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land which he sware unto our fathers; and the Lord commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the Lord our God, for our good always, that he might preserve us alive, as it is at this day. xxvi. 8, 10. And the Lord brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an out-stretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders. And now, behold, I have brought the first-fruits of the land, which thou, O Lord, hast given to me. And thou shalt set them before the Lord thy God, and worship before the Lord thy God. Judges, ii. 1, 2. And an angel of the Lord came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which 1 sware unto your fathers; and I said I will never break my covenant with you. And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall throw down their altars.
Proofs SUBJOINED.- Lev. xviii. 21. I am the Lord. xix. 14, 16, 18. Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the Lord. Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neigh-. bour: I am the Lord. Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shall love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the Lord. xxi. 12. I am the Lord. xxii. 2. Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel; and that they profane not my holy name in those things which they hallow unto me: I am the Lord. Numb. iii. 13. For on the day that I smote all the first-born
in the land of Egypt I hallowed unto me all the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast : mine shall they be: I am the Lord.
4. Q. Do these reasons extend to us Christians ?
A. They do; and that no less, if not more, than they did to the Jews. "For we are the spiritual Israel, and heirs of the promises. He is the Lord our God, by a more excellent covenant than he was theirs. He has brought us out of that slavery of which the Jews' Egyptian bondage was but a type. And bas prepared for us an inheritance in heaven, in comparison of which their land of Canaan is nothing to be accounted of.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-* Rom. ii. 28, 29. For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: but he is a Jew which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God. 1 Cor. x. 18. Behold Israel after the flesh. Gal. iii. 23, 26. But be fore faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith, which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our school-master to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a school
master. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. vi. 16. As many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God. Phil. iii. 3. For we are the circumcision which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
Heb. viii. 6, 8. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I
will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah.--But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the Mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Luke, i. 74, 75. That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear, in holiness and righteousness all the days of our life. "Gal. iv. 26. But Jerusalem, which is above, is free, which is the mother of us all. Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto Mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels. Rev. ii. 12. Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerúsalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God. xxi. 9, 10, &c. And there came unto me one of the seven angels, which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife. And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God.
5. Q. What is the full import of the first commandment?
A. * That we should have the Lord for our God, and * that we should have no other besides him.
6. Q. What is it to have the Lord for our God?
A. It is first to think of him; and then to worship and serve him as God.
7. Q. How ought we to think of God?
A. As of an eternal and all perfect Being ; the Maker and Preserver of all things: and our most gracious and merciful Father in, and through his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. (See before, sect. vii.)
8. Q. How ought we to worship God?
A. With all the powers and faculties both of our souls and bodies : in public and in private. According to all that in his holy gospel he has required, or by the force of our own natural reason, directed us to do.
Proofs SUBJOINED.-Psalm v. 7. But as for me I will come into thy house in the multitude of thy mercy; and in thy fear will I worship toward thy holy temple. xlvii. 6, 7. Sing praises to God, sing praises : sing praises unto our king, sing praises. For God is the king of all the earth : sing ye praises with understanding. xcv. 6. O come, let us worship and bow down, and kneel before the Lord our Maker. cxxxii. 7. We will go into his tabernacles : we will worship at his footstool. Matt. vi. 5, &c. And when thou prayest thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are; for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto thee, they have their reward. But, thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to the Father, which is in secret; and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly. John, iv. 24. God is a spirit; and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth. i Cor. vi. 20. Ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's. Phil. iii. 3. For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit. Heb. x. 25. Not forsaking the assem
bling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is: but exhorting one another : and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
9. Q. What are the main things wherein we are to express our duty towards God?
A. It is almost impossible to recount them: but, in general, it is our duty to believe in him; to 'fear him, to love him, with all our heart, with all our mind, with all our soul, and with all our strength: to "worship him; "to give him thanks: “to put our whole trust in him; to "call upon him ; to honor his holy name and his word; and to 'serve him truly all the days of our life.
Proofs subJoined.- John, i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the $ons of God, even to them that believe on his name. vi. 29. Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent. xx. 31. But these are written, that
ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing, ye might have life through his name. Acts, xiii. 39. By him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. Rom. x. 4, 9. For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness, to every one that believeth.—That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. Gal. iii. 22. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. Heb. xi. 6. But without faith it is impossible to please him ; for he that cometh to God must believe that he is; and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek