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War. Be patient, York: if we conclude a peace,
It shall be with such strict and severe cove-
As little shall the Frenchmen gain thereby.
Enter CHARLBS, attended; ALENGON,
TARD, REIGNIER, and others.
Char. Since, lords of England, it is
That peaceful truce shall be proclaim'd
We come to be informed by yourselves
What the conditions of that league must be.
York. Speak, Winchester; for boiling choler
The hollow passage of my poison'd voice,
By sight of these our baleful enemies.
Win. Charles, and the rest, it is enacted
SCENE V.-London.-A Room in the Palace.
Enter King HENRY, in conference with Scr
FOLK; GLOSTER and EXETER following.
K. Hen. Your wondrous rare description,
BAS-Of beauteous Margaret hath astonish'd me:
Her virtues, graced with external gifts,
Do breed love's settled passions in my heart:
And like as rigour in tempestuous gusts
Provokes the mightiest bulk against the tide;
So am I driven, by breath of her renown,
Either to suffer shipwreck, or arrive
Where I may have fruition of her love.
Suff. Tush! my good lord! this superficial tale
Is but a preface of her worthy praise:
The chief perfections of that lovely dame,
(Had I sufficient skill to utter them,)
Would make a volume of enticing lines,
Able to ravish any dull conceit.
And which is more, she is not so divine,
So full replete with choice of all delights,
But, with as humble lowliness of mind,
She is content to be at your command;
Command, I mean, of virtuous chaste intents,
To love and honour Heury as her lord.
K. Hen. And otherwise will Henry ne'er
Therefore, my lord protector, give consent,
That Margaret may be England's royal queen.
Glo. So should I give consent to flatter sin.
You know, my lord, your highness is betroth'd
Unto another lady of esteem ;
How shall we then dispense with that contract,
And not deface your honour with reproach?
Suff. As doth a ruler with unlawful oaths;
Or one, that, at a triumph having vow'd
To try his strength, forsaketh yet the lists
By reason of his adversary's odds:
A poor earl's daughter is unequal odds,
And therefore may be broke without offence.
Glo. Why what, I pray is Margaret more than
Her father is no better than an earl,
Although in glorious titles he excel.
Suff. Yes, my good lord, her father is a king;
The king of Naples and Jerusalem;
And of such great authority in France,
As his alliance will confirm our peace,
And keep the Frenchmen in allegiance.
That-in regard king Henry gives consent,
Of mere compassion, and of lenity,
To ease your country of distressful war,
And suffer you to breathe in fruitful peace,—
You shall become true liegemen to his crown:
And, Charles, upon condition thou wilt swear
To pay him tribute, and submit thyself,
Thou shalt be plac'd as viceroy under him,
And still enjoy thy regal dignity.
Alen. Must he be then as shadow of him-
Adorn his temples with a coronet, +
And yet, in substance and authority,
Retain but privilege of a private man?
This proffer is absurd and reasonless.
Char. 'Tis known, already, that I am pos-
With more than half the Gallian territories,
And therein reverenc'd for their lawful king:
Shall I, for lucre of the rest unvanquish'd,
Detract so much from that prerogative,
As to be call'd but viceroy of the whole?
No, lord ambassador; I'll rather keep
That which I have, than, coveting for more,
Be cast from possibility of all.
York. Insulting Charles! hast thou by secret
Used intercession to obtain a league ;
And, now the matter grows to compromise,
Stand'st thou aloof upon comparison?
Either accept the title thou usurp'st,
Of benefit proceeding from our king,
And not of any challenge of desert,
Or we will plague thee with incessant wars.
Reig. My lord, you do not well in obstinacy
To cavil in the course of this contract:
If once it be neglected, ten to one,
We shall not find like opportunity.
Alen. To say the truth, it is your policy,
To save your subjects from such massacre,
And ruthless slaughters, as are daily seen
By our proceeding in hostility:
And therefore take this compact of a truce,
Although you break it when your pleasure
[Aside, to CHARLES.
War. How say'st thou, Charles? shall our
Char. It shall:
Only reserv'd, you claim no interest
In any of our towns of garrison.
York. Then swear allegiance to his majesty;
As thou art knight, never to disobey,
Nor be rebellious to the crown of England,
Thou, nor thy nobles, to the crown of En-
[CHARLES, and the rest, give Tokens of
So, now dismiss your army when ye please;
Hang up your ensigns, let your drums be still,
For here we entertain a solemn peace.
Glo. And so the earl of Armagnac may do, Because he is near kinsman unto Charles.
Exe. Beside, his wealth doth warrant liberal dower;
While Reignier sooner will receive than give.
Suff. A dower, my lords! disgrace not so your
That he should he so abject, base, and poor,
To choose for wealth, and not for perfect love.
Henry is able to enrich his queen,
And not to seek a queen to make him rich:
So worthless peasants bargain for their wives,
As market-men for oxen, sheep, or horse
Marriage is a matter of more worth,
Than to be dealt in by attorneyship,
Not whom we will, but whom his grace affects,
Must be companion of his nuptial bed:
And therefore, lords, since he affects her most,
It most of all these reasons bindeth us,
For what is wedlock forced, but a hell,
In our opinions she should be preferr'd.
An age of discord and continual strife!
And is a pattern of celestial peace.
Whereas the contrary bringeth forth bliss,
Whom should we match with Henry, being a
But Margaret, that is daughter to a king
Her peerless feature, joined with her birth,
Approves her fit for none, but for a king:
Her valiant courage, and undaunted spirit,
(More than in women commonly is seen,)
Will answer our hope in issue of a king;
+ Coronet is here used for crown. "Be content to live as the beneficiary of our as a mask, or revel.
A triumph then signified a public exhibition; ruch
By the discretional agency of another
FIRST PART OF KING HENRY VI.
For Henry, son unto a conquerer
Is likely to beget more conquerors,
If with a lady of so high resolve,
As is fair Margaret, he be link'd in love.
Then yield, my lords; and here conclude with
That Margaret shall be queen, and none but
K. Hen. Whether it be through force of your
My noble lord of Suffolk; or for what
My tender youth was never yet attaint
With any passion of inflaming love,
I cannot tell but this I am assur'd,
I feel such sharp dissention in my breast,
Such fierce alarums both of hope and fear,
As I am sick with working of my thoughts.
Take, therefore, shipping; post, my lord
Agree to any covenants: and procure
That lady Margaret do vouchsafe to come
To cross the seas to England, and be crown'd
King Henry's faithful and anointed queen:
For your expenses and sufficient charge,
Among the people gather up a tenth.
Be gone, I say: for, till you do return,
I rest perplexed with a thousand cares.-
And you, good uncle, banish all offence:
If you do censure me by what you were,
Not what you are, I know it will excuse
This sudden execution of my will.
And so conduct me, where from company,
I may revolve and ruminate my grief.
Glo. Ay, grief, I fear me, both at first and
last. [Exeunt GLOSTER and EXETER.
Suff. Thus Suffolk hath prevail'd: and thus he
As did the youthful Paris once to Greece;
With hope to find the like event in love,
But prosper better than the Trojan did.
to Margaret shall now be queen, and rule the
But I will rule both her, the king, and realm.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE.
SHAKSPEARE is said to have formed this and the succeeding part of Henry VI. from a dramatic production entitled, The Contention of the two famous Houses of York and Lancaster; “altering, retrenching, or amplifying," as his genius or his judgment suggested. The present drama embraces the transactions of ten years, commencing with the king's marriage, A. D. 1445, and closing with the battle of St. Alban's, won by the York faction, A. D. 1455.
DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM,
YOUNG CLIFFORD, his Son,
EARL OF SALISBURY,
KING HENRY THE SIXTH.
HUMPHREY, Duke of Gloster, his Uncle.
CARDINAL BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester,
Great Uncle to the King.
RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Duke of York.
EDWARD and RICHARD, his Sons.
DUKE OF SOMERSET,
DUKE OF SUFFOLK,
LORD SCALES, Governor of the Tower.
SIMPCOX, an Impostor.
Of the King's JACK CADE, a Rebel.
SIR HUMPHRey Stafford, and his Brother.
SIR JOHN STANLEY.
A SEA-CAPTAIN, MASTER, MASTER'S MATE, and
TWO GENTLEMEN, Prisoners with Suffolk.
HUME and SOUTHWELL, two Priests.
BOLINGBROKE, a Conjurer.
A SPIRIT raised by Bolingbroke.
THOMAS HORNER, an Armourer.
PETER, his Man.
CLERK OF CHATHAM.
MAYOR OF SAINT ALBAN'S.
GEORGE, JOHN, DICK, SMITH, the Weaver,
MICHAEL, &c. his Followers.
ALEXANDER IDEN, a Kentish Gentleman.
Suf. As by your high imperial majesty,
I had in charge at my depart for France,
As procurator to your excellence,
To marry princess Margaret for your grace;
So, in the famous ancient city, Tours,
In presence of the kings of France and Sicil,
The dukes of Orleans, Calaber, Bretaigne, and
Seven carls, twelve barons, twenty reverend
MARGARET, Queen to King Henry.
ELEANOR Duchess of Gloster.
MARGERY JOURDAIN, a Witch.
WIFE TO SIMPCOX.
SCENE, dispersedly in various parts of England.
Lords, Ladies, and Attendants; Petitioners,
Aldermen, a Beadle, Sheriff, and Officers;
Citizens, Prentices, Falconers, Guards,
Soldiers, Messengers, &c.
Deliver up my title in the queen
To your most gracious hands, that are the substance
I have perform'd my task, and was espous'd: And humbly now upou my bended knee, SCENE I-London.-A Room of State in In sight of England and her lordly peers, the Palace. Flourish of Trumpets: then Hautboys. ter, on one side, King HENRY, Duke of GLOSTER, SALISBURY, WARWICK, and Cardinal BEAUFORT; the other, Queen MARGARET, led in by SUFFOLK; YORK, SOMERSET, BUCKINGHAM, and others, following.
Of that great shadow I did represent;
The happiest gift that ever marquis gave,
The fairest queen that ever king receiv'd.
K. Hen. Suffolk, arise.-Welcome, queen
I can express no kinder sign of love,
Than this kind kiss.-O Lord, that lends me
Lend me a beart replete with thankfulness!
For thou hast given me, in this beauteous
A world of earthly blessings to my soul,
If sympathy of love unite our thoughts.
Q. Mar. Great king of England, and my
The mutual conference that my mind
hath | Or hath my uncle Beaufort, and myself, With all the learned council of the realm, Studied so long, sat in the council-house, Early and late, debating to and fro
By day, by night, waking, and in my dreams,
In courtly company, or at my beads,
With you mine alder-liefest + sovereign,
Makes me the bolder to salute my king
With ruder terms; such as my wit affords,
And over-joy of heart doth minister.
K. Hen. Her sight did ravish: but her grace in speech,
Her words y-clad with wisdom's majesty, Makes me, from wondering fall to weeping joys,
Such is the fulness of my heart's content.-. Lords, with one cheerful voice, welcome my love.
All. Long live queen Margaret, England's happiness!
Q. Mar. We thank you all.
Suf. My lord protector, so it please your
Here are the articles of contracted peace, Between our sovereign and the French king Charles,
For eighteen months concluded by consent.
Glo. [Reads.] Imprimis, It is agreed between the French King, Charles, and William de la Poole, marquis of Suffolk, ambassador for Henry king of England, that the said Henry shall espouse the lady Margaret, daughter unto Reignier king of Naples, Sicilia, and Jerusalem; and crown her queen of England, ere the thirtieth of May next ensuing.Item,-That the dutchy of Anjou and the county of Maine, shall be released and delivered to the king her father-—
K. Hen. Uncle, how now ?
Glo. Pardon me, gracious lord;
Some sudden quaim hath struck me at
And dimm'd mine eyes, that I can read
K. Hen. Uncle of Winchester, I pray,
Win. Item,-It is further agreed between them, that the dutchies of Anjou and Maine shall be released and delivered over to the king her father; and she sent over of the king of England's own proper cost and charges, without having dowry.
K. Hen. They please us well.-Lord marquis, kneel down;
We here create thee the first duke of Suffolk,
And girt thee with the sword.
Consin of York, we here discharge your grace
From being reg-nt in the parts of France,
Tul term of eighteen months be full expir'd.
Thanks, uncle Winchester, Gloster, York, and
Somerset, Salisbury, and Warwick:
We thank you all for this great favour done,
In entertainment to my princely queen.
Come, let us in; and with all speed provide
To see her coronation be perform'd.
[Exeunt KING, QUEEN, and SUFFOLK. Glo. Brave peers of England, pillars of the state,
To you duke Humphrey must unload his grief,
Your grief, the common grief of all the land.
What did my brother Henry spend his youth,
His valour, coin, and people, in the wars ?
Did he so often lodge in open field,
In winter's cold, and summer's parching heat,
To conquer France, his true iuberitance?
And did my brother Bedford toil bis wits,
To keep by policy what Heury got?
Have you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham,
Brave York, Salisbury, and victorious War-
Receiv'd deep scars in France and Normandy?
I am the boller to address you, having already fa red tvou to my imagination. + Befored
ve all things.
How France and Frenchmen might be kept in awe ?
And hath his highness in his infancy
Been crown'd in Paris, in despite of foes?
And shall these labours, and these honours,
Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance,
Your deeds of war, and all our counsel, die?
O peers of England, shameful is this league !
Fatal this marriage, cancelling your fame;
Blotting your names from books of memory;
Razing the characters of your renown;
Defacing monuments of conquer'd France;
Undoing all, as all had never been!
Car. Nephew, what means this passionate discourse ?
Paris is lost; the state of Normandy
Stands on a tickle point, now they are gone:
Suffolk concluded on the articles:
[Exeunt BUCKINGHAM and SOMERSET. Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows
While these do labour for their own
Behoves it us to labour for the realm.
I never saw but Humphrey duke of Gloster
Did bear bim like a noble gentleman.
Oft have I seen the haughty cardinal,'
More like a soldier than a man o'the church,
As stout, and proud as he were lord of all,
Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself
Unlike the ruler of a common-weal.-
Warwick, my son, the comfort of my age!
Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy house-keeping,
Hath won the greatest favour of the commons,
Excepting none but good duke Humphrey.-
And, brother York, thy acts in Ireland,
In bringing them to civil discipline;
Thy late exploits, done in the heart of France,
When thou wert regent for our sovereign,
Have made thee fear'd and honour'd of the
Join we together for the public good:
In what we can to bridle and suppress
The pride of Suffolk and the cardinal,
With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition;
And, as we may, cherish duke Humphrey's
And common profit of his country!
York. And so says York, for he hath greatest
The peers agreed; and Henry was well pleas'é, To change two dukedoms for a duke's fair daughter.
I cannot blame them all; what is❜t to them! 'Tis thine they give away, and not their own. Pirates may make cheap pennyworths of thei pillage,
Sal. Then let's make haste away, and look unto the main. War. Unto the main! O father, Maine is lost; That Maine, which by main force, Warwick did win, And would have kept, so long as breath did last:
Main chance, father, you meant; but I meant Maine;
Which I will win from France, or else be slain. [Exeunt WARWICK and SALISBURY. York. Anjou and Maine are given to the French;
And purchase friends, and give to courtezaus,
Still revelling, like lords, till all be gone :
While as the silly owner of the goods
Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless
And shakes his head, and trembling stands
While all is shar'd, and all is borne away;
Ready to starve, and dare not touch bis own.
So York must sit, and fret, and bite his tongue,
While his own lands are bargain'd for and
Methinks, the realms of England, France, and
Bear that proportion to my flesh and bloou,
As did the fatal brand Altbea burn'd,
Unto the prince's heart of Calydon. +
Anjou and Maine, both given unto the French!
Cold news for me; for I had hope of France,
Even as I have of fertile England's soil.
A day will come, when York shall claim his own;
And therefore I will take the Nevil's parts,
And make a show of love to proud duke
And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown;
For that's the golden mark I seek to hit :
Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right,
Nor hold the sceptre in his childish fist,
Nor wear the diadem upon his head,
Whose church-like humours fit not for a crown.
Then, York, be still awhile, till time do serve:
Watch thou, and wake, when others be asleep,
To pry into the secrets of the state:
Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love,
With his new bride, and England's dear-bought
And Humphrey with the peers be fall'n at jars:
Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose, With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfum'd;
And in my standard bear the arms of York.
To grapple with the house of Lancaster,
And, force perforce, I'll make him yield the
Enter GLOSTER and the DUCHESS.
Duch. Why droops my lord, like over-ripen'd corn, Hanging the head at Ceres' plenteous load?
While they do tend the profit of the land.
War. So God help Warwick, as he loves the Why doth the great duke Humphrey knit his
crown, Whose bookish rule hath pull'd fair England down. (bait. SCENE II.-The same.-A Room in the Duke of GLOSTER's House.
As frowning at the favours of the world?
Why are thine eyes fix'd to the sullen earth,
Gazing on that which seems to dim thy sight!
What see'st thou there? king Henry's diadem,
Enchas'd with all the honours of the world!
If so, gaze on, and grovel on thy face,
Until thy head be circled with the same.
Put forth thy hand, reach at the glorious
What, is't too short? I'll lengthen it with mine:
And, having both together heav'd it up,
We'll both together lift our heads to heaven ;
+ Meleager; whose life was to continue only so Althea having thrown it into the fire, he expired in His mother long as a certain firebrand should last.