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his views, and we have been greatly in- | terested, and, we trust, profited by the perusal of his work. There are, indeed, some points maintained by him, to which we should hesitate to give assent; and we could wish that he had written in a clearer, more correct, and attractive style. We think, however, that he has rendered good service by the publication of this work, and can heartily recommend it to any who are interested in such dis



London: James Blackwood. 1857.

THE design of this small volume is good. "The Sacred Plains" which it seeks to celebrate are those in Palestine, which have been rendered remarkable by interesting events. Grouping those events together, and describing the surrounding scenery, it aims to give the reader a vivid impression regarding them. Thus "the plain of Shinar" is connected with the tower of Babel, the confusion of languages, and the star in the East; "the plains of Mamre" with Abraham, and the burial of Jacob; "the plains of Galilee "with the life of the Redeemer; and so on with other localities.

But while we commend the design of the work, we cannot praise its execution. There is much in it stated as fact, for which the author has drawn solely on his own imagination. We give a specimen from the chapter on "the plains of Moab :"-" Thus journeying along, on a sudden the ass hebestrode bolted through an open gateway into an adjoining field. The action was so quick and sudden, that Balaam was well-nigh dismounted; but, recovering himself, he lustily belaboured the refractory animal, until it was again willing to follow its advancing companions. They soon passed along between two parallel walls . . . Suddenly the ass rushed aside, and bursting the lacings of Balaam's sandal, crushed his foot against the wall, sending a thrill of pain through his entire body. Balaam was angry; thick and fast fell the blows from his heavy staff upon the head, neck,


and body of the offending animal," &c. pp. 45, 46.

It is difficult to forbear a smile in reading such passages, and there are many such. Of course, those who desire not to have the ludicrous associated in their minds with "The Sacred Plains," will eschew Mr. Headley's company in visiting them.

THE SPIRIT OF LOVE; or, A Practical and Exegetical Commentary on the First Epistle of John. By the Rev. W. GRAHAM.

London: Seeley and Co.

THIS is a production of no ordinary value, from the pen of one who is imbued with much of the spirit of the beloved disciple. The excellent and learned author has passed many years in foreign lands, especially with a view to promote the spiritual good of the Jews. The substance of this work was delivered in the form of Lectures, in the city of Bonn. As a lucid, critical, and every way scholar-like elucidation of the text of the epistle, this work will be a great acquisition to the Biblical student. It is, we think, a model of what Scripture exegesis should be; and it is refreshing to find the scholar and the Christian so happily blended. Our author makes the following judicious remarks on the Epistles as addressed to the churches :-" Paul, and John, and Peter, and James, agree in the practice of writing their epistles for the churches, and sending them to the churches. From this we draw the following conclusions-that it is surely the duty and privilege of those who receive letters to read and understand them; that it is surely great presumption in those to whom letters are not addressed, such as popes, and prelates, and cardinals, to prohibit those from reading them to whom they are addressed; that inasmuch as the popes, and cardinals, and princes of the papal hierarchy are not addressed or mentioned in any of the epistles, or in the New Testament, these officers are no true functionaries of the church of Christ, but belong to the apostacy and Babylon mentioned in the Scripture (2 Thess. ii. 1—11, Rev. xvii. 1-6); and lastly, that the

gospels, the epistles, and, indeed, the entire word of God, are the property of the whole redeemed church of God, of which no man can deprive her without offending God, and which she cannot sur render but at her peril."

Speaking of the walls which bigotry and exclusiveness have set up between the children of God, he observes: "It is probable these partitions will stand till the time of persecution comes upon us; and in the meantime we must break holes in them, and reach our hands over them the best way we can."

Without endorsing every opinion, we beg to commend the book to the favour of the public.

PROVIDENCE; or, The Early History of
Three Barbarians. Half of the profits
to be given to the Patagonian Mission.
London: Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 1857.

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or, Selections from the Journal of the Rev. James Caughey. By JOHN UNWIN, Sheffield.

London: Partridge and Oakey. 1857.

FROM the title-page of this work, the character of it will be at once discerned. It

contains a short sketch of Mr. Caughey's life, together with selections from the journal kept by him during his labours at Huddersfield in December 1844, and the opening months of 1845. The work is interesting as exhibiting the theology and modes of action of one whose labours are said to have been attended with most re

THE first attempts to introduce the Gospel to the dreary and inhospitable clime of Patagonia will never be forgotten. Those attempts, so disastrous in their immediate results, brought out a display of Christian heroism and devoted-markable results; for, according to the ness which has rarely been paralleled, and which will ever form a remarkable page in the history of the church. The names of Allen, Gardiner, and Richard Williams will be had in long remembrance.

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preface, "within six years, nearly twentytwo thousand persons professed conversion under his immediate labours" in England.

As might be expected, we find in the work much to which we are constrained to take exception, and which few, unless genuine and intense Methodists, could endorse. But it is not necessary we should indulge in controversy. Those who read these pages will find in them many excellent thoughts and stirring appeals; and though unable to approve of some of the doctrines which they teach, and methods of procedure which they exhibit, may yet learn from them not a little that may be profitable.


London: Ward.


THIS work sustains its well-earned reputa tion. Without endorsing all the opinions it expresses, we can conscientiously say that it contains a vast deal of vigorous and suggestive thought. The book has no finish," observes the Editor. We like it all the better for that. We have abundance of books finished in more senses than one. We are glad of something now and then rough and scarcely smelted, upon which we may do all the smith's work ourselves. Good may be accomplished in many more ways than one, and the modes of treatment adopted in this volume are such as to meet the wants of not a few. We quite agree with Mr. Thomas, as to the immense importance of spiritual morality; nor would we have recourse, except from necessity, to polemical theology: but we do hold, and we apprehend Mr. Thomas agrees with us, that the great facts and doctrines of the Gospel are main motive powers to holy living.


London: Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 1857. THIS volume contains memoirs of a worthy minister of the Wesleyan connexion, who, after labouring for a number of years with fidelity and success at home, was deputed to visit the mission stations on the Gold Coast, Western Africa. The task with which he was entrusted was a delicate and difficult one, but he seems to have succeeded in executing it satisfactorily. As he was preparing to return to England, a sudden attack of disease very speedily carried him to the grave.

The memoir, though possessing no feature of striking interest, is well written, and will doubtless be highly prized by the friends of Mr. West, and by those members of the Wesleyan denomination who revered and esteemed him.


London Religious Tract Society. ANOTHER of the instructive volumes for which the Religious Tract Society is becoming so famed.

To those who like to know something of the part of the world they inhabit, and who love to view nature in all her varied aspects, we can well recommend this work. We are here conducted by our native seas and shores, through our highland and lowland regions, and by our calm inland waters. The climate, the general botanical and zoological features, the great geological formations and modern geological changes, are all brought under intelligent consideration. Few will peruse these sketches of our home islands without being the wiser.

THE MARTYR OF ALLAHABAD. Memorials of Ensign Arthur Marcus Hill Cheek. By the Rev. ROBERT MEEK.

London: Nisbet and Co.

THOSE who read the short notice in the "Times " of this noble youth will, doubtless, be glad to hear further particulars respecting him. Desperately wounded by the mutineers, he escaped to a ravine, being sustained four days and nights on the waters of a stream, and having to ascend a tree by night, for protection from wild beasts. Discovered on the fifth day, and dragged by the brutal sepoys before one of their leaders, the lad of sixteen, under these

agonizing circumstances, becomes the matured Christian hero, exhorts a fellow-sufferer never, on any consideration, to deny his Saviour, and then speedily sinks into the arms of death.

Justly is he styled the "Martyr of Allaha bad;" nor can we doubt that his spirit is now with the glorious martyr-band before the


DEVOTIONAL RETIREMENT; or, Scriptural Admonitions for the Closet for every Day in the Year. By REV. T. WALLACE.

London and Glasgow: Griffin and Co. THIS work differs in one respect from the many of a similar order which have issued from the press, in that the author, rememberdaily," has made it of an admonitory character "Exhort one another ing the injunction, throughout.

We can confidently commend these pages to our readers, as well calculated to aid them in the profitable use of hours of retirement.


London: Religious Tract Society.

WELL written, and interspersed with anec dotes, which will greatly enhance its favourable reception amongst the young. The author evidently loves to trace the great God and Father of all in the works of his hands.

The illustrations are good, and the whole produced in a style to render it a very suitable new year's present for our youthful friends.

THE MYSTERY OF GODLINESS; or, The Christian's Faith and Hope. By the Rev. JOHN BIGWOOD.

London: J. Brown, Eaton Square.

THE substance of this volume was contained in a course of Lectures, delivered to the church and congregation assembling in Onslow Chapel, Brompton, and is now dedicated to them. It is designed to unfold that most comprehensive declaration of the inspired Apostle in 1 Tim. iii. 16.

The truths embodied in this passage are set forth clearly, and a practical bearing given to the whole treatment of the subject.

SHEPHERD. Pp. 114. 12mo.
London: Snow.

THIS volume is the production of a pious and benevolent lady, who has gained access to one of our prisons, and endeavoured to do good among its female inmates. It details a number of cases into which she examined. It does not, however, speak very encouragingly of attempts to reform female prisoners. Most of those she visited appear to have been very incorrigible. Earnest expostulations are addressed to mothers and mistresses, to endeavour to prevent the necessity for prisons and reformatories. The sending female servants to prison for light offences is severely condemned. It would have been well if the benevolent

authoress had recorded the results of her experience as to the most successful methods of producing true repentance in this class of culprits.


London: Book Society.

CALCULATED to be very useful, especially by showing that Popery is unchanged and unchangeable: essentially anti-christian in doctrine and practice.

SENT. Vol. I. 1856.

LIFE IN ISRAEL: or, Portraitures of Hebrew Character. By M. J. RICHARDS. Edinburgh.

London: William Kent and Co.

We briefly noticed this periodical on its first appearance, and stated our approval of its design, which is to diffuse information regard ing" the power and progress of the word of God," and our wishes for its success. We are glad to find that, among its numerous contemporaries it is holding on its way; and shall be glad if a renewed recommendation of it from us should help its circulation. It is published monthly, at the price of 2d., and is edited by the authoress of "The Book and its Story."

THE author blends fiction with truth, and aims at presenting a vivid picture of Hebrew life in the desert, under Solomon, and during the captivity. The conversations imagined are overstrained to the last degree. The Hebrews must have been a strange people, indeed, if they talked in the way here reported.

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London: Kent and Co.

WE have here abundant testimony from the most respectable and reliable sources, that the drinking customs of the country are the great obstacle to the education of the people. l'arents who imagine they cannot spare a few pence in the week for the schooling of their children, will spend more than as many shillings on strong drink. The evil is palpable enough, and the remedy simple; but, alas! who is able to ensure its adoption?


London: Religious Tract Society.

EMINENTLY adapted for usefulness, and fitted for distribution in public conveyances, warehouses, factories, and for enclosure in





1. ARCHBISHOP LEIGHTON, died 1684. | best known by his useful work on ChrisThis pious divine, whose sermons and tian Evidences, and his Memoirs of commentary upon 1 Peter are still much Robert Hall. valued, was born in 1613. Charles II. made him bishop of Dumblane, and afterwards promoted him to the archbishopric of Glasgow. He was ill fitted for the contentious times in which his lot was cast; he therefore resigned his office and retired to London, where he died.

2. OLINTHUS GREGORY, died 1841. He was born at Yaxley in 1774, and was distinguished for his scientific attainments, and his excellence of character; but he is VOL. XXXVI.

3. REGINALD HEBER, died 1826. He was author of several valuable poems, &c., and was bishop of Calcutta. He was born at Malpas, in 1783, and died, universally lamented, in a cold bath, at Trichinopoly.

4. JOHN ROGERS, one of the noble army of martyrs, burned in Smithfield 1555.

5. JOHN PYE-SMITH, LL.D., died 1851. This excellent, amiable, and accomplished man was a chief ornament of the Con


gregational body for many years, as a minister, theological tutor, and author. Among his works, which are of great ability and reputation, may be named his Lectures on Geology, and his Scripture Testimony to the Messiah. He was born at Sheffield, May 25, 1774, and lived to be beloved and respected by men of all parties.

6. JOSEPH PRIESTLEY, LL.D., died 1804. He was born near Leeds, in 1733, and was much distinguished for learning and ability. His Socinianism frequently involved him in controversy. His writings were on political, scientific, and religious subjects.

7. WILLIAM BEDELL, bishop of Kilmore, died 1642. Born in Essex in 1570. Among other works, he effected a translation of the Scriptures into Irish.

9. JOHN HOOPER, bishop of Gloucester, burnt at the stake 1555. One of the most enlightened and conscientious of the English reformers.

CLAUDIUS BUCHANAN, D.D., died 1815. Was born at Cambuslang in 1766, was educated at Cambridge, and went out to India, where he became vice-provost of the college of Fort William. He was a zealous and learned man, and his work entitled Christian Researches, was at one time very popular.

11. RENÉ DESCARTES, died at Stockholm, 1650. He was born at La Haye in 1596, and reached the highest distinction and honour as a philosopher. His writings are numerous and celebrated.

12. LADY JANE GREY, beheaded 1554. IMMANUEL KANT, perhaps the most famous of German philosophers, died 1804. His works, which are very numerous, have been extensively read. He was born in Prussia in 1724.

15. FRANCIS ATTERBURY, bishop of Rochester, died 1732. He took an active part in the controversies which raged in his time. His works, chiefly sermons, were once popular, but have little to commend them except their style.

17. GEORGE BULL, bishop of St. David's, died 1789. Was born at Wells, in 1704. His erudition was great, and his talents good, but his writings have not been generally read.

18. MARTIN LUTHER, died 1546. Born at Isleben, in Saxony, in 1483, he commenced his career as a reformer in 1517, and pursued his course with such perseverance, courage, energy, and success, that he struck terror to the heart of the papacy, and has filled subsequent ages with admiration. Besides his translation of the Bible into German, he wrote and published an immense number of books, which are popular at the present day.

19. THOMAS FOWELL BUXTON, an unswerving champion of negro emancipa. tion, and a promoter of many Christian and philanthropic enterprises, died 1845, He was born April 1, 1786.

21. ROBERT HALL, died 1831. Born May 2, 1764, he was equally distinguished by his conversational powers, his pulpit talent, and his literary skill, and was one of the most influential Baptist ministers of his day. His principal works have been published in six volumes, and are much admired for their admirable style and Christian spirit.

24. EDWARD BICKERSTETH, a popular, laborious, and eminently pious minister of the Established Church, died 1850. His character was very estimable, and he exerted great influence among the evangelical clergy by his example and writings. Some of his works have had a large circulation. He was born in 1786.

27. HENRY GROVE, of Taunton, an admired and popular preacher, died 1738. In his day he was much followed, and his printed sermons continued to be read long after his death. He was born at Taunton

SCHLEIERMACHER, died 1834. Born at Breslaw in 1768, attained great distinction as a profound thinker and scholar. His published works include theology, philology, criticism, translations, &c., and have had great influence.

13. COTTON MATHER, an eminent Ame- in 1683. rican divine, died 1728.

C. F. SCHWARTZ, one of the most successful and celebrated of Protestant missionaries to India, died 1798.

29. ARCHBISHOP WHITGIFT, a learned and zealous defender of Church of England principles, died 1604. He was born in Lincolnshire in 1530.

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