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Phil. ii. 9, 10, 11. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth: and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

12. Q. When did Christ begio, in this respect, to be our Lord? · A. He entered, in part, upon this authority before his death, though not without regard to his dying for us: as is evident from his publishing his Gospel, abrogating the law, and setting out the conditions of life and death to mankind. Hence, before his death, he asserted to himself the power to forgive sins. Matt. ix. 2, 6. And, behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith, said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee. That ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed and walk.

* But the full exercise of his dominion he entered not upon till after his resurrection, when, as himself declared to his apostles, Matt. xxviii. 18. All power in heaven and earth was given unto him.

See Eph. i. 20, 21, 22, 23. Which (the greatness of his power) he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, far above all principality and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

PROOFS SUBJOINED.-* Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be the Lord both of the dead and living. Phil. ii. 8, 9, &c. Being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name.

. 13. Q. How long will Christ continue, in this respect, to be our Lord ?

A. Christ will continue to be our Lord for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. Luke, i. 32, 33. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David; and he shall reign, over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

But then as the subject matter of a great part of that authority which he now exercises over his church, is proper only to the present state of it, and will determine at the day of Judgment; so will all the farther exercise of such authority cease together with it. Christ, as Mediator, must reign till he has put all his enemies under his feet, i. e. till sin, death, the devil, and all wicked men shall be destroyed; and all his faithful servants be delivered from the power of them. Psalm cx. 1. The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. 1 Cor. xv. 24. Then cometh the end when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule, and all authority and power.

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Nevertheless, still, as God-man, he will continue to reign with, and over his saints, to all eternity in heaven: and so make good what Daniel foretold concerning him. Dan. vii. 14. That his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away; and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

Sect. X.

Of his Conception, and Birth of the Virgin Mary.

1. Q. What does your Creed teach you farther to believe concerning our Lord Jesus Christ ; in the following articles, which relate to him?

A. All such matters as are necessary to be known and believed by us, with relation to the great work of our redemption, which was accomplished by him.

2. Q. By what means did Christ accomplish the redemption of mankind?

A. By giving up himself to the death upon the cross for us. 1 Pet. i. 18, 19. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation, received by tradition from your fathers; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish, and without spot.

3. Q. How could Christ, whom you believe to be God, die ?

A. He took upon him our nature, he became man, like one of us; and, being found in fashion as a man, he yielded up himself to death, even the death of the cross, Phil. ii. 7, 8. Acts, xx. 28. Take heed, therefore, unto yourselves, and to all the flock over which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the


church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

4. Q. After what manner was Christ made man?

A. Not by the conversion of his Divine Nature into the humane; nor by any confusion of the two natures together; but by uniting our humane nature to his Divine, after a singular manner, and such as cannot be perfectly expressed by us.

PROOFS SUBJOINED.-John, i. 14. The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, even the devil.

5. Q. Were then two distinct natures, the Divine and humane, united together in Christ?

A. Yes, there were: and that in such wise as to make the same Jesus Christ, by the distinction of the two natures, in the unity of the same person, become truly and really, at once, both God and man.

6. Q. How was Christ made man?

A. He was conceived by the Holy Ghost, and born of the Virgin Mary.

7. Q. How could Christ be conceived by the Holy Ghost ?

A. Not by the communication of any part of his own substance to him; but as that blessed Spirit set nature on work, and took away the need of any human concurrence to his production: and, as having thus prepared a body for him, of the substance of the Virgin; he breathed into it a most perfect, reasonable soul.

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PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Matt. i. 18, 20. Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: when as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. Then Joseph her husband being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily. But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary, thy wife: for that which is conceived in her, is of the Holy Ghost. Luke, i. 35. And the angel answered and said unto her, the Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God.

8. Q. Wherefore was it needful for the Holy Ghost to do this?

A. Both for the honour and purity of our Blessed Saviour: “That so he might come into the world free from all tincture of sin: band also, that by the extraordinariness of his birth, he might fulfil the prophecies which God had before delivered concerning it.

PROOFS SUBJOINED.--^2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an high priest, which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities : but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. vii. 26. For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens. 1 Pet. i. 19. With the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish, and without spot.

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