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gious societies to her honour : *They depend on her mercies no less, if not more, than on Christ's; and recur much oftener to her, than to him, for pardon and forgiveness.

Sect. XI.

Of his Death and Burial: Of his Descent into Hell.

1. Q. You said that the end of Christ's being born of the Virgin Mary, was, that he might thereby be in a capacity of dying for us : Tell me, therefore, how did Christ do this?

A. He suffered under Pontius Pilate; was cruci: fied, dead and buried.

2. Q. Who was Pontius Pilate?

A. He was governor of Judea under Tiberius, the Roman emperor, at the time of Christ's death, and condemned our Saviour to be crucified.

Proofs SUBJOINED.—Matt. xxvii. 2, 11, 23, 24. And when they had bound him, they led him

away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor. And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the king of the Jews, and Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. When Pilate sau; that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person : see ye to it. Luke, iii. 1. Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Cæsar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, the word of God came unto John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.

3. Q. Why do you take notice of the person under whom Christ suffered ?

A. For several reasons. Ist, To fix the time of his suffering, which had been particularly foretold by the prophet Daniel, 490 years before it came to pass. 2nd. To shew that at that time the sceptre was departed from Judah; and so the time of Jacob's prophecy concerning the coming of the Messiah accomplished. And, 3dly, To account for the manner of Christ's death, which was also extraordinary, and foretold by the prophets: crucifixion being not a Jewish, but a Roman kind of punishment.

PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Daniel, ix. 25, 26. Know, therefore, and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem, unto the Messiah the Prince, shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come, shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Gen. xlix. 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from belween his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

4. Q. How came Pontius Pilate to condemn our Saviour to this death ?

A. He did it to satisfy the importunity of the Jews, after having plainly declared, that he was not worthy to die. Matt. xxvii. 23, 24. And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified, When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.

5. Q. What do you observe from this?

A. The same which the providence of God evidently designed to declare by it; viz. “that Christ suffered for our sins, not for any evil that himself had done.

PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Isaiah, liii. 5, 6. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. 1 Cor. xv. 3. For I delivered unto you first of all, that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures. Heb. vii.

. 26. Who needeth not daily, as those high-priests, to offer up sacrifice, first, for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself. ix. 28. So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time, without sin, unto salration. X. 10. By the which will, we are sanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ, once for all. i Peter, ii, 21, 22, 24. For eren hereunto n'ere ye called : because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: who did no sin, neither was gule found in his mouth, Who his or'n self bare our sins in his own body on the

tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness, by whose stripes ye were healed.

6. Q. Did Christ suffer any thing before bis crucifixion; that you say, first, he suffered; and then he was crucified ?

A. Yes, very much: he was betrayed by one of his own apostles ; "was denied by another; d was forsaken by them all. He was accused as a rebel and false prophet by the Jews; 'was evil-intreated by the soldiers; hurried from the chief priests to Pilate; thence to Herod; from him back to Pilate again. He was blind-folded, buffetted, scourged, crowned with thorns, spit upon; he carried his own cross through the city: and besides all this underwent that inward grief and anguish of mind in the garden, which much surpassed all that he endured upon Mount Calvary. Matt. xxvi. 37, 38. And he took with him Peter, and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful, and very heavy. Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. Mark, xiv. 33, 34. And he taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and began to be sore amazed, and very heavy. And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death; tarry ye here, and watch. Luke, xxii. 44. Compare John, xij. 27. Luke. And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. John. Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour : but for this cause came 1 into the world.

PROOFS SUBJOINED.—bc Matt. xxvi. 2, 24, 47, 69, &c. Ye know that after two days is the feast of the Passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be cruci


fied. The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! It had been good for that man if he had not been born. And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude, with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now, Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee: for thy speech bewrayeth thee. But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest. Luke, xxii. 22, 48, 57, 61. And truly the Son of man goeth as it was determined; but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed. Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

—And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread.

* Matt. xxvi. 56. Then all the disciples forsook him and fled. Mark, xiv. 50. And they all forsook him and fled. Luke, xxiii. 2, 5. And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cæsar, saying, that he himself is Christ, a king. And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. John, xix. 12. From henceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Cæsar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king, speaketh against Cæsar. 'Matt. xxvii. 26. Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, und gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. And

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