dig for Ge. xxxi. 38.
it more than for hid treasures; which rejoice 45 Then I will send. There are many de- exceedingly, and are glad when they can find vices in a man's heart ; nevertheless the coun- the grave. Job iii. 20, 21, 22, I loathe “* gel of the Lord, that shall stand. Pr. xix. 21. ("my life," says Job): I would not live alway: Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, let me alone; for my days are vanity. Ja when the Lord commandeth it not? La. iii. vii. 16. O that thou wouldest hide me in 37. Go to, now ye that say, To-day or the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret to-morrow we will go into such a city, and until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest continue there a year, and buy, and sell, and appoint me a set time, and remember me get gain. For that ye ought to say, If the Job xiv. 13. Therefore now, O Lord, take, Lord will, we shall live, and do this or that. beseech thee, my life from me, for it is better Ja. iv. 13. 16.
for me to die than to live. And God said to Why should I be deprived.] Cain rose up Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the against his brother and slew him ; and Cain gourd? And he said, I do well to be angry, went out from the presence of the Lord, and even unto death. Jon. iv. 3. 9. dwelt in the land of Nod. Ge. iv. 16. And Because of the daughters of Heth.) **
Heth: if Jacob take'a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?
And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and i said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan. Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Bethuel thy 2 mother's father; and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy mother's brother. And God Almighty bless thee, 3 and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a
chap. xxvi. 34, 35. and com. Esau seeing and all his goods which he had gotten in that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Padan-aram, for to go to Isaac his father in Isaac his father, took Mahalath the daughter the land of Canaan. Ge. xxxi. 18. For I of Ishmael to be his wife. Ge. xxviii. 8, 9. (Jacob) am not worthy of the least of all the
If Jacob take a wife, &c.] See chap. xxiv. mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast 3. and com.
shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I
passed over this Jordan; and now I am beCHAP. XXVIII.- Blessed him.] God come two bands. Ge. xxxii. 10. And God Almighty bless thee (said Isaac to Jacob), appeared unto Jacob again when he came out and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, of Padan-aram, and blessed him. Ge. xxxv. 9. and give thee the blessing of Abraham. Ge. These be the sons of Leah, which she bare xxviii. 3, 4. See chap. xxvii. 4. 27. 33. and unto Jacob in Padan-aram, with his daughter com. Now to the one half of the tribe of Dinah : all the souls of his sons and daughters Manasseh Moses had given possession in were thirty and three souls. Ge. xlvi. 15. Bashan : but unto the other half thereof gave Laban.) And Rebekah had a brother, and Joshua among their brethren on this side his name was Laban; and Laban ran out Jordan westward. And when Joshua sent unto “the man" (" Abraham's servant”), unto them away also unto their tents, then he the well. Then Laban and Bethuel answered blessed them. Jos. xxii. 7.
and said, The thing proceedeth from the Lord : Thou shalt not take a wife.] See chap. vi. 2.; we cannot speak to thee bad or good. Ge. xxiv. 3. and com. And my master (Abra- xxiv. 29. 50. ham) made me swear, saying, Thou shalt not 3 God Almighty bless thee.] See chap. take a wife to my son of the daughters of the xvii. l. 6. and com. ; xxii. 17, 18. and com. Canaanites, in whose land I dwell. Ge. xxiv. xxxv. 11. and com. And God Almighty give 37; xxvi. 34, 35. and com. xxvii. 46. and com. you (Judah) mercy before the man (said And make ye marriages with “us” (said "the Jacob), that he may send away your other Shechemites"), and take our daughters unto brother (Simeon) and Benjamin. If I be "you" ("* Jacob,” &c.); then will we (said bereaved of my children, I am bereaved. Ge. Jacob deceitfully to Hamor) give our daugh- xliii. 14. And Jacob said unto Joseph, God ters unto you, and we will take your daughters Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the to us, and we will dwell with you, and we land of Canaan, and blessed me. Ge. xlviii. will become one people. Ge. xxxiv. 9. 16. 3. I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, The Lord is a jealous God (said Moses) : take and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, heed lest thou make a covenant with the in- but by my name Jehovah was I not known to habitants of the land, and thou take of their them. Ex. vi. 3. Except the Lord build daughters unto thy sons. Ex. xxxiv. 15, 16. the house, they labour in vain that build it: Be ye not unequally yoked together with un- except the Lord keep the city, the watchman believers, for what fellowship hath righteous waketh but in vain. Ps. cxxvii. 1. And I ness with unrighteousness, and what commu- will be a father unto you, and ye shall be my nion hath light with darkness : and what sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. agreement hath the temple of God with idols ? 2 Co. vi. 18. And I saw no temple therein : For ye are the temple of the living God. for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are 2 Co. vi. 14. 16.
the temple of it. Re. xxi. 22. 2 Arise. ] And Jacob fled into the country And make thee fruitful.] See chap. i. 23. of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for ix. l. ; xiii. 16. ; xxiv. 60. and com. on each. a wife be kept sheep. Ho. xii. 12.
And the name of the second (son) called he Padan-aram.] See chap. xxviii. 8. ; xxii. Ephraim : for God hath caused me to be 20. 23. and com. xxiv. 16. 15. 24. and com. fruitful in the land of “my” (“Joseph's) And he (Jacob) carried away all his cattle, affliction. Ge. xli. 52. Lo, children are an