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Enter a MESSENGER.
Mess. Prepare you, lords, for Edward is at band,
Ready to fight; therefore be resolute.
Orf. I thought no less: it is his policy, To haste thus fast, to find us unprovided.
Som. But he's deceiv'd, we are in readiness. Q. Mar. This cheers my heart, to see your forwardness.
Orf. Here pitch our battle, hence we will not budge.
THIRD PART OF KING HENRY VI.
March. Enter at a distance, King EDWARD,
K. Edw. Brave followers, yonder stands the
Which, by the heavens' assistance, and your strength,
And ne'er have stol'n the breech from Lan-
Prince. Let Esop fable in a winter's night;
Must by the roots be hewn up yet ere night.
Q. Mar. Lords, knights, and gentlemen,
My tears gainsay; for every word I speak,
Is prisoner to the foe; his state usurp'd,
SCENE V.-Another part of the same. Alarums: Excursions: and afterwards a Retreat. Then Enter King EDWARD, CLARENCE, GLOSTER, and Forces: with Queen MARGARET, OXFORD, and SOMERSET, Pri
Q. Mar. Ay, thou wast born to be a plague
Glo. For God's sake, take away this captive
K. Edw. Peace, wilful boy, or I will charm +
Lascivious Edward, and thou perjur’d George,—
CLAR. stabs him.
K. Ed. Lo, here a period of tumultuous broils.
Away with Oxford to Hammes' castle straight:
Clar. Untutor'd lad, thou art too malapert.
Oxf. For my part, I will not trouble thee with words.
Sem. Nor 1, but stoop with patience to
Q. Mar. O kill me too!
I'll hence to London on a serious matter:
K. Edw. What! doth she swoon? use means for her recovery.
Glo. Clarence, excuse me to the king my brother;
Enter Soldiers with Prince EDWARD.
That! can so young a thorn begin to prick?
Prince. Speak like a subject, proud ambi-
Suppose, that I am now my father's mouth;
[Offers to kill her. hold, for we have
Glo. The Tower, the Tower!
[Exeunt OXFORD and SOMERSET, guarded. Q. Mar. So part we sadly in this troublous world, To meet with joy in sweet Jerusalem.
Look in his youth to have him so cut off, A. Edw. Is proclamation made, that, who But, if you ever chance to have a child, firls Edward, As, deathsmen! you have rid this sweet young prince! Shall have a high reward, and he is life?
Gle. It is; and, lo, where youthful Edward
Q. Mar. Ah! that thy father had been so re-
4 Unsay, deny.
K. Edw. Away with her; go, bear her hence perforce.
Q. Mar. Nay, never bear me hence, despatch [death: me here; sheath thy sword, I'll pardon thee my death: What! wilt thou not ?-then, Clarence, do it thou.
Clar. By heaven, I will not do thee so much
A castle in Picardy.
Q. Mar. Good Clarence, do; sweet Clarence,
K. Mar. Ay, but thou usest to forswear thyWhat! wilt thou not? where is that devil's 'Twas sin before, but now 'tis charity. [self; butcher,
• The Prince calls Richard, for his crookedness, Esop. f.. I will compel you to be as silent as if you were deprived of speech by enchantinent.
: Dispate; contention.
She alludes to the desertion of Clarence.
King HENRY is discovered sitting with a
The raven rook'd her on the chimney's top,
To wit, an indigest deformed lump,
To signify, thou cam'st to bite the world:
Glo. I'll hear no more ;-Die, prophet, in thy speech; (Stabs him. For this, amongst the rest, was I ordain'd. K. Hen. Ay, and for much more slaughter after this.
O God! forgive my sins, and pardon thee!
[Dies. Glo. What, will the aspiring blood of Lan
Sink in the ground? I thought it would have mounted.
See, how my sword weeps for the poor king's death!
Glo. Good day, my lord! What, at your book so hard?
K. Hen. Ay, my good lord: My lord, I should
'Tis sin to flatter, good was little better:
Glo. Sirrah, leave us to ourselves: we must
So first the harmless sheep doth yield his fleece,
With trembling wings misdoubteth + every bush :
Glo. Why, what a peevisht fool was that of
Let hell make crook'd my mind to answer it.
And yet, for all his wings, the fool was And not in me: I am myself alone.
Clarence beware; thou keep'st me from the
But I will sort + a pitchy day for thee:
K. Hen. 1, Dædalus; my poor boy, Icarus
Glo. Thy son I kill'd for his presumption.
Thou hadst not liv'd to kill a son of mine,
And many an orphan's water-standing eye;
O may such purple tears be always shed
If any spark of life be yet remaining,
Then since the heavens have shap'd my body
King EDWARD is discovered sitting on his
K. Edw. Once more we sit in England's royal
• Careless. + To misdoubt is to suspect danger, to fear. 1 Childish. No part of what my fears presage. | thing.
To rook, signified to squat down or lodge an 121 ↑ Select.
THIRD PART OF KING HENRY VI.
For hardy and undoubted champions :
With them the two brave bears, Warwick and
K. Edw. Thanks, noble Clarence; worthy
Glo. And, that I love the tree from whence
Witness the loving kiss I give the fruit :-
That in their chains fetter'd the kingly lion,
Glo. I'll blast his harvest, if your head were
For yet I am not look'd on in the world.
Work thou the way,-and thou shalt execute.
And cried-all bail! when as he meant
K. Edw. Now am I seated as my soul de-
Having my country's
loves. Clar. What will your grace have done with Margaret?
K. Edu. Clarence and Gloster, love my lovely
Reignier, her father, to the king of France
And now what rests, but that we spend the
With stately triumphs, mirthful comic shows,
For here, I hope, begins our lasting joy.
• Public shows.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE.
IN this very popular tragedy, there is another specimen of historical jumble, and poetical license. The serund seene commences with the funeral of Henry VI. who is said to have been murdered in May, 1471, whilst the imprisonment of Clarence, which did not take place till 1478, is represented in the first. Thus the real length of time comprised in this drama, (dating from the former event) is fourteen years; as it concludes with the death of Richard, at Bosworth Field, in August, 1485. With respect to Richard's character, though gretig blackened by Lancasterian historians, he was certainly one of the most odious tyrants that ever obtained possession of a throne. Yet it appears from some accounts still preserved in the Exchequer, that King Henry lived twenty-two days after the time assigned for his pretended assassination; that his body lay in state at St. Paul's, and that it was afterwards interred at Chertsey, with much solemnity. Shakspeare has made the usurper deformed in figure, as well as in mind; though popular detestation had probably aggravated the tra ditionary story of his bodily defects. In this drama, the events appear admirably connected with, and consequential to, each other: the characters and incidents are natural; the sentiment and language free from bombast. But Malone and Dr. Johnson consider it as popular beyond its merits; with "some parts trifling, others shocking, and some improbable:" whilst Stevens maintains, that above all others the tragedy of Richard must command approbation, as it is indefinitely variegated, and comprehends every species of character" the hero, the lover, the statesman, the buffoon, the hypocrite, and the hardened or repentant sinner." Its present success in representation, is, however, chiefly attributable to the admirable alterations of Colly Cibber, which evince a very extensive and settled knowledge of stage effect, and by which reformations the more valuable parts of the piece, could alone have attained their present effect and consequence. Shakepeare probably formed the play in 1591; though he is not supposed to have been indebted to any of the nume rous existing compositions on the same subject.
KING EDWARD THE FOURTH.
SIR THOMAS VAUGHAN.-SIR RICHARD RAT
EDWARD, Prince of Wales, after-Sons to the SIR WILLIAM CATESBY.-SIR JAMES TYREL
wards King Edward V.
SIR JAMES BLOUNT.-SIR WALTER HERBERT.
CARDINAL BOUCHIER, Archbishop of Canterbury.
THOMAS ROTHERAM, Archbishop of York.
DUKE OF NORFOLK: EARL OF SURREY, his
SCENE 1.-London.-A Street.
Glo. Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York;
LORD MAYOR OF LONDON. SHERIFF OF
ELIZABETH, Queen of King Edward IV.
Wales, Son to King Henry VI.; afterwards married to the Duke of Gloster. A young DAUGHTER of Clarence.
Lords and other Attendants; two Gentlemen,
a Pursuivant, Scrivener, Citizens, Murderers, Messengers, Ghosts, Soldiers, &c.
Our dreadful marches to delightful measures.
And now,-instead of mounting barbed + steeds,
But I, that am not shap'd for sportive tricks,
To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;
That trudge betwixt the king and mistress
Heard yon not, what an humble suppliant
Glo. Humbly complaining to her deity
Glo. Naught to do with mistress Shore? I tell
He that doth naught with her, excepting one,
Brak. What one, my lord?
Glo. Her husband, kuave :-Would'st thou betray me?
Enter CLARENCE, guarded, and BRAKEN
Brak. I beseech your grace to pardon me and, withal,
Brother, good day: What means this armed Forbear your conference with the noble duke.
Glo. We are the queen's abjects,
Tendering my person's safety, hath appointed
Are mighty gossips in this monarchy.
Brak. I beseech your graces both to pardon
His majesty hath straitly given in charge,
You may partake of any thing we say:
A bonny eye, a passing pleasing tongue;
Gle. Upon what cause?
Clar. Because my name is-George.
Glo. Alack, my lord, that fault is none of
He should, for that, commit your godfathers
As yet I do not: but, as I can learn,
Aud, for my name of George begins with G,
Glo. Why, this it is, when men are rul'd by
obey. Brother, farewell; I will unto the king; And whatsoever you will employ me in, Were it, to call king Edward's widow-sister, I will perform it to enfranchise you. Mean time, this deep disgrace in brotherhood, :-Touches me deeper than you can imagine.
Clar. I know it pleaseth neither of us well. Glo. Well, your imprisonment shall not be long;
'Tis not the king, that sends you to the Tower; My lady Grey, his wife, Clarence, 'tis she, That tempers him to this extremity.
Was it not she, and that good man of worship,
Anthony Woodeville, her brother there,
+ Armed. & Preparations for mischief. Fancies.
I will deliver you, or else lie for you;
Clar. I must perforce; farewell.
[Exeunt CLARENCE, BRAKENBURY, and Guard.
Glo. Go, tread the path that thou shalt ne'er return, Simple, plain Clarence!-I do love thee so, That I will shortly send thy soul to heaven, If heaven will take the present at our bands. But who comes here? the new deliver'd Hast. ings?
Hast. Good time of day unto my gracious lord!
Glo. As much unto my good lord chamber. lain !
Well are you welcome to this open air.
Hast. With patience, noble lord, as prisoners
But I shall live, my lord, to give them thanks,
For they, that were your enemies, are his,
The Queen and Shore,