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berg set out from St James's to Harwich interrupted by the magistrates, who arreft. on their way to Germany. 7. Lord North, ed the principal speakers, and kept then in ef arrived in town from the Nore, with custody until they procured bail. ne rcfolutions, adopted by the niutinous debates at that place, to be presented to

Augnt te King.' A proclamation published, de The French Directory conclude a treaty Cwg the crews of the ships at the Nore in of peace with Perngal; wlich, however, it a inte os rebellion ; an. prohibiting all in- is faid, was not ratified by Portuval till si veral acourle between them and his Majesty's inonths after. The Scois Molinia bill baring antal jutjects. 9. Several thips effected passed into a law meets with considerabie opteref are from the mutineers at the Nore, position in many places; chietiy from its not ed ariycd at Sheerveis. 13. Moft of the being clearly underilood. When properly lisas the Nore deferted the cause of re- explained the measure acquiesced in, but not lew, and returper to their duty. 14. before a number of persons had been guilty Iord Malmesbury appointed minister ple- of violent and riotous proccedings in opposogntentiary to negotiate peace with the fing it. Several of the were afterwards Freach Republic. The mutiny at the Nore brought to trial, found guilty, and sentenced tumunated, and Parker, the principal of to banishment. At Tranent fome lives were the mutiness, and his co-delegates, taken leit froni the violence of the mub rendering e ciltudy. 15. Le Pompee, of 74 guns, it neccsary for the military to fire, 1. Five attised at Spithead from the Channel fleet, of the delegatos belonging to the Sandwich pith 1:2 of her crew in irons, who had executed at Blicktakes, the remainder were colpired to carry the ship into Breit.

23. reprieved. The admiralty received an ofia The trial of Parker, the mutineer, com- cial account of the bombardiment of Cadiz by psod ar Greenhithe, on board the Nep- Lord St Vincent. 4. The negotiations at tide man of war. 24. The Prince and Lille renewed. 6. Eleven of the inutincers Princes of Wirtemberg arrive at Stargard belonging to the Monmou l received feptence fron England. 30. Parker, the mutineer, of death, two 'of whom were recommended, exccuted on board the Sanuwich, at Black.

to mercy.

10. Advice received at the admi. fizkes. Lord Malmesbury set out from salty, that a during mutiny had broke out on Ladoo fur Lifle to treat of peace with board the St George man of war, belonging Carmimers appointed by the cxccutive Lord St Vincent's fleet, which was quella by É hory for that purpuli.

the spirit and a civity of its commanidur, 15. Lord Mountinorres, in a fit of insanity, fut

hims it through the head, at his apartments The House of Commons resulved to in York-Areck, St Jemea's, and inmediately grant a tuhtidy of 800,0:01. to the queen of expired. 19. Sesen of the mutineers belongPortegal, 10. Davis, llacarthy, Grego- irg to the Standard received sentence of death Ty, and fourteen other dil gates belonging at Greenhiti.. 21. Tireevi the mutineers to lie Sangiwich, received ser trance of death, belonging to the Saturn were executed ca ar treesbite. 20. His 11.; tty pue a. board that thip at Plymouth. Eight more bi to the kilion by a speech frust the of the milinders of the Standard recived roc. A comet discovered by allrome fentence of death, two of whom were rewise

Rear-Admiral Ncisco, who had morded 10 mercy; after which the courtkui dispatchel by Lord St Vincent, off martil adjournid fine dii.

24. advice reCarliz, with five ships and a rutter, 10 mako ceived on the fale arrival of Lord Macartney

stark up in the town of Santa Cruz, at the Cape of Good Hope, as governor of in the itland of Teneriffe, land i 100one, that facilement. cathe bight of the 24th July, for the purpute of tosing the town by ferm, in which

September Les lilled, and is no pariicular aciount has

The executive directory of France, under ta given by authority, it is only known the pretext of a conspiracy having been for illa at Caps. Bowen of the Terplichore was

ed againit the republic, curfe to be arruit s'hid, ingetner with 44 se unen and ma: hy nulitary force the circors Carnot a id TE:rs, and 37 were drowned. 26. Nine of Bartheleniy (the former of whom made his the mutireers belonging to the Mortugue alcape), General l'ichegru, and many other jeceived fentence of death at Purifiiouth. members of the levinative councils. '6. The ši. The London Corresponding Society of legillative counciis of France, acting co?lkalk in a qcld near Se Panctas, to vote pietely under the incuence of the directory, de. a petition !o the King, and to enter into creer that the accused dopisto's, to the nan:sebolutinus relative to the presene fute of viery.ftver, thould be truported. This the country; but their proceedings hele

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decrce was passed without even the form of lowed up by a variety of satisfactory docesa
a trial. 7. A formidable mutiny broke our ments, which are laid before parliament.
on board the Spanish fleet in the port of Ca-
diz. 18. Lord Malmesbury received an in-

November

tination from the French commiflioners at

2. Parliament meets. 5. The Paris jour-

Life to return to Ergland, on account of his nais announced, that the Executive Directory
Lordfhip not being invested with powers to had ordered that an army should forthwith
resign the whole of the conquests made by be afiombled on the French coasts, to be cal-
this country from France and her allies du- led the Army of Egland, and to be com-
ring the war. 22. A dreadful mutiny took manded hy Łuonaparte, for the purpose of in-

place on board the Hermione frigate, in the vading this country; also that the Directory

Welt lodies. Captain Pigot and all his offi- had resolved to march thirty thou!and men

cers, except the furgeon and one master's mate against Portugal. 16. Frederick III. King

were muidered by the crew, as well as most of Pruslia, died at Berlin of a drepfy, agud 53,

of the marines. The mutineers carried the and was succeeded by his fon Frederick Wil-

frigate into the Spanih port of Laguana, and lian.. Sir Ralph Abercromby arrives in Ire-

delivered her up to the governor. 27. n land, as commander in chief of the forces in

account received of La Fayette and his com- that kingdom. 24. Mr Pict brings forward

panions having been relealed from their long the ways and means, feven millions to be

confinemerit. 30. General Hoche died at raised by an increase of the affied taxes,

Wetzler. Moreau, after giving information twelve millions by loan, and three millions

10 the Directory respecting the treacherý of by exchequer bills. 30. Intelligence recui-

Isis friend Pichegru, leaves his arm.y, ar: re- ved vi the Emperor having racified the treaty

pairs to Paris, where he is totally neglecicu. of peace with France.

Otober

December

2. The bank of England called in the samp 2. A new gold coinage of seven shilling

ed dollars. 4. The Earl of Morningtou ap- pieces issued, and crdered to be received as

pointed governor-general of Bengal. 5. The the current coin of the kingdom. 4. Captain

British government fint their final answer to Williamson, of his Majetty's thip Agincourt,

the French government, that they would not was brought to trial by Captain Hopper of

treat upon the basis proposed by the commis- the marines, on a charge of not having done

fioners at Life. 9. Admiral Duncan's fleet his duty in the action of the urth of October

failed from Yarmouth in quest of the Dutch with the Dutch fleet. 11. Mrs Phipoc cxc-

fleet. Admiral Duncan came up with the cuted at the Old Bailey for murder. 12. The

Dutch flec:, commanded by Admiral de Win. comraon council of London, and several p3-

tor, totally defeated them, and captured the rishes of the metropolis, entered into feveral

admiral, his vice-admiral, and nine hips of resolutions, in opposition to the proposedl in-

the line ; for which gallant archievement Ade crease of the aficited taxes. 19. A general

miral Duncan was created a Viscount and Bi- thanksgiving took place throughout England

ron of Great Britain. 14. A subscription open and Scotland, for the succesies of his Majef-

ed at Lloyd's for the benefit of the widowsünd ty's arms by sea. The King and Royal Fa-

orphans of the brave men who fell in the ac. mily, preceded by the members of both hou-

tion with the Dutch fiect. 17. Peace dehi- ses of parliament, &c. &c. went in grand

nitively signed at Ujina between the French procesiion to Se Paul's; the streets from St

and Auftrian commissioners. 28. A decla- James's to the cathedral being closely lined

Iation published by his Majesty's command with military corps ci horse and foot of eve-

relative to the late negotia:102, which is fol. ly description.

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BIOGRAPHY, ESSAYS.

POETRY.

Conftituent parts of the Potatoe Root Ode for the New Year by the Poet

Account of the Life and Writings Laureat

59

of Robert Burns

3 Lines to the Memory of Robert

Anecdote of Oxford Clergy

9 Burns

Reflections on the New Year 10 | A Friend's Advice

Anecdotes of Police of Paris

'12

Observations on Monarchies, &c. by

PARLIAMENTARY INTELLIGENCE.

Mr Burke

14 Commons-King's Message regard-

Curious particulars of the Customs ing the dismissing of Lord Maimes-

of the Indians near Hudson's Bay 17 bury from Paris

53

Comparison of the Talents of Men Lords

57

and Women

19

MONTHLY REGISTER.

on Bigotry

Topography and Natural Hiftory of Containing interetting Gazette in-

Scotland-Dumfries-shire

24

telligence, from the West ludies;

Allegories and Parables from the Ger Invafion of Ireland, &c.

man

29

CONTINENTAL INTELLIGENCE.

The Excellent Wife, from Dr Mour's Germany

Edward

31 Italy

Ruflia

REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

West Indies

Studies of Nature, translated by Dr. America-fires at New York and

Hunter

37

Savannah

Three Dialogues on the Amusements

LONDON.

of Clergymen

42 Falling of three of the Stones at

An Inquiry into the Foundation and Stonehenge

66

History of the Law of Nations in List of the French Aleet that were

Europe, &c. by Robert Ward, Efq; to invade Ireland

Barrister at Law

43

Edwards account of the Maroon

Message from the Lord Lieutenant

45

to the Irish Parliament

Miss Hamilton's Letters by a Hindoo

Rajah

47

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Edinburgh Volunteers offer

68

to take the duty of the Castle

London Royal Society for 1795,

Part II.

48 Sir John Sinclair's Address to the

Letters from a Farmer on the bill Farmers of Britain and Ireland

69

for regulating the sale of Corn by Report of the Weather, &c.

weight

50 LISTS—Marriages Births--Deaths,

NEW PUBLICATIONS

49 Preferments, &c.

700-72

THE CONSTITUENT PARTS OF THE POTATOE ROOT.

BY DR PEARSON.

FROM Dr Pearson's Experiments it appears that 100 parts of potatoe-roote deprived of its skin or bran, consist of

1. Water,
2. Meal,

32 to 28

68 to 72

[blocks in formation]

The meal consists of three different substances :
I. Starch or fecula

17 to 15
2. Leafy or fibrous matter,

9 to 8 3. Extract or soluble mucilage,

6 to 5

32

cent.

28 The potatoe-root contains also pot-ash, or vegetable alkali. By estimation, there were ten grains of it in its mild state from 10co grains of the root ; but as of these ten grains not less than two and a half were carbonic acid, or fixed air, produced during burning, we cannot reckon the quantity of this alkali more than feven grains and a half in 1000 of the root ; that is, three-fourths of a grain per

The ashes of 1000 grains of potatoe-root afforded also seven grains and a half, or three fourths of a grain per cent. of substances not examined ; but which are very probably the same substances afforded by the ashes of vegetable matters in general ; namely, oxide, or calx of iron, and of manganese, phosphoric acid united to lime, magnesia, and muriate of foda, or common falt.

The substances found in the ashes of 1000 grains of the potatoe-root amounting to fifteen grains do not, we have good reason to believe, enter into the composition, or are essential parts of the root, but are merely extraneous matters, introduced into the plant along with water, air, and other aliment, or are secreted by the power of the vegetable economy.

There is also in the root under examination, volatile essential oil, or fpiritus redor, to which is owing its smell and the little taste it poffeffes. portion of volatile oil is too small even to be estimated; and most of it seems to Äy off with the water during distillation or evaporation. The greatest part or the whole of this oil, may be washed out along with this extract or soluble macilage.

There is in the juice, or water of the potatoe-root, an acid which disappears upon burning the root alhes ; either because it is decompounded by the fire, or evaporated, or because it enters into chemical union during the combusțion. The acid is not discoverable in the filtrated liquid from the bruised root, because the proportion of it is too small to be detected by any test when diluted with wa. ter. We may add, that the black potatoe not only appears to be the most prolific, but to afford more starch than the white, and is of a greater specific gravity.

Fron Report of the Committee of the Board of Agriculture.

The pro

THE

SCOTS

MAGAZINE,

For I A NU A RY 1797.

SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE AND WRITINGS

OF ROBERT BURNS,

THE AYRSHIRE POET*. W

E are naturally interested in the discerning the dawn of his geoius. He

life of an author, whose writ- used himself to ings have afforded us either pleasure or thought him the best reader in the house, instruction. We wish to know the and generally employed him to read the molt minute circumstances in his private Bible to the family. His education conduct and domestic situation; we are was only that of an ordinary country gratificd by being made acquainted with school ; he learned no more than to every particular of his character and read and write English, and the fimconduct ; we even feel a desire to be ple rules of arithmetic, at the village able to depi& his person in our imagina- of Alloway. An eagerness for knowtion. In the present instance, however, ledge, and a talte for reading, however, much is not to be expected ; Burns lived foon led him to seek after books. ít fire-and-twenty years in obscurity; he ne- is worthy of notice, that the first book ter occupied a station in life where he had which attracted Burns' attention, and an opportunity of displaying his powers, urged him to read for pleasure, was of calling forth his abilities to public “ The Man of Feeling.” This was view. They who knew him belt, how. his vade mecum ; for we have heard ever, give the strongest testimony to the him say, that, by carrying it in his pocfuperiority of his mind ; and there can ket, he wore out two copies of that ebe little doubt, bad he been called to legant and bewitching novel. Being a& a part in public life, that his con. pressed one day to give a reason why he du& would have been attended with ad- never took the trouble of acquiring the vantage to fociety. In the narrow field Latin language, he replied with a smile, of agriculture, the genius of Burns had “ That he already knew all the Latia not room to expand; it was not here he desired to learr., and that was, omnia that his talents were to flourish; it was vincit amor.in society, where foul kindleth foul, and It is to be regretted we have not where one face sharpeneth anotlier, that been able to discover the date of his Our poet was to shine.

first poetic fallies. He had, at a pretBorns was born at Alloway, a small ty early period, become acquainted with village near the town of Ayr, in the year most of the English classics, and there 1759. His father was a gardener and o- is little doubt but his mufe would occaterseer on the estate of Doonholm; he fionally be heard amongst his acquainhimself was bred to the plough. We Certain it is, however, that by kave not beard that, in his younger far the greater part of his poems were days, Burns discovered any thing remark- written while he followed the piough, able in his conduct: this is probably be while he was under 30 years of age, ciase those about him were incapable of and while he had no opportunity of See poem on his death, p. 51.

knowing the world, but from booksa Vol. LIX.

defee

tance.

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