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from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes. Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, 25 and to restore every man's money into his sack, and to give them : provision for the way: and thus did he unto them. And they 26 iaded their asses with the corn, and departed thence. And as one 27 of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack's mouth. And 28 he said unto his brethren, My money is restored ; and, lo, it is

they repented not to give him glory. Re. money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy xvi. 9.

wine and milk, without money, and without 24 Wept, &c.] And Joseph made haste; price. Is. lv. l. for his bowels did yearn upon his brother To give them provision, &c.] And Joseph (Benjamin): and he sought where to weep; gave them (his brethren) waggons according and he entered into his chamber, and wept to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave there. Ge. xliii. 30. In all their affliction them provision for the way (sending them to he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence bring thnir father, fc.) Ge. xlv. 21. Seek saved “ them" (" Israel"): in his love and in ye first the kingdom of God, and his rightebis pity he redeemed them; and he bare ousness, and all these things shall be added them, and carried them all the days of old. unto you. Mat. vi. 33. Is. Ixiii. 9. And when he was come near, he And thus did he unto them.] I say unto beheld the city, and wept over it. Lu. xix. you, Love your enemies (said Jesus), bless 41. Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and them that curse you, do good to them that weep with them that weep. Ro. xii. 15. God hate you, and pray for them which despitefully hath tempered the body together, that the use you and persecute you.

Mat. v. 44. members should have the same care one for Recompense no man evil for evil, provide another and whether one member suffer, all things honest in the sight of all men. If it the members suffer with it; or one member be possible, as much as lieth in you, live be honoured, all the members rejoice with it. peaceably with all men. Avenge not your1 Co. xii. 24. 26. For we have not an High selves, but rather give place unto wrath : for Priest which cannot be touched with a feeling it is written, Vengeance is mine ; I will repay, of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted saith the Lord. If thine enemy hunger, feed like as we are, yet without sin. He. iv. 15. him: if he thirst, give him drink; for in so Jesus wept (coming to the tomb of Lazarus). doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his John xi. 35. See Ge. xliii. 30.

head. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome Simeon.] And it came to pass on the third evil with good. Ro. xii. 17–21. Not renday, when they (the Shechemites) were sore, dering evil for evil, or railing for railing, but that the two sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, contrariwise blessing. 1 Pe. iii. 9. Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, 27 The inn.) And it came to pass (said and came upon the city (of Shechem) boldly, Joseph's brethren to his steward), when ne and slew all the males. Ge. xxxiv. 25. came to the inn, that we opened our sacks; Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments and, behold, every man's money was in the of cruelty are in their habitations. Cursed be mouth of his sack, our money in full weight, their anger (against the Shechemites, said and we have brought it again in our hand. Jacob) for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it Ge. xliii. 21. Then they speedily took down was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and every man his sack to the ground, and opened scatter them in Israel. Ge. xlix. 5. 7. Of every man his sack. Ge. xliv, ll. And it some have compassion, making a difference : came to pass by the way in the inn, that the and others save with fear, pulling them out Lord met him (Moses), and sought to kill him of the fire; hating even the garment spotted (as a rebuke for not having circumcised his son). by the flesh. Jude 22, 23.

Ex. iv. 24, And she (Mary) brought forth 25 Commanded to fill their sacks.] And he her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swad(Joseph) commanded the steward of his house, dling clothes, and laid him in a manger, besaying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as cause there was no room for them in the inn. much as they can carry, and put every man's. Lu. ii. 7. And (a certain Samaritan, said mnoney in his sack's mouth : and put my cup, Jesus in a parable) went to him, and bound the silver cup, in the sack's mouth of the up his (the traveller's) wounds, pouring in oil youngest, and his corn-money: and he did and wine, and set him on his own beast, and according to the word that Joseph had spoken. brought him to an inn, and took care of him, Ge. xliv. 1, 2. Ho, every one that thirsteth, Lu. X. 34. come ye to the waters, and he that hath no

even in my sack : and their heart failed them, and they were

afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done 29 unto us? And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of 30 Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying, The man,

who is the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for 31 spies of the country. And we said unto him, We are true men; 32 we are no spies : We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one

is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of 33 Canaan. And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us,

Hereby shall I know that ye are true men ; leave one of your

brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your 34 housholds, and be gone : And bring your youngest brother unto

me: then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true

men : so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in 35 the land. And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that,

behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were

28 Their heart failed, &c.] And Jacob peace, and create evil; I, the Lord, do all their father said unto them, Me have ye be- these things. Is. lv. 7. The Lord hath done reaved of my children. Ge. xlii. 36. And that which he had devised; he hath fulfilled Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, his word that he had commanded in the days Who? where is he that hath taken venison, of old: he hath thrown down, and hath not &c. ? Ge. xxvii. 33. And upon them that pitied : and he hath caused thine enemy to are left alive of you (who break the command- rejoice over thee, he hath set up the horn of ments) I will send a faintness into their thine adversaries. La. ii. 17. It is good for hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the a man that he bear the yoke in his youth. sound of a shaken leaf shall chase them; and La. iii. 27. Shall a trumpet be blown in the they shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and city, and the people not be afraid! Shall they shall fall when none pursueth. Le. xxvi. 36. there be evil in a city, and the Lord hath not Among these nations shalt thou find no ease, done it ? Am. iii. 6. neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest; 30 Roughly.] See verse 720. but the Lord shall give thee there a trembling 33 See verse 15. 19, 20. heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind. 34 Traffick, &c.] And ye shall dwell with De. xxviii. 65. And when the queen of us, and the land shall be before you (said Sheba had seen the meat of his (Solomon's) Hamor the Shechemite to Jacob and his sons): table, and the sitting of his servants, &c. &c. dwell and trade ye therein, and get you posand his ascent by which he went up unto the sessions therein. These men ure peaceable house of the Lord; there was no more spirit with us (said Hamor and Shechem to the Shein her. 1 Ki. x. 5. From the end of the chemites, respecting Jacob and his sons). Thereearth will I cry unto thee; when my heart is fore let them dwell in the land, and trade overwhelmed : lead me to the rock that is therein; for the land, behold, it is large enough higher than I. Ps. lxi. 2. I opened to my for them. Ge. xxxiv. 10. 21. The weight of " beloved " (said the Church of Christ"); gold that came to Solomon in one year was but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and six hundred threescore and six talents of was gone: my soul failed when he spake : I gold, beside that he (Solomon) had of the sought him, but I could not find him; I merchantmen, and of the traffick of the spice called him, but he gave me no answer. Can. merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and v. 6. And there shall be in the great day of of the governors of the country. 1 Ki. x. 15. the Lord) signs in the sun, and in the moon, “He" (the " eagle" in the parable) cropped and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of the top of his (the cedar of Lebanon's) of nations, with perplexity: the sea and the young twigs, and carried it into a land or waves roaring; men's hearts failing them for traffick; he set it in a city of merchants. Ex fear, and for looking after those things which xvii. 4. are coming on the earth, for the powers 35 Every man's bundle, &c.] See verse of heaven shall be shaken. L4. xxi. 25, 27, 28. And it came to pass, when we came to 26.

the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, What is this that God hath done, &c.] I every man's money was in the mouth of his form the light, and create darkness; I make sack. Ge. xliii. 21.

afraid. And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye be- 36 reaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me. And 37 Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again. And he said, My son shall not go down with you; 38 for his brother is dead, and he is left alone : if mischief befall him

36 Me have ye bereaved.] See Ge. xxxvii. the temptation also make a way to escape, 20—35. and com. And God Almighty give that ye may be able to bear it. 1 Co. x. 13. you mercy before the man (said Jacob), that For our light affliction, which is but for a he may send away your brother (Simeon), and moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding Benjamin ; if I am bereaved of my children, and eternal weight of glory. 2 Co. iv. 17. I am bereaved. Ge. xliii. 14.

Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming All these things are against me.) And Israel of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth said, It is enough : Joseph my son is yet alive; for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath I will go and see him before I die. Ge. xlv. long patience for it, until he receive the early 28. And Joseph nourished his father, and and latter rain. Be ye also patient; stablish his brethren, and all his father's houshold, your hearts: for the coming of the Lord with bread, according to their families. Ge. draweth nigh. Take, my brethren, the proxlvii. 12. And David said in his heart, I phets, who have spoken in the name of the shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul; Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and there is nothing better for me than that I of patience. Behold, we count them happy should speedily escape into the land of the which endure; ye have heard of the patience Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord ; that seek me any more, in any coast of Israel : so the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. shall I escape out of his hand. 1 Sa. xxvii. 1. Ja. v. 7--11. O remember that my life is wind; mine eye 37 Slay my two sons, &c.] I will be surety shall no more see good. Job vii. 7. Many for him (said Judah unto Israel); of my hand are the afflictions of the righteous, but the shalt thou require bim : if I bring him not unto Lord delivereth him out of them all. Ps. thee, and set him before thee, then let me xxxiv. 19. Better is the end of a thing than bear the blame for ever. Ge. xliii. 9. Thy the beginning thereof: and the patient in servant became surety for the lad unto my spirit is better than the proud in spirit

. Ec. father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, vii. 8. By this shall the iniquity of Jacob be then I shall bear the blame to my father for purged; and this is all the fruit to take away ever. Now therefore (said Judah to Joseph), his sin. Is. xxvii. 9. I said, In the cutting I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of off of my days I shall go down to the gates the lad a bondman to my lord ; and let the of the grave (said Hezekiah when sick): I am lad go with his brethren. For how shall I go deprived of the residue of my years. Is. up to my father, and the lad be not with me ? xxxviii. 10. Fear thou not, for I am with lest peradventure I see the evil that shall thee: be not dismayed, for I am thy God ; come on my father. Ge. xliv. 32-34. And I will strengthen thee, yea, I will help thee; the sons of Reuben ; Hanoch, and Phallu, and yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of Hezron, and Carmi. Ge. xlvi. 9. Will the my righteousness : for I the Lord thy God Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, or will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I Fear not; I will help thee : fear not, thou give my firstborn for my transgression, the worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel. I will fruit of my body for the sin of my soul ? help thee, saith the Lord, and thy redeemer, Mi. vi. 7. the Holy One of Israel. Is. xli. 10. 13, 14. 38 His brother is dead.] See verse 13. and And immediately Jesus stretched forth his com. It is my son's coat (said Jacob to his hand, and caught him, and said unto “him” sons); an evil beast hath devoured him ; Jo(Peter,who walked on the water and began seph is without doubt rent in pieces. And to sink), O thou of little faith, wherefore didst Jacob rent his clothes (and had sackcloth on thou doubt? Mat. xiv. 31. We know that his loins), and mourned for his son many all things work together for good to them that days; and all his sons, and all his daughters, love God: what shall we say then? If God rose up to comfort him ; but he refused to be be for us, who can be against us? Ro. viii. comforted : and he said, For I will go down 28. 31. There hath no temptation taken into the grave unto my son mourning, &c. you, but such as is common to man: but God Ge. xxxvii

. 33–35. Ge. xliii. 34 preced. com. is faithful, who will not suffer you to be If mischief befall him.] See verse 4. and tempted above that ye are able, but will with If ye take this (my son Benjamin) also

com.

by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

CHAPTER XLIII.

1 AND the famine was sore in the land. And it came to pass, 2 when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of

Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food. 3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest

unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be

from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall not; as is the good, so is the sinner; and he bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath. grave. Ge. xliv. 29.

Ec. ix. 1, 2. Our skin was black like an Bring down my gray hairs.] See chap. oven because of the terrible famine. La f. Xxxvii. 35. and com. Do, therefore (since 10. Now there came a dearth over all the Joab slew Abner and Amasa), according to land of Egypt and Chanaan, and great af thy wisdom (said David to Solomon), and let fiction ; and our fathers found no sustenance. not his hoar head go down to the grave in But when Jacob heard that there was corn in peace. 1 Ki. ii. 6. Now also, when I am old Egypt, he sent out our fathers first. And at and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not, until the second time Joseph was made known to I have shewed thy strength unto this ge- his brethren ; and Joseph's kindred was made neration, and thy power to every one that is known unto Pharaoh. Ac. vii. 11, 12, 13. to come. Ps. Ixxi. 18. The days of our 2 Go again, &c.] If thou wilt send our years are threescore years and ten; and if, by brother with us, we will go down and bay reason of strength, they be fourscore years, yet thee food. We came indeed down at the first is their strength labour and sorrow, for it is said Joseph's brethren to his steward) to buy soon cut off, and we fly away. Ps. xc. 10. food. Ge. xliii. 4. 20. See chap. xlii. 1, 2 I have seen all the works that are done under and com. Better is little with the fear of the the sun; and behold, all is vanity and vexa- Lord, than great treasure, and trouble there tion of spirit. Ec. i. 14. God giveth to a with. Pr. xv. 16. Pride goeth before de man that is good in his sight wisdom, and struction ; and an haughty spirit before a fall. knowledge, and joy; but to the sinner he Pr. xvi. 18. She (a virtuous woman) con giveth travail, to gather, and to heap up, that sidereth a field, and buyeth it: with the fruit he may give to him that is good before God. of her hands she planteth a vineyard. Pr. Ec. ii

. 26. 1 (Hezekiah) said, In the cutting xxxi. 16. But if any provide not for his own, off of my days I shall go to the gates of the and specially for those of his own house, he grave; I am deprived of the residue of my hath denied the faith, and is worse than a years. Is. xxxviii

. 10. And even to your old infidel. | Ti. v. 8. Godliness with contentage I am he (that carried you Israel from the ment is great gain; for we brought nothing womb); and even to hoar hairs will I carry into this world, and it is certain we can carry you. Is. xlvi. 4.

nothing out : and having food and raiment,

let us be therewith content. 1 Ti. vi. 6, 7, & CHAP. XLIII.- The famine, &c.] See 3 The man did solemnly protest.] Hereby chap. xviii. 13. Seven years of dearth began ye shall be proved (said Joseph); By the life to come, according as Joseph had said, and of Pharaoh, ye shall not go forth hence exthe dearth was in all lands. Ge. xli. 54. cept your youngest brother come hither. Ye And all the countries came into Egypt to are spies: bring your youngest brother unto Joseph for to buy corn, because that the fa- me; so shall your words be verified, and ye mine was so sore in all the lands. Ge. xli. 57. shall not die. Then shall I know that ye are And the sons of Israel came to buy corn true men. So will I deliver your brother among those that came, for the famine was in (Simeon), and ye shall traffick in the land. Ge. the land of Canaan. Ge. xlii. 5. All this xlii. 15—20. 33, 34. Thou saidst unto thy ser(said the wise man) I considered in my heart, vants (said Joseph's brethren to him), Except even to declare all this, that the righteous, your youngest brother come down with you, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand ye shall see my face no more. Ge. xliv. 2 of God: no man knoweth either love or I have seen, I have seen the affliction of my hatred by all that is before them. All things people, which is in Egypt, and I have heard come alike to all; there is one event to the their groaning, and am come down to deliver righteous and to the wicked; to the good them. Ac. vii. 34. and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him See my face, &c.] See verse 5. And be that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth (David) said (to Abner), Well; I will make a

with you.

If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down 4 and buy thee food : But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go 5 down: for the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you. And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye so 6 ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother? And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our 7 kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down? And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with 8 me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones. I will be surety for him; 9

league with thee: but one thing I require of brought the tidings of the Syrians' hasty fight thee, that is, Thou shalt not see my face, ex- from their camp), then the famine is in the city, cept thou first bring Michal Saul's daughter, and we shall die there; and if we sit still when thou comest to see my face. 2 Sa. iii. here, we die also. Now therefore come, and 13. And the king (David) said (when Joab let us fall into the host of the Syrians; if they brought Absalom to Jerusalem), Let him turn save us alive we shall live, and if they kill us to his own house, and let him not see my face. we shall but die. 2 Ki. vii. 4. And one of So Absalom returned to his own house, and his (the king Jehoram's) servants answered saw not the king's face. So Absalom dwelt and said (when he said that the Syrians had two full years in Jerusalem, and saw not the hid themselves), Let some take, I pray thee, king's face; and Absalom answered Joab five of the horses that remain, which are left (who had said unto him, Wherefore have thy in the city ; behold, they are as all the multiservants set my field of barley on fire ?) Behold, tude of the Israelites that are consumed, and I sent unto thee to come hither, that I may let us send and see. 2 Ki. vii. 13. I shall send thee to the king to say, Wherefore am not die, but live, and declare the works of the I come from Geshur? It had been good for Lord. Ps. cxviii. 17. me to have been there still. Now therefore let Also our little ones.] Now thou art comme see the king's face : and if there be any manded (said Pharaoh to Joseph, as his mesiniquity in me kill me. 2 Sa. xiv. 24. 28. 32. sage to Joseph's brethren), this do ye ; take And now behold (said Paul to the elders of you wagons out of the land of Egypt, for Ephesus), I know that ye all among whom I your little ones, and for your wives, and have gone preaching the kingdom of God bring your father, and come. Ge. xlv. 19. shall see my face no more ; and they all wept Joseph went up to bury his father, and with sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him, him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, and sorrowing most of all for the words which he the elders of his house : only their little ones, spake, that they should see his face no more. and their flocks, and their herds, they left in Ac. xx. 25. 37, 38.

the land of Goshen. Ge. I. 8. Now, there5 We will not go down.] And he (Jacob) fore, fear ye not (said Joseph to his brethren), said, My son (Benjamin) shall not go down I will nourish you and your little ones: and with you; for his brother (Joseph) is dead, he comforted them, and spake kindly unto and he is left alone. Ge. xlii. 38.

And we

them (or to their hearts). Ge. I. 21. But said (to our father), (said Judah to Joseph), your little ones, which ye said should be a

We cannot go down: if our youngest brother prey, them will I bring in (saith the Lord), . be with us, then will we go down, for we may and they shall know the land which ye have not see the man's face except our youngest despised. Nu. xiv. 31. I proclaimed a fast brother be with us. Ge. xliv. 26. Honour there, at the river of Ahava ; that we might thy father and thy mother: that thy days afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of may be long upon the land which the Lord thy him a right way for us, and for our little ones, God giveth thee. Ex. xx. 12.

and for all our substance. Ezr. viii. 2). 8 That we may live.] Behold, I have 9 I will be surety for him.] And Reuben heard (said Jacob) that there is corn in Egypt: spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two get you down thither, and buy for us from sons if I bring him not to thee; deliver him thence, that we may live, and not die. Ge. xlii. into my hand, and I will bring him to thee 2. and com. Let Reuben live, and not die (said again. Ge. xlii. 37. and com. “ Otherwise," Moses in blessing the children of Israel); and (if David did not tell who should sit on his let not his men be few. De. xxxiii. 6. If we throne after him") it shall come to pass (said say, We will enter into the city (said the four Bath-sheba), when my lord the king shall leprous men at the gate of Samaria, and who sleep with his fathers, that I and my son

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