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Proofs SUBJOINED.-Matt. xxvi. 26, &c. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the
gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: for this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many, for the remission of sins. Mark, xiv. 22. And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread: and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
3. Q. Ought this sacrament to be administered only at the time of supper ?
A. That is not necessary, any more than that we should be obliged to eat our own supper before it; that we should celebrate it only once a year, in an upper room, in an eating posture, and the like. Our Saviour took that occasion, and that season, for the institution of it; but he did not intend thereby to oblige us to celebrate it in all the exact circumstances of time, place, posture, &c, that occurred in his own administration of it.
4. Q: Why was the sacrament of the Lord's sups per ordained ?
A. for the continual remembrance of the sacrifice
of the death of Christ, and of the benefits which we receibe thereby.
5. Q. What do you mean by a continual remembrance?
A. A remembrance that is not to determine after a certain time, as that of the Paschal supper did ; but to continue to be kept up by this holy sacrament to the very end of the world.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.—1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. Comp. Acts, i. 11. Ye men of Galilee, wky stand ye gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner, as ye have seen him go into heaven. John, xiv. 3. And, if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.
6. Q. Is there any thing more intimated by that expression ?
A. Yes, there is ; namely, that this sacrament ought not to be celebrated only once in the year, as the passover was; but to be administered from time to time; so as to keep up a constant, lively remembrance, in our minds, of the sacrifice of the death of Christ.
ROOFS SUBJOINED.-Acts, ii. 46. And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart. xx. 7. And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow. 1 Cor. xi. 26. For
as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.
7. Q. Wherefore do you call it the sacrifice of Christ's death?
A. Because Christ, by his dying, became an expiatory sacrifice for the sins of mankind.
PROOFS SUBJOINED. Heb. ix. 12, 14, 28. Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal spirit offered himself, without spot, to God, purge your conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?--So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many: and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time, without sin unto salvation. x. 10. By the which will we are sanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once
1 Pet. ii. 21. For even hereunto were ye called : because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example that ye should follow his steps. ii. 24. Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness : by whose stripes ye were healed. ii. 18. For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the spirit.
8. Q. Did Christ then suffer death for the forgiveness of our sins ?
A. He did : he took upon him our sins, and died
for them; that by his death we might be freed both from the guilt and punishment of them,
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Romans, iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. v. 10. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. viii. 32. He that spared not his own son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not, with him also, freely give us all things. 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Col. i. 21, 22. And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled in the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy, and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight.
9. Q. Was it necessary that Christ should die, in order to bis being such a sacrifice ?
A. It was necessary; for without shedding of blood there is no remission. Heb. ix. 22. And death being the punishment of sin, he could no otherwise have freed us from death, than by dying himself in our stead.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-- Isaiah, lii. 8, 10. He was cut off out of the land of the living : for the transgression of my people was he stricken. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him: he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hands. Eph. v. 2. Walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice
to God for a sweet-smelling savour. Col. i. 20. And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in hea
1 John, i. 7. But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ, his son, cleanseth us from all sin. ii. 2. And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
10. Q. Can Christ any more suffer, or die, now, since his rising from the dead?
A. No, St. Paul expressly tells us that he cannot; Rom. vi. 9, 10. Christ, being raised from the dead, dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. For in that he died, he died unto sin once, but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.
11. Q. How then do those of the church of Rome say, that he is again offered for us, as a true and proper sacrifice, in this holy sucrament!
A. This sucrament is not a renewul, or repelition of Christ's sacrifice; but only a solemn memorial and exhibition of it. To talk of an expiatory sacrifice for sin, without suffering, is not only contrary to scripture, but is in the nature of the thing itself absurd and unreasonable: every sacrifice being put in the place of the person for whom it is offered ; and to be treated so, as that person, in rigour, onght to have been, had not God admitted of a sacrifice in bis stead. And, therefore, the apostle, from hence, concludes, that Christ could not be more than once offered, because he could but once suffer. But to suppose that Christ, in his present glorified state,