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Aent. Let it fall rather, though the fork in-
The region of my heart: be Kent nnmannerly,
When Lear is mad. What wouldst thou do, old
man? [speak,
Think'st thou that duty shall have dread to
When power to flattery bows? To plainness
honour's bound, [doom ;
When majesty stoops to folly. Reverse thy
And, in thy best consideration, check
This hideous rashness: answer my life, my
Thy youngest daughter does not love thee least :
Nor are those empty-hearted, whose low sound
Reverbs" no hollowness.
Lear, Kent, on thy life, no more.
Kent. My life I never held but as a pawn
To wage against thine enemies; nor" fear to
lose it,
Thy safety being the motive.
Lear. Out of my sight!
Kent. See better, Lear; and let me still re-
The true blank of thine eye. [main,
Lear. Now, by Apollo, -
Kent. Now, by Apollo, king,
Thou swear'st thy gods in vain.
Lear. 0 vassal miscreant
[Laying his Hand upon his Sword.
Ab. Corn. Dear Šir, forbear.
Kent, Do:
Kill thy physician, and the fee bestow
Upon the soul disease. Revoke thy gist;
9;, whilst I can vent clamour from my throat,
I'll tell thee, thou dost evil.
Lear. Hear me, recreants
Øn thine allegiance hear me!—
Since thou hast sought to make us break our
... vow, [pride,
[Which we durst never yet,) and, with strain’d
To one betwixt our sentence and our power;
{Which nor our nature nor our place can bear,)
Qur potency make good, take thy reward.
Five days we do allot thee, for provision

To shield thee from diseases of the world;

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Glo, o France and Burgundy, my noble
ord, -

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if aught within tha. ittle seeming" substance,
or all of it, with our displeasure piec'd,
And nothing more, may fitly like your grace,
She's there, and she is yours.
Bur, I know no answer. -
Lear, Sir, - o
Will you, with those infirmities she owes, +
Unfriended, new adopted to our hate,
Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with our
oath, . . -
Take her, or leave her ? - -
Bur. Pardon me, royal Sir ; - *
Election makes not up I on such conditions.
Lear. Then leave her, Sir ; for, by the power
that made me,
I tell you all her wealth.-For you, great king,
I would not from your love make such a stray,
To match you where 1 hate ; therefore beseech
To avert; your liking a more worthier way,
Than on a wretch whom nature is asham”.
Almost to acknowledge hers.
France. This is most strange
That she, that even but now was your best object,
The argument of your praise, balm of your age,
Most best, most dearest, should in this trice of
Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle
So Inany solds of favour ! Sure, her offence
Must be of such unmatural degree,
Tlot monsters it, or your fore-vouch'd affection
Fall into taint: " which to believe of her,
Must be a faith, that reason without miracle
Could never plant in me.
Çor. I yet beseech your majesty,
(If for ** I want that glib and oily art, [intend,
To speak and purpose not: since what i weii
I'll do' before 1 speak, that you make known
It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,
No unchaste action, or dishonour’d step,
That hath depriv'd me of your grace and favour :
But even for want of that, for which I am
A, still-soliciting eye, and such a tongue
That I ain glad I have not, though not to have it,
Hath lost me in your liking. -
Lear. Better thou
Hadst not been born, than not to have pleas'd
me better.
France. Is it but thist a tardiness in nature,
Which often leaves the history unspoke,
That it intends to do?—My lord of Burgundy,
What say you to the lady? Love is not love,”
When it is mingled with respects, that stand
Aloof from the entire point. to will you have
She is herself a dowry. [her:
Bur. Royal Lear,
Give but that portion which yourself propos'd,
And here I take Cordelia by the hand,
Duchess of Burgundy.
* Lear. Nothing : I have sworn : 1 am firm.
Bur. I am sorry, then, you have so lost a
That you must lose a husband. [father,
Cor. Peace be with Burgundy
Since that respects of fortune are his love,
I shall not be his wife.
France. Fairest Cordella, thou art most rich,
being poor;
Most choice, forsaken ; and most lov'd, despisod:
Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon :
Be it lawful, I take up what's cast away.
Gods, gods ! 'tis strange, that from their cold'st
My love should kindle to inflam'd respect.—
Thy dowerless daughter, king, thrown to my
is queen of us, of our's, and our fair France:
Not all the dukes of wat'rish Burgundy
shall buy this unpriz'd precious maid of me.-- .

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Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind: Thou losest here, a better where * to find. Lear. Thou hast her, France: let her be thine; for we Have no such daughter. nor shall ever see that face of her’s again :-Therefore be gone, Without our grace, our love, our benison, t— Come, noble Burgundy. [Flourish. Ereunt Lear, Buroux ny, Con N. wall, ALBANY, Gloster, and Attendants. France. Bid farewell to your sisters. Cor. The jewels of our father with wash'd eves Cordelia leaves you : I know you what you are ; And, like a sister, an most loath to call Your famits 2s they are nam'd. Use well our father: To your professed bosoms I commit him : But yet, alas ! stood I within his grace, I would prefer him to a better place. So farewell to you both. Gon. Prescribe not us our duties. Reg. Let your study Be to content your lord ; who hath receiv'd you At fortune's alms. You have obedience scanted, And well are worth the want that you have wanted. . Time shall unfold what plaited : cunning hides; Who cover faults, at last shame them derides. Well may you prosper : France. Cone, Iny fair Cordelia. [Freunt FRANce und Corprlia. Gon. Sister, it is not a little I have to say, of what most nearly appertains to us both. I think our father will hence to-night. Reg. That's most certain, and with you ; next month with us. Gon. You see how full of changes his age is ; the observation we have inade of it hath not been little : he always loved our sister most ; and with what poor judgment he hath now cast her off, 'appears too grossly. Reg. 'Tis the infirmity of his age: yet he hath ever but slenderly known himself. * Gon. The best and soundest of his time hath been but rash ; then must we look to receive from his age, not alone the imperfections of long-engrafted condition, $ but, there withal, the unruly waywardness that iuslim and choleric years bring with them. Reg. Such unconstant starts are we like to have from him, as this of Kent's banishment. Gon. There is further compliment of leave. taking between France and him. Pray you, let us hit together: If our father carry authority with such dispositions as he bears, this last sur. render of his will but offend us. Reg. We shall further think of it. Gon. We must do somethiug, and i'the heat. - [Ex eunt.

SCEVE II.-A Hall in the Earl of Glost ER's

Enter EDM UND, with a Letter.

Edm. *. nature, art my goddess; to thy
My services are bound: wherefore should I
Stand in the plague" of custom ; and permit
The curiosity” of nations to deprive me,
For that I am soule twelve or fourteen moon.
Lag of a brother? Why bastardo wherefore base?
When my dimensions are as well compact,
My mind as generous, and iny shape as true,
As honest madman's issue to why brand they us
With base ? with baseness? bastardy ? base,
base ?
Who, in the Insty stealth of nature, take
More composition and fierce quality,

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Than doth, within a dull, stale, tired bed,
Go to the creating a whole tribe of fops,
Got 'tween asleep and wake 1–well then,
Legitimate Edgar, I must have your land:
Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund,
As to the legitimate: Fine word, legitimate 1
Well, my legitimate, if this letter speed,
And my invention thrive, Edmund the base
Shall top the legitimate. I grow ; I prosper:-
Now, gods, stand up for bastands !

Enter Gloster.

Kent banish'd thus? And France choler parted And the king gone to-night ! subscrib'd - his Conflu'd to exhibition 14 All this done (powers Upon the gad l ;--Edmund ! How now, what news of Edm. So please your lordship, none. [Putting up the Lefter. Glo. Why so earnestly seek you to put up that letter of Edm. I know no news, my lord. Glo. What paper were you reading 7 Edm. Nothing, my lord. Glo. No 2 What needed then that terrible despatch of it into your pockett the quality of nothing hath not such need to hide itself. Let's see: Come, if it be nothing, I shall out need spectacles. Edm. I beseech you, Sir, pardon me: it is a letter from my brother, that I have not all o'er. read; for so much as I have perused, 1 find it not fit for your over-looking. Glo. Give me the letter, Sir. Edm. I shall offend, either to detain or give it. The contents, as in part : understaud them, are to blame. Gto. Let's see, let’s see. Edm. I hope, for my brother's justification, he wrote this but as an essay 3 or taste of my Virtue. Glo. [Reads.). This policy and rererence of age makes the world bitter to the best ef our times, keeps our fortunes from us tsii our oldness cannot relish then. I begins to find an idle and fond bondage in the opPression of aged tyranny; who strays, met as it hath power, but as it is suffered. Conse te me, that of this I may speak more. If our father would sleep till I waked him, you should enjoy half his revenue for eter, and lite the beloved of your brother, Edgar.— Humph-Conspiracy —steep titl I traked his -you should enjoy half his revenue, My son Edgar ! Had be a hand to write this a heart and brain to breed it in 7–When came this to you ? Who brought it f Edm. It was not brought me, my lord, there's the cunning of it; I found it thrown in at the casement of my closet. Glo. You know the character to be your brother’s r Edm. If the matter were good, my lord, I durst swear it were his ; but, in respect of that, I would fain think it were not. Glo. It is his. Edm. It is his hand, my lord; but, I hope his heart is not in the contents. Gło. Hath he never heretofore sounded you in this business t Edn. Never, my lord : But I have often heard him maintain it to be fit, that, sons at perfect age, and fathers declining, the father should be as ward to the sou, and the son manage his revenue. Gto. O villain, villain —His very opinion in the letter – Abhorred villain Unnatural. detested, brutish villain worse than brutish —Go sirrah, seek him ; I'll apprehend him :-Abenainable villain – where is he Edm. I do not well know,

Glo. in

my lord. if it

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shall please you to suspend your indignation against Iny brother, till you can derive from him better testimony of his intent, you shall run a certain course : where, * if you violently proceed against him, mistaking his purpose, it would make a great gap in your own honour, and shake in pieces the heart of his obedience. I dare pawn down my life for him, that he hath writ this to feel iny affection to your honour and to no other pretence; of danger. . Gło. Think you so f Exin. If your honour judge it meet, I will place you where you shall hear us confer of this, and by an auricular assurance have your satisfaction ; and that without any further delay than this very evening. Gto. He cannot be such a monster. Eaton. Nor is not, sure. Gio. To his father, that so tenderly and entirely loves him.—Heaven and earth 1–Edmund, seek him out : wind me into him, I pray you: frame the business after your own wis. dom: I would unstate myself, to be in a due resolution. ; Euro. I will seek him, Sir, presently; convey || the business as I shall find means, and acquaint you withal. Gto. These late eclipses in the sun and noon portend no good to us: Though the wisdom of nature can reason it thus and thus, yet nature this itself scourged by the sequent " effects : love tools, friendship falls off, brothers divide : in cities, mutinies ; in countries, discord ; in palaces, treason ; and the bond cracked between son and father. This villain of mine comes under the prediction; there's son against father: the king falls from bias of nature; there's father against child. We have seen the best of our time : Machinations, hollowness, treachery, and all ruinous disorders, follow us disquietly to our graves –Find out this villain, Edmund, it shall lose thee nothing; do it carefully :-And the noble and true hearted Kent banished his •once, bonesty 1–Strange strange | [Erit. Edoa. This is the excellent soppery of the *rod that, when we are sick in fortune, (often the surfeit of our own behaviour,) we **e guilty of our disasters, the sun, the moon, and the stars; as if we were villains by neces. *** : fools, by heavenly compulsion; knaves, thieves, and treachers, "" by spherical predomi. nance ; drunkards, liars, and adulterers, by an enforced obedience of planetary influence : and all that we are evil in, by a divine thrustiug * : An admirable evasion of whoremaster man, to lay bis goatsh disposition to the charge of a ** My father compounded with my mother under the dragon's tail; and my nativity was under wroa mayor; +t so that it follows, I am ough and lecherous.--Tut, I should have been that I am, had the maidenliest star in or firmament twinkled on my bastardizing.

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tions of ancient amities; divisions in state, menaces and maledictions against king and nobles; needless diffidences, banishment of friends, dissipation of cohorts," nuptial breaches, and I know not what. Edg. How long have you been a sectary astronomical ? - Edm. Come, come, when saw you my father last f Edg. Why, the night gone by. Edm. Spake you with him f Edg. Ay, two hours together. Edm. Parted you in good terms ? Found you no displeasure in him, by word or countenance f Edg. None at all. Edm. Bethink yourself, wherein you may have offended him; and at my entreaty, forbear his presence, till some little time hath qualified the heat of his displeasure ; which at this instant so rageth in him, that with the mischief of your person it would scarcely allay. Edg. Some villain hath done me wrong. Edm. That's my fear. I pray you, have a continent t forbearance, till the speed of his rage goes slower ; and, as I say, retire with me to my lodging, from whence I will fitly bring

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Edg. Armed, brother f Edm. Brother, I advise you to the best : go armed ; I am no honest man, if there be any good meaning towards you : I have told you what I have seen and heard, but faintly ; nothing like the image and horror of it: Pray you, away. Edg. Shall I hear from you anon f Edm. I do serve you in this business.- o [Erit EDGAR. A credulous father, and a brother noble, Whose nature is so far from doing harms, That he suspects none : on whose foolish honesty My practices ride easy l—I see the business.Let me, if not by birth, have lands by wit: All with me's meet, that I can fashion sit. [Exit.

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Gon. Did my father strike my gentleman for chiding of his fool Stew. Ay, madam. Gon. By day and night I he wrongs me; every hour He flashes into one gross crime or other, That sets us all at odds: I’ll not endure it : His knights grow riotous, and himself upbraids us ling On every trifle :-When he returns from * I will not speak with him ; say, I am sick :If you come slack of former services, You shall do well ; the fault of it I'll answer. Stew. He's coming, madam ; I hear him. [Horns within. negligeuce you

w Gon. Put on what weary please, (question : Yon and your fellows; I'd have it come to If he dislike it, let him to my sister, Whose mind and mine, I know, in that are one, Not to be over-rul’d. Idle old man, That still would manage those authorities, That he hath given away !—Now, by my life, Old fools are babes again ; and must be us'd With checks, as flatteries, when they are seen Remember what I have said. [abus’d. Stew. Very well, madam. Gon. And let his knights have colder looks asuong you : What grows of it, no matter; advise your sellows so :

* for cohorts some cditors read courts. Temperate.

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Lear. Let me not stay a jot for dinner: go, get it ready. [Erit an Attendant.] How now, what art thout

Aent. A man, Sir.

Lear. What dost thou profess? What wouldst thou with us?

sent. I do profess to be no less than I seem : to serve him truly, that will put me in trust : to love him that is homest; to converse : with him that is wise, and says little; to fear judgment; to fight, when I cannot choose; and to eat no fish. Lear. What art thou ? Kent. A very honest-hearted fellow, and as poor as the king.

Lear. If thou be as poor for a subject, as he is for a king, thou art poor enough. what would'st thout

Aent. Service.

JLear. Who wouldst thou serve?

A'ent. You.

Lear. Dost thou know me, fellow f

Kent. No, Sir ; but you have that in your || countenance, which I would fain call master.

Ilear. What's that t

Aent. Authority.

Lear. What services canst thou do?

Kent. I can keep honest counsel, ride, run, mar a curious tale in telling it, and deiiver a plain message bluntly: that which ordinary men are fit for, I am qualify’d in; and the best of me is diligence. Lear. How old art thou ? Kent. Not so young, Sir, to love a woman for singing; nor so old, to dote on her for auy thing: I have years on my back forty-eight.

Lear. Follow me: thou shalt serve me; if I like thee no worse after dinner, i will not part from thee yet.—Dinner, ho, dinner —where's

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Enter Steward.

Yon, you, Sirrah, where's my daughter?
Stetc. So please you, - [Erit.
Lear. What says the fellow there? Call the
clotpoll back.--Where's my fool, hot—ithink
the world's asleep.–How now to where's that
mongrel ?
A night. He says, my lord, your daughter is
not well. -
Lear. Why came not the slave b
when I call'd him 7
Anisht. Sir, he answer'd me in the roundest
manner, he would not.
Lear. He would not :
A night. My lord, I know not what the matter
is ; but, to my judgment, your highness is not
entertain'd with that ceremonious affection as
** were wont ; there's a great abatement of

ack to me,

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kindness appears, as well in the general depen-
dants, as iu the duke himself also, and you
Lear. Ha I say'st thou so f
Knight. I beseech you, pardon me, my lord.
if I be mistaken ; for my duty cannot be sileut,
when I think your highness is wrong’d.
Lear. Thou but reinember'st me of mine own
conception ; I have perceived a most faint ne-
glect of late ; which I have rather blamed as
nine own jealous curiosity," than as a very
pretence + aud purpose of unkiudness: I will
look further into't.—But where’s my foolt 1
have not seen him these two days.
Knight. Since my young lady's going
France, Sir, the fool hath much pined away.
Lear. No more of that ; I have noted it well.
-Go, you, and tell my daughter I would speak
with her.—Go you, call hither my fool.—


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Enter Fool.

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And thou shalt have more than two tens to a score, Lear. This is nothing, fool. Foot. Then 'tis like the breath of an unfee’d hawyer; you gave me nothing for’t: Can you make no use of nothing, nuncle 3 - Lear. Why, no, boy; nothing can be made out of nothing. Foot. Pr’ythee, tell him, so much the rent of bis land coues to ; he will not believe a fool.

- [To KENt. Lear. A bitter fool I Feol. Dost thou know the difference, my boy, between a bitter fool and a sweet fool | Ilear. No, lad ; teach me. Foot. That lord, that counsel'd thee To give away thy land, Come place him here by me, or do thou for him stand : The sweet and bitter fool Will presently appear; The one in motley here, The other found out there. Lear. Dost thou call me fool, boy? Fool. All thy other titles thou hast given away ; that thou wast born with. Aerot. This is not altogether fool, my lord. Fool. No, "faith, lords and great men will not let Ine; if I had a monopoly out, they *ould have part on't : and ladies too, they will not let me have all fool to myself; they'll be snatching.—Give me an egg, nuncle, and I'll give thee two crowns. Lear. What two crowns shall they be 7 Fowl. Why, after I have cut the egg i'the middle, and eat up the meat, the two crowns of the egg. When thou clovest thy crown i'the middle, and gavest away both parts, thou borest thine ass on thy back over the dirt : Thou hadst little wit in thy bald crown, when thou gavest thy golden one away. If I speak like iny self in this, let him be whipp'd that first fuds it so.

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ing.—Yes, forsooth, I will hold my tongue; so your face [To Gon.] bids me, though you say nothing. Mum, mum, He that keeps nor crust nor crum, Weary of all, shall want some.— That’s a sheal’d peascod. * so to LEAR. Gon. A. only, Sir, this your all-licens’d 001, But other of your insolent retinue Do hourly carp and quarrel; breaking forth In rank and not-to-be-endured riots. Sir, I had thought, by making this well known unto you, To have found a safe redress; but now grow fearful, By what yourself too late have spoke and done, That you protect this course, and put it on By your oute ; + which if you should, the ault Would o: 'scape censure, nor the redresses sleep ; Which, in the tender of a wholesome weal, t Might in their working do you that offence, Which else were shame, that then necessity Will call discreet proceeding. Fool. For you trow, nuncle, The hedge-sparrow fed the cuckoo so long, That it had its head bit off by its young. So, out went the candle, and we were left darkling. ALear. Are you our daughter 7 Gon. Come, Sir, I would you would make use of that good wisdom whereof I know you are fraught ; ; and put away these dispositious, which of late transform you from what you rightly are. "ool. May not an ass know when the cart draws the horse —Whoop, Jug I love thee. Lear. Does any here know me?—Why this is not lear: does Lear walk thus 7 speak thus r Where are his eyes Either his notion weakens, or his discernings are lethargied.—Sleeping or waking 7–Ha! sure, 'tis not so.-Who is it that can tell me who I am 7–Lear’s shadow f i would learn that ; for by the marks of sove. reignty, knowledge, and reason, I should be false persuaded I had daughters.-Fool. Which they will make an obedient fa

ther. Lear. Your name, fair gentlewoman Gon. Come, Sir ;

This admiration is much o'the favonr"
Of other your new pranks. I do beseech you
To understand my purposes aright:
As you are old and reverend, you should be
wise :
Here do you keep a hundred knights and
Men so disordered, so debauch'd, and bold,
That this our court, infected with their manners,
Shows like a riotous inn ; epicurism and lust
Make it more like a tavern or a brothel,
Than a grac'd palace. The shame itself doth
For instant remedy : Be then desir'd [speak
By her, that else will take the thing she begs,
A little to disquantity your train;
And the remainder, that shall still depend, **
To be such men as may besort your age,
And know themselves and you.
Lear. Darkness and devils —
Saddle my horses; call my train together.—
Degenerate bastard I’ll not trouble thee;
Yet have I left a daughter.
Gon. You strike my people; and your dis-
order'd rabble
Make servants of their betters.


Lear. Woe, that too late repents, O Sir, are you come?

• A mere husk which contains nothing. † Approbation. t \well-governed state. ; Stored. * Complexion. ** Continue in service.

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