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Abram, had flocks, and herds, and tents. And the land was not . 6 able to bear them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, so that they could not dwell together. And 7 there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle and the herdmen of Lot's cattle; and the Canaanite and the Periz. zite dwelled then in the land. And Abram said unto Lot, 8 Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee, and between my herdmen and thy herdmen; for we be brethren.
5 Tents, &c.] And Adah bare Jabal; he ceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, was the father of such as dwell in tents, and living in malice and envy, hateful and hating of such as have cattle. Gen. iv. 20. Jacob one another. Titus iii. 3. was a plain man dwelling in tents. Gen. XXV. The Canaanite, &c. dwelled, &c.] See Gen. 27. Their tents and their flocks shall they xii. 6, and com. the Canaanite. And Jacob said (of Babylon), take away, (said the Lord con- to Simeon and Levi, ye have troubled me to ceraing Kedar and Hazor). Jer. xlix. 29. make me to stink among the Canaanites and
6 Bear them, &c.] And Esau took his the Perizzites: and I being few in number, wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all they shall gather themselves together against the persons of his house, and his cattle, and me, and slay me ; and I shall be destroyed, I all bis beasts, and all his substance which he and my house. Gen. xxxiv. 30. It is not good had got in the land of Canaan, and went into that ye do! Ought ye not to walk in the fear of the country from the face of his brother Jacob; our God, because of the reproach of the heathen for their riches were more than that they our enemies ? Nehem. v. 9. Do all things might dwell together, and the land wherein without murmurings or disputings; that ye they were strangers could not bear them, may be blameless and harmless, the sons of because of their cattle. Gen. xxxvi. 6, 7. God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with and perverse nation, among whom ye shine, silver, nor he that loveth abundance, with in- as lights in the world. Phil. ii. 14, 15. Walk crease: this is also vanity. When goods in- in wisdom toward them that are without, crease, they are increased that eat them; and redeeming the time. Col. iv. 5. Study to be what good is there to the owners thereof, quiet, &c. that ye may walk honestly toward saring the beholding of them with their eyes ? them that are without. 1 Thes. iv. 12. AbEccles. v, 10, 11. And he thought within stain from fleshly lusts, which war against the himself, saying, what shall I do (said the rich soul, having your conversation honest among man in the parable), because I have no room the Gentiles, that whereas they speak against where to bestow my fruits? And he said, this you, as evil doers, they may by your good will I do, I will pull down my barns and build works which they shall behold, glorify God greater, and there will I bestow all my fruits, in the day of visitation. 1 Pet. ii. 12. and my goods. Luke xii. 17, 18. But they 8 Let there be no strife, &c.] A soft answer that will be rich fall into temptation and a turneth away wrath, but grievous words stir share, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, up anger. Prov. xv. 1. Blessed are the which drown men in destruction and perdition. peace-makers, for they shall be called the 1 Tim, vi 9.
children of God. Matt. v. 9. But brother · 7 A strife between, &c.] And Abraham goeth to law with brother, and that before reproved Abimelech because of a well of water, the unbelievers. Now, therefore, there is which Abimelech's servants had violently taken utterly a fault among you, because ye go to away. Gen. xxi. 25. And the herdmen of law one with another. Why do ye not rather Gerar did strive with Isaac's herdmen, saying, take wrong? Why do ye not rather suffer the water is ours. Gen. xxvi. 20. And the yourselves to be defrauded ? I Cor. vi, 6, 7. shepherds came down and drove “them" Be blameless and harmless in the midst of a ("the daughters of Midian") away (" from crooked and perverse nation. Phil. ii. 15. watering their fathers' flocks"); but Moses Follow peace with all men. Heb. xii. 14. stood up, and helped them, and watered their But the wisdom that is from above is first lock. Erod. ji. 17. For ye are yet carnal: pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be lar whereas there is among you envyings and entreated, full of mercy, and good fruits, strife, and division, are ye not carnal, and without partiality, and without hypocrisy. walk as men? I Cor. ii. 3. The works of And the fruit of righteousness is sown in the flesh are manifest, which are these ; peace of them that make peace. James iii. adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lascivious- 17, 18. ness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, We be brethren.] Now these are the emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, generations of Terah : Terah begat Abram, &c. &c. Gal. v. 19, 20. For we ourselves Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot. also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, de- Gen. xi. 27. And Terah took Abram, his son,
9 Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee,
from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the
right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the 10 left. And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of
Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the Lord
and Lot, the son of Haran, his son's son, and and the land shall be before you ; dwell, and Sarai, his daughter-in-law, his son Abram's trade ye therein, and get you possession wife, and they went forth with them from Ur therein. Gen. xxxiv. 10. See chap. xlvii. 6. of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan. and com. Gen. xi. 31. So “he" (" Joseph") sent his I f thou wilt take the left hand, &c.] See brethren away, and they departed; and he verse 8. and com. I am for peace, but when said unto them, see that ye fall not out by the I speak, they are for war. Ps. cxx. 7. If it way. Gen. xlv. 24. When "he" (" Moses") be possible, as much as lieth in you, live went out the second day, behold, two men of peaceably with all men. Rom. xii. 18. Who the Hebrews strove together; and he said to is a wise man, and endued with knowledge him that did the wrong, wherefore smitest among you? Let him shew, out of a good thou thy fellow? Exod. ii. 13. Behold how conversation, his works with meekness of good and how pleasant it is for brethren to wisdom. The fruit of righteousness is sown dwell together in unity! Ps. cxxxiii. 1. And in peace of them that make peace. James the next day "he" (“ Moses”) shewed him- iii. 13. 18. Love as brethren; be pitiful, be self unto them (his brethren who strove) and courteous, for the eyes of the Lord are over would have set them at one again, saying the righteous, and his ears are open unto their sirs, ye are brethren, why do ye wrong one prayers. But the face of the Lord is against to another ? Acts vii. 26. Be kindly affec- them that do evil. 1 Pet. iji. 8. 12. tioned one to another, with brotherly love. 10 And beheld, &c.] And when the woman Rom. xii. 10. Walk worthy of the vocation saw that the tree was good for food, and that wherewith ve are called, with all lowliness it was pleasant to the eyes, she took of the and meekness, with long-suffering, forbearing fruit thereof, and did eat. Gen. iii. 6. The one another in love, endeavouring to keep the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. Ephes. they were fair, and they took them wives of iv. 2, 3. But as touching brotherly love, ye all which they chose. Gen. vi. 2. Now the need not that I write unto you, for ye your children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, selves are taught of God, to love one another. had a very great multitude of cattle; and 1 Thess. iv. 9. Let brotherly love continue. when they saw the land of Jazer, and the Heb. xiii. 1. See that ye love one another land of Gilead, that behold the place was a with a pure heart, fervently. 1 Pet. i. 22. place for cattle, wherefore said they (to Moses) Love the brotherhood. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Love let this land be given unto thy servants. as brethren. 1 Pet. i. 8. And above all Numb. xxxii. 1. Love not the world, neither things, have fervent charity among yourselves. the things that are in the world; if any man 1 Pet. iv. 8. (Add) to godliness brotherly. love the world, the love of the Father is not kindness. 2 Pet. i. 7. He that saith he is in him. For all that is in the world, the lust in the light, and hateth his brother, is in of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the darkness, and walketh in darkness. 1 John pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the ii. 9. 11. He that loveth not his brother world. I John ii. 15, 16. abideth in death. Let us not love in word, The plain of Jordan.] And he (the angel) neither in tongue, but in deed, and in truth : said (to Lot), escape for thy life; look not and hereby we know that we are of the truth, behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain : and shall assure our hearts before him (Christ). escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. 1 John iii. 14. 18, 19. Beloved, let us love Then the Lord rained upon Sodom, and upon one another. If we love one another, God Gomorrah, brimstone and fire from the Lord dwelleth in us. If a man say, I love God, out of heaven; and he overthrew those cities, and hateth his brother, he is a liar; for he and all the plain. Gen. xix. 17. 24, 25. that loveth not his brother, whom he hath (And the Lord shewed Moses) all the land of seen, how can he love God, whom he hath not Gilead, unto Dan, and the south, and the seen? And this commandment have we from plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of him, that he who loveth God, love his brother palm trees, unto Zoar. Deut. xxxiv. I. 3. also. 1 John iv. 7. 12. 20, 21.
In the plain of Jordan did the king (Hiram of 9 Is not the whole land, &c.] And Abime- Tyre) cast “them” (“the vessels" for the lech said (unto Abraham), behold, my land is house of the Lord). 1 Kings vii. 46. A fruitbefore thee; dwell where it pleaseth thee. Gen. ful land (he turneth) into barrenness, for the xx. 15. And ye shall dwell with us (said wickedness of them that dwell therein. Ps. Hamor, the Shechemite, to the sons of Jacob), cvii. 34. Love not the world, neither the
destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the Lord, 11 like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar. Then Lot
chose him all the plain of Jordan ; and Lot journeyed east; and 12 they separated themselves the one from the other. Abram dwelled
in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelled in the cities of the plain, 13 and pitched his tent toward Sodom. But the men of Sodom were
things that are in the world. If any man 2, 3. I am a companion of all them that fear love the world, the love of the Father is not in thee. Ps. cxix. 63. Thine own friend, and him. 1 John ii. 15.
thy father's friend, forsake not; for better is a The garden of the Lord, &c.] And out of neighbour that is near, than a brother afar off. the ground made the Lord God to grow every Prov. xxvii. 10. Let us consider one another, tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for to provoke unto love and to good works, not food. The tree of life also in the midst of the forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, garden, and the tree of knowledge of good as the manner of some is, but exhorting one and evil; and a river went out of Eden to another. Heb. x. 24, 25. Love the brotherwater the garden. Gen. ii. 9, 10. For the hood. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Lord shall comfort Zion; he will comfort all 12 Dwelled in the cities, &c.] Neither stay her waste places, and he will make her wil- thou (said the Lord to Lot) in all the plain; derness like Eden, and her desert like the escape to the mountain. Gen. xix. 17. garden of the Lord. Isa. li. 3. “Thou” Pitched his tent, &c.] And they (the four (" the prince of Tyrus") hast been in Eden, kings) took Lot, Abram's brother's son (who the garden of the Lord. Ezek. xxviii. 13. dwelt in Sodom), and his goods, and departed. The cedars of the garden of God could not Gen. xiv. 12. And there came two angels to hide “ him" (" the Assyrian"), nor any tree Sodom at even, and Lot sat in the gate of in the garden of God was like unto him in Sodom. Gen. xix. 1. I have hated the conhis beauty. Ezek. xxxi. 8. The land is as gregation of evil doers, and will not sit with the garden of Eden before « them" (" the the wicked. Ps. xxvi. 5. Be not deceived : locusts"), and behind them a desolate wilder- evil communications corrupt good manners. ness. Joel ii. 3.
I Cor. xv. 33. And (God) delivered just Lot, Zoar.] And it came to pass that these vexed with the filthy conversation of the (four kings) made war with Bera, king of wicked : (for that righteous man, dwelling Sodom, and with Birsha, king of Gomorrah, among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed Shinab, king of Admah, and Shemeber, king his righteous soul from day to day with their of Zebojim, and the king of Bela, which is unlawful deeds.) 2 Pet. ii. 7, 8. Zoar. Gen. xiv. 2. Behold now, this city is 13 Men of Sodom, &c.] The iniquity of near to flee unto (said Lot unto the Lord), the Amorites is not yet full. Gen. xv. 16. and it is a little one; oh let me escape thither. Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot great, and because their sin is very grievous, entered into Zoar, And Lot went up out of I will go down now, and see whether they Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two have done altogether according to the cry of daughters with him, for he feared to dwell in it (said God). Gen. xviii. 20. Before “they" Zoar. Gen. xix. 20. 22, 23. 30. And the ("the angels") lay down, the men of the city, Lord shewed "him" (" Moses"), from the top even the men of Sodom, compassed the house of Pisgah, all the land of Gilead unto Dan, round, both old and young; and they called and the south, and the plain of the valley of unto Lot, and said, where are the men which Jericho, the city of palm-trees, unto Zoar. came to thee this night? bring them out unto Deut. xxxiv. 1. 3. My heart shall cry out for us, that we may know them. Gen. xix. 4, 5, Moab; his fugitives shall flee unto Zoar. Isa. &c. And the Lord said (to Saul), go and I. 5. From the cry of Heshbon, even unto utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites. Elealeh, have they uttered their voice from 1 Sam. xv. 18. Except the Lord of hosts had Zoar, even unto Horonaim. Jer. xlviii. 34. left unto us a very small remnant, we should
11 Chose him, &c.] Escape for thy life have been as Sodom, and we should have (said the Lord to Lot), neither stay thou in been like unto Gomorrah. Isa. i. 9. They all the plain. Gen. xix. 7.
(of Judah) declare their sin as Sodom, they They separated, &c.] See verse 9. And hide it not. Isa. iii. 9. Thy “ younger" the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot was sister (or " lesser" than thou, Jerusalem), that separated from him, lift up now thine eyes, dwelleth at thy right hand, is Sodom and her for all the land which thou seest, to thee will daughters. And they (of Sodom) were haughty, I give it. Gen. xiji. 14, 15. Oh my soul, and committed abomination before me, therethou hast said unto the Lord, thou art my fore I took them away, as I saw good. Ezek. Lord; my goodness extendeth not to thee, but xvi. 46. 50. As Jesus sat at meat, many to the saints that are in the earth. Ps. xvi. publicans and sinners came and sat down with
14 wicked and sinners before the Lord exceedingly. And the Lord
said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up
now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art, north15 ward, and southward, and eastward, and westward: For all the
land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for
him and his disciples. Go ye, and learn xxviii. 14. Get thee up to the top of Pisgah (said Jesus) what that meaneth: I will have said the Lord to Moses), and lift up thine mercy, and not sacrifice, for I am not come to eyes, westward, and northward, and southcall the righteous, but sinners to repentance. ward, and eastward, and behold it with thine Matt. ix, 10. 13. And thou, Capernaum, which eyes, for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought Deut. iii. 27. down to hell; for if the mighty works which 15 To thee will I give it, &c.] Unto thy have been done in thee had been done in seed will I give this land. Gen. xii. 7. and Sodom, it would have remained until this day. com. Gen. xv. 18. I will establish my coveIt shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom nant between me and thee; and I will give in the day of judgment than for thee. Matt. unto thee the land wherein thou art a stranger, xi. 23, 24. Give God the praise (said the all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting posPharisees to the blind man who received his session. Gen. xvii. 7, 8. Abraham shall sight), we know that this man is a sinner. surely become a great and mighty nation, Now we know that God heareth not sinners. Gen. xviii. 18. Unto thy seed will I give John ix. 24. 31. (God) spared not the old this land. Gen. xxiv. 7. Sojourn in this world, turning the cities of Sodom and Go- land; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, will morrah into ashes, condemned them with an I give all these countries. Gen. xxvi. 3. 4. overthrow, making them an ensample unto God Almighty bless thee, that thou mayest those that after should live ungodly; and inherit the land wherein thou art a stranger. delivered just Lot, &c. 2 Pet. ii. 6, 7, &c. Gen. xxviii. 4. And the land which I gave Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities Abraham and Isaac, to thee (Jacob) I will about them, giving themselves over to forni- give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give cation, and going after strange flesh, are set the land. Gen. xxxv. 12. I will give this forth for an example, suffering the vengeance land to "thy” (“Jacob's") seed after thee, of eternal fire. Jude 7.
for an everlasting possession. Gen. xlviii. 4. Before the Lord, &c.] The earth also was This is the land that shall fall unto you for an corrupt before God. Gen. vi. 11. He (Nimrod) inheritance, even the land of Canaan, with the was a mighty hunter before the Lord. Gen. coasts thereof. And the border shall go down X. 9. And Er, Judah's first-born, was wicked to Jordan, and the goings out of it shall be at in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord slew the salt sea: this shall be your land. Numb. him. Gen. xxxviii. 7. “ He" (“ king Ma. xxxiv. 2. 12, &c. Thou shalt take of the first nasseh") wrought much wickedness in the of all the fruit of the earth, which thou shalt sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger. bring of thy land that the Lord thy God 2 Kings xxi. 6. Jerusalem is ruined, and giveth thee, and thou shalt say unto him." Judah is fallen, because their tongue and their (“the priest"), I am come unto the country doings are against the Lord, to provoke the which the Lord sware unto our fathers for to eyes of his glory. Isa. iii. 8. Can any hide give us. Deut. xxvi. 2, 3. This is the land himself in secret places, that I shall not see which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and him? saith the Lord. Jer. xxiii. 24. Neither unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy is there any creature that is not manifest in seed. Deut. xxxiv. 4. Art not thou our God, his sight, but all things are naked, and opened who didst drive out the inhabitants of this unto the eyes of him with whom we have to land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to do. Heb. iv. 13.
the seed of Abraham, thy friend, for ever! 14 See verse 11.
2 Chron. xx. 7. Thou art the Lord, the God Lift up now thine eyes, &c.] See verse 10. who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him Lift up thine eyes (O Church of Christ) round forth out of Ur of the Chaldees; and madest about, and behold, all “these” (“the Gen- a covenant with him, to give the land of the tiles") gather themselves together, and come Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and unto thee. Isa. xlix. 18. Lift up thine eyes the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Gerround about, and see: all " they" (" the Gen- gashites, to give it, I say, to his seed. Nehen. tiles") gather themselves together, they come ix. 7, 8. For such as be blessed of him shall to thee. Isa. Ix. 4.
inherit the earth. The righteous shall inherit Northward, &c.] And “thou" (" Jacob," the land, and dwell therein for ever. Ps. said the Lord, in the vision of the ladder) shalt xxxvii. 22. 29. Blessed is the man that feareth spread abroad to the west, and to the east, the Lord, that delighteth greatly in his comand to the north, and to the south. Gen. mandments: his seed shall be mighty upon
ever. And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth : so that 16 if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered. Arise, walk through the land in the length of it 17 and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee. Then Abram 18 remored his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the Lord.
the earth. Ps. exii. 1, 2. The people of thy thousand mighty men of valour. And of Benholiness have possessed "it" ("thine inherit- jamin, Eliada, a mighty man of valour, and ance) but a little while. Isu. lxiii. 18. with him armed men, with bow and shield, Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit two hundred thousand ; and next him was the earth. Matt. v. 5. And he (God) gave Jehozabad, and with him an hundred and him (Abraham) none inheritance in it, no, fourscore thousand, ready prepared for war. not so much as to set his foot on : yet he pro- 2 Chron. xvii. 14–18. O that thou hadst mised that he would give it to him for a hearkened to my commandments! then had possession, and to his seed after him, when thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousa yet he had no child. Acts vii. 5.
ness as the waves of the sea; thy seed also 16 1 eill make thy seed, &c.] See Gen. had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy xii. 2, 3. and com. Yea, I will bless “her" bowels like the gravel thereof. Isa. xlviii. 18, (* Sarah," Abraham's wife), and she shall be 19. As the host of heaven cannot be num"g mother of nations" (or “she shall become bered, neither the sand of the sea measured, agtions"): kings of people shall be of her. so will I multiply the seed of David my serAnd as for Ishmael, I have heard thee. Be- vant. Jer. xxxiii. 22. Therefore it is of faith, hold I have blessed him, and will make him that it might be by grace; to the end the profruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly: mise might be sure to all the seed: not to that fwelve princes shall he beget, and I will make only which is of the law, but to that also which him a great nation. Gen. xvii, 16. 20. And is of the faith of Abraham ; who is the father of also of the son of the bond-woman will I make us all; (as it is written, I have made thee a a nation, because he is thy seed. Gen. xxi. father of many nations.) Rom. iv. 16, 17. 13. See chap. xxv. throughout. I will surely Therefore sprang there even of one, and him make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which as good as dead, so many as the stars of the cannot be numbered for multitude (said Jacob, sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by recounting God's promise, in his prayer to the the sea shore innumerable. Heb. xi. 12. After God of Abraham). Gen. xxxii. 12. See Gen. this I beheld, and lo, a great multitude which Ixxvi. throughout. I will multiply your seed no man could number, of all nations and kinas the stars of heaven. Exod. xxxii. 13. dreds, and people, and tongues, stood before Who can count the dust of Jacob, and the the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with number of the fourth part of Israel ? Numb. white robes, and having palms in their hands.
xiii. 10. The Lord your God hath multi- Rev. vii. 9. plied you, and behold ye are this day (said 18 Mamre.] For “he” (“Abram," the Moses) as the stars of heaven for multitude. Hebrew) dwelt in the plain of Mamre, the Deut. i. 10. They (the Israelites) came up Amorite. Gen. xiv. 13. And the Lord apas grasshoppers for multitude, for both they peared unto him in the plains of Mamre. and their camels were without number. Judges Gen. xviii. 1. vi. 5. Judah and Israel were many, as the Hebron. And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba, sand which is by the sea in multitude. I the same is Hebron, in the land of Canaan. Kings iv. 20. And Joab gave the sum of the Gen. xxiii. 2. And Jacob came unto Isaac, number of the people to David ; and all they his father, unto Mamre, unto the city of Arba of Israel were a thousand thousand, and an (which is Hebron,) where Abraham and Isaac hundred thousand men, that drew sword; sojourned. Gen. xxxv. 27. So he (Israel) and Judah was four hundred threescore and sent him (Joseph) out of the vale of Hebron, ten thousand men that drew sword. I Chron. and he came to Shechem. Gen. xxxvii. 14. XXI. 5. But David took not the number of And they (who were sent to search the land) them from twenty years old, and under, be ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron, cause the Lord had said he would increase (now Hebron was built seven years before Israel like to the stars of the heavens. 1 Chron. Zoan, in Egypt). Numb. xiii. 22. And Joshua Xxvii. 23. And these are the numbers of them blessed him, and gave unto Caleb, the son of of Judah, the captains of thousands, Adnah Jehunneh, the Kenezite, Hebron for an inhethe chief, and with him mighty men of valour, ritance. Hebron, therefore, became the inthree hundred thousand; and next to him was heritance of Caleb, and the name of Hebron, Jehohanan, the captain, and with him two before, was Kirjath-arba. Josh. xiv. 13, 14, 15. hundred and fourscore thousand. And next Altar unto the Lord, &c.] See verse 4. And him was Amaziah, and with him two hundred Noah builded an altar unto the Lord. Gen.