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younger persons of different sexes together; all excess of meat, drink, sleep, clothing; all places and exercises which may be likely to raise our passions to any immoderate height. In short, from whatever is contrary to the gravity, and modesty, and purity of the Gospel of Christ. PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Matt. v. 28, &c. But I
say unto you, that whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. Rom. viii. 13. For if ye live afler the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. I Cor. jii. 17. If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple are ye. vi. 9. Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, shall inherit the kingdom of heaven. ix. 27. But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection : lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway. Gal. v. 19. Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, fc. Eph. V. 3, 4. But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient. Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore your members, which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry. 1 Thess. iv. 3, 4, 5. For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication; That every one of you should know how to possess his pvessel in sanctification and honour; not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles, which know not God. 1 Tim. ii. 9. In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broidered hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array. 2 Tim. ii. 22. Flee also youthful lusts. 1 Peter, ii. 11. Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. ij. 3. Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel. For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries.
6. Q. Was adultery the only pollution that was forbidden by God under the law ?
A. No; fornication was forbidden then no less than it is now. Exod. xxii. 16. And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. Deut. xxii. 28. If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found; then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife.
So were all incestuous and unseemly marriages. Lev. xviii. 6. None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness. Deut. vii. 3. Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.
All unnatural communication between near relations. Lev. xx. 11. And the man that lieth with his father's wife, hath uncovered his father's nakedness :
both of them shall surely be put to death. Deut. xxii. 30. A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discorer his father's skirt.
But above all, most detestable was the sin of Sodom accounted then, as well as now it ought to be. Lev. xvji. 22, 23. Thou shalt not lie with mankind as with womankind. It is abomination. Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion. Deut. xxiii. 17. There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a Sodomite of the sons of Israel. Rom. i. 26, 27. Compare ver. 32. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men, working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their 'error which was meet. Verse 32. Who knowing the judg. ment of God that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them. 1 Cor. vi. 9. Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, shall inherit the kingdom of God. i Tim. i. Jo. For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for men stealers, for liars, for perjured persons (the law is made).
7. Q. What are the positive duties comprehended under this commandment?
A. To keep our bodies in temperance, soberness, and chastity: and in order hereunto, not only carefully to avoid all temptations and incentives to the
contrary; but if need be, to exercise ourselves in great watchings and fastings, and other corporeal austerities; which are in no cases more proper than for the suppression of these sins. To be modest in our behaviour: grave and chaste in our conversation: to regulate, as much as may be, our very thoughts and desires : and, above all things, to take care that we have somewhat to employ ourselves; that may spend our spirits, and take up our thoughts: as considering that there is nothing more dangerous to the purity of a Christian than idleness, and that unhappy privilege of a great fortune, to have nothing to do.
Proofs SUBJOINED.—Job, xxxi. 1, 9. I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid. If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait at my neighbour's door, then let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her. Matt. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies. Rom. xiii. . 13, 14. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit. Gal. v. 24. And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. Eph. v. 3, 11, 18. But fornication and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints. And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but
be filled with the Spirit. Col. iii. 5, 8. Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and coretousness, which is idolatry. But now ye also put off all these ; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth. 1 Thess. iv. 3, 4. For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: that erery one of you should know how to possess his ressel in sanctification and honour. Tit. ii. 3, 4, 12. The aged women likewise (exhort) that they be in behariour as becometh holiness; not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things: that they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children—The grace of God which bringeth salvation, huth appeared to all men, teaching us, that denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world. 1 Pet. v. 8. Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about seeking whom he may devour. 1 John, ini. 3. And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.
8. Q. How was this sin of adultery punished under the law ?
A. It was punished with death : and that not only upon a civil account, as being most injurious to society; but also typically, to denote what such persons are to expect from God in the other world, even death elernal.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Lev. xx. 10. And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that commilleth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be