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10 And they said unto him, Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy ll servants come. We are all one man's sons; we are true men, thy 12 servants are no spies. And he said unto them, Nay, but to see 13 the nakedness of the land ye are come. And they said, Thy
servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of
10 My lord.] Be lord over thy brethren Bilhah): therefore called she his name "Dan" (said Isaac to Jacob), and let thy mother's sons (i. e. "judging"); and Bilhah Rachel's maid bow down to thee. Behold, I have made him conceived again, and bare Jacob a second son, thy lord (said he to Esau), and all his brethren and she (Rachel) called his name " Naphtalik have I given to him for servants, and with (i. e.“my wrestling"). When Leah saw that corn and wine have I sustained him. Ge. she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, xxvii. 29. 37. Shalt thou indeed reign over and gave her Jacob to wife ; and Zilpah Leah's us (said his brethren to Joseph)? or shalt thou, maid bare Jacob a son, and she called his indeed, have dominion over us? Ge. xxxvii. 8. name “ Gad" (i. e. “a troop"); and Zilpah With whomsoever of thy servants "it" (" Jo- Leah's maid bare Jacob a second son, and she seph's cup") be found (said his brethren to called his name “Asher" (i. e. “happy"); Joseph), both let him die ; and we also will and God hearkened unto Leah, and she conbe my lord's bondmen. Ge. xliv. 9. And ceived and bare Jacob a fifth son, and she Saul knew David's voice (as he spake to Abner, called his name “ Issachar" (or “ an hire") reproving him for not keeping his lord the king), and Leah conceived again, and bare Jacob a and said, Is this thy voice, my son David ? sixth son, and she called his name " Zebulua" And David said, It is my voice, my lord, o (i. e. “dwelling"); and afterwards she bare a king. 1 Sa. xxvi. 17. And as Obadiah (the daughter, and called her name “ Dinah" (i. governor of Ahab's house, who feared the Lord "judgment"). And God remembered Rachel, greatly, &c.) was in the way, behold, Elijah and she conceived and bare a son, and she met him: and he knew him, and fell on his called his name “ Joseph" (i. e. "adding"). face, and said, Art thou that my lord Elijah ? Ge. xxix. 32–35. and xxx. 6-24. And 1 Ki. xviii. 7.
(Jacob and his family) journeyed from Beth-el: 11 True men.] If ye be true men, let one and Rachel travailed; and it came to pass of your brethren be bound in the house of when she was in hard labour, that the midwife your prison (said Joseph to his brethren). The said unto her, Fear not, thou shalt bave this lord of the country said to us (said Joseph's son also; and as her soul was in departing brethren to their father), Hereby shall I know (for she died), she called his name * Benthat ye are true men ; leave one of your bre. oni" (i. e. the “son of my sorrow"): but his thren here with me, and bring your youngest father called him “Benjamin” (i. é. the "SOR brother unto me: then shall I know that ye of the right hand"). Ge. xxxv. 16–18. The are no spies, but that ye are true men. Ge. sons of Leah ; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and xlii. 19. 33, 34. He that speaketh of himself Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, seeketh his own glory; but he that seeketh and Zebulun. The sons of Rachel; Joseph his glory that sent him, the same is true, and and Benjamin. And the sons of Bilhah, no unrighteousness is in him. John vii. 18. Rachel's handmaid; Dan and Naphtali, Aad We beseech you that ye receive not the grace the sons of Zilpah, Leah's bandmaid; Gad and of God in vain : in all things approving our Asher. Ge. xxxv. 23-25. And Judab spake selves as ministers of God in much patience, unto “him" (" Jacob"), saying, The man did in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses. solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not 2 Co. vi. 14.
see my face, except your brother be with you. 12 See verse 9, and com.
The man asked us straitly of our state, and of 13 Thy servants, &c.] See verses 11. 32. our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive! And when the Lord saw that Leah was hated, have ye another brother? and we told him he opened her womb: and Leah conceived according to the tenor of these words : could and bare a son, and she called his name we certainly know that he would say, Bring “Reuben" (i. e. "see a son"); and she con- your brother down ? Ge. xliii. 3.7. See Ge. ceived again and bare a son, and she called his xlvi. 8-27. Now these are the names of the name “Simeon" (i. e. "hearing”); and she children of Israel which came into Egypt : conceived again and bare a son, and his name Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, was called “Levi” (i. e. " joined"); and she Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan, and Naphtali, conceived again and bare a son, and she called Gad, and Asher. And all the souls that aime his name “Judah" (i. e. "praise"): and left out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls bearing. Ge. xxix. 31–35. And Rachel for Joseph was in Egypt already. Exil-a. said (being barren herself at the present), God See Nu. i. 10. 26. 34, throughout, and I a. hath judged me, and hath also heard my voice, ii. 8. throughout. and hath give me a son (by her handmaid
Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and; one is not. And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake 14 unto you, saying, Ye are spies: Hereby ye shall be proved : 15 By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your
One is not.] And Jacob their father said yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from unto them (his sons), Me have ye bereaved of their master's table. Then Jesus answered and my children : Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, said unto her, Owoman, great is thy faith : and ye will take Benjamin away. And he said, be it unto thee even as thou wilt; and her My son shall not go down with you; for his daughter was made whole from that very hour. brother is dead, and he is left alone. Ge. xlii. Mat. xv. 21–28. 36. 38. And he (Reuben) returned unto his 1 5 By the life of Pharaoh.] See verse 16. brethren, and said, The child is not: and I, Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve whither shall I go? Ge. xxxvii. 30. And him, and shalt swear by his name. De. vi. 13. we said unto my lord, We have a father, an And she (Hannah) said, O my lord, as thy old man, and a child of his old age, a little soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that one: and his brother is dead, and he alone is stood by thee (Eli the priest) here, praying left of his mother, and his father loveth him; unto the Lord. 1 Sa. i. 26. And when Saul and thy servant my father said unto us, Ye saw David go forth against the Philistine know that my wife bare me two sons : and (Goliath), he said unto Abner, Whose son is the one went out from me, and I said, Surely this youth ? and Abner said, As thy soul liveth, he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since. O king, I cannot tell. 1 Sa. xvii. 55. And Ge. xliv. 20. 28. And his sons) told him, David sware moreover, and said (to Jonathan), saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor Thy father certainly knoweth that I have over all the land of Egypt. Ge. xlv. 26. found grace in thine eyes : and he saith, Let Thus saith the Lord, A voice was heard in not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; but truly, as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul Rahel weeping for her children refused to liveth, there is but a step between me and be comforted for her children, because they death. 1 Sa. xx. 3. And though “ they" were not. Je. xxxi. 16. Our fathers have (“the Jews") say, The Lord liveth ; surely sinned, and are not, and we have borne their they swear falsely. How shall I pardon thee iniquities. La. v. 7. Herod, when he saw for this? my children have forsaken me, and that he was mocked of the wise men, was ex- sworn by them that are no gods. Je. v. 2. 7. ceeding wroth, and sent forth and slew all the Ye have heard (said Jesus) that it hath been children that were in Bethlehem, and in all said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forthe coasts thereof, from two years old and swear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord under, according to the time which he had thine oaths : but I say unto you, Swear not at diligently enquired of the wise men. Then all ; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne : was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy neither by the earth; for it is his footstool : the prophet, saying, In Rama was there a neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the voice heard, lamentation and weeping, and great King. Neither shalt thou swear by thy great mourning, Rachel weeping for her chil- head, because thou canst not make one hair dren, and would not be comforted, because white or black: but let your communication be, they are not. Mat. ii. 16–18.
Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than 14 That is it that I spake unto you.] See these cometh of evil. Mat. v. 33–37. Woe verses 9, 10, 11. Wherefore hidest thou thy unto you, ye blind guides (said our Lord to the face, and holdest me for thine enemy? Job scribes and Pharisees), which say, Whosoever xiii. 24. He hath also kindled his wrath shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but against me, and he counteth me unto him as whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temone of his enemies. Job xix. 11. Jesus de- ple, he is a debtor! and, Whosoever shall swear parted into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon. by the altar, it is nothing ; but whosoever And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, guilty. Ye fools and blind : whosoever shall Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and all David ; my daughter is grievously vexed with things thereon: and whoso shall swear by the a devil. But he answered her not a word. temple, sweareth by it, and my him that And his disciples came and besought him, dwelleth therein: and he that shall swear by saying, Send her away; for she crieth after heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and us : but he answered and said, I am not sent by him that sitteth thereon. Mat. xxiii. 16 but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. --22. But above all things, by brethren, Then came she and worshipped him, saying, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the Lord, help me : but he answered and said, It earth, neither by any other oath ; but let your is not meet to take the children's bread and yea be yea ; and your nay, nay; lest you fall to cast it to dogs. And she said, Truth, Lord: into condemnation. Ja. v. 12.
16 youngest brother come bither. Send one of you, and let him fetch
your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may
be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life 17 of Pharaoh surely ye are spies. And he put them all together 18 into ward three days. And Joseph said unto them the third day, 19 This do, and live; for I fear God: If ye be true men, let one of
your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry
Except your youngest brother, &c.] Bring the Lord might be shewed them. Le. xxiv. 12 your youngest brother unto me (said Joseph): Thou hast dealt well with thy servant, O Lord, so shall your words be verified, and ye shall according unto thy word. Ps. cxix. 65. And not die. Bring your younger brother to me they (the priests, the captain of the temple, and (he repeats): then shall I know that ye are no the Sadducees) laid hands on them (Peter and spies. Ge. xlii. 20. 34. And Judah spake John), and put them in hold unto the next day. unto him (Jacob), saying, The man (Joseph) Ac. iv. 3. For they verily (the fathers of our did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall flesh) for a few days chastened us after their not see my face, except your brother be with own pleasure ; but "he" (" the Lord") for car you. Ge. xlii, 3. And we said unto my lord, profit, that we might be partakers of his holiWe have a father, an old man, and a child of ness. He. xii. 10. his old age, a little one (said Judah to Joseph); 18 I fear God.] And Abraham said (I and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of called my wife sister), Because I thought, his mother: and thou saidst unto thy ser. Surely the fear of God is not in this place; vants, Bring him down unto me: except your and they will slay me for my wife's sake youngest brother come down with you, ye Ge. xx. 11. Thou shalt not rule over him** shall see my face no more: and when we came (“thy poor brother" sold unto thee) with rigour; up unto thy servant our father, we told him but shall fear thy God. Le. xxv. 43. Also the words of my lord ; and our father said “I” (“ Nehemiah") said (unto the nobles and unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two rulers), It is not good that ye do; ought ye sons ; and the one went out from me, and I not to walk in the fear of our God, because of said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw the reproach of the heathen our enemies! him no more: and if ve take this also from Ne. v. 9. But the former governors that had me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring been before me were chargeable unto the peo down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. ple, and had taken of them bread and wide, Now therefore, when he seeth that the lad is besides forty shekels of silver; yea, even their not with us, he will die : for thy servant servants bare rule over the people; but so did became surety for the lad unto my father. not I, because of the fear of God. Ne. y. 15. Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant There was in a city a judge (said Jesus in a abide instead of the lad a bondman to my parable), which feared not God, neither relord ; and let the lad go up with his brethren: garded man; and there was a widow in that for how shall I go up to my father, and the city, and she came unto him, saying, Avenge lad be not with me? Ge. xliv. 20-34. me of mine adversary: and he would not for a 16 See verses 7. 12. 30.
while; but afterwards he said within himself, 17 He put them all together, &c.] And they Though I fear not God, nor regard man; yet (the kings of the earth) shall be gathered together because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be her, lest by her continual coming she weary shut up in the prison, and after many days me. Lu. xviii. 245. shall they be visited. Is. xxiv. 22. And they 19 House of your prison.] And he put (the high priest and the Sadducees) laid their them (the butler and baker) in ward, in the hands on the apostles, and put them in the house of the captain ofthe guard (Potiphar), into common prison. Ac. v. 18.
the prison, the place where Joseph was bound. Into ward, &c.] And they (the butler and Ge. xl. 3. I the Lord have called “thee baker of Pharaoh) continued a season in (“ Christ") to open the blind eyes, to bring ward. And he (Joseph) asked Pharaoh's officers out the prisoners from the prison, and them that were with him in the ward of his lord's that sit in darkness out of the prison house. house, saying, Wherefore look ye so sadly to But this is a people robbed and spoiled; thes day? Ge. xl. 4. 7. Pharaoh was wroth with are all of them snared in holes, and they are his “servants" (his “butler and baker"), and hid in prison houses. They are for a prey. put me (the chief butler) in ward in the cap- and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none tain of the guard's house, both me and the saith, Restore. Is. xlii. 7. 22. Wherefore chief baker. Ge. xli. 10. And they put him (because he prophesied the certain return and (Shelomith's son, who strove with a man of victory of the Chaldeans) the princes were Israel, and who blasphemed the name of the wroth with Jeremiah, and smote him, and Lord, and cursed) in ward, that the mind of put him in prison in the house of Jonathan
corn for the famine of your houses: But bring your youngest 20 brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so. And they said one to another, We are 21 Ferily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; there
the scribe, for they had made that the prison. tisement, I will not sin any more. That which Je. xxxvii. 15.
I see not, teach thou me; if I have done inCarry corn for the famine, &c.] See verses iquity I will do no more. Job xxxiv. 31, 32. I, 2. And they laded their asses with the If they be bound in fetters, and be holden in corn, and departed thence. Ge. xlii. 26. cords of affliction; then he sheweth them And the famine was over all the face of the their work, and their transgressions that they earth: And Joseph opened all the storehouses, have exceeded. Job xxxvi. 8, 9. I (the Lord) and sold unto the Egyptians. Ge. xli. 56. will go, and return to my place till they And the famine was sore in the land. And acknowledge their offence, and seek my face. it came to pass, when they had eaten up the In their affliction they (Israel) will seek me corn which they had brought out of Egypt, early. Ho. v. 15. Then Judas, which had their father said unto them, Go again, buy us betrayed him (Jesus), when he saw that he a little food. Ge. xliii. 1, 2. And to his was condemned, repented himself, and brought father "he" (“ Joseph") sent after this man- again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief ner; ten asses laden with the good things of priests and elders, saying, I have sinned, in Egypt, and ten she-asses laden with corn, and that 'I have betrayed the innocent blood. bread, and meat, for his father by the way. Mat. xxvii. 3, 4. Where (in hell) “their Ge. xlv. 23.
worm” (of “ those" who offend one of the little 20 Bring your youngest brother.] See verses ones of Christ) dieth not, and the fire is not 15. 34. If thou wilt not send him (Benjamin), quenched. Mar. ix. 44. I pray thee, father, we will not go down, for the man said unto that thou wouldest send him (Lazarus) to my us, Ye shall not see my face except your father's house : for I have five brethren (said brother be with you. And they (Joseph's the rich man to Abraham, being in torments); brethren) came near to the steward of Joseph's that he may testify unto them, lest they also house, and they communed with him at the come unto this place of torment. Lu. xvi. door of the house. Ge. xliii. 6. 19. And 28. And many that believed came and conthou saidst unto thy servants (said his brethren fessed, and shewed their deeds. Ac. xix. 18. to Joseph), Except your youngest brother come We saw the anguish of his soul.] It came down with you ye shall see my face no more. to pase, when Joseph was come unto his Ge. xliv. 22.
brethren (sent by Jacob to see whether it was And they did so.] See verse 26. Thus did well with his brethren, and well with the flock), Noah (in providing the ark, fc.); according to that they stripped Joseph out of his coat, his all that God commanded him, so did he. Ge. coat of many colours that was on him, and vi. 22. His mother saith unto the servants (at they took him and cast him into a pit, and the marriage of Cana in Galilee), Whatsoever the pit was empty, and there was no water in "he" (" Jesus") saith unto you, do it. John it. And they sat down to eat bread : and i. 5.
Judah sald unto his brethren, What profit 21 They said one to another.) Then spake is it if we slay our brother and conceal his the chief butler unto Pharaoh, saying, I do blood ? Come, and let us sell him to the remember my faults this day. Ge. xli. 9. Ishmeelites (whom they saw passing with But if ye (the Reubenites, and Gadites, &c.) spicery, &c. going down into Egypt). And his will not do so (go armed over Jordan until brethren were content. Then there passed their enemios be driven out, &c.), behold, ye by Midianites, merchantmen, and they drew have sinned against the Lord; and be sure and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold your sin will find you out. Nu. xxxii. 23. Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned silver, and they brought Joseph into Egypt. against the Lord (in taking Uriah's wife, fc.). Ge. xxxvii, 23-28. And Adoni-bezek (king 2 Sa. xii. 13. And she (the widow of Zaré- of the Canaanitesand Perizzites, whom the Israel phath) said unto Elijah, What have I to do ites caught as he fled) said, Threescore and ten with thee, O thou man of God? art thou come kings, having their thumbs and great toes cut off, unto me to call my sin to remembrance, and gathered their meat under my table: as I have to slay my son ? 1 Ki. xvii. 18. He looketh done, so God hath requited me. And they upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. perverted that which was right, and it profited Ju. i. 7. Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of me not; he (the Lord) will deliver his soul the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall from going into the pit, and his life shall see not be heard. Pr. xxi. 13. If thou forbear the light. Job xxxiii. 27, 28. Surely it is to deliver them that are drawn unto death, meet to be said unto God, I have borne chas- and those that are ready to be slain : if thou
22 fore is this distress come upon us. And Reuben answered them,
saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child;
and ye would not hear therefore, behold, also his blood is re23 quired. And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he 24 spake unto them by an interpreter. And he turned himself about
sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he I, whither shall I go? Ge. xxxvii. 21, 22. that pondereth the heart consider it? and 29, 30. We indeed (suffer) justly said the he that keepeth thy soul, doth not he know thief on the cross to his fellow), for we receive it? and shall not he render to every man the due reward of our deeds, but this man according to his works ? Pr. xxiv. 11, 12. (Christ) hath done nothing amiss. Lu. xxiii. A man that doeth violence to the blood of any 41. The Gentiles having not the law are a person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay law unto themselves, which shew the work of him. Pr. xxviii. 17. Hast thou not pro- the law written in their hearts : their concured this unto thyself, in that thou hast for- science also bearing witness, and their thoughts saken the Lord thy God, when he led thee the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one by the way? Thine own wickedness shall another. Ro. ii. 14, 15. correct thee, and thy backslidings shall re- His blood is required.] Thy brother's prove thee: know therefore, and see that it is blood crieth unto me from the ground (said an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast for- God to Cain). Ge. iv. 10. Surely your blood saken the Lord thy God, and that my fear is of your lives will I require. At the hand of not in thee, saith the Lord God of hosts. Je. every man's brother will I require the life of ii. 17, 19. Thy way, and thy doings, have man. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man procured these things unto thee: this is thy shall his blood be shed. Ge. ix. 5, 6. And wickedness, because it is bitter, because it the Lord shall return his (Abner's) blood apon reacheth unto thine heart. Je. iv. 18. Thus his own (Joab's) head, who fell upon two saith the Lord, Ye have not hearkened unto men (Abner and Amasa) more righteous and me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his better than he, and slew them with the sword, brother, and every man to his neighbour : my father David not knowing thereof (said behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the Solomon). 1 Ki. ii. 32. Joash the king Lord, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada the famine ; and I will make you to be re- (the priest) his (Zechariah's) father had done moved into all the kingdoms of the earth. to him, but slew his "son" (" Zecharial"). Je, xxxiv. 17. With what judgment ye judge, And when he died, he said, The Lord look ye shall be judged ; and with what measure upon it, and require it. 2 Ch. xxiv. 22. ye mete, it shall be measured to you again. When he maketh inquisition for blood, he Mat. vii. 2. If we confess our sins, he is remembereth them, he forgetteth not the cry faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to of the humble. Ps. ix. 12. When I say cleanse us from all unrighteousness. I John unto the wicked, thou shalt surely die, and i. 9. He shall have judgment without mercy, thou (the watchman of the Lord) givest him that hath shewed no mercy: and mercy re- not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked joiceth against judgment. Ja. ii. 13.
from his wicked way, to save his life; the This distress come upon us.] I will mock same wicked man shall die in his iniquity: when your fear cometh, when your fear cometh but his blood will I require at thine hand. as desolation, and your destruction cometh as Ex. iii. 18. That the blood of all the prophets a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh which was shed from the foundation of the upon you : then shall they call upon me, but world may be required of this generation, I will not answer. They shall seek me early, from the blood of Abel unto the blood of but they shall not find me. Pr. i. 27, 28. Zacharias, which perished between the altar
22 Spake I not unto you.] And Reuben and the temple. Verily, I say unto you, It heard it (his brethren intending to slay Joseph), shall be required of this generation. L. and delivered him out of their hands; and xi. 50, 51. And when the barbarians (of the said, Let us not kill him. And Reuben said island of Melita) saw the venomous “ beast unto them, Shed no blood, but cast him into (" the viper") hang on his hand, they said this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no among themselves, No doubt this man (Paul) hand upon him; that he might rid him out is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped of their hands, to deliver him to his father the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live. again. And Reuben returned unto the pit Ac. xxviii. 4. He that leadeth into captivity (into which his brethren were content to cast shall go into captivity: he that killeth wich him), and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit the sword must be killed with the sword (for the Midianites had lifted up Joseph out of Here is the patience and faith of the saints the pit, and sold him to the Ishmeelites): and Re. xiii. 10. And men were scorched with he rent his clothes. And he returned unto great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, his brethren, and said, The child is not; and which hath power over these plagues : and