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because they are faithful and beloved, partakers of the benefit. i Pet. ii. 17. Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king:
. 13. Q. What are the particular duties which are required of children towards their parents?
A. To love, honour, and succour their father and mother : to obey their orders, and bear with their infirmities, and submit to their correction: to promote their comfort and welfare by all fitting means; and if they need, and their children are able, to provide for, and support them.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Lev. xix. 2, 3. Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy. For I the Lord your God am holy. Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my Sabbaths. Deut. xxvii. 16. Cursed be he that setteth light by his father or his mother. Prov. i. 8. My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother; for they shall be an ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck. xxx. 17. The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it. Matt. xv. 4, 5, 6. Compare Mark, vii. 10, 13. Matt. For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and he that curseth futher or mother, let him die the death. But ye say, whosoever shall say to his father and mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; und honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. Mark. For Moses said, Honour thy father and mother; and whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death: but ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, it is corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; he shall be free. And ye suffer him no more to do ought for his father or his mother; making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered. Eph. vi. 1, 2. Children obey your parents in the Lord; for this is right. Honour thy father and mother, which is the first commandment with promise; that it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth. Col. iii. 20. Children, obey your parents in all things : for this is well pleasing unto the Lord. 1 Tim. v. 4. But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents; for that is good and acceptable before God. 2 Tim. iii. 2. For men shall be lovers of their ownselves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy.
14. Q. Are all these duties to be equally paid to both our parents ?
A. They are; and that by the express words of the commandment, honour thy father and thy mother. Compare Prov. i. 8. vi. 20. Eph. vi. 2. Prov. My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother.—My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother. Eph. Honour thy father and mother, which is the first commandment with promise.
15. Q. What return of duty ought parents to make to their children?
A. It is their duty to breed them up carefully whilst they are young; virtuously and religiously, when they are capable of discerning between good and evil. To love them: to provide, according to
their ability, for them: to bring them up to some honest and useful employment: to encourage them when they do well : to correct them when they do amiss: to be gentle and courteous towards them, and not by their passions or perverseness, provoke them to anger, and alienate their affections from them.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Deut. iv. 10. Gather me the people together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and that they may teach their children. vi. 7. And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou
xi. 19. And ye shall teach them your children, &c. Prov. xiii. 24. He that spareth his rod, hateth his son: but he that loveth him, chasteneth him betimes. xxii. 6, 15. Train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it. Foolishness is bound in the heart child: but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him. xxiii. 13, 14. Withhold not correction from the child: for if thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die. Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell. Luke, xi. 11. If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will hė for a fish give him a serpent ? 2 Cor. xii. 14. The children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children. Eph. vi. 4. And ye, fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Col. iji. 21. Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged. i Tim. v. 8. But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel. Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
16. Q. What is the duty of subjects towards those whom God has set in authority over them?
A. To submit to their laws, to be faithful to their interests, and obedient to them in all their just commands. To live quietly under their government; and to contribute, according to their capacity, towards the support and defence of it by their counsel, their estate, (and, if need be, by venturing their very lives for their service).
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Exod. xxii. 28. Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people. Eccles. x. 20. Curse not the king, no, not in thy thought: and curse not the rich in thy bedchamber : for a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter. Prov. xxiv. 21. My son, fear thou the Lord and the king. Matt. xxii. 21. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's; and unto God the things that are God's. Rom. xiii. 1, 2. Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For: there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God; and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. Tit. iii. 1. Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work, 1 Pet. ii. 13, 17. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man, for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king as supreme, or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well. HOnour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king. 2 Pet. ii. 10, 11. Chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, self-willed, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. Jude, viii. 9. Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. Yet Michael, the archangel, when contending with the devil, he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, the Lord rebuke thee.
17. Q. What if the civil power shall command me to do that which is contrary to my duty towards God? : A. I must, in that case, obey God rather than man. If for this I shall be punished, I must patiently yield to it, and glorify God that he has thought me worthy to suffer for iny duty to him.
Exod. i. 15, 17. And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah; and he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him; but if it be a daughter, then she shall live. But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive. Daniel, iii. 14, 16, 17. Nebuchadnezzar spake and said unto them, Is it true, O Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, do not