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Laban gave unto his daughter Leah Zilpah his maid for an hand25 maid. And it came to pass, that in the morning, behold, it was

Leah : and he said to Laban, What is this thou hast done unto

me? did not I serve with thee for Rachel? wherefore then hast thou 26 beguiled me? And Laban said, It must not be so done in our country, 27 to give the younger before the firstborn. Fulfil her week, and we

will give thee this also for the service which thou shalt serve with 28 me yet seven other years. And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her 29 week : and he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also. And

Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his handmaid to be her 30 maid. And he went in also unto Rachel, and he loved also Rachel

Trust ye not in a friend ; put ye not confi- days; and again he sent forth the dove out of dence in a guide. Mi. vii. 5.

the ark : and the dove came in to him in the 24 Zilpah, &c.] See chap. xvi. 1. and com. evening, and, lo, in her mouth was an olive And “they” (her mother and brother) sent leaf pluckt off. And he stayed yet other seren away Rebekah their sister, and her nurse, and days, and sent forth the dove, which returned Abraham's servant, and his men. Ge. xxiv. 59. not again unto him any more. Ge. viii. 10, 11, 12 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a second Neither shalt thou take a wife to her sister, to son (Asher, the first was Gad). Ge. xxx. 12. vex her, to uncover her nakedness, beside the These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban other in her life time. Le. xviii. 18. So his gave to Leah his daughter; and these she father went down unto the woman. And bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. Ge. xlvi. Samson said unto "them" (the thirty com18.

panions" who were with him), I will now pat 25 In the morning, &c.] Every man's work forth a riddle unto you: if ye can certainly shall be made manifest: for the day shall de- declare it me within the seven days of the clare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; feast, and find it out, then I will give you and the fire shall try every man's work of thirty sheets, and thirty change of garments. what sort it is. I Co. iii. 13.

Ju. xiv. 10. 12. Take heed to your spirit, Wherefore then hast thou, &c.] Thy brother and let none deal treacherously against the (Jacob) came with subtilty, and hath taken wife of his youth. Mal. ii. 15. For this away thy blessing: And he (Esau) said, Is he cause shall a man leave father and mother, and not rightly named Jacob? he took away my shall cleave to his wife ; and they twain sball birthright; and behold, now he hath taken be one flesh. Mat. xix. 5. For the love of away my blessing. Ge. xxvii. 35, 36. And money is the root of all evil: which wbile Adoni-bezek said, Threescore and ten kings, some have coveted after, they have erred from having their thumbs and their great toes cut the faith, and pierced themselves through with off, gathered their meat under my table: as I many sorrows. 1 Ti. vi. 10. have done, so God hath requited me. Ju. i. 7. 29 Bilhah his handmaid.] See verse 31. and Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth : much more the wicked and the Bilhah.] And she (Rachel) said, Behold sinner. Pr. xi. 31. With what judgment ye my maid Bilhah, go in unto her; and she judge, ye shall be judged : and with what shall bear upon my knees, that I may also measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you have children by her. And Bilhah Rachel's again. Therefore all things whatsoever ye maid conceived again, and bare Jacob a second would that men should do to you, do ye even so son (the former was Dan); and Rachel said, to them: for this is the Law and the Prophets. With great wrestlings have I wrestled with Mat. vii. 2. 12. “ He" (“ Jesus") saith unto my sister, and I have prevailed: and she called “him” (Peter") the third time, Simon, son his name Naphtali. Ge. xxx. 3. 7,8. And the of Jonas, lovest thou me? And he said unto sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid ; Dan, and him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou Naphtali. Ge. xxxv. 25. These are the geknowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto nerations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen him, Feed my sheep. John xxi. 17. As years old, was feeding the flock with his bremany as I love, I rebuke and chasten : be thren; and the lad was with the sons of zealous therefore, and repent. Re. iii. 19. Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, bis

27 Her week.) And on the seventh day father's wives: and Joseph brought unto his God ended his work which he had made ; and father their evil report. Ge. xxxvii. 2. he rested on the seventh day from all his 30 He loved also Rachel.] See verse 20. and work which he had made: and God blessed

And when the Lord saw that Leah Yes the seventh day, and sanctified it. Ge. ii. 2, hated, he opened her womb. Ge. xxii. 31. 3. And he (Noah) stayed yet other seven And we (Joseph's brethren) said unto “oy



more than Leah, and served with him yet seven other years. And 31 when the Lord saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren. And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and 32 she called his name Reuben : for she said, Surely the Lord hath

lord” (their brother Joseph”), We have a (for Merab, who should have been given to father, an old man, and a child (Benjamin) of David, was given to Adriel, the Meholathite). his old age, a little one: and “his brother” 1 Sa. xviii. 17. 27. Israel served for a wife, (Joseph" to whom they spoke) is dead, and he and for a wife he kept sheep. Ho. xii. 12. alone is left of his mother, and his father 31 The Lord saw.] And the Lord said, loveth him; and thy servant my father said I have surely seen the affliction of my people, unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry sons. Ge. xliv. 20. 27. If a man have two by reason of their taskmasters, for I know wives, one beloved, and another hated, and their sorrows. Ex. ii. 7. they have born him children, both the beloved Leah was hated.] See verse 30. and com. and the hated ; and if the firstborn son be her's And Esau hated Jacob, because of the blessthat was hated : then it shall be, when he ing wherewith his father blessed him. Ge. maketh his sons to inherit that which he hath, xxvii. 41. And I (the Lord) hated Esau, and that he may not make the son of the beloved laid his mountains and his heritage waste for firstborn before the son of the hated, which is the dragons of the wilderness. Mal. i. 3. indeed the firstborn. De. xxi. 15, 16. No He opened her womb.] See chap. xvi. I. man can serve two masters : for either he will and com. ; xx. 18 ; xxi. 1, 2; xxv. 21. and com. hate the one, and love the other; or else he And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no will hold to the one, and despise the other. children, Rachel envied her sister, and said Ye cannot serve God and mammon. Mat. vi. unto Jacob, Give me children, or else die. 24. He that loveth father or mother more And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rathan me is not worthy of me: and he that chel, and he said, Am I in God's stead, who loveth son or daughter more than me is not hath withheld from thee the fruit of the worthy of me. Mat. x. 37. If any man come womb ? And God remembered Rachel; and to me, and hate not his father, and mother, God hearkened to her, and opened her womb. and wife, and children, and brethren, and Ge. xxx. 1, 2. 22. And there was a certain sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, be my disciple. Lu. xiv. 26. He that loveth whose name was Manoah; and his wife was his life shall lose it ; and he that hateth his life barren, and bare not. And the angel the in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. Lord appeared unto the woman, and said John xii. 25.

unto her, Behold now, thou art barren, and Served with him.] See verse xviii. and com. bearest not ; but thou shalt conceive, and bear And it came to pass, when Rachel had born

Ju. xiii. 2, 3. But unto Hannah he Joseph, that Jacob said unto Laban, Send me (Elkanah, her husband) gave a worthy poraway, that I may go unto mine own place, tion; for he loved Hannah: but the Lord and to my country. Give me my wives and my had shut up her womb. (But) the Lord rechildren, for whom I have served thee, and membered her: wherefore it came to pass, let me go: for thou knowest my service which when the time was come about, that she bare I have done thee. Ge. xxx. 25, 26. Are we a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, not counted of him strangers ? (said Rachel Because I have asked him of the Lord. i Sa. and Leah of their father.) For he hath sold i. 5. 19, 20. For this child I prayed (said us, and hath quite devoured also our money. Hannah to Eli); and the Lord hath given me I served thee fourteen years for thy two my petition which I asked of him. 1 Sa. i. daughters (said Jacob to Laban), and six 27. And the Lord visited Hannah, so that years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed she conceived, and bare three sons and two my wages ten times. Ge. xxxi. 15. 41. And daughters. 1 Sa. ii. 21. Lo, children are an Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter, heritage from the Lord, and the fruit of the Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be womb is his reward. Ps. cxxvii. 3. And thou valiant for me, and fight the Lord's they (Zacharias and Elizabeth) had no child, battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be because that Elizabeth was barren. Lu. i. 7. upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines 32 His name Reuben.] And Reuben heard be upon him. “Wherefore” (in consequence it (the plot of his brothers against Joseph), and of the dowry demanded by Saul) David arose he delivered him out of their hands, to deliver and went, he and his men, and slew of the him to his father again. Ge. Xxxvii. 21. And Philistines two hundred men ; and David Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but brought their foreskins, and they (David and cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, his men) gave them in full tale to the king, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid that he might be the king's son-in-law. And him out of their hands, to deliver him to his Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife father again. And Reuben (after his brethren

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looked upon my affliction; now therefore my husband will love 33 me. And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said, Because

the Lord hath heard that I was hated, he hath therefore given me 34 this son also: and she called his name Simeon. And she con

ceived again, and bare a son; and said, Now this time will my

husband be joined unto me, because I have born him three sons: 35 therefore was his name called Levi. And she conceived again,

sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites) returned unto will requite me good for his (Shimei's) curs-
the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the ing. 2 Sa. xvi. 12. Look upon mine afflic-
pit; and he rent his clothes. Ge. xxxvii. 22. tion and my pain; and forgive all my sins
29. And Reuben answered “them” (his Ps. xxv. 18. Nevertheless he regarded their
brethren"), saying, Spake I not unto you, affliction, when he heard their cry. Ps. cri.
saying, Do not sin against the child ; and ye 44. Thus hath the Lord dealt with me in
would not hear ? therefore, behold, also his the days wherein he looked on me (said
blood is required. And as one of them opened Elisabeth), to take away my reproach among
his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, men. Lu. i. 25.
he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his 33 Because the Lord hath heard.] And
sack's mouth. Ge. xlii. 22. 27. And these Rachel said, God hath judged me, and hath
are the names of the children of Israel which also heard my voice, and hath given me a
came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reu- son : therefore called she his name Dan. And
ben, Jacob's first-born. And the sons of Reu- Rachel said, With great wrestlings have I
ben, Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and wrestled with my sister, and have prevailed:
Carmi. Ge. xlvi. 8, 9. Reuben (said Jacob), and she called his name Naphtali. Ge. IXL
thou art my first-born, my might, and the 6. 8. And Leah said, God hath given me my
beginning of my strength; the excellency of hire, because I have given my maiden to my
dignity, and the excellency of power: unstable husband: and she called his name Issachar.
as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou And Leah said, God hath endued me with
wentest up to thy father's bed. Ge. xlix. 3, a good dowry: now will my husband dwell
4. Now the sons of Reuben, the firstborn with me, because I have born him six sons ;
of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but his and she called his name Zebulun. Ge. IIL
birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph 18. 20.
the son of Israel : and the genealogy is not to Called his name Simeon, &c.] And it came
be reckoned after the birthright. 1 Ch. v. 1. to pass on the third day, when “they" (" the

Looked upon my affliction.] And the Lord Shechemites) were sore (after circumcision ), said, I have surely seen the affliction of my that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and people which are in Egypt, and have heard Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his their cry by reason of their taskmasters : for sword, and came upon the city boldly, and I know their sorrows. Ex. iii. 7. And when slew all the males. And Jacob said to Simeon they heard that the Lord had visited the and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me children of Israel, and that he had looked to stink among the inhabitants of the land, upon their affliction, then they bowed their among the Canaanites and the Perizzites heads and worshipped. Ex. iv. 31. And Ge. xxxiv. 25. 30. The sons of Leah; Reuwhen we cried unto the Lord God of our ben, Jacob's first-born, and Simeon, and Levi, fathers, the Lord heard our voice, and looked and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun. Ge. on our affliction, and our labour, and our xxxv. 23. And he (Joseph) turned himself oppression. De. xxvi. 7. There was a cer- about from “them" (his' brethren"), and tain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of mount wept; and returned to them again, and comEphraim, and his name was Elkanah. And muned with them, and took from them she (Elkanah's wife) vowed a vow, and said, Simeon, and bound him before their eyes O Lord of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on Ge. xlii. 24. Simeon and Levi are brethren: the affliction of thine handmaid, and remem- instruments of cruelty are in their habitations. ber me, and not forget thine handmaid, but O my soul, come not thou into their secret ; wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, unto their assembly, mine honour, be not then I will give him unto the Lord all the thou united: for in their anger they slew a days of his life, and there shall no razor come man, and in their self-will they digged down upon his head. Wherefore it came to pass,

a wall.

Ge. xlix. 5, 6. when the time was come about after Hannah 34 Was his name called Levi.] See term had conceived, that she bare a son, and called 33. and com. under called his name," &c. his name Samuel, saying, Because I have The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and asked him of the Lord. 1 Sa. i. 1. 11. 20. Merari. Ge. xlvi. 11. Cursed be their anger It may be (suid David) that the Lord will (of Simeon and Levi), for it was fierce; and dook on mine atfliction, and that the Lord their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide

and bare a son: and she said, Now will I praise the Lord: therefore she called his name Judah ; and left bearing.


And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel 1 envied her sister; and said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else

them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel. this is the blessing of Judah : and he said, Ge. xlix. 7. And there went a man of the Hear, Lord, the voice of Judah, and bring bouse of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of him unto his people : let his hands be suffLevi (the mother of Moses). Ex. ii. 1. Then cient for him; and be thou an help to him Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, from his enemies. De, xxxiii. 7. Judah Who is on the Lord's side? let him come prevailed above his brethren, and of him unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered came the chief ruler, but the birthright was themselves together unto him. For Moses Joseph's. 1 Ch. v. 2. Abraham begat Isaac, had said, Consecrate yourselves to-day to the and Isaac begat Jacob, and Jacob begat Judah Lord, even every man upon his son, and upon and his brethren. Mat. i. 2. bis brother; that he may bestow upon you a Left bearing.) Leah conceived, and bare blessing this day. Ex. xxxii. 26. 29. And Jacob a fifth son. Ge. xxx. 17. of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst Chap. XXX.-1 Rachel saw.] See chap. prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst xxix. 31. and com. strive at the waters of Meribah : they shall Rachel envied her sister.] And his brethren teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy envied him (Joseph). Ge. xxxvii. 11. And law : they shall put incense before thee, and Moses said unto “him" (" Joshua,who said whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar. De, that Moses forbad Eldad and Medad to proXxxiii. 8. 10.

phesy in the camp), Enviest thou for my sake? 35 Called his name Judah.] And the sons would God that all the Lord's people were of Zilpah, Leah’s handmaid; Gad, and Asher. prophets, and that the Lord would put his Ge. xxxv. 26. And it came to pass at that spirit upon them! Nu. xi. 29. And when time, that Judah went down from his brethren. the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave And Judah saw a daughter of a certain Ca- to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and naanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took daughters, portions : but unto Hannah (his her, and went in unto her. And she conceived, wife) he gave a worthy portion; for he loved and bare a son, and he called his name Er. Hannah: but the Lord had shut up her womb. Ge. xxxviii. 1, 2, 3. And Judah said unto And her adversary (Peninnah) also provoked Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and her; therefore she wept, and did not eat. we will arise and go; that we may live, and Then said Elkanah her husband to her, not die, both we, and thou, and also our little Hannah, why weepest thou ? and why eatest ones. I will be surety for him; of my hand thou not? and why is thy heart grieved ? shalt thou require him: if I bring him not am not I better to thee than ten sons? 1 Sa. unto thee, and set him before thee, then let i. 4, 5, 6. 8. “They" (the Israelites") enme bear the blame for ever. Ge, xliii. 8, 9. vied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the Then Judah came near unto him, and said, saint of the Lord. Ps. cvi. 16. Envy (is) Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, the rottenness of the bones. Pr. xiv. 30. speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not Who is able to stand before envy? Pr. xxvii. thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou 4. Again, I considered all travail, and every art even as Pharaoh. How shall I go up to right work, that for this a man is envied of my father (Israel), and the lad be not with his neighbour. Ec. iv. 4. For whereas there me? Ge. xliv. 18. 34. And the sons of is among you envying: are ye not carnal, and Judah ; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pha- walk as men? 1 Co. iii. 3. Envyings, murrez, and Zarah: but Er and Onan died in the ders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like. land of Canaan.

Ge. xlvi. 12. Judah, thou They which do such things shall not inherit art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy the kingdom of God.

Ga. v. 21. For we hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; ourselves were sometimes living in malice thy father's children shall bow down before and envy, hateful, and hating one another. thee.

The sceptre shall not depart from Tit. iji. 3. But if ye have bitter envying and Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the against the truth. Ja. iii. 14. Do ye think that gathering of the people be. His (Judah's) the Scripture saith in vain, The spirit that eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? Ja. iv. 5. white with milk. Ge. xlix. 8. 10. 12. And Or else I die.] And they journeyed from

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2 I die. And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he

said, Am I in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit 3 of the womb? And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto

her; and she shall bear upon my knees, that I may also have

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Beth-el; and there was but a little way to come round about on them with anger, being grieved to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto had hard labour. And Rachel (in bearing the man (that had the withered hand), Stretch Benjamin) died. Ge. xxxv. 16. 19. And his forth thine hand: and he stretched it out, (Joseph's) brethren envied him. Ge. xxxvii. and his hand was restored whole as the other. 11. And if "thou" (" the Lord") deal thus Mar. iii. 5. Be ye angry, and sin not: let

me” (“Moses"), kill me, I pray thee, not the sun go down upon your wrath. Ep. out of hand, if I have found favour in thy iv. 26. sight; and let me not see my wretchedness. Am I in God's stead?] And Sarai said Nu. xi. 15. But he himself (Elijah, flying unto Abram, Behold now, the Lord hath from Jezebel to Beer-sheba) went a day's jour- restrained me from bearing: I pray thee go in ney into the wilderness, and came and sat unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain down under a juniper tree: and he requested children by her. And Abram hearkened for himself that he might die; and said, It is to the voice of Sarai. Ge. xvi. 2. And Isaac enough; now, O Lord, take away my life; intreated the Lord for his wife, because she for I am not better than my fathers. 1 Ki. was barren: and the Lord was intreated of xix. 4. After this opened Job his mouth, him, and Rebekah his wife conceived. Ge. and cursed his day. And Job spake and said, xxv. 21. And Joseph said unto

“them" Let the day perish wherein I was born. (his brethren," who had fallen down before Why died I not from the womb ? Why did his face), Fear not: for am I in the place of I not give up the ghost? Wherefore is light God? Ge. l. 19. The Lord had shut up given to him that is in misery, and life unto her (Hannah's) womb. 1 Sa. i. 5. The the bitter in soul ? which rejoice exceedingly, barren (said Hannah) hath born seven ; and and are glad when they can find the grave. she that hath many children is waxed feeble. Job iii. 1, 2, 3. 11. 20. 22. Wrath killeth the The Lord killeth, and maketh alive : he foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one. bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up, Job v. 2. Who is he that will plead with me? I Sa. ii. 5, 6. Am I a God (said the king of For now if I hold my tongue, I shall give up Israel), to kill and to make alive, that this the ghost. Job xiii. 19. Cursed be the day man doth send unto me to recover a man of wherein I was born (said Jeremiah): let not his leprosy ? 2 Ki. v. 7. the day wherein my mother bare me be Withheld from thee.) If ye hearken to these blessed. Wherefore came I forth out of the judgments, and keep and do them, he (the womb, to see labour and sorrow, that my days Lord) will love thee, and bless thee, and mulshould be consumed with shame ? Je. xx. tiply thee: he will also bless the fruit of thy 14. 18. Now, O Lord, take, I beseech thee, womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, my life from me; for it is better for me and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of to die than to live. And it came to pass, thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the when the sun did arise, that God prepared land which he sware unto thy fathers to give a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon thee. Thou shalt be blessed above all people : the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished there shall not be male or female barren among in himself to die, and said, It is better for me you, or among your cattle. De. vii. 13, 14. to die than to live. Jon. iv, 3. 8. Godly He maketh the barren woman to keep house, sorrow worketh repentance to salvation, not and to be a joyful mother of children. Ps. to be repented of; but the sorrow of the world cxiii. 9. Lo, children are an heritage of the worketh death. 2 Co. vii. 10.

Lord, and the fruit of the womb is his reward. 2 Anger was kindled, &c.] And Jacob Ps. cxxvii. 3. And she (Elisabeth) spake out was wroth, and chode with Laban: and with a loud voice, and said, Blessed ari “ thou" Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is (Mary') among women, and blessed is the my trespass? what is my sin, that thou hast fruit of thy womb. Lu. i. 42. so hotly pursued after me? Ge. xxxi. 36. 3 See verse 9. chap. xvi. 2, 3. And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh Behold my maid Bilhah.) When Leah saw unto the camp, that he saw “the calf” (“the that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah golden calf”), and the dancing: and Moses' her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. Ge. anger waxed bot, and he cast the tables (of xxx. 9. See chap. xvi. 2, 3. and com. the laws) out of his hands, and brake them She shall bear upon my knees.) And Joseph beneath the mount. Er. xxxii. 19. Who- saw Ephraim's children of the third generasoever is angry with his brother without a tion; the children also of Machir, the son of canse shall be in danger of the judgment. Manasseh, were brought up upon Joseph's Mat. v. 22. And when he (Jesus) had looked knees. Ge. I. 23. Why did the knees pre

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