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TriMort or ATHEN's.

LiterARY AND historiCAL Notice.

THis play, which contains many perplexed, obscure, and corrupt passages, was written about the year 1610, and was probably suggested by a passage in Plutarch's Life of Antony, wherein the latter professes to imitate the ee-dact of Timon, by retiring to the woods, and inveighing against the ingratitude of his friends. The findiug so hidden rald, tsee Act IV.) was an incident borrowed from a MS. play, apparently transcribed about the year lo, and at ene time in the possession of Mr. Strutt the antiquary. A building yet remains near Athens, tailed Timen’s Tower. Phrynia, one of the courtezans whom Timon reviles so outrageously, was that exquisitely beautiful Phrine, who, when the Athenian Judges were about to condemn her for enormous offences, by the sight of her bosom disarmed the court of its severity, and secured her life from the sentence of the law. Alcibiades, kaewn as a hero who, to the principles of a debauchee added the sagacity of a statesman, the intrepidity of a general, and the humanity of a philosopher, is reduced to comparative insignificanee in the preseat production. Its relative merits, as to action and construction, are succinctly pointed out by Johnson. He describes it as “a domestic tragedy, which strongly fastens on the attention of the reader. In the plau

there is set auch art ; but the incidents are natural, and the characters various and exact. The catastrophe afords a very pewerful warning against the ostentatious liberality, which scatters bounty, but confers no

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Jew. If he would touch the estimate : But, for
that—
Poet. When we for recompense have prais'd
the vile,
It stains the glory in that happy werse
Which aptly sings the good.
Mer. 'Tis a good form.
Looking at the Jewel.
Jetr. And rich : here is a water, look you.
Pain. You are rapt, Sir, in some work, some
dedication
To the great lord.
Poet. A thing slipp'd idly from me.
Our poesy is as a gum, which ooze
From whence ’tis nourished : The fire i'the flint
Shows not, till it be struck; our gentle flame
Provokes itself, and, like the current, flies
Each bound it chases. What have you there?
Pain. A picture, Sir.—And when comes your
book forth 2
Poet. Upon the heels of my presentment." Sir.
Let's see your piece.
Pain. 'Tis a good piece. - [lent.
Poet. So 'tis : this comes off well and excel-

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• As soon as my book has been presented 's Timon.

Pain. indifferent. Poet. Admirable: How this grace Speaks his own standing ! what a mental power This eye shoots forth ! how big imagination Moves in this lip ! to the dumbness of the gesture One night interpret. Pain. It is a pretty mocking of the life. Here is a touch ; is't good f Poet. I’ll say of it, It tutors nature: artificial strife." Lives in these touches, livelier than life.

Enter certain SENAToks, and pass over.

pain. How this lord’s follow’d Poet. The senators of Athens :-Happy men I Pain. Look, more 1 Poet. You see this confluence, this great flood of visitors. I have, in this rough work, shap'd out a man, Whoin this beneath world doth embrace and hug with amplest entertainment: My free drift Halts not particularly, t but moves itself In a wide sea of wax : no levell'd malice Infects one comina in the course I hold ; But flies an eagle flight, hold, and forth on, Leaving no tract behind. Pain. How shall I understand you ? Poet. I’ll unbolt I to you. You see how all conditions, how all minds, (As well of glib and slippery creatures, as of grave and austere quality,) tender down Their services to lord Timon : his large fortune, Upon his good and gracious nature hanging, Subdues and properties to his love and tendance All sorts of hearts; yea, foom the glass-fac’d flatterer § To Apennantus, that few things loves better Than to abhor himself: even he drops down The knee before him, and returns in peace Most rich in Timon's nod. Pain. I saw them speak together. Poet. Sir, I have upon a high and pleasant hill, Feign'd Fortune to be thron'd : The base o'the Inount ls rank'd with all deserts, all kind of natures, That labour on the bosom of this sphere To propagate their states: amongst them all, Whose eyes are on this sovereign lady fix’d, One do I personate of lord Timon's fraume, Whom Fortune with her ivory hand wafts to her ; [vants Whose present grace to present slaves and serTranslates his rivals. Pain. 'Tis conceiv'd to scope. [thinks, This throne, this Fortune, and this hill, ineWith one man beckon'd from the rest below, . Bowing his head against the steepy mount To climb his happiness would be well express'd In our condition. Poet. Nay, Sir, but hear me on : All those which were his fellows but of late, (Soline better than his value,) on the noment Follow his strides, his lobbies fill with tendance Rain sacrificial whisperings “ in his ear, Make sacred even his stirrup, and through him Drink "* the free air. J'ain. Ay, marry, what of these ? Poet. When Fortune in her shift and change of mood, [ants, Spurns down her late belov’d, all his depend. Which labour’d after him to the mountain's top, Even on their knees and hands, let him slip down, Not one accompanying his declining foot. Pain. 'Tis common : A thousand Inoral paintings I can show

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That shall demonstrate these quick blows of for-
tune
More pregnantly than words. Yet you do well,
To show lord Timon, that mean eyes" have
The foot above the head [seen

Trumpets sound. Enter Ti Mox, attended ; the
SER v ANT of VENTi di us talking with him.
Tim. Imprison'd is he, say you ?
Wen. Serv. Ay, Iny good lord : five talents is
his debt;
His means most short, his creditors most strait :
Your honourable letter lie desires stitu.
To those have shut him up ; which failing to
Periods his comfort.
Tim. Noble Ventidius ! Well ;
I am not of that feather to shake off [him
My friend when he must need nue. I do kuo-w
A gentleman that well deserves a help,
Which he shall have : I’ll pay the debt, and free
hiin.
Ven. Serv. Your lordship ever binds him.
Tim. Commend me to him : I will send his
railson ;
And, being enfranchis'd, bid him to come to
line :-
'Tis not enough to help the feeble up,
But to support him after.—Fare you well.
Wen. Serv. All happiness to your honour !
[Erit.

Enter an old ATHENIAN.

Old Ath. Lord Timon, hear me speak.

Tim. Freely, good father.

Old Ath. Thou hast a servant nam'd Lucilius.

Tim. I have so: What of him t

Old Ath. Most noble Timon, call the man before thee.

Tim. Attends he here, or no?—Lucilius 1

Enter Lucillus.

Luc. Here, at your lordship's service. Old Ath. This fellow here, lord Timon, this thy creature, By night frequents my house. I am a man That from my first have been inclin'd to thrift ; And my estate deserves an heir more rais'd, Than one which holds a trencher Tim. Well ; what further ? Old Ath. One only daughter have I, no kin else, On whom I may confer what I have got : The maid is fair, o'the youngest for a bride, And I have bred her at my dearest cost, In qualities of the best. This man of thine Attempts her love : I pr’ythee, noble lord, Join with me to forbid him her resort ; Myself have spoke in vain. Tim. The man is houest. Old Ath. Therefore he will be, Timon : His honesty rewards him in itself, 1t must not bear my daughter. Tin. Does she love hilu Old Ath. She is young, and apt : Our own precedent passions do instruct us What levity's in youth. Tim. (To Lucillus.] Love you the maid r Luc. Ay, Iny good lord, and she accepts of it. Old Ath. If in her marriage my consent be tnissing, I call the gods to witness, I will choose Mine heir from forth the beggars of the world, And dispossess her all. Tin. How shall she be endow’d, If she be mated with an equal husband? Old Ath. Three talents, on the present; future, all. Tim. This gentleman of mine hath serv’d one long : To build his fortune, I will strain a little, For 'tis a bond in men. Give him thy daughter

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Apem. Thou art a fool, to bld me farewell twice. 2 Lord. Why, Apemantus f Apem. Shouldst have kept one to thyself, for I mean to give thee none. 1 Lord. Hang thyself. Apem. No, I will do nothing at thy bidding: make thy requests to thy friend. 2 Lord. Away, unpeaceable dog, or I'll spurn thee hence. Apem. I will fly, like a dog, the heels of the ass. [Erit. 1 Lord. He's opposite to humanity. Come, shall we in, And taste lord Timon's bounty 2 he outgoes The very heart of kindness. 2 Lori. pours it out: Plutus, the god of gold, Is but his steward: no meed" but he repays Sevenfold above itself: no gift to him, | But breeds the giver a return exceeding All use of quittance. ? 1 Lord. The noblest mind he carries, That ever govern'd man. 2 Lord. Long may he live in fortunes I Shall - we in r 1 Lord. I’ll keep you company. [Ereunt. SCEVE II.-The same.—A Room of State in T1 Mon’s House.

JHautboys playing loud music. A great banuet served in ; FLA v i Us and others attendng ; then enter Ti Mon, Alcibi ADEs, LUcius, Luc ULLUs, SEM PRON I Us, and other Athenian Senators, with VENT1 DI Us, and Attendants. Then comes, dropping after als, APEMANTUs, discontentedly.

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gods remember
My father’s age, and call him to long peace.
He is gone happy, and has left me rich :
Then, as in grateful virtue I am bound
To your free heart, I do return those talents,
double'; * thanks and service, from whose
elp
I deriv'd liberty. o
Tim. Oh by no means,
Honest Ventidius : you mistake my love;
I gave it freely ever; and there’s none
Can truly say he gives, if he receives:
If our * play at that game, we must not
are
To imitate them : Faults that are rich, are fair.
Ven. A noble spirit.
[They all stand ceremoniously looking on
Ti Mon.
Tim. Nay, my lords, ceremony
Was but devis’d at first, to set a gloss
On faint deeds, hollow welcomes,
Recanting goodness, sorry ere 'tis shown ;
But where there is true friendship, there needs
nones
Pray, sit; more welcome are ye to my fortunes,
Than my fortunes to me.
[They sit.

1 Lord. My lord, we always have confess'd
it.
Apem. Oh, ho, confess'd it f hang'd it, have
you not?
Tim. O Apemantus !—you are welcome.
Apem. No,
You shall not make me welcome :
I come to have thee thurst me out of doors.
Tim. Fie, thou art a churl ; you have got a
humour there
Does not become a man, 'tis much to blame:
Thy say, my lords, that ira furor brevis est, t
But yond’ man’s ever angry.
Go, let him have a table by himself;
For he does neither affect company,
Nor is he fit for it, indeed.

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Apem. Let me stay at thine own peril, Ti-
Inon ;
I come to observe; I give thee warning on’t.
Tim. I take no heed of thee; thou art an
Athenian ; therefore welcome : I myself would
!. no power: pr’ythee, let my meat make thee
silent.
Apem. I scorn thy meat; 'twould choke me.
for i should
Ne'er flatter thee.—O you gods ! what a number
Of men eat Timon, and he sees them not :
It grieves me, to see so many dip their meat
In one man's blood ; aud all the madness is,
He cheers them up too."
I wonder men dare trust themselves with men :
Methinks they should invite them without knives;
Good for their meat, and safer for their lives.
There's much example for't; the fellow that
Sits next him now, parts bread with him, and
pledges
The breath of him in a divided draught,
Is the readiest man to kill him : it has been

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Immortal gods, I crave no pets; I pray for no man, but myself: Grant I may never prove so fond, 5 To trust man on his oath or bond; Or a harlot, for her weeping ; Or a dog, that seems a sleeping ; Or a keeper with my freedom ; Or my friends, if I should need 'em. Amen. So fall to’t Fich men sin, and I eat roof. [Eats and drinks. Much good dich o good heart, Apennantus : Tim. Captain Alcibiades, your heart’s in the field now. l 4cu. My heart is ever at your service, my ord. Tim. You had rather be at a breakfast of enemies, than a dinner of friends. Alcib. So they were bleeding-new, my lord, there's no meat like them: I could wish my best friend at such a feast. Apem. 'Would all those flatterers were thine enemies then ; that then thou might'st kill 'em, and bid me to 'em. 1 Lord. Might we but have that happiness, my lord, that you would once use our hearts. whereby we might express some part of our #. we should think ourselves for ever perect. Tim. O no doubt, my good friends, but the gods themselves have provided that I shall have Inuch help from you : How had you been Iny friends else 7 why have you that charitable V title from thousands, did you not chiefly belong to my heart 1 I have told more of you to myself, than you can with modesty speak in your own behalf; and thus far I confirm you. O you gods, think

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I Lady. My lord, you take us even at the

1, what need we have any Iriends, if we should
never have need of them f they were the most best.
needless creatures living, should we ne'er have I Apem.’ 'Faith, for the worst is filthy; and would
use for them ; and would most resemble sweet I not hold taking, I doubt one.
instruments hung up in cases, that keep their Tim. Ladies, there is an idle banquet
sounds to themselves. Why, I have often wish-I Attends you : Please you to dispose yourselves.
ed myself poorer, that I might come nearer to I All Alad. Most thankfully, my lord.
you. We are born to do benefits; and what bet- [Koreant CUPID, and LAD1Es.
ter or properer can we call our own, than the Tim. Flavius, -
riches of our friends? Oh! what a precious com- Flav. My lord.
sort 'tis, to have so many, like brothers, com- Tim. The little casket bring me hither.
manding one another's fortunes I O joy, e'en I Flaw. Yes, my lord.—More jewels yet 1
made away ere it can be born 1 Mine eyes can- There is no crossing him in his humour;

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Apem. Thou weepest to make them drink, When all's spent, he’d be cross'd " then, an he

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mind. 1

1 Lord. Where be our men f
Serv. Here, my lord, in readiness.
2 Lord. Our horses.
Tim. O my friends, I have one word

must
Entreat you, honour me so much, as to
Advance this jewel ;
Accept and wear it, kind my lord,
1. Lord. I am so far already in your gifts,
All. So are we all.

Enter a SERVANT.

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e worthily entertain'd.—How now, what news f
3 Serv. Please you, my lord, that honourable
gentleman, Lord Luculius, entreats your company
to-morrow to hunt with him; and has sent your
honour two brace of greyhounds.
Tim. I’ll hunt with him; And let them be
receiv'd, -
Not without fair reward.
Flav. [Aside.] What will this come to t
He commands us to provide, and give great gifts,
And all out of an empty coffer.—a
Nor will he know his purse; or yield me this,
To shew him what a beggar his heart is,
Being of no power to make his wishes good;
His promises fly so beyond his state,
That what he speaks is all in debt, he owes
For every word ; he is so kind, that he now
Pays interest for't; his land's put to their books.
Well "would I were gently put out of office,
Before I were forc’d out
Happier is he that has no friend to feed,
Than such as do even enemies exceed.
I bleed inwardly for my lord. [Erit.
Tim. You do yourselves
Much wrong, you bate too much of your own
merits:–
Here, my lord, a trifle of our love.

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That man might ne'er be wretched for his
[Erit, and returns with the casket.

To say to you :—Look you, my good lord, 1

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