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berg set out from St James's to Harwich interrupted by the magistrates, who arreft. on their way to Germany. 7. Lord North, ed the principal speakers, and kept then in ef arrived in town from the Nore, with custody until they procured bail. ne rcfolutions, adopted by the niutinous debates at that place, to be presented to
Augnt te King.' A proclamation published, de The French Directory conclude a treaty Cwg the crews of the ships at the Nore in of peace with Perngal; wlich, however, it a inte os rebellion ; an. prohibiting all in- is faid, was not ratified by Portuval till si veral acourle between them and his Majesty's inonths after. The Scois Molinia bill baring antal jutjects. 9. Several thips effected passed into a law meets with considerabie opteref are from the mutineers at the Nore, position in many places; chietiy from its not ed ariycd at Sheerveis. 13. Moft of the being clearly underilood. When properly lisas the Nore deferted the cause of re- explained the measure acquiesced in, but not lew, and returper to their duty. 14. before a number of persons had been guilty Iord Malmesbury appointed minister ple- of violent and riotous proccedings in opposogntentiary to negotiate peace with the fing it. Several of the were afterwards Freach Republic. The mutiny at the Nore brought to trial, found guilty, and sentenced tumunated, and Parker, the principal of to banishment. At Tranent fome lives were the mutiness, and his co-delegates, taken leit froni the violence of the mub rendering e ciltudy. 15. Le Pompee, of 74 guns, it neccsary for the military to fire, 1. Five attised at Spithead from the Channel fleet, of the delegatos belonging to the Sandwich pith 1:2 of her crew in irons, who had executed at Blicktakes, the remainder were colpired to carry the ship into Breit.
23. reprieved. The admiralty received an ofia The trial of Parker, the mutineer, com- cial account of the bombardiment of Cadiz by psod ar Greenhithe, on board the Nep- Lord St Vincent. 4. The negotiations at tide man of war. 24. The Prince and Lille renewed. 6. Eleven of the inutincers Princes of Wirtemberg arrive at Stargard belonging to the Monmou l received feptence fron England. 30. Parker, the mutineer, of death, two 'of whom were recommended, exccuted on board the Sanuwich, at Black.
10. Advice received at the admi. fizkes. Lord Malmesbury set out from salty, that a during mutiny had broke out on Ladoo fur Lifle to treat of peace with board the St George man of war, belonging Carmimers appointed by the cxccutive Lord St Vincent's fleet, which was quella by É hory for that purpuli.
the spirit and a civity of its commanidur, 15. Lord Mountinorres, in a fit of insanity, fut
hims it through the head, at his apartments The House of Commons resulved to in York-Areck, St Jemea's, and inmediately grant a tuhtidy of 800,0:01. to the queen of expired. 19. Sesen of the mutineers belongPortegal, 10. Davis, llacarthy, Grego- irg to the Standard received sentence of death Ty, and fourteen other dil gates belonging at Greenhiti.. 21. Tireevi the mutineers to lie Sangiwich, received ser trance of death, belonging to the Saturn were executed ca ar treesbite. 20. His 11.; tty pue a. board that thip at Plymouth. Eight more bi to the kilion by a speech frust the of the milinders of the Standard recived roc. A comet discovered by allrome fentence of death, two of whom were rewise
Rear-Admiral Ncisco, who had morded 10 mercy; after which the courtkui dispatchel by Lord St Vincent, off martil adjournid fine dii.
24. advice reCarliz, with five ships and a rutter, 10 mako ceived on the fale arrival of Lord Macartney
stark up in the town of Santa Cruz, at the Cape of Good Hope, as governor of in the itland of Teneriffe, land i 100one, that facilement. cathe bight of the 24th July, for the purpute of tosing the town by ferm, in which
September Les lilled, and is no pariicular aciount has
The executive directory of France, under ta given by authority, it is only known the pretext of a conspiracy having been for illa at Caps. Bowen of the Terplichore was
ed againit the republic, curfe to be arruit s'hid, ingetner with 44 se unen and ma: hy nulitary force the circors Carnot a id TE:rs, and 37 were drowned. 26. Nine of Bartheleniy (the former of whom made his the mutireers belonging to the Mortugue alcape), General l'ichegru, and many other jeceived fentence of death at Purifiiouth. members of the levinative councils. '6. The ši. The London Corresponding Society of legillative counciis of France, acting co?lkalk in a qcld near Se Panctas, to vote pietely under the incuence of the directory, de. a petition !o the King, and to enter into creer that the accused dopisto's, to the nan:sebolutinus relative to the presene fute of viery.ftver, thould be truported. This the country; but their proceedings hele
decrce was passed without even the form of lowed up by a variety of satisfactory docesa
Life to return to Ergland, on account of his nais announced, that the Executive Directory
THE CONSTITUENT PARTS OF THE POTATOE ROOT.
BY DR PEARSON.
FROM Dr Pearson's Experiments it appears that 100 parts of potatoe-roote deprived of its skin or bran, consist of
32 to 28
68 to 72
The meal consists of three different substances :
17 to 15
9 to 8 3. Extract or soluble mucilage,
6 to 5
28 The potatoe-root contains also pot-ash, or vegetable alkali. By estimation, there were ten grains of it in its mild state from 10co grains of the root ; but as of these ten grains not less than two and a half were carbonic acid, or fixed air, produced during burning, we cannot reckon the quantity of this alkali more than feven grains and a half in 1000 of the root ; that is, three-fourths of a grain per
The ashes of 1000 grains of potatoe-root afforded also seven grains and a half, or three fourths of a grain per cent. of substances not examined ; but which are very probably the same substances afforded by the ashes of vegetable matters in general ; namely, oxide, or calx of iron, and of manganese, phosphoric acid united to lime, magnesia, and muriate of foda, or common falt.
The substances found in the ashes of 1000 grains of the potatoe-root amounting to fifteen grains do not, we have good reason to believe, enter into the composition, or are essential parts of the root, but are merely extraneous matters, introduced into the plant along with water, air, and other aliment, or are secreted by the power of the vegetable economy.
There is also in the root under examination, volatile essential oil, or fpiritus redor, to which is owing its smell and the little taste it poffeffes. portion of volatile oil is too small even to be estimated; and most of it seems to Äy off with the water during distillation or evaporation. The greatest part or the whole of this oil, may be washed out along with this extract or soluble macilage.
There is in the juice, or water of the potatoe-root, an acid which disappears upon burning the root alhes ; either because it is decompounded by the fire, or evaporated, or because it enters into chemical union during the combusțion. The acid is not discoverable in the filtrated liquid from the bruised root, because the proportion of it is too small to be detected by any test when diluted with wa. ter. We may add, that the black potatoe not only appears to be the most prolific, but to afford more starch than the white, and is of a greater specific gravity.
Fron Report of the Committee of the Board of Agriculture.
For I A NU A RY 1797.
SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE AND WRITINGS
OF ROBERT BURNS,
THE AYRSHIRE POET*. W
E are naturally interested in the discerning the dawn of his geoius. He
life of an author, whose writ- used himself to ings have afforded us either pleasure or thought him the best reader in the house, instruction. We wish to know the and generally employed him to read the molt minute circumstances in his private Bible to the family. His education conduct and domestic situation; we are was only that of an ordinary country gratificd by being made acquainted with school ; he learned no more than to every particular of his character and read and write English, and the fimconduct ; we even feel a desire to be ple rules of arithmetic, at the village able to depi& his person in our imagina- of Alloway. An eagerness for knowtion. In the present instance, however, ledge, and a talte for reading, however, much is not to be expected ; Burns lived foon led him to seek after books. ít fire-and-twenty years in obscurity; he ne- is worthy of notice, that the first book ter occupied a station in life where he had which attracted Burns' attention, and an opportunity of displaying his powers, urged him to read for pleasure, was of calling forth his abilities to public “ The Man of Feeling.” This was view. They who knew him belt, how. his vade mecum ; for we have heard ever, give the strongest testimony to the him say, that, by carrying it in his pocfuperiority of his mind ; and there can ket, he wore out two copies of that ebe little doubt, bad he been called to legant and bewitching novel. Being a& a part in public life, that his con. pressed one day to give a reason why he du& would have been attended with ad- never took the trouble of acquiring the vantage to fociety. In the narrow field Latin language, he replied with a smile, of agriculture, the genius of Burns had “ That he already knew all the Latia not room to expand; it was not here he desired to learr., and that was, omnia that his talents were to flourish; it was vincit amor.” in society, where foul kindleth foul, and It is to be regretted we have not where one face sharpeneth anotlier, that been able to discover the date of his Our poet was to shine.
first poetic fallies. He had, at a pretBorns was born at Alloway, a small ty early period, become acquainted with village near the town of Ayr, in the year most of the English classics, and there 1759. His father was a gardener and o- is little doubt but his mufe would occaterseer on the estate of Doonholm; he fionally be heard amongst his acquainhimself was bred to the plough. We Certain it is, however, that by kave not beard that, in his younger far the greater part of his poems were days, Burns discovered any thing remark- written while he followed the piough, able in his conduct: this is probably be while he was under 30 years of age, ciase those about him were incapable of and while he had no opportunity of See poem on his death, p. 51.
knowing the world, but from booksa Vol. LIX.