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where the state of their own, or that of any other nation, comes under debate, and they are called upon to act in their legislative capacity?
But notwithstanding I have been more particular in considering the state of the British isles than that of some other countries, I would not be thought to want a due regard for all mankind. As I am a citizen of the world, I look upon all men as my brethren; and have long endeavoured to set them rigłt in their notions of one another.
I am extremely concerned to see almost every people representing the inhabitants of distant nation's as barbarians, and treating them as such.
For my part, I have met with people as polite, ingenivus, and humane, whom we have been taught to look upon as canibals, as ever I conversed with in Europe ; and, from my own experience, am convinced, that human nature is every where the same ; allowances being made for unavoidable prejudices, occasioned by custom, education, and savage principles, instilled into many in their infancy by ignorant, superstitious, or designing men, about them: and, as I have observed on other occasions, nothing has contributed more to render the world barbarous, than their having been taught from their cradles, that every nation almoft, but their own, are barbarians. They first imagine the people of distant nations to be monsters of cruelty and barbarity; and then prepare to invade and extirpate them, exercising greater cruelties than ever such nations were charged with ; which was exactly the case of the Spaniards, and the natives of America.
Two things we see contribute greatly to make men rapacious and cruel ; namely, covetousness, and mistaken notions in religion. Some make gold their god, and then every thing must bow to that ; others think they do God good service, by murdering and extirpating nations of a different faith. They imagine this furious and mistaken zeal will infallibly procure them seats in paradise. Thus religion, which is the best thing in the world, and designed to improve and meliorate mankind, is converted to the very Horft purposes, by ignorant or designing meni.
But to proceed in giving some further account of the prefent undertaking : I have not only endeavoured to improve the modern geography, rectified the chronology, and
Thew're! sheived the present state, revolutions, and changes of government, that have happened in the respective nations described, but caused a set of new maps to be engraved, that muy agree with the work, and corrected them with my own hand; for since the days of my friend. Moll the geographer, we have had nothing but copies of foreign maps, by engravers unskilled in geography, who have copied them with all their errors. In these maps the degrees of eastern and western, longitude will be found on the top of each map, and the 'hours and minutès every place lies east or west of London, (the first meridian), at the bottom of the map; Mewing, at one view, the number of degrees, and the difference, in point of time, between any two places on the globe : For instance, any place which is situate one degree east of another, will appear to have the sun four mimites of time before it ; and a place situate one degree west of another, will appear to have the Sun four minutes after it. Again, a place situate 15 degrees east of us, (as Naples), will appear to have the sun one complete hour before us at London; and a place fituate 15 degrees west of us, (as the island of Maceira), will appear to have the sun an hour after we have it at Lone don ; which is much easier apprehended by viewing a map of this kind than by any definition or explanation what:
C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.
INTROD C TI O N.
1. A defcription of the figure and motion of the earth,
and problems necessary to the study of geography.
A particular description of the several kingdoms
and commonwealths in the four quarters of the world ; with an epitome of the history, memorable events, and remarkable curiofities, of the respective countries.
E U R O P E.
4. kaly, lampen
31 2. Portugal,
54 3. France,
78 5. Switzerland,
110 6. Cnited Netherlands, 117 1. Austrian Netherlands, 126 8. Germany,
132 9. Bohemia,
,155 10. Hungary,
159 11. Tranfylvania,
163 12. Sclavonia,
165 13. Croatia and Morlachia, 166,7 14. Poland,
167 15. Ruilia cr Muscovy,
176 10. Sweden,
189 ... Dedmark and Norway, 199
Pas 18. Britilli isles
347 19. Turkey in Europe, the ancient Greece,
385 20. The Turkish or Grecian
islands in the Mediterra.
nean and Levant feas, 389 The rest of the Europcan islands
are deicribed with the countries to which they refpectively belong, as thote of Spain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, cc.