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into Christ, have put on Christ. Eph. ii. 4, 5. But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ. (By grace are ye saved.) v. 26. That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto even baptism doth now also save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Christ.
11. Q. Are all who are baptized made partakers of these benefits?
A. They are all thereby put into a state of salvation, and become children of grace. But those only continue in this state, and hold fast their right to these benefits, who take care to live according to the Gospel of Christ; and to fulfil those promises which either themselves made, or which were by others made in their name, and on their behalf, at their baptism.
Of the Dispositions for Baptism; and of the Capucity
of Infants to receive it. 1. Q. What is required of persons to be baptized?
A. Repentance, whereby they forsake sin, and faith, whereby they stedfastly believe the promises of God made to them in that sacrament.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Maţt. iii. 2. Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark, xvi, 16. He that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved,
Acts, ii. 38. Repent, and be baptized every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. viji. 12, 37. But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.— Philip said, if thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest (be baptized). And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. xviji. 8. And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing, believed, and were baptized.
2. Q. What repentance is required to prepare any person for baptism?
1. The same which is required to qualify him for God's forgiveness after baptism. For baptism, if duly received, washes away all sin: and therefore no one can worthily come to it who does not heartily repent of all his sins, and firmly resolve never more to return to the commission of any. Acts, ii. 38, 41.
Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the Holy Ghost. Then they that gladly received his word were baptized; and the sume duy there were added unto them about three thousand souls. jii. 19. Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord.
3. Q. What is the faith which every one ought to bring to this sacrament?
1. A firm belief of the truth of the whole Christian religion; but more especially of all those articles of it which he is solemnly, at his baptism, to profess
his belief of to the church. Acts, viii. 37. And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest (be baptized). And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Mark, xvi. 16. He that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved. Heb. x. 22, 23. Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith; having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ; (for he is faithful that promised).
4. Q. If such a repentance, and such a faith be required of all who are baptized, why then are infants baptized, who by reason of their tender age cannot perform either of them?
A. Because they promise them both by their sureties; which promise when they come to age them selves are bound to perform.
5. Q. Are not actual faith and repentance required of those who are to be baptized ?
A. Yes, if they be persons capable of it: otherwise it is sufficient that they be obliged to believe and repent as soon as they shall be capable of so doing.
6. Q. How can any one promise this for another?
A. Upon a supposition of charity: that as children are born of Christian parents, and under a security of being bred up to a sense and knowledge of their duty in this particular, and of the infinite obligations that lie upon them to fulfil it; so they will take care (by God's help) so to order both their faith and manners, as their interest as well as duty requires them to de
Proof St BJOINED.-Deut. xxix. 11, 12. Ye stand this day all of you before the Lord your God: your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel; your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water; that thou shouldest enter into corenant with the Lord thy God,
7.Q. But what if they sbould not fulfil what has been promised in their names ?
A. In that case the corenant made on their behalf will be void : and so by not fulfilling what was promised for them, they will lose all those blessings which God would otherwise have been obliged to bestow upon them.
8. Q. Would it not be more reasonable to tarry till persons are grown up, and so in a condition to make the covenant themselves, before they were permitted to be baptized ?
A. We are not to consider what we think best; but what God has directed us to do. Now God expressly ordered the children of the Jews to be admitted into covenant with him, at eight days old. Into the place of circumcision, baptism has succeeded; as the Gospel has into the place of the law. There is therefore the same reason why our children should from the beginning be admitted into the Christian, as why the Jews' children should bave been entered into the legal covenant. God has made no exception in this particular: our infants are as capable of covenanting as theirs were: and if God thought fit to receive them into the legal covenant, and did not account the incapacity which their age put them under, any bar to hinder them from circumcision; neither
ought we to think the same defect any sufficient obstacle to keep our infants from being baptized, and admitted thereby in that of the Gospel.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Gen. xvii. 12, 13. And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh, for an everlasting covenant. Deut. xxix. 10, 11. 12. As above. Col. ii. 11, 12. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children: but now are they holy.
differs from the Popish Mass.
A. The sacrament of the Lord's supper?
A. Because it was both instituted by our Lord at supper, and was designed to succeed into the place of the Paschal supper among the Jews.