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He should have brav'd

the east an hour ago: A black day will it be to somebody.— Ratcliff,

Rat. My lord ?

K. Rich. The sun will not be seen to-day; The sky doth frown and lour upon our army; I would, these dewy tears were from the ground.

Not shine to-day! Why, what is that to me, More than to Richmond? for the self-same heaven,

That frowns on me, looks sadly upon him.


Nor. Arm, arm, my lord; the foe vaunts in

the field.

K. Rich. Come, bustle, bustle ;-Caparison my horse;

Call up lord Stanley, bid him bring his power :-
I will lead forth my soldiers to the plain,
And thus my battle shall be ordered.

My foreward shall be drawn out all in length,
Consisting equally of horse and foot;
Our archers shall be placed in the midst:
John duke of Norfolk, Thomas earl of Surrey,
Shall have the leading of this foot and horse.
They thus directed, we ourself will follow
In the main battle; whose puissance on either


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[Exeunt. SCENE IV.-Another part of the field. Alarum: Excursions. Enter NORFOLK and Forces; to CATESBY. Cate. Rescue, my lord of Norfolk, rescue, rescue!

The king enacts more wonders than a man,
Daring an opposite to every danger;
His horse is slain, and all on foot he fights,
Rescue, fair lord, or else the day is lost!
Seeking for Richmond in the throat of death:

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THIS historical play was probably written in the year 1601. It comprises a period of twelve years, com mencing in the 12th of Henry's reigu, (1521) and terminating with the baptism of Elizabeth, 1533. It has always been au easy medium for the display of pageantry and splendour; consequently a great favourite with the generality of audiences. Its most powerfully drawn characters are the Queen and the Cardinal The dying moments of the former (Act IV. Sc. 2.) are pourtrayed with a mingled majesty and pathos, scarce. ly ever equalled by any other poet (Dr. Johnson numbers it, indeed, amongst "the greatest efforts of tregedy:") and the exquisite soliloquy of the latter, at the time of his degradation, would evince the superiority of Shakspeare's genius, had he never written another line. It is a fiue philosophical picture of fallen ambition, brought to reflection by a merited reverse of fortune: the assimilation of human greatness to the vegetation of a fruit tree, with the puerility of venturing upon "a sea of troubles," for burdensome and perishable acquisitions, affords a charming specimen of imaginative colouring and didactic morality. Yet this is one of the parts which, according to the Doctor, "may be easily conceived, and easily written." Perhaps Shakspeare found it otherwise.


CAPUCIUS, Ambassador from the Emperor,

Charles V.

CRANMER, Archbishop of Canterbury.
GARDINER, Bishop of Winchester.





QUEEN KATHARINE, Wife to King Henry;
afterwards divorced.
ANNE BULLEN, her Maid of Honour; after-
wards Queen.

AN OLD LADY, Friend to Anne Bullen. SIR ANTHONY DENNY.-SIR NICHOLAS VAUX. PATIENCE, Woman to Queen Katharine. SECRETARIES to Wolsey.

CROMWELL, Servant to Wolsey.
GRIFFITH, Gentleman-Usher to Queen Ka-

DOCTOR BUTTS, Physician to the King.
GARTER, King at Arms.
SURVEYOR to the Duke of Buckingham.
BRANDON, and a Sergeant at Arms.
DOOR-KEEPER of the Council-Chamber.
PORTER, and his Man.
PAGE to Gardiner.-A CRIER.


I COME no more to make you laugh; things
That bear a weighty and a serious brow,
Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe,
Buch noble scenes as draw the eye to flow,
We now present. Those that can pity, here
May, if they think it well, let fall a tear;
The subject will deserve it. Such, as give
Their money out of hope they may believe,
May here find truth too. Those, that come to

SCENE-chiefly in London and Westminster; once, at Kimbolton.


Only a show or two, and so agree,
The play may pass; if they be still, and willing,
I'll undertake, may see away their shilling
Richly in two short hours. Only they,
That come to hear a merry, bawdy play,
A noise of targets; or to see a fellow
In a long motley coat, guarded with yellow,

• Laced.

Several Lords and Ladies in the Dumb Shows;
Women attending upon the Queen, Spirits,
which appear to her; Scribes, Uficers,
Guards, and other Attendants.

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Scene I.


To do in these fierce vanities? I wonder,
SCENE I-London.-An Ante-chamber in From his ambitious finger. What had he
the Palace.
That such a keech+ can with his very bulk
Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun,
And keep it from the earth.

Nor. Surely, Sir,

There's in him stuff that puts him to these
For being not propp'd by, ancestry, (whose

Chalks successors their way,) nor call'd upon
For high feats done to the crown; neither

Enter the Duke of NORFOLK, at one door;
the other, the Duke of BUCKINGHAM, and




Buck. Good morrow, and well met. have you done,

Since last we saw in France ?

Nor. I thank your grace:
Healthful; and ever since a fresh admirer
Of what I saw there.

Buck. An untimely ague

Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when
Those suns of glory, those two lights of men,
Met in the vale of Arde.

Nor. 'Twixt Guynes and Arde:

I was then present, saw them salute on horse. back;

(clung Beheld them, when they lighted, how they In their embracement, as they grew together; Which had they, what four throu'd ones could have weigh'd Such a compounded one? Buck. All the whole time

I was my chamber's prisoner.
Nor. Then you lost

Buck. The devil speed him! no man's pie is

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The view of earthly glory: Men might say, Till this time, pomp was single; but now ried

To eminent assistance, but, spider-like,

Out of his self drawing web, he gives us note,
The force of his own merit makes his way;
A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys
Aber. I cannot tell
A place next to the king.


Pierce into that; but I can see his pride
What heaven hath given him, let some graver
Peep through each part of him: Whence has be

To one above itself. Each following day
Became the next day's master, till the last
Made former wonders it's: To-day, the French,
All clinquant, + all in gold, like heathen gods,
Shone down the English: and, to-morrow,

Made Britain, India: every man that stood
Their dwarfish pages
Show'd like a mine.


If not from hell, the devil is a niggard;
Or has given all before, and he begins
A new hell in himself.

Being now seen possible enough, got credit,
That Bevis was believ'd.

Buck. Why the devil,

Upon this French going-out, took he upon him,
Who should attend on him? He makes up the
[file t
Without the privity o' the king, to appoint
Of all the gentry for the most part such
Too, whom as great a charge as little honour
He meant to lay upon and his own letter, g
The honourable board of council out,
Must fetch him in the papers.

Aber. I do know

As cherubims, all gilt; the madams too,
Not us'd to toil, did almost sweat to bear
The pride upon them, that their very labour
Was to them as a painting: now this mask
Was cried incomparable; and the ensuing

Made it a fool and beggar. The two kings,
Equal in lustre, were now best, now worst,
As presence did present them; him in eye,
Still him in praise: and, being present both,
'Twas said, they saw but one; and no discerner
censure. I
Durst wag his tongue in
(For so they phrase them,) by their heralds
The noble spirits to arms, they did perform
Beyond thought's compass; that former fabu-
lous story,

these suns

Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have
By this so sicken'd their estates, that never
They shall abound as formerly.

Buck. O many

Have broke their backs with laying manors on

Buck. I pray you, who, my lord?
Nor. All this was order'd by the good

Of the right reverend cardinal of York.


For this great journey.

But minister communication of

A most poor issue?

Nor. Grievingly I think,


The peace between the French and us not
The cost that did conclude it.

Buck. Oh! you go far.

Nor. As I belong to worship, and affect
In honour honesty, the tract of every thing
Would by a good discourser lose some life,
Which action's self was tongue to.

To the disposing of it nought rebell'd,
Order gave each thing view; the office did
Distinctly his full function.

Buck. Who did guide,

I mean, who set the body and the limbs
Of this great sport together, as you guess?
Nor. One, certes, that promises no element ¶
In such a business.

What did this vanity

Buck. Every man,

A thing inspir'd: and, not consulting, broke
After the bideous storm that follow'd, was
Into a general prophecy,-That this tempest
The sudden breach on't.
Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded


Nor. Which is budded out;

For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath at


Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux.

Aber. Is it therefore

The ambassador is silenc'd?

Nor. Marry, is't.

Aber. A proper title of a peace; and pur

At a superfluous rate!

Buck. Why all this business

Our reverend cardinal carried. I

Nor. 'Like it your grace,


The state takes notice of the private difference
Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you,
(And take it from a heart that wishes towards


Honour and plenteous safety,) that you read
The cardinal's malice and his potency
dis-Together: to consider further, that

What his bigh hatred would effect, wants not
A minister in his power: You know bis nature,
That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword
Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and it may be

• Henry VIII. and Francis 1. king of France.
+ Glittering, shining.

2 la opinion, which was most noble.

Sir Bevis, created for his prowess Earl of Southmpton by William the Conqueror.



1 List. + Lump of fat. • Proud. Sets down in his letter without consulting the council. Conducted.

It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend,
Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel,
You'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes
that rock,

That I advise your shunning.

Enter Cardinal WOLSEY, (the purse borne before him,) certain of the guard, and two SECRETARIES with papers. The Cardinal in his passage fixeth his eye on BUCKINGHAM, and BUCKINGHAM on him, both full of disdain.

Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor ? ba?

Where's his examination?

Which your disease requires.

Buck. I read in his looks

Nor. Be advis'd;

Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot
That it do singe yourself: We may outrun,
By violent swiftness, that which we run at,
And lose by over-running. Know you not,
The fire, that mounts the liquor till it
In seeming to augment it, wastes it? Be ad-



1 Secr. Here, so please you.
Wol. Is he in person ready?
1 Secr. Ay, please your grace.

Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows,
(Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy

Wol. Well, we shall then know more; and To the old dam, treason,)-Charles the emBuckingham Shall lessen this big look.

[Exeunt WOLSEY, and train. Buck. This butcher's cur is venom-mouth'd, and 1 Have not the power to muzzle him; therefore,


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As bere at home,


Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's
Out-worths a noble's blood.

Peep'd barms that menac'd him: he privily
Deals with our cardinal; and as I trow,-
Which I do well; for I am sure, the emperor

Nor. What, are you chaf'd?

Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance Paid ere he promis'd: whereby his suit was




fellow, (Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but From sincere motions,) by intelligence, And proofs as clear as founts in July, when We see each grain of gravel, I do know To be corrupt and treasonous.

Nor. Say not, treasonous.

Buck. To the king, I'll say't; and make my
Vouch as strong

suggests the king our

Ere it was ask'd;-but when the way was

Matter against me: and his eye revil'd
Me, as his abject object: at this instant

And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus de-
sir'd ;-

He bores me with some trick: He's gone to That he would please to alter the king's course, the king; And break the aforesaid peace. Let the king know,

I'll follow, and out-stare him.

Nor. Stay, my lord,

(As soon he shall by me,) that thus the car.


And let your reason with your choler question
What 'tis you go about: To clime steep hills,
Requires slow pace at first: Anger is like
A full-hot horse; who being allow'd his way,
Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England
Can advise me like you: be to yourself
As you would to your friend.

Buck. I'll to the king;

And from a mouth of honour quite cry down
This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclain,
There's difference in no persons.

As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox,
Or wolf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous,
As he is subtle; and as prone to inischief,
As able to perform it: his mind and place
Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally,)
Ouly to show his pomp as well in France

To this last costly treaty, the interview,
That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a

• Wolsey was the son of a butcher.
↑ Stabs.

Did break i'the rinsing.

Nor. 'Faith, and so it did.

Buck. Pray, give me favour, Sir. This eunning cardinal

The articles o'the combination drew,
As himself pleas'd; and they were ratified,
As he cried, thus let it be to as much end,
As give a crutch to the dead: But our count-

Has done this, and 'tis well; for worthy Wel

peror, Under pretence to see the queen his aunt, (For 'twas, indeed, his colour; but he came To whisper Wolsey,) here makes visitation : His fears were, that the interview betwixt England and France might through their amity, Breed him some prejudice: for from this league

Does buy and sell his honour as be pleases,
Aud for his own advantage.

Nor. I am sorry

To hear this of him; and could wish he were
Something mistaken in't.

Buck. No, not a syllable;

I do pronounce him in that very shape,
He shall appear in proof.

Enter BRANDON; a SERGEANT at Arms be-
Jore him, and two or three of the guard.
Bran. Your office, sergeant; execute it.
Serg. Sir.

My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl
Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I
Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
Of our most sovereign king.

Buck. Lo you, my lord,

The net has fallen upon me; I shall perish
Under device and practice.t

Bran. I am sorry

To see you ta'en from liberty to look on
The business present: 'Tis his highness' plea


You shall to the Tower.

Buck. It will help me nothing,

To plead mine innocence; for that dies on

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