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LITERARY AND HiSTORICAL NOTICE. MALONE ascertains the date of this play by the following singular coincidence of an allusion made by Road

with a circumstance recorded by Stowe.

In 1898, at the east side of the cross in Cheapside, was set up (says the latter in his survey of Lesden.

“I will weep for nothing, (says Rosalind) like Diana in the Feaste-"

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curious wrought tabernacle of grey marble, and, in the same, an alabaster image of Diana, and water, coveyed from the Thames, prolling from her naked breast.” A trifling novel or pastoral romance, by Dr. There Lodge, called Euphues's Golden Legacy, is the foundation of As you Like it. Iu addition to the fable. ** ra is pretty exactly followed, the outlines of certain principal personages may be traced in the novel; but the characters of Jaques, Touchstone, and Audrey, originated entirely with the poet. Few plays restore so much instructive sentiment, poignant satire, luxuriant fancy, and amusing incident, as this ; it is alterether “wild and pleasing.” The philosophic reader will be no less diverted by the seatentions shrew sess of Touchstone, than instructed by the elegant and amiable lessons of the moralizing Jaques.---Shakspeare is sta

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The Scene lies, first, near Oliver's House; afterwards, partly in the Usurper's Court, and party in the Forest of Arden.

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Orl. As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion bequeathed me : By will, but a poor thousand crowns: and, as thou say'st, charged my brother, on his blessing, to breed me well : and there begins my sadness. My brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report speaks goldenly of his profit : for my part, he keeps me rustically at home, or, to speak more properly, stays me here at home unkept : For call you that keeping for a gentleman of my birth, that differs not from the stalling of an ox His horses are bred better ; for, besides that they are fair with their feeding, they are taught their Inauage, and to that end riders dearly hired : but I, his brother, gain nothing under him but growth ; for the which his animals on his dunghills are as much bound to bin as i. Besides this nothing that he so plentifully gives me, the *omething that nature gave me his countenance

seems to take from me: he lets me feed with his hinds, bars me the place of a brother, and, as much as in him lies, mines my geutility with my education. That is it, Adam, that grieves me ; and the spirit of my father, which I thias is within me, begins to mutiny against this servitude : I will no longer endure it, thosh yet I know no wise remedy how to avoid it.

Enter Oliver.

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Orl. Shall I keep your hogs, and eat husks with them What prodigal portion have 1 spent, that I should come to such penury f Oli. Know you where you are, Sir f Orl. O Sir, very well : here in your orchard. Oli. Know you before whom, Sir 7 Orl. Ay, better than he I am before knows me. I know, you are my eldest brother ; and, in the gentle condition of blood, you should so know me: The courtesy of nations allows you my better, in that you are the first-born ; but the saune tradition takes not away my blood, were there twenty brothers betwixt us : I have as much of my father in me, as you ; albeit, I consess, your coniug before Ine is nearer to his rewerence. Oli. What, boy | Orl. Come, come, elder brother, you are too young in this. Oli. Wilt thou lay hands on me, villain f Orl. I am no villain : * I am the youngest son of Sir Rowland de Bois; he was my father ; and he is thrice a villain, that says, such a father begot villains: Wert thou not my brother, I would not take this hand from thy throat, till this other had pulled out thy tongue for saying so ; thou hast railed on thyself. A dam. Sweet masters be patient ; for your father's reinembrance, be at accord. Oli. Let me go, I say. Ort. I will not, till I please: you shall hear me. My father charged you in his will to give me good education : you have trained me like a peasant, obscuring and hiding from me all gentleman-like qualities: the spirit of my father grows strong in ine, and I will no longer endure it : therefore allow me such exercises as may become a gentleman, or give me the poor allottery my father lest me by testament; with that I will go buy my fortunes. Oli. Aud what wilt thou do? beg, when that is spent 2 Well, Sir, get you in : I will not long be troubled with you : you shall have some part of your will : I pray you, leave me. Orl. I will no further offend you than becomes me for my good. Oli. Get you with him, you old dog. Adam. Is old dog my reward 2 Most true, I have lost my teeth in your service.—God be with my old master he would not have spoke such a word. [Ereunt OR LAN do and Ada M. Oli. Is it even so begin you to grow upon me? I will physic your rankness, and yet give no thousand crowns neither. Holla, Dennis |

Enter DENN is.

Den. Calls your worship 1 Oli. Was not Charles, the Duke's wrestler, here to speak with ine? Iben. So please you, he is here at the door, and importunes access to you. oli. Call him in. [Erit Dr N N is...]—"Twill be a good way; and to-morrow the wrestling is.

Enter Charles.

sha. Good morrow to your worship. Oli. Good mousieur Charles 1–what's the new news at the new court 2 Cha. There's no news at the court, Sir, but the old news: that is, the old duke is banished by his younger brother the new duke; and three or four loving lords have put themselves into voluntary exile with him, whose lands and revenues enrich the new duke; therefore he gives them good leave to wander. Oti. Can you tell if Rosalind, the duke's daughter, be banished with her father. Cha. Oh no ; for the duke's daughter, her cousin, so loves her, being ever from their cradles bred together, —that she would have followed her exile, or have died to stay behind

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her. She is at the court, and no less beloved of her uncle than his own daughter; and never two ladies loved as they do. Oli. Where will the old duke live t Cha. They say, he is already in the forest of Arden, " and a many merry men with him ; and there they live like the old Robin Hood of England : they say, many young gentlemen flock to him every day; and fleet the time carelessly, as they did in the golden world. Oti. What, you wrestle to-morrow before the new duke of Cha. Marry, do I, Sir ; and I came to acquaiut you with a matter. I am given, Sir, secretly to understand, that "your younger brother Orlando, hath a disposition to come in disguis'd against me to try a fall : To-morrow, Sir, I wrestle for my credit ; and he that escapes me without soune broken limb, shall acquit him well. Your brother is but young and tender; and, for your love, I would be loath to foil him, as I must for my own honour, if he come in : therefore, out of my love to you, I came hither to acquaint you withal; that either you Inight stay him from his intendment, or brook such disgrace well as he shall run into ; in that it is a thing of his own search, and altogether against my will. Oli. Charles, I thank thee for thy love to me, which thou shalt find I will most kindly requite. I had myself notice of my brother’s purpose herein, and have by underhand means laboured to dissuade him from it ; but he is resolute. I'll tell thee, Charles, it is the stubbornest young fellow of France ; full of ambition, an envious emulator of every man's good parts, a secret and villanous contriver against me his natural brother; therefore use thy discretion ; I had as lief thou didst break his neck as his finger : And thou wert best look to't I for if thou dost him any slight disgrace, or if he do not mightily grace himself on thee, he will practise against thee by poison, entrap thee by soone treacherous device, and never leave thee till he hath ta'en thy life by some indirect means or other : for, I assure thee, and almost with tears I speak it, there is not one so young and so villanous this day living. I speak but brotherly of him ; but should l anatomize him to thee as he is, l inust blush and weep, and thou must look pale and wonder. Cha. I am heartily glad I came hither to you : If he come to-morrow, I'll give him his payment: If ever he go alone again, I’ll never wrestle for prize more : And so, God keep your worship ! [Fait. Oti. Farewell, good Charles.—Now will I stir this gamester : * I hope, I shall see an end of him ; for my soul, yet I know not why, hates nothing more than he. Yet he's gentle ; never schooled, and yet learned ; full of noble device : of all sorts : enchantingly beloved ; and, indeed, so much in the heart of the world, and especially of my own people, who best know him, that I am altogether misprised : but it shall not be so long ; this wrestler shall clear all : nothing remains, but that I kindle the boy thither, which now I'll go about. [Eu it.

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* Ardenne, a large forest in French Flanders. t Frolicksome fellow, 1 of all ranks.

thy banish’d father, had banished thy uncle, the

duke my father, so thou hadst been still with me,

I could have taught my love to take thy father
for unine ; so wonld'st thou, if the truth of thy
love to me were so righteously tempered as mine
is to thee.
Ros. Well, I will forget the condition of my
estate, to rejoice in your’s.
Cel. You know my father hath no child but i,
nor none is like to have ; and, truly, when he
dies, thou shalt be his heir : for what he hath
taken away srom thy father perforce, I will ren-
der thee again in affection : by mine honour, I
will ; and when I break that oath, let me turn
monster; therefore, my sweet Rose, my dear
Rose, be merry.
Ros. From henceforth I will, coz, and devise
sports: let me see : What think you of falling in
Cel. Marry, I pr’ythee, do, to make sport
withal : but love no man in good earnest : nor
no further in sport neither, than with sasety of
a pure blush thou may’st in honour coune off
Ros. What shall be our sport then f
Cel. Shall we sit and mock the good house-
wife, Fortune, from her wheel, that her gifts
may henceforth be bestowed equally.
Ros. I would, we could do so; for her bene-
fits are mightily misplaced : and the bountiful
blind woman doth most mistake in her gifts to
Cel. "Tis true; for those that she makes
fair, she scarce makes honest ; and those that
she makes honest, she makes very ill-favour-
Ros. Nay, now thou goest from fortune’s
office to nature's : fortune reigns in gifts of the
world, not in the lineaments of nature.

Enter touchstone.

Cel. No 2 When nature hath made a fair creature, may she not by fortuue fall into the fire?—Though nature hath given us wit to flout at fortune, hath not fortune sent in this fool to cut off the argument? Ros. Indeed, there is fortune too hard for nature; when fortune makes nature's natural the cutter off of nature's wit. Cel. Peradventure, this is not fortune's work neither, but nature's; who perceiving our natural wits too dull to reason of such goddesses, hath sent this natural for our whetstone : for always the dulness of a fool is the whetstone of his wits.-How now, wit? whither wander you ? Touch. Mistress, you must come away to your father. Cel. Were you made the messenger ? Touch. No, by mine houour; but I was bid to come for you. Ros. Where learned you that oath, fool 7 Touch. Of a certain knight, that swore by his honour they were good pancakes, and swore by his hononr the mustard was naught : now, I'll stand to it, the pancakes were naught, and the mustard was good; and yet was not the knight forsworn. Cel. How prove you that, in the great heap of your knowledge 2 Ros. Ay, marry ; now unmuzzle your wisdom. Touch. Stand you both forth now : stroke your chins, and swear by your beards that I ain a knave. Cel. By our beards, if we had them, thou art. Touch. By my knavery if I had it, then I were: but if you swear by that that is not, you are not forsworn : no more was the knight, swearing by his honour, for he never had any : or if he had, he had sworn it away, before ever he saw those pancakes or that mustard. Cel. Pr’ythee, who is't thou mean'st?

Touch. One that old Frederick, your father, loves.

Cel. My father's love is enough to honour him. Enough 1 speak no more of him : you". be whipp'd for taxation," one of these days.

Touch. The more pity, that fools may act speak wisely, what wise men do foolishly.

Cel. By my troth, thou say'st true: for since the little wit that fools have was silenced, the little foolery that wise men bave makes a grea show. Here coues Monsieur Le Beau.

Enter Le Beau.

Ros. With his mouth full of news. Cel. Which he will put on us, as pigeons feed their young. Ros. then shall we be news-cramm’d. Cel. All the better; we shall be the more marketable. Bon jour, Monsieur Le Bean: What's the news? Le Beau. Fair princess, you bawe lost moto good sport. Cel. Sport f of what colour? Le Beau. What colour, madam to bow shall I answer you ? Ros. As wit and fortune will. Touch. Or the destinies decree. Cel. Well said ; that was laid on with a trowel. Touch. Nay, if I keep not my rank, Ros. Thou losest thy old srnell. Le Beau. You amaze + me, ladies: I would have told you of good wrestling, which you have lost the sight of. Ros. Yet tell us the manner of the wrestling. Le Beau. I will tell you the beginules, and if it please your ladyships, you may see the end ; for the best is yet to do ; and here, where you are, they are coming to perform it. ('el. Well,—the beginning, that is dead tod buried. Le Beau. There comes an old man, and his three sons,—— Cel. I could match this beginning with an aid tale. Le Beau. Three proper young men, of extolent growth and presence;— Ros. With bills on their necks,—Be it to unto all men by these presents. Le Beats. The eldest of the three wrested with Charles, the duke’s wrestler: which Charles in a moment threw him, asd bott three of his ribs, that there is little here of he in him ; so he served the second, and so the third : Yonder they lie ; the poor eld on. their father, making such pitiful dele of them, that all the beholders take his part with weeping. Ros. Alas ! Touch. But what is the sport, monsieur, this the ladies have lost? Le Bean. Why, this that you speak ef. Touch. Thus men may grow wiser every & it is the first time that ever 1 heard, breaking of ribs was sport for ladies. Cel. Or I, I promise thee. Ros. But is there any else longs to see this broken music in his sides f is there yet root-et dotes upon rib-breaking –Shall we see to wrestling, cousin 3 Le Beau. You must, if you stay ber for here is the place appointed for the wresulag. =: they are ready to perform it. Cet. Yonder, sure, they are couling: Let = now stay and see it.

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1/uke F. How now, daughter, and cousin ure you crept hither to see the wrestling? Ros. Ay, my liege ; so please you give us leave. Duke. F. You will take little delight in it, I can tell you, three is such odds in the men : In pity of the challenger's youth, I would fain dissuade him, but he will not be entreated: Speak to him, ladies; see if you can move hius. Cet. Call him hither, good Monsieur Le Beau. Duke F. Do so: I’ll not be by. [Duke goes apart. Ple Beau. Monsieur the challenger, the princesses call for you. Orl. 1 attend them, with all respect and duty. Ros. Young man, have you challenged Charles the wrestler 1 ort. No, fair princess; he is the general challenger: I come but in, as others do, to try with him the strength of Iny youth. Cel. Young gentleman, your spirits are too bold for your years: You have seen cruel proof of this inau's strength : if you saw yourself with your eyes, or knew yourself with your judgment, the fear of your adventure would counsel you to a more equal enterprise. We pray you, for your own sake, to embrace your own safety, and give over this attempt. Ros. Do, young Sir ; your reputation shall not the resore be misprized : we will make it our suit to the duke, that the wrestling might not go forward. Ort. I beseech you, punish me not with your hard thoughts; wherein I confess me much guilty, to deny so fair and excellent ladies any thing. But let your fair eyes, and gentle wishes, go with me to my trial : wherein if I be foiled, there is but one shamed that was never gracious : if killed, but one dead, that is willing to be so : I shall do my friends no wrong, for I have none to lainent me ; the world no injury, for in it I have nothing ; only in the world I fill up a place, which inay be better supplied when I have Huade it empty. Ros. The little strength that I have, I would it were with you. Cel. And miue, to eke out her’s. Ros. Fare you well. Pray heaven, I be deceived in you ! sel. Your heart's desires be with you. Cha. Come, where is this young gallant, that is so desirous to lie with his inother earth 1 Orl. Ready, Sir ; but his will hath in it a more modest working. Duke F. You shall try but one fall. Cha. No, I warrant your grace; you shall not entreat him to a second, that have so mightily persuaded him from a first. Ort. You mean to mock me after; you should not have mocked me before : but come your wo-v-Pros. Now, Hercules be thy speed, young unan Cel. I would I were invisible, to catch the strong fellow by the leg. [CHARLEs and OR LAN do wrestle. ros. O excellent young man : Ce4. If I had a thunderbolt in mine eye, 1 ran tell who should down. (CH A R tes is thrown. IDuke F. No more, no more. ord. Yes, I beseecu your grace; I am not yet well breathed. Duke F. How dost thou, Charles Ze Beau. He cannot speak, my lord. 19tske F. Bear him away. [cis a st.ts is borne out. J What is thy name, young man Orl. Orlando, my liege ; the youngest son of sir Rowland de Bois. Duke F. I would, thou hadst been son to soone man else. The world esteem'd thy father honomrable,


But I did find him still mine enemy :
Thou should'st ilave better pleas'd me with this
Hadst thou descended from another house.
But fare thee well; thou art a gallant youth ;
I would thou hadst told me of another father.
[Ereunt Duke, FRED. Train, and LE

BEA U. Cel. Were I my father, coz, would I do this f Orl. I am more proud to be Sir Rowland's son, His youngest son;—and would not change that calling,"

To be adopted heir to Frederick.

Ros. * father loved Sir Rowland as his


And all the world was of my father's mind :
Had I before known this young man his son,
I should have given him tears unto entreaties,
Ere he should thus have ventur'd.

Cel. Gentle cousin,
Let us go thank him, and encourage him :
My father's rough and envious disposition
Sticks ine at heart.—Sir, you have well deserv'd :
If you do keep your promises in love,
But justly, as you have exceeded promise,
Your mistress shall be happy.

Ros. Gentleman,

Giving him a chain from her neck.

Wear this for me; one out of suits with fortune ; +

That could give more, but that her hand lacks in eans.

Shall we go, coz :
Cel. Ay;—fare you well, fair gentleman.
Orl. Can I not say, I thank you ! My better
Are all thrown down ; and that which
stands up,
Is but a quintain, I a mere lifeless block,
Ros. He calls us back : My pride fell with
my fortunes :
I'll ask him what he would :-Did you call,
Sir r—
Sir, you have wrestled well, and overthrown
More than your enemies.
Cel. Will you go, coz
Ros. Have with you :—Fare you well.
[Ereunt Ros All N p and Cri. 1 a.
Orl. What passion hangs these weights upon
my tongue
I cannot speak to her, yet she urg'd conference.


Re-enter LE BEAU.

O poor Orlando I thou art overthrown ;
Or Charles, or something weaker, masters thee.
Le Beau. Good Sir, I do in friendsliip coun-
sel you
To leave this place: Albeit, you have deserv'd
High commendation, true applause, and love ;
Yet such is now the duke's condition, ;
That he misconstines all that you have done.
The duke is humorous ; what he is, indeed,
More suits you to conceive, than me to speak
Orl. I thank you, Sir ; and, pray you, tell
me this ;
Which of the two was daughter of the duke
That here was at the wrestling f
Le Beau. Neither his daughter, if we judge
by manners ;
But yet, indeed, the shorter is his daughter:
The other is daughter to the banish'd duke,
And here detain’d by her usurping uncle,
To keep his danghter company; whose loves
Are dearer than the natural bond of sisters.
But I can tell yon, that of late this duke
Hath ta'en displeasure 'gainst his gentle niece
Grounded upou no other arguuleut,

* Appellation. 4 rurned out of her service. it. o object to dart at in uartial exercisco. * Insposition. - l

a lo

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Cel. Why, cousin ; why, Rosalind ;—Cupid have mercy —Not a word Ros. Not one to throw at a dog. Cel. No, thy words are too precions to be cast away upon curs, throw some of them at me; come, lame Ine with reasons. Ros. Then there were two cousins laid up ; when the one should be lamed with reasons, and the other mad without any. Cet. But is all this for your father? Ros. No, some of it for my child's father: Oh I how full of briers is this working-day world ! Cel. They are but burs, cousin, thrown upon thee in holiday foolery; if we walk not in the trodden paths, our very petticoats will catch them. Ros. I could shake them off my coat ; these burs are in my heart. Cel. Hem them away. Ros. I would try ; if I could cry hem, and have him. Cel. Conne, come, wrestle with thy affections. Ros. Oh they take the part of a better wrestler than myself. Cel. Oh a good wish upon you ! you will try in time, in despite of a fall.—But, turning these jests out of service, let us talk in good earnest : Is it possible, on such a sudden, you should fall into so strong a liking with old Sir Rowlaud’s youngest ton. Ros. The duke my father loved his father dearly. Cel. Doth it therefore ensue, that you should love his son dearly By this kind of chase, I should hate him, for my father hated his father dearly ; * yet I hate not Orlando. Ros. No 'faith, hate him not, for my sake. Cel. Why should I not? doth he not descrve well ? Ros. Let me love him for that; and do you love him, because I do : Look, here comes the duke. Cet. With his eyes full of anger.

Enter Duke FREDER1ck, twith Lords.

Duke F. Mistress despatch you with your safest haste,

And get you from our court.

Ros. Me, uncle 1

Duke. F. You cousin;
Within these ten days if that thou be'st found
So near our public court as twenty miles, .
Thou diest for it.

Ros. I do beseech your grace,
Let me the knowledge of my fault bear with

line :
If with myself I hold intelligence,
Or have acquaintance with mine own desires;
If that I do not dream, or be not frantic,
(As I do trust I am not,) then, dear uncle,
Never, so much as in a thought unborn,
Did I offend your highness.
Luke F. Thus do all traitors; .
If their purgation did consist in words,
They are as innocent as grace itself:—
Let it suffice thee, that I trust thee not.

* inveterately.

Ros. Yet your mistrust cannot make me a
Tell me, whereon the likelihood depends.
Duke F. Thou art thy father's daughter, there's
Ros. So was I, when your highness took -
So was I, when your highness banish’d him:
Treason is not inherited, Iny lord ;
Or, if we did derive it from our friends.
What's that to me? my father was go traitor:
Then, good my liege, unistake me not so oscia.
To think my poverty is treacherous.
Cel. Dear sovereign, hear one speak.
Duke F. Ay, Celia; we stay’d her for year
Else had she with her father rang'd along.
Cel. I did not then entreat to have her stay,
It was your pleasure, and your own reunerse ;-
I was too young that time to value Eer,
But now I know her : if she be a traitor.
Why so am I; we still have slept together,
Rose at an instant, learn'd, play’d, eat together ;
Aud wheresoe'er we went, like Juno’s swaas,
Still he went coupled, and inseparable.
JDuke F. She is too subtle for thee; and her
Her very silence, and her patience,
Speak to the people, and they pity her.
Thou art a fool : she robs thee of thy urope:
And thou wilt show more bright, and seen more
When she is gone : then open not thy lips;
Firm and irrevocable is my dooin
Which I have pass'd upon her; she is t-nish”.
Cel. outs that sentence then on use, as
I cannot live out of her company.
Duke F. You are a fool :-You, niece, provide
If you out-stay the time, upon mine hotoar,
And in the greatness of Iny word, you die.
[Ereunt Duke FR siderick was Lords.
Cel. O my poor Rosalinul whitets wit ties
go :
Wilt thou change fathers? I will give thee rise.
I charge thee, be not thou uvre grieved tha. I
Ros. I have more cause.
Cel. Thou hast not, cousin ;
Pry'thee, be cheerful : know'st thou not, the
Hath banish'd me his daughter r
Ros. That he hath not.
Cel. No! bath not? Rosalind lacks then the
Which teacheth thee that thou and I am one:
Shall we be sunder'd 1 shall we part, sweet goi!
No ; let my father seek another heir.
Therefore devise with me, how we Inay fly,
Whither to go, and what to bear with as:
And do not seek to take your change apos ove
To bear your griefs yourself, and leave use of:
For, by this heaven, now at our sorrows' pole,
Say what thou canst, I’ll go along with thee.
Ros. Why, whither shall we got
Cel. To seek my uncle.
Ros. Alas! what danger will it be to us,
Maids as we are, to travel forth so far r
Beauty provoketh thieves sooner than evid.
Cel. I’ll put myself in poor and mean sure,
And with a kind of umbert stuirch Iny face:
The like do you; so shall we pass along.
And never stir assailants.
Ros. Were it uot better,
Because that I am more than common tall,
That I did suit me all points like a unant
A gallaut curtle-ax: upoa Iny thigh,
A boar-spear in my hand; and (in my heart
Lie there what bidden woman's fear there ons.
We'll have a swashiug $ and a martial outside;

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