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works, the pomps and vanity of this wicked world, and all the sinful lusts of the flesh.
3. Q. What does the renouncing of all these signify?
A. It signifies an utter forsaking of them; and obliges me not only inwardly to detest them, but so to watch and govern all my outward actions, as not to follow, nor be led by them.
4. Q. Do you think that you shall be able thus to renounce the devil, the world, and your own flesh?
A. So perfectly as I could wish, I cannot hope to do it in this present life: yet I trust that, by the grace of God, I shall always from my heart detest and abhor them; and so order my life and actions, as not to be drawn into any evil courses by them; nor even into the actual commission of any very great and voluntary sins.
5. Q. What mean you by the devil ?
A. It is the common name given in scripture to those wicked spirits, who having rebelled against God, and being thereupon justly cast off from that glorious state in which they were created by him ; do make it their coustant business and endeavour to draw as many off as they can into the same rebellion, and thereby into the same state of misery with themselves. 1 Pet. v. 1. Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil, us a rouring lion, walketh about seeking whom he may devour.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.--Matt. xii. 39. The tares are the children of the wicked one; the enemy that sowed them is the devil. Luke, viii. 12. Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. John, viii. 44. Ye are of
your father, the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. Eph. iv. 27. Neither give place to the devil. vi. 11. Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 1 Tim. iii. 6, 7. Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. Moreover, he must have a good report of them which are without, lest he fall into reproach, and the snare of the devil. Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil. James, iv. 7. Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 1 John, iii. 8, 9, 10. He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. Whosoever is born of God, doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot commit sin, because he is born of God. In this the children of God were manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
6. Q. What are the works of the devil, which together with him, you at your baptism promised to renounce?
A. *All manner of sin : but chiefly 1 comprehend under this first rank, those sins which either more immediately relate to him, or proceed from bis sug
gestions; such as pride, malice, envy, revenge, murder, lying, and, above all, witchcraft and idolatry.
PROOFS SUBJoined.—John, viii. 41, 44. Ye do the deeds of your father. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth; because there is no truth in him.' When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. John, iii. 8. He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. John, viii. 44. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own : for he is a liar, and the father of it. Acts, xiii. 9, 10. Then Saul, (who also is called Paul) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him, and said, O full of all subtilty, and all mischief, thori child of the devil, thou, enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord? 1 Tim. ii. 6. Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride, he fall into the condemnation of the devil. James, iii. 14, 15. But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish. 1 John, v. 19, 21. And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lieth in wickedness. Little children, keep yourselves from idols.
7. Q. What is the next enemy which, at your baptism, you promised to renounce?
A. This wicked world, with all the pomps and vanity of it.
8. Q. How is it that you call the world, (the work of God's hands) a wicked world?
A. Not because it is in itself so, but only to shew how far, and in what respect, I am to renounce it. Namely, in all such cases in which it would draw me into any wickedness, for the sake of any thing which I desire or enjoy in it. Gal. i. 4. Christ gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world. 1 John, ii. 15. Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world: if any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
PROOF SUBJOINED.—James, iv. 4. Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? Whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world, is the enemy of God.
9. Q. What do you mean by the pomps and vanity of this wicked world?
A. They do most properly denote the vain state, shew, and magnificence of such as are great and rich in it; but do withal comprehend the riches themselves wbich are made use of to minister to these vanities; together with the covetousness, injustice, oppression, and whatsoever other sins of the like kind men commit for the support of their vanity, and to obtain such things as minister only to the pomp and pride of life.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Acts, xxv. 23. Compare 1 Maccab. ix. 37. And on the morrow, when Agrippa was come, and Bernice, with great pomp, and was entered into the place of hearing, with the chief captains, and principal men of the city, at Festus's commandment, Paul was brought forth. Maccab. After this, came word to Jonathan, and Simon his brother,
that the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride from Nadabatha, with a great train, as being the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan. 1 John, ii. 16. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
10. Q. What is the third enemy which your reli- . gion engages you to renounce?
A. The sinful lusts of the flesh.
11. Q. What do you understand by the sinful lusts of the flesh ?
A. All those sensual desires and inclinations whereby we are disposed to those sins which are in a peculiar manner called in Holy Scripture, the works of the flesh; such as uncleanness, drunkenness, &c. See Gal. v. 19. For the flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other : so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. Rom. viii. 13. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. Coloss. iii. 5. Mortify, therefore, your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry. 1 John, ii. 16. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
12. Q. What was the second thing which your Godfathers and Godmothers promised for you at your baptism?
A. That J should believe all the Articles of the Christian Faith.