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went to feed their father's flock in Shechem. And Israel said 13 unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, Here am I. And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether 14 it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring
Lord had made his journey prosperous or not. Ge. xxvii. 1. 18. Ere the lamp of God went Ge. xxiv. 21. As for me, Daniel, my cogita- out in the temple of the Lord (it came to pass) tions much troubled me, and my countenance that the Lord called Samuel; and he answered, changed in me: but I kept the matter in my Here am I. And he ran unto Eli (the priest), heart. Da. vii. 28. But Mary kept all these and said, Here am I, for thou calledst me. things, and pondered them in her heart
. And And he said, I called not; lie down again : "he" (" Jesus") went down with them (Jo- and he went and lay down. And the Lord seph and Mary), and came to Nazareth, and called yet again, Samuel : and Samuel arose was subject unto them: but his mother kept and went to Eli, and said, Here am I, for all these sayings in her heart. Lu. ii. 19. thou didst call me : and he answered, I called 51.
not, my son ; lie down again. And the Lord 12 In Shechem.] See verse 1. And Jacob called Samuel again the third time; and he came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I, in the land of Canaan, when he came from for thou didst call me. And Eli perceived Padan-aram, and pitched his tent before the that the Lord had called the child. Then Eli city. Ge. xxxiii. 18. And it came to pass called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son : on the third day, when they (the Shechemites, and he answered, Here am I. 1 Sa. iii. 4, 5, after circumcision) were sore, that two of the 6. 8. 16. Children, obey your parents in the song of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's Lord, for this is right. Honour thy father brethren, took each man his sword, and came and mother, which is the first commandment upon the city and slew all the males: they with promise, that it may be well with thee, slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the and that thou mayest live long on the earth. edge of the sword, and spoiled the city; they Ep. vi. 1, 2, 3. took their sheep, and their oxen, and their 14 See whether it be well.] And he (Jacob) asses, and that which was in the city, and said (unto them that were watering the sheep), that which was in the field; and all their Is he (Laban) well? And they said, He is wealth, and all their little ones, and their well. Ge. xxix. 6. And Joseph answered wives took they captive, and spoiled even all Pharaoh, saying, It is not in me (to interpret that was in the house. And they (Simeon and thy dream): God shall give Pharaoh an answer Judah) said (when Jacob rebuked them), of peace. Ge. xli. 16. And Jesse said unto Should he (Shechem) deal with our sister David his son, Run to the camp to thy (Dinah) as with an harlot? Ge. xxxiv. 25 brethren; and look how thy brethren fare, -31.
and take their pledge. 1 Sa. xvii. 17, 18. 13 Come, and I will send thee.] And Jesse And the king (David) said unto Cushi, Is the said unto David his son, Take now for thy young man, Absalom, safe? And Cushi anbrethren in ephah of this parched corn, and swered, The enemies of my lord the king, these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy and all that rise against thee to do thee hurt, brethren; and carry these ten cheeses unto as that young man is. 2 Sa. xviii. 32. the captain of their thousand, and look how Their blood (said Solomon : the blood of Abner thy brethren fare. And David rose up early and Amasa, whom he had slain) shall therein the morning, and left the sheep with a fore return upon the head of Joab (whom keeper, and took and went as Jesse had com- Benaiah afterwards slew, at the king's commanded. 1 Sa. xvii. 17, 18. 20. Behold, I mand), and upon the head of his seed for ever : send you forth as sheep in the midst of but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon wolves; be ye therefore wise as serpents, and his house, and upon his throne, shall there be harmless as doves. Mat. x. 16. Then said peace for ever from the Lord. 1 Ki. ii. 33. the lord of the vineyard (in the parable), As for such as turn aside unto their crooked What shall I do? I will send my beloved ways, the Lord shall lead them forth with the son; it may be they will reverence him when workers of iniquity, but peace shall be upon they see him. Lu. xx. 13.
Israel. Ps. cxxv. 5. Seek the peace of the Here am I.] God did tempt Abraham, and city whither I have caused you to be carried said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Be- away captives (said Jeremiah, by letter to the hold, here I am. Ge. xxii. 1. When Isaac captives), and pray unto the Lord for it; for was old, and his eyes were dim, he called in the peace thereof shall ye have peace. Je. Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My xxix. 7. If thou (Jerusalem) hadst known, son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I. even thou, at least in this thy day, the things And he (Jacob) came unto his father, and which belong unto thy peace; but now they said, My father; and he said, Here am I. are hid from thine eyes. Lu. xix. 42.
me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and 15 he came to Shechem. And a certain man found him, and, behold,
he was wandering in the field: and the man asked him, saying, 16 What seekest thou? And he said, I seek my brethren: tell me, 17 I pray thee, where they feed their flocks. And the man said,
They are departed hence; for I heard them say, Let us go to
Dothan. And Joseph went after his brethren, and found them in 18 Dothan. And when they saw him afar off, even before he came 19 near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him. And
Hebron.] See chap. xxiii. 2; xxxv. 27. Tell me, I pray thee, &c.] Tell me, O And “they” (“the men who were sent by thou whom my soul loveth (saith the Church Moses to search the land of Canaan") ascended to Christ), where thou feedest, where thou by the south, and came into Hebron ; (now makest thy flock to rest at noon. Ca. i. 7. Hebron was built seven years before Zoan 17 Dothan.] And he (the king of Syria) in Egypt). Nu, xiii. 22. Hebron became the said (to his servant), Go and spy where he inheritance of Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, (Elisha) is, that I may send and fetch him. the Kenezite, unto this day, because that he And it was told him, saying, Behold, ke is in wholly followed the Lord God of Israel. And Dothan. 2 Ki. vi. 13. the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba, 18 Conspired against him.) And Saul spake which Arba was a great man among the Ana to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, kims. Jos. xiv. 14, 15.
that they should kill David. 1 Sa. xix. 1. 15 He was wandering, &c.] She (Hagar) For I have heard the slander of
many; departed (being sent away with her son Ish
was on every side. While they took counsel mael, by Abraham), and wandered in the wil- together against me, they devised to take derness of Beer-sheba. Ge. xxi. 14.
away my life. Ps. xxxi. 13. The wicked What seekest thou ?] And behold, as Barak plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, him with his teeth. The wicked watchetb and said unto him, Come, and I will shew the righteous, and seeketh to slay him. Ps. thee the man whom thou seekest; and when xxxvii. 12. 32. They gather themselves tohe came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, gether against the soul of the righteous, and and the nail was in his temples. Ju. iv. 22. condemn the innocent blood. Ps. scir. 31. And Elisha said unto “them” (“s who were He turned their heart to hate his people, to sent by the king of Assyria to apprehend him, deal subtilly with his servants. Ps. cv. 25. and whom the Lord, on Elisha's prayer, had For my love they are my adversaries. Per smote with blindness”), This is not the way, cix. 4. But when the husbandmen (in the neither is this the city ; follow me, and I will parable) saw the son (whom his father, the bring you to the man whom ye seek: but householder who had planted the vineyard, kad he led them to Samaria. 2 Ki. vi. 19. Jesus sent unto them to receive the fruits thereof), turned and saw " them” (“ two of his dis. they said among themselves, This is the heir; ciples”) following, and saith unto them, What come, let us kill him, and let us seize on bis seek ye? John i. 38. Upon this (Christ's inheritance. Mat. xxi. 38. declaration to the woman of Samaria, that he priests and elders of the people took counsel was the Messias) came his disciples, and mar- against Jesus, to put him to death. Mat. Isvii. velled that he talked with the woman; yet no 1. Those husbandmen (in the parable) suid man said, What seekest thou? or Why talkest among themselves, This is the heir; corne, let thou with her ? John iv. 27. Jesus, knowing us kill him, and the inheritance shall be our's all things that should come upon him, went Mar. xii. 7. The chief priests and the scribes forth, and said unto " them” (“ the band of sought how they might take him by craft men” that came with Judas), Whom seek ye? and put him to death. Mar. xiv. 1. When Then asked he them again, whom seek ye? the husbandmen (in the parable) saw him." And they said, Jesus of Nazareth. John xviii. (" the householder's son," whom he had set to 4.7. Jesus saith unto “her” (“ Mary,” who receive of the fruits of the vineyard), the stood without at the sepulchre, weeping), Wo. reasoned among themselves, saying, This 3 man, why weepest thou ? whom seekest the heir; come, let us kill him, that the inthou? She, supposing him to be the gar- heritance may be our's. So they cast him out dener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne of the vineyard, and killed him. him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him. 15. From that day forth (after Caiaphas pro John xx. 15.
phesied) they took counsel together for 10 16 I seek my brethren.] The Son of man put him to death. John xi. 53. Certain of is come to seek and to save that which was the Jews banded together, and bound then Lu. xix. 10.
selves under a curse, saying that they would
All the chief
L. IL 14
they said one to another, Behold, this dreamer cometh. Come 20 now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast hath devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams. And Reuben heard it, and 21 he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him. And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but cast him into 22 this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him ; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again. And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his 23
neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. the priests and scribes had declared the place Ac. xxiii. 12.
where Christ should be born), and said, Go, 20 Let us slay him.] They encourage and search diligently for the child; and when ye themselves in an evil matter; they commune have found him, bring me word, that I may of laying snares privily : they say, Who shall come and worship him also: when they had see them ? Ps. Ixiv. 5. They say, Come heard the king they departed, and when with us : let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk (directed by the star) they were come into the privily for the innocent without cause. Pr. house, they saw the young child with Mary i. ll. Let us swallow them up alive, as the his mother; and being warned of God in a grave, for their feet run to evil, and make dream, they departed into their own country haste to shed blood. Pr. i. 12. 16. The another way. Herod, when he saw that he Lord doth hate a proud look, a lying tongue, was mocked of the wise men, sent forth and and hands that shed innocent blood. Pr. slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, vi. 17. Wrath is cruel, and anger is out and in all the coasts thereof, from two years rageous, but who is able to stand before old and under. Mat. ii. 2–16. Thou that envy? Pr. xxvii. 4. We ourselves were destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three sometimes foolish, living in malice and envy, days, save thyself (said those who passed by, hateful and hating one another. Tit. iii. 3. reviling Christ): if thou be the Son of God, This is the message that ye heard from the come down from the cross. Likewise also the beginning, that we should love one another, chief priests mocking him, with the scribes, not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and and elders, said, He saved others, himself he slew his brother. 1 John iii. 11, 12.
cannot save ; if he be the King of Israel, let Some evil beast.] And when he (the man him now come down from the cross, and we of God who was seduced by the old prophet of will believe him. Mat. xxvii. 40, 41, 42. Beth-el) was gone (after he had eaten bread And they that passed by railed on him, wagand drank water), a lion met him by the way, ging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that and slew him, and his carcase was cast in the destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three way. I Ki. xiii. 24. And he (Elisha) turned days, save thyself, and come down from the back, and looked on them, and cursed “them" cross: he saved others (said the chief priest); (who mocked him, and called him “ thou bald himself he cannot save. Let Christ the King of head" &c.) in the name of the Lord. And there Israel descend now from the cross, that we may came forth two she-bears out of the wood, and see and believe. And they that were crucified tare forty and two children of them. 2 Ki. with him reviled him. Mar. xv. 30, 31, 32. ii. 24. He that hideth hatred with lying What shall we (the rulers of the Jews) do to lips, and he that uttereth a slander, is a fool. “these men ?" (" Peter and John,") for that Pr. x. 18. He that covereth his sin shall not indeed a notable miracle hath been done by prosper. Pr. xxviii. 13.
them is manifest to all them that dwell in And we shall see, &c.] And now (said Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it; but that Saul, when his life was spared by David in it spread no further among the people, let us the cave of En-gedi) I know well that thou straitly threaten them, that they speak henceshalt surely be king, and that the kingdom of forth to no man in this name: and they Israel shall be established in thine hand. called them, and commanded them not to 1 Sa. xxiv. 20. Then Saul arose, and went speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus. down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three Ac. iv. 16, 17, 18. thousand of Israel with him, to seek David in 21 Reuben heard it.] Spake I not unto the wilderness of Ziph. 1 Sa. xxvi. 2. Where you (said Reuben to Joseph's brethren), saying, is he said the wise men) that is born King of Do not sin against the child, and ye would the Jews ? for we have seen his star in the not hear ? therefore, behold also his blood is east, and are come to worship him. When required. Ge. xlii. 22. Herod the king heard these things he was 22 Shed no blood.] See preced. com.
Ge. troubled: then when he had privily called the xlii. 22. wise men, he sent them to Bethlehem (which
brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many 24 colours that was on him; And they took him, and cast him into 25 a pit: and the pit was empty, there was no water in it. And they
sat down to eat bread : and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with
their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry 26 it down to Egypt. And Judah said unto his brethren, What 27 profit is it if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood ? Come,
23 Stript Joseph.) See verse 3. 31, 32, 33. are not afflicted for the affliction of Joseph. And “
they” (“ Joseph's brethren”) said one Am. vi. 6. to another, We are verily guilty concerning Ishmeelites.] Then there passed by Midour brother, in that we saw the anguish of ianites merchantmen, and they drew and his soul when he besought us, and we would lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold not hear; therefore is this distress come upon Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of
Ge. xlii. 21. They part my garments silver, and they brought Joseph into Egypt among them; and cast lots upon my ves And the Midianites sold him into Egypt,
Ps. xxii. 18. And they stripped him unto Potiphar an officer of Pharaoh's, and (Jesus), and put on him a scarlet robe. Mat. captain of the guard. Ge. Xxxvii. 28. 36. xxvii. 28.
And the angel of the Lord said unto " her 24 Cast him into a pit.) For without (“ Hagar"), Behold, thou art with child, and cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, shall bear a son, and shalt call his name which without cause they have digged for my Ishmael, because the Lord hath heard thy soul. Ps. xxxv. 7. The breath of our nostrils, affliction : and he will be a wild man; his hand the anointed of the Lord, was taken in their will be against every man, and every man's pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we hand against him, and he shall dwell in the preshall live among the heathen. La. iv. 20. sence of all his brethren. Ge. xvi. 11, 12. Then He (the Lord) brought me also out of an again Abraham took a wife, and her name horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my was Keturah. And she bare him Midim feet upon a rock, and established my goings. (and other sons); and the sons of Midiz, Ps. xl. 2. Thou hast laid me in the lowest Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abidah, pit, in the darkness, in the deeps : thou hast and Eldaoh. Now these are the sons of put away mine acquaintance far from me; Ishmael (mentioned in the foregoing verses)
, thou hast made me an abomination unto twelve princes, according to their nations : them : I am shut up, and I cannot come forth. and these are the years of the life of Ishmael
, Ps. Ixxxviji. 6. 8. Out of the depths have I an hundred and thirty and seven years. And cried unto thee, O Lord : Lord, hear my voice; they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is belet thine ears be attentive to the voice of my fore Egypt as thou goest toward Assyria 6. supplications. Ps. cxxx. 1, 2. Then took xxv. 1, 2. 4. 16, 17, 18. And he (Laban) tonk they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon his brethren with him, and pursued after his of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that was seven days' journey, and they overtook him in the court of the prison, and they let down (Jacob) in the mount Gilead. Ge. Ixxi. 28 Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon They have consulted together: the tabernacles there was no water, but mire : so Jeremiah of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and sunk in the mire. Je. xxxviji. 6. Mine the Hagarenes. Ps. Ixxxiii. 6. enemies chased me sore like a bird, without Gilead.] So he (Jacob) fled (from Leben cause : they have cut off my life in the dun- with all that he had, and set his face tessers geon, and cast a stone upon me; waters flowed the mount Gilead. Ge. xxxi. 21. over mine head : then I said, I am cut off ; 26 What profit is it, &c.] And Esan said, I called upon thy name, O Lord, out of the Behold, I am at the point to die, and what low dungeon. La. iii. 52, 53, 54.
profit shall this birthright do to me! G. 25 They sat down, &c.] The king (Aha- xxv. 32. What profit is there in my bloed suerus) and Haman sat down to drink, but the when I go down to the pit? Shall the das city Shusan was perplexed. Es. iii. 15. Have praise thee ? shall it declare thy truth! Ay all the workers of iniquity no knowledge ? xxx. 9. But ten men were found any who eat up my people as they eat bread, and them (who had come, fourscore in number call not upon the Lord. Ps. xiv. 4. Such is with their beards shaven, and their clothes reste the way of an adulterous woman, she eateth, from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria, and it and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done were slain by Ishmael the son of Netbredd no wickedness. Pr. Xxx. 20. Woe unto that said unto Ishmael, Slay us not: for et them that drink wine in bowls, and anoint have treasures in the field, of wheat, and a themselves with the chief ointments : but they barley, and of oil, and of honey. So he torsex,
and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brethren were content. Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and 28
and slew them not among their brethren. upon him ; but let the hand of the Philistines Je. xli. 8. What is a man profited if he shall be upon him. 1 Sa. xviii. 17. And it came gain the whole world and lose his own soul? to pass in the morning, that David wrote a Or what shall a man give in exchange for his letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of soul? Mat. xvi. 26. What fruit had ye Uriah ; and he wrote in the letter, Set ye then in those things whereof ye are Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, ashamed ? for the end of those things is and retire ye from him, that he may be death? Ro. vi. 21.
smitten and die. And he assigned Uriah Conceal his blood.] See verse 20. The unto a place where he knew that valiant men voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me And the men of the city (of Rabbah, from the ground (said God to Cain). Ge. iv. which Joab besieged) went out, and fought 10. If there arise a matter too hard for thee with Joab; and there fell some of the people in judgment, between blood and blood, be- of the servants of David, and Uriah the tween plea and plea, and between stroke and Hittite died also. 2 Sa. xi. 14, 15, 16, 17. stroke, &c. thou shalt come unto the priests Wherefore (said Nathan to David) hast thou the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in despised the commandment of the Lord to those days, and they shall shew thee the sen do evil in his sight? Thou hast killed Uriah tence of judgment. De. xvii. 8, 9. And David the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken said unto him (an Amalekite who had slain his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him Saul), Thy blood be upon thy head, for thy with the sword of the children of Ammon. mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I 2 Sa. xii. 9. have slain the Lord's anointed. 2 Sa. i. 16. Our brother and our flesh.] And Laban
earth, cover not thou my blood, and let my said to him (Jacob), Surely thou art my bone cry have no place. Job xvi. 18. For her and my flesh. Ge. xxix. 14. And “they" (Jerusalem's) blood is in the midst of her; (“ Joseph's brethren") said one to another, she set it upon the top of a rock : she poured We are verily guilty concerning our brother, it not upon the ground, to cover it with dust. in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when Ez. xxiv. 7.
he besought us, and we would not hear. Ge. 27 Sell him to the Ishmeelites.] See verse xlii. 21. 22. He that stealeth a man and selleth 28 Midianites.] See verse 25. And she him, or if he be found in his hand, shall (Keturah) bare "him” (“Abraham”) Zimran, surely be put to death. Ex. xxi. 16. If and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and "he" (" the servant" who died, smitten with a Ishbak, and Shuah. Ge. xxv. 2. Now the rod by his master) continue a day or two, he priest of Midian had seven daughters : and shall not be punished, for he is his money. they came and drew water, and filled the Ex. xxi. 21. And I (Nehemiah) said (to the troughs to water their father's flock. Ex. Jewish usurers), We, after our ability, have ii. 16. Now the name of the Midianitish redeemed our brethren the Jews which were woman that was slain was Cozbi, the daughter sold unto the heathen: and will ye even sell of Zur: he was head over a people, and of a your brethren ? or shall they be sold unto chief house in Midian. And the Lord spake us ? Ne. v. 8. What shall a man give in unto Moses, saying, Vex the Midianites, and exchange for his soul? Mat. xvi. 26. And smite them. Nu. xxv. 15, 16, 17. Avenge (Judas) said unto them, What will ye give me, the children of Israel of the Midianites. And and I will deliver him (Jesus) unto you? And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of some of yourselves unto the war, and let them silver. Mat. xxvi. 15. The law is not made go against the Midianites, and avenge the for a righteous man, but for the lawless and Lord of Midian. And they slew the kings of disobedient; for men-stealers, for liars, for Midian : namely, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, perjured persons, and if there be any other and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian. thing that is contrary to sound doctrine. And the children of Israel took all the women 1 Ti. i. 10. No man buyeth their merchan- of Midian captives, &c. &c. Nu. xxxi. 2, 3.. dise (the merchandise of Babylon) any more; 8, 9. And the children of Israel did evil in their wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and the sight of the Lord, and the Lord delivered horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of them into the hand of Midian seven years : Re. xviii. ll. 13.
and the hand of Midian prevailed against Let not our hand be upon him.] And Saul Israel, and because of the Midianites the said to David, Behold, my elder daughter children of Israel made them the dens which Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be are in the mountains, and caves, and strong thou valiant for me, and fight the Lord's holds. And so it was when Israel had sown, battles : for Saul said, Let not mine hand be that the Midianites came up, and destroyed