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Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew 24 what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed 25 be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall 26 be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in 27 the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. And Noah 28
23 And went backward, &c.] Honour thy people that were left of the Amorites, Hittites, father and thy mother. Exod. xx. 12. Thou Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, which were shalt rise up before the hoary head, and not of the children of Israel, their children honour the face of the old man. Levit. xix. that were left after them in the land, whom 32. Render therefore to all their dues : tri- the children of Israel also were not able utterly bute to whom tribute is due, custom to whom to destroy ; upon those did Solomon levy a custom, fear to whom fear, honour to whom tribute of bond service unto this day. 1 Kings honour. Rom. xiii. 7. See Gal. vi. 1. preced. ix. 20, 21, 22, and 2 Chron. viii. 7, 8. Who
com. Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him soever committeth sin is the servant of sin. ( as a father ; let the elders that rule well be John viii. 34.
counted worthy of double honour; against 26 Blessed be, &c.] There is none like an elder receive not an accusation but before unto the God of “Jeshurun” (“ Israel''), who two or three witnesses. I Tim. v. 1. 17. 19. rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in Honour all men, love the brotherhood, fear his excellency on the sky. Deut. xxxiii. 26. God, honour the king. 1 Pet. ii. 17. And Happy is that people that is in such a case, above all things, have fervent charity among yea, happy is that people whose God is the yourselves, for charity shall cover the multitude Lord. Ps. cxliv. 15. Whose (Israel's) are of sins. 1 Pet. iv. 8.
the Father's, and of whom, as concerning the 25 Cursed, &c.] See verse 22. And the flesh, Christ came,
who over all, God blessed Lord God said unto the serpent, because thou for ever, amen. Rom. ix. 5. hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle. The Lord God of Shem, &c.] And the beGen. iii. 14. And now art thou (Cain) cursed ginning of the kingdom was Babel ; unto from the earth (saith God), which hath opened Shem also, the father of all the children of her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to thine hand. Gen. iv. 11. Cursed be their him were children born. Gen. x. 10. 21. Now anger (said Jacob of Simeon and Levi), for it the Lord had said unto Abram, get thee out of was fierce, and their wrath, for it was cruel. thy country, and from thy kindred, and from Gen. xlix. 7. Cursed be the man that maketh thy father's house, unto a land that I will any graven or molten image, an abomination shew thee, and I will make of thee a great unto the Lord. Deut. xxvii. 15. Cursed nation, and I will bless thee and make thy shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of name great, and thou shalt be a blessing. Gen. thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the xii. 1, 2. See Christ's genealogy from Joseph flocks of thy sheep. Deut. xxviii. 18. De- upwards to Adam, Luke iii. 23–38. But part from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, now they (the fathers of old times) desire a prepared for the devil and his angels. Matt. better country, that is, an heavenly, wherefore XX. 41. Whosoever committeth sin is the God is not ashamed to be called their God, for servant of sin. John viii. 34.
he hath prepared for them a city. Heb. xi. 16. 25 A servant of servants, &c.] Now therefore 27 Dwell in the tents, &c.] And in that ye are cursed, and there shall none of you be day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall freed from being bondmen, and hewers of stand for an ensign of the people : to it shall wood and drawers of water for the house of the Gentiles seek, and his rest shall be glomy God; and Joshua made them (the Gi- rious. Isa. xi. 10. Therefore, behold, I will beonites) that day hewers of wood, and drawers allure her and bring her into the wilderness, of water, for the congregation, even unto this and speak comfortably unto her. Hos. ii. 14. day in the place which he should choose. Josh. For from the rising of the sun even unto the ix. 23. 27. And it came to pass when Israel going down of the same, my name shall be was strong, that they put the Canaanites to great among the Gentiles; and in every place tribute, and did not utterly drive them out; incense shall be offered unto my name and a neither did Zebulon drive out the inhabitants pure offering, for my name shall be great among of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol, but the heathen, saith the Lord of Hosts. Mal. i. the Canaanites dwelt among them and became 11. And then immediately the brethren sent tributaries. Judges i. 28. 30. nd all the away Paul to go, as it were, to the sea. Acts
29 lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years. And all the days
of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years: and he died.
1 Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, llam, 2 and Japheth : and unto them were sons born after the flood. The
sons of Japheth ; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and 3 Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. And the sons of Gomer; Ash4 kenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah. And the sons of Javan; 5 Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. By these were the
xvii. 14 Now if the fall of them (Israel) The book of the generation of Jesus Christ. be the riches of the world, and the diminishing Matt. i. 1. of them the riches of the Gentiles, how much And unto them, &c.] And God blessed more their fulness. Rom. xi. 12. And again Noah and his sons, and said unto them, be Esaias saith, there shall be a root of Jesse, fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth. and he that shall rise to reign over the Gen- And you, be ye fruitful and multiply. Bring tilcs, in him shall the Gentiles trust. Rom. forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply
But now, in Christ Jesus, ye, who therein. These are the three sons of Noah, sometimes were far off, are made nigh by and of them was the whole earth overspread. the blood of Christ, for he is our peace, who Gen. ix. 1. 7. 19. hath made both one, and hath broken down 2 Sons of Japheth, &c.] See verse 21. And the middle wall of partition between us ; now I will set a sign among them, and I will send therefore, ye are no more strangers and fo those that escape of them unto the nations to reigners, but fellow citizens with the saints Tarshish, Pul and Lud, that draw the bow, to and of the household of God. Ephes. ii. 13, Tubal and Javan, to the isles afar off that have 14. 19. By revelation he (the Lord) made not heard my fame, neither have seen ny known to me the mystery, that the Gentiles glory. Isa. Ixvi. 19. Fine linen, with broishould be fellow heirs, and of the same body, dered work from Egypt, was that which thou and partakers of his promise in Christ by the (Tyrus) spreadest forth to be thy sail; blue Gospel ; wherefore I desire that ye faint not and purple from the isles of Elishah, at my tribulations for you, which is your which covered thee. Tarshish was thy mer: glory. Ephes. iii. 6. 13. By faith he (Åbra- chant. They of the house of Togarmah traded ham) sojourned in the land of promise, as in a in thy fairs, with horses, with horsemen and strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with mules. Dan also and Javan, going to and fro, Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the occupied in thy fairs. Ezek. xxvii. 7. 12. 14 same promise ; for he looked for a city which 19. Son of man, set thy face against Magog, hath foundations, whose builder and maker is the “chief prince” of Meshech and Tubal
. God. Heb. xi. 9, 10.
Gomer and all his bands. And thou shalt 29 Nine hundred, &c.] And all the days come from thy place out of the north parts
: that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty thou and many people with thee. Ezek. xxxviii
. years : and he died : and all the days of Jared 2. 6. 15. Therefore thou son of man, prowere nine hundred sixty and two years : and phesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the he died : and all the days of Methuselah were Lord God, behold I am against thee, O God, nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Ezek. died : and all the days of Lamech were seven xxxix. 1. And (Satan) shall go out to deceive hundred seventy and seven years: and he died. the nations which are in the four quarters of Gen. v. 5. 20. 27. 31. The days of our years the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them are threescore years and ten, and if by reason together to battle. Rev. xx. 8. of strength they be fourscore years, yet is 4 Kittim.] And ships shall come from the their strength labour and sorrow, for it is soon coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Ashur, and cut off, and we fly away. Ps. xc. 10.
shall afflict Eber. Numb. xxiv. 24. From the
land of Chittim "it" (" the overthrow of Tyre") CHAP. X.-1 The generations, &c.] These is revealed to them.
And he (the Lord) said, are the generations of the heavens and of the thou shalt no more rejoice, 0 thou oppressed earth, when they were created. Gen. ii. 4. virgin, daughter of Zidon : arise, pass over to This is the book of the generations of Adam, Chittim; there also shalt thou have no resto in the day that God created man. Gen, v. 1. Isa. xxiii. 1. 12. For the ships of Chittim These are the generations of Noah. Gen. vi. 9. shall come against him (the king of the
isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations. And the sons of 6 Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. And the 7 sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan. And Cush begat Nimrod : he began to be a mighty one in the 8 earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord : wherefore it 9 is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.
north), therefore he shall be grieved. Dan. Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, xi. 30.
and from Elom, and from Shinar, and from 5 Isles of the Gentiles, &c.] See verse 25. Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. Isa. The kings of Tarshish and the isles shall bring xi. 11. presents. Ps. lxxii. 10. Wherefore, glorify Phut.] Come up, ye horses, and rage, ye ye the Lord in the fires, even the name of chariots, and let the mighty men come forth, the Lord God of Israel, in the isles of the sea. the Ethiopians, and the Lybians, that handle Isa. xxiv, 15. Behold he (the Almighty) the shield. Jer. xlvi. 9. They of Persia and taketh up the isles as a very little thing. Isa. of Lud and of Phut were in thine (Tyrus’) xl. 15. The isles saw it (the exaltation of the army, thy men of war. Ezek. xxvii. 10. righteous, &c.) and feared. Isa. xli. 5. The 7 Seba.] The kings of Sheba and Saba isles shall wait upon me, and on mine arın shall offer gifts. Ps. lxxii, 10. shall they trust. Isa. li. 5. To the islands Havilah.] The name of the first (river of he will repay recompence. Isa. lix. 18. Surely Eden) is Pison; that is it which compasseth the isles shall wait for me. Isa. Ix. 9. For the whole land of Havilah. Gen. ii. 11. pass over the isles of Chittim, and see if Sheba.) And when the queen of Sheba there be such a thing (as changing their gods). heard of the fame of Solomon, concerning the Jer. ii. 10. (Cause all the nations to drink the name of the Lord, she came to prove him with cup at the Lord's hand), and the kings of the hard questions. 1 Kings x. 1. The merisles which are beyond the seas. Jer. xxv. 22. chants of Sheba and Raamah, they were thy Men shall worship him, every one from (Tyrus') merchants. Ezek. xxvii. 22. place, even all the isles of the heathen. Zeph. Dedan.] In the forest in Arabia shall ye ii. 11.
lodge, 0 ye travelling companies of Dedanim. After kis tongue, &c.] These are the sons Isa. xxi. 13. The men of Dedan were thy of Ham, after their tongues, &c. Gen. x. 20. (Tyrus') merchants. Ezek. xxvii. 15. And the whole earth was of one language, and 8 Nimrod.) And they shall waste the land of one speech. Let us go down and there con of Assyria with the sword, and the land of found their language (said the Lord), that they Nimrod in the entrances thereof. Micah v.6. may not understand one another's speech. 9 Mighty hunter, &c.] There were giants Therefore is the name of “ it” (“their city') in the earth in those days. Gen. vi. 4. And called Babel, because the Lord did there con the boys grew, and Esau was a cunning hunter, found the language of all the earth. Gen. xi. a man of the field, and Jacob was a plain man 1. 7.9.
dwelling in tents. Gen. xxv. 27. By thy 6 The sons of Ham, &c.] And Ham, the sword (Esau) thou shalt live, and shalt serve father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his thy brother: and it shall come to pass, when father, and told his two brethren without. thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt Gen. ix. 32. Adam, Sheth, Enosh, the sons break his yoke from off thy neck. Gen. xxvii. of Ham; Cush and Mizraim, Put and Canaan, 40. And after will I send for many hunters, &c. 1 Chron. i. 1. 8. And they found fat and they shall hunt them from every mounpasture and good, and the land was wide and tain, and from every hill, and out of the quiet and peaceable, for they of Ham had dwelt holes of the rocks. Jer. xvi. 16. Will “ye" there of old. 1 Chron. iv. 40. And (God) (“: false prophetesses”) hunt the souls of my smote all the first born in Egypt, the chief of people ? Ezek. xiii. 18. There is none uptheir strength in the tabernacles of Ham. Ps. right among men; they all lie in wait for Ixxviii. 51. Israel also came into Egypt, and blood, they hunt every man his brother with Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham. They a net. Micah vii. 2. (Moses and Aaron) shewed his signs among Before the Lord, &c.] The earth also was them, and wonders in the land of Ham. Ps. corrupt before God. Gen. vi. 11. The men cv. 23. 27. Wondrous works in the land of of Sodom were wicked, and sinners before the Ham, and terrible things by the Red Sea. Lord exceedingly. Gen. xiii. 13. Ps. cvi. 22. And it shall come to pass in that Eren as Nimrod, &c ] And in the time of day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the his distress did he trespass yet more against second time, to recover the remnant of his the Lord : this is that king Ahaz. 2 Chron. people which shall be left, from Syria, and from xxviii. 22. Lo this is the inan that made not
10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and 11 Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of that land went
forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and 12 Calah, And Resen between Nineveh and Calah : the same is a 13 great city. And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Leha14 bim, and Naphtubim, And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom 15 came Philistim,) and Caphtorim. And Canaan begat Sidon his
God his strength, but trusted in the abundance versaries of Judah) do sacrifice unto him (your of his riches, and strengthened himself in his God) since the days of Ezerhaddon, king of wickedness. Ps. lii. 7.
Assur. Ezra iv. 2. Assur also is joined with 10 The beginning, &c.] Go up against “them” (“ the enemies of Israel'). Ps. lxxxiii. the land of Merathairn, even against it, and 8. Haran, and Asshur, and Chilmad, were thy against the inhabitants of Pekod, waste, and (Tyrus') merchants. Ezek. xxvii. 23. Asshur utterly destroy after them, saith the Lord. is there (in Egypt), and all her company (to Jer. I. 21. And they shall waste the land of destroy it.) Ezek. xxxii. 22. Asshur shall Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nim- not save us (Israel), Hosea xiv. 3. rod. Thus shall he (the ruler of Israel) deli- Nineveh, &c.] So Sennacherib, king of ver us from the Assyrian, when he cometh into Assyria, departed, and went and returned, and our land. Micah v. 6.
dwelt at Nineveh. 2 Kings xix. 36. and Isa Babel.] Therefore (on account of the con- xxxvii. 37. Arise (Jonah) go to Nineveh, that fusion of languages) is the name of "it" (“ the great city, and cry against it (said the Lord), city”) called Babel. Gen. xi. 9. At that time for their wickedness is come up before me. (of Hezekiah's recovery) Merodach-baladan, Jonah i. 2. and chap. iii. The burden of the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent Nineveh ; the book of the vision of Nahum, letters and a present to Hezekiah. Isa, xxxix. the Elkoshite. Nahum i. l. But Nineveh is 1. Be in pain and labour to bring forth, 0 of old like a pool of water, yet they shall flee daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail; for away. Nahum ii. 8. And he will make Ninow shalt thou go forth out of the city, and neveh a desolation, and dry like a wilderness. thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go Zeph. ii. 13. even to Babylon; there shalt thou be delivered, 13 Ludim, &c.] See 1 Chron. i. 11, 12. there the Lord shall redeem thee from the Come up, ye Lydians, that handle and bend hand of thine enemies. Micah iv. 10. the bow. Jer. xlvi. 9. Ethiopia and “Lybia"
Calneh.] Is not Calno as Carchemish ? (or “ Phut") and Lydia, and all the mingled Isa. x. 9. Pass ye unto Calneh and see; and people, and Chub, and the men of the land, from thence go ye to Hamath the great; be that is in league, shall fall with them (Egypt) they better than these kingdoms ? or their by the sword. Ezek. xxx. 5. border greater than your border (O house of 14 Pathrusim, &c.] The Lord shall set his Israel)? Amos vi. 2.
hand again the second time, to recover the Shinar.] As they (the families of the sons remnant of his people from Assyria, and from of Noah) journeyed from the east, they found Pathros. Isa. xi. Il. The word that came to a plain in the land of Shinar, and they dwelt Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell there. Gen. xi. 2. And it came to pass in in the land of Egypt, and in the country of the days of Amraphel, king of Shinar, that Pathros. Jer. xliv. 1. these kings made war with Bera, king of Philistim, &c.) And (Mizraim begat) PathSodom. Gen. xiv. 1. The Lord shall set his rusim and Casluhim (of whom came the Philishand again a second time to recover his people tines) and Caphtorim. i Chron. i. 12. For from Shinar, from Hamath. Isa. xi. 11. And the Lord will spoil the Philistines, the remnant the Lord gave Jehoiakim, king of Judah, into of the country of Caphtor. Jer. xlvii
. 4. * his" ("Nebuchadnezzar's ") hand, with part Caphtorim.] The Caphtorims, which came of the vessels of the house of God, which he forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them (the carried into the land of Shinar. Dan. i. 2. Avims) and dwell in their stead. Deut. ii. 23. Whither do these bear the ephah (which the See Jer. xlvii. 4. preceding commentary. Have women lifted up, denoting wickedness)? And not I brought up Israel out of the land of he (the angel) said unto me, to build it an Egypt? And the Philistines from Caphtor, house in the land of Shinar. Zech. v. 10, 11. and the Syrians from Kir? Amos ix. 7.
11 Went forth Asshur, (or He went out into 15 See 1 Chron. i. 13. Assyria).] Thus shall he (the ruler in Israel) Sidon, &c.] Zebulun shall dwell at the deliver
us from the Assyrian. Micah v. 6. The haven of the sea, and he shall be for an haven Kenite shall be wasted, until Asshur shall carry of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidor. thee away captive. And ships shall come Gen. xlix. 13. And the Lord delivered them from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict into the hand of Israel, who smote them and Asshur. Numb. xxiv. 22. 24. We (the ad- chased them unto great Zidon. Josh. xi. &
first-born, and Heth, And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and 16 the Girgasite, And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 17 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and 18 afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. And 19 the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and
Be thou ashamed, 0 Zidon, for the sea hath smitten all the host of Hadadezer, then Toi spoken, even the strength of the sea, saying, I sent Joram his son to "salute him" (or, " ask travail not. Isa. xxiii. 4.
him peace"). 2 Sam. viii. 9, 10. And the Heth, &c.] Unto thy seed have I given king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, this land, from the river of Egypt, unto the and from Hamath, and placed them in the great river, the river Euphrates ; the Kenites, cities of Samaria, instead of the children of and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, and Israel. 2 Kings xvii. 24. And the men of the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Re- Hamath made Ashima. 2 Kings xvii. 30. Is phaims, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, not Hamath as Arpad ? (saith the Assyrian). and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites. Gen. Isa. x. 9. Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which xv. 18—21. And Abraham stood up from is between the border of Damascus and the before “ his dead” (“ Sarah"), and spake unto border of Hamath. And the border from the the sons of Heth. Gen. xxiii. 3. And the sea shall be Hazar-enam; the border of Dafield, and the cave that is therein (in Hebron), mascus and the north northward, and the were made sure unto Abraham for a possession border of Hamath. Ezek. xlvii. 16, 17. And of a burying-place by the sons of Heth. Gen. Hamath also shall border thereby (in the land xxiii. 20. I am come down to bring them up of Hadrach and Damascus). Zech. ix. 2. ont of that land (Egypt), unto a good land and 19 Border of the Canaanites, &c.] Abram a large, unto a land flowing with milk and dwelt in the land of Canaan. Arise, walk honey. Exod. iii. 8. Behold I drive out be- through the land in the length of it, and in the fore thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee. the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, Gen. xiii. 12. 17. Unto thy seed have I given and the Jebusite. Exod. xxxiv. 11. This is this land, from the river of Egypt, unto the the land that shall fall unto you for an inhe- great river, the river Euphrates. Gen. xv. ritance, even the land of Canaan. Numb. xxxiv. 18—21. (The borders of the land of Canaan). 2. These are the kings of the country which See Numb. xxxiv. 2-15. Ask thy father and Joshua, and the children of Israel, smote on he will shew thee ; when the Most High dithis side Jordan, on the west; all the kings vided to the nations their inheritance, when thirty and one. Josh. xii. 7-24. And David he separated the sons of Adam, he set the sent and enquired after the woman ; and one bounds of the people, according to the number said, is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of of the children of Israel. Deut. xxxii. 7, 8. Eliar, the wife of Uriah, the Hittite? 2 Sam. The country which Joshua gave unto the tribes xi. 3. And he (that remaineth after the pride of Israel for a possession, according to their of the Philistines is cut off ) shall be as a gover- divisions, in the mountains, and in the valleys, nor in Judah, and Ekron as a Jebusite. Zech. and in the plains, and in the springs, and in ix. 7.
the wilderness, and in the south country, &c. 16 Jebusite, &c.] The Jebusites dwell with Josh. xii. 7, 8, &c. See Joshua, chapters xiv. the children of Benjamin, in Jerusalem, unto and xxi. throughout. this day. Judges i. 21. Go up (David), rear As thou comest to Gerar.] And Lot lifted an altar unto the Lord in the thrashing floor of up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, Araunah the Jebusite. 2 Sam. xxiv. 18. See that it was well watered every where, before 2ech. ix. 7. preceding commentary.
the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, 17 Hivite, &c.] And when Shechem, the even as the garden of the Lord, like the land son of Hamor, the Hivite, prince of the coun of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar. Gen. try, saw her (Dinah, Jacob's daughter), he took xiii. 10. And Abraham journeyed from thence her. Gen. xxxiv. 2.
toward the south country, and dwelled be18 The Arvadite.] The inhabitants of Zi tween Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in don and Arvad were thy mariners, 0 Tyrus. Gerar. Gen. xx. 1. And there was a famine Ezek. xxvii. 8.
in the land ; and Isaac went unto Abimelech, The Zemarite.] of the tribe of the children king of the Philistines, unto Gerar. Gen. of Benjamin were Beth-Arabah and Zemaraim xxvi. I. and Beth-el. Josh. xviii. 21, 22.
Gaza.] Then went Samson to Gaza, and The Hamathite.] From mount Hor ye shall an harlot, &c. Judges xvi. 1. Then point out your border (of Canaan) unto the took I the cup at the Lord's hand, and made entrance of Hamath. Numb. xxxiv. 8. When all the nations to drink; all the mingled Toi, king of Hamath, heard that David bad people ; and all the kings of the land of the